Crustal Characteristics and Structure of the Ulleung Basin, the East Sea (Japan Sea), Inferred from Seismic, Gravity and Magnetic Data

탄성파 및 중자력자료에 의한 울릉분지의 지각특성 및 구조 연구

  • Huh, Sik (Marine Geology and Geophysics Division, Korea Ocean Research & Development Institute) ;
  • Kim, Han-Jun (Marine Geology and Geophysics Division, Korea Ocean Research & Development Institute) ;
  • Yoo, Hai-Soo (Marine Geology and Geophysics Division, Korea Ocean Research & Development Institute) ;
  • Park, Chan-Hong (Marine Geology and Geophysics Division, Korea Ocean Research & Development Institute)
  • 허식 (한국해양연구소 해양지질연구단) ;
  • 김한준 (한국해양연구소 해양지질연구단) ;
  • 유해수 (한국해양연구소 해양지질연구단) ;
  • 박찬홍 (한국해양연구소 해양지질연구단)
  • Published : 2000.05.31

Abstract

Depths to four seismic sequence boundaries and the thickness of each sequence were estimated and mapped based on multi-channel seismic data in the Ulleung Basin. These depth-structure and isopach maps were incorporated into the interpretation of gravity and magnetic anomaly maps. The sediment thickness ranges from 3,000 m to 4,000 m in the central basin, while it reaches 6,000 m locally along the southwestern, western, and southeastern margins. The acoustic basement forms a northeast-southwest elongated depression deeper than 5000 m, and locally deepens up to 7,500 m in the southwestern and western margins. Low gravity anomalies along the western and southern margins are associated with basement depressions with thick sediment as well as the transitional crust between the continental and oceanic crusts. Higher gravity anomalies, dominant in the central Ulleung basin, broaden from southwest toward northeast, are likely due to the shallow mantle and a dense crust. A pair of magnetic elongations in the southeastern and northwestern margins appear to separate the central Ulleung basin from its margin. These magnetic elongations are largely dominated by intrusive or extrusive volcanics which occurred along the rifted margin of the Ulleung basin formed during the basin opening. The crust in the central Ulleung Basin, surrounded by the magnetic elongations, is possibly oceanic as inferred from the seismic velocity. The oceanic crust can be mapped in the central zone where it widens to 120 km from the southwest toward northeast. Bending of the crustal boundary in the southern part of the Ulleung Basin suggests that the Ulleung Basin has been deformed by a collision of the Phillipine plate into the Japan arc.

Keywords

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