The Relation of Alexithymia, Somatic Complaints, Emotion and Vocabulary

감정표현불능증(Alexithymia), 신체적 호소, 정서 및 어휘의 관계

  • Jeon, Hyun-Tae (Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine, Wonkwang University) ;
  • Lee, Kuy-Haeng (Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine, Wonkwang University) ;
  • Kim, Jae-Hyun (Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine, Wonkwang University) ;
  • Kim, Han-Joo (Jae-il Neuropsychiatric Clinic) ;
  • Yoo, Yong-Jin (Wooleedl Neuropsychiatric Clinic) ;
  • So, Kwang (Department of Psychiary, Kunsan Medical Center)
  • 전현태 (원광대학교 의과대학 정신과학교실) ;
  • 이귀행 (원광대학교 의과대학 정신과학교실) ;
  • 김재현 (원광대학교 의과대학 정신과학교실) ;
  • 김한주 (제일신경정신과의원) ;
  • 유용진 (우리들신경정신과의원) ;
  • 소광 (군산의료원 정신과)
  • Published : 2000.06.15

Abstract

Objectives : This study aimed to examine a correlation between the somatic complaints, emotion, vocabulary and alexithymia as a component of personality in normal persons. Methods : 204 subjects were collected by age-based systematic sampling from the 662 persons without confirmed medical illness. We used the Korean version of 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale(TAS-20K) to measure alexithymia. The somatic complaints were checked by the list of somatic symptoms on the diagnostic criteria of somatization disorder and major depressive episode in DSM-IV. The vocabulary was evaluated by the total number of associating-words from the spontaneous association of word and the secondary association to given words. The anxiety and depression were evaluated using 5-point self-report scale. Results : 1) The degree of alexithymia was significantly correlated with the somatic complaints, anxiety, depression. 2) The somatic complaints were significantly correlated with the anxiety and depression. 3) The number of associating-words showed negative correlation with the age. 4) The degree of alexithymia was not correlated with the number of associating-words. Conclusion : The more degree of alexithymia increased, the more somatic complaints appeared. There was a significant correlation between the degree of alexithymia, anxiety and depression. But the degree of alexithymia was not correlated with the amount of vocabulary.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 원광대학교