EFFECT OF CAPSAICIN AND EUGENOL ON ICGRP (IMMUNOREACTIVE CALCITONIN GENE-RELATED PEPTIDE) RELEASE FROM RAT LUMBAR SPINAL CORD.

백서 척수에서 Capsaicin과 Eugenol이 iCGRP (immunoreactive calcitonin gene-related peptide) 분비 조절에 미치는 영향.

  • 오원만 (전남대학교 치과대학, 치의학 연구소) ;
  • 김원재 (전남대학교 치과대학, 치의학 연구소) ;
  • 최남기 (전남대학교 치과대학, 치의학 연구소) ;
  • 박상원 (전남대학교 치과대학, 치의학 연구소) ;
  • 황인남 (전남대학교 치과대학, 치의학 연구소) ;
  • 김선헌 (전남대학교 치과대학, 치의학 연구소)
  • Published : 2001.09.01

Abstract

Neuropeptide such as calcitonin gene-related peptide and substance P may mediate neurogenic inflammation, but little is known about the regulation of neuropeptide release from rat spinal cord. Eugenol has been reported to reduce odontogenic pain and is known to have a structure similar to capsaicin, a potent stimulant of certain nociceptors. This study was done to examine the effect of capsaicin and eugenol on immunoreactive calcitonin gene-related peptide (iCGRP) release from rat spinal cord and whether eugenol regulates capsaicin-sensitive release of iCCRP or it evokes capsaicin-sensitive release of iCGRP. The dor-sal half of rat lumbar spinal cord was chopped into 200$\mu$m slices. They were superfused (500$\mu$l/min) in vitro with an oxygenated Kreb's buffer. The EC$_{50}$ of capsaicin on iCGRP release was measured. Eugenol (600$\mu$M and 1.2mM) and vehicle (0.02% 2-hydroxyl-$\beta$-cyclodextrin) were administered prior to stimulation of rat lumbar spinal cord with capsaicin. The amount of iCGRP release from rat lumbar spinal cord was measured by radioimmunoassay. The results were as follows : 1. iCGRP release from rat lumbar spinal cord was dependent on concentration of capsaicin. The EC$_{50}$ of capsaicin on iCGRP release was 3$\mu$M. 2. In the vehicle treated group, capsaicin (3$\mu$M) evoked a 14-fold increase over basal iCGRP level. 3. Administration of 600$\mu$M and 1.2mM eugenol evoked a 2.2-fold increase and a 2.3-fold increase over basal iCGRP level respectively. 4. Administration of 600$\mu$M and 1.2mM eugenol increased capsaicin evoked release of iCGRP by more than 50%. These results indicate that eugenol evoke CGRP release from central nervous system and potentiate the pain-inducing action of capsaicin on it.