Effect of Planting Date and Plant Density on Yield and Quality of Soybean Forage in Jeju

  • Kang, Young-Kil (Dept. of Plant Resources Science, Coll. Of Agriculture, Cheju National University) ;
  • Kim, Hyun-Tae (Dept. of Plant Resources Science, Coll. Of Agriculture, Cheju National University) ;
  • Cho, Nam-Ki (Dept. of Plant Resources Science, Coll. Of Agriculture, Cheju National University) ;
  • Kim, Yeong-Chan (dept. of Plant Resources Science, Coll. Of Agriculture, Cheju National University)
  • Published : 2001.06.01

Abstract

Soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.) is known to produce the highest total digestible mutrients (TDN) yield among summer grain legumes in Jeju area but little is known about the effects of cultural practices on forage yield and quality. A determinate soybean cv. Baegunkong was planted on 5 June, 20 June, and 3 July and grown at four plant densities (30, 50, 70 and 90 plants $m^{-2}$ in 1998 in Jeju to evaluate the effects of planting date and plant density on the yield and quality of soybean forage. Days to flowering decreased from 47 to 38 days, average plant height from 61 to 51cm and main stem diameter from 6.31 to 5.00mm as planting was delayed from 5 June to 3 July. Average plant height quadratically increased from 45 to 62cm as plant density increased from 30 to 90 plants $m^{-2}$. Planting date did not affect the average dry matter, crude protein, and TDN yields. The average dry matter and TDN yields displayed a quadratic response to plant density and the optimum plant density for both dry matter and TDN yields was estimated about 60 plants $m^{-2}$. Plant density had no effect on crude protein yield. Planting date did not significantly influence forage quality. The crude protein content was not significantly influenced by plant density. Increasing plant density slightly increased acid detergent fiber content but slightly decreased TDN content.