Effects of Application of Nitrogen Fertilizers on Methane Emission in a Paddy Soil

논 토양에서 질소비종이 CH4 배출에 미치는 영향

  • Lee, Kyeong-Bo (National Honam Agricultural Experiment Station, RDA) ;
  • Lee, Deog-Bae (National Honam Agricultural Experiment Station, RDA) ;
  • Kim, Jong-Gu (National Honam Agricultural Experiment Station, RDA) ;
  • Lee, Sang-Bok (National Honam Agricultural Experiment Station, RDA) ;
  • Kim, Jae-Duk (National Honam Agricultural Experiment Station, RDA) ;
  • Han, Sang-Su (National Honam Agricultural Experiment Station, RDA)
  • Published : 2000.06.30

Abstract

This study was conducted to investigate methane emission among nitrogen fertilizers in paddy soil(Jeonbug series, occurring on fluvio-alluvial plain). The application rates of rice straw was $5,000kg\;ha^{-1}$ with $110kg\;N\;ha^{-1}$ as chemical fertilizer. It was found that the methane flux tended to be lower in ammonium sulfate than in urea and latex coated urea(LCU). The seasonal variations of the methane emission flux was high during the heading stage of the rice plant. Methane concentration in the soil solution was the highest at 5cm depth, but decreased with upper and lower depth. Methane emission under rice straw application was $0.265g\;m^{-2}\;day^{-1}$ by urea application. $0.207g\;m^{-2}\;day^{-1}$ by ammonium sulfate application, $0.318g\;m^{-2}\;day^{-1}$ by latex coated urea(LCU) application while methane emission under non rice straw application was $0.192g\;m^{-2}\;day^{-1}$ by urea application, $0.165g\;m^{-2}\;day^{-1}$ by ammonium sulfate application, $0.179g\;m^{-2}\;day^{-1}$ by latex coated urea(LCU) application.

논 토양에서 $CH_4$ 배출에 대한 질소비료의 영향을 조사하기 위해 요소, 황산암모늄, 완효성비료(LCU)를 시용한후 시기별 $CH_4$ 배출양상 및 용존 $CH_4$ 함량을 조사한 결과를 요약하면 다음과 같다. 볏짚시용구에서는 벼 생육초기부터 $CH_4$ 배출이 많았으나 간단관개로 인하여 $CH_4$ 배출을 줄일수가 있었다. 벼 생육시기에 따른 $CH_4$ 배출양상은 출수기 무렵에 $CH_4$ flux가 높은 경향이었다. 볏짚 무시용에 비하여 볏짚시용구에서 $CH_4$ 함량이 높았으며 용존 $CH_4$ 함량은 토심 5cm에서 가장 높았으며, 질소 비종별 용존 $CH_4$ 함량은 황산암모늄구에서 가장 낮았다. $CH_4$ 배출계수($g\;m^{-2}day^{-1}$)는 요소구가 0.192, 황산암모늄구는 0.165, 완효성비료(LCU)구는 0.179이었으며 볏짚 시용구에서는 요소구가 0.265, 황산암모늄구는 0.207, 완효성비료(LCU)구는 0.318로서 황산암모늄 시용구에서 가장낮았다.