Chemopreventive Potential of Angelicae gigantis Radix Aqua-acupuncture Solution

당귀 약침액의 암예방 효과

  • 김영기 (동국대학교 한의과대학) ;
  • 조경희 (동국대학교 한의과대학) ;
  • 손윤희 (의과대학 및 난치병한양방치료연구센터) ;
  • 최혜경 (동국대학교 한의과대학) ;
  • 김소연 (영남대학교 자연자원대학) ;
  • 임종국 (동국대학교 한의과대학) ;
  • 남경수 (의과대학 및 난치병한양방치료연구센터)
  • Published : 2000.06.01

Abstract

Angelicae gigantis Radix aqua-acupuncture solution (AGRAS) and Angelicae gigantis Radix water-extracted solution (AGRWS) were prepared and tested for their organ toxicities and chemopreventive potentials. The organ-toxicity of AGRAS to male ICR mice was studied by the measurements of glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (GOT), glutamic pyruvate transaminase (GPT), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP-s) activities after injection of AGRAS for 7 days. The activities of GOT GPT and LDH were decreased, but the activity of ALP-s was not changed with AGRAS. When AGRAS was administered once daily for 10 days before the tumor implantation, AGRAS exerted antitumor activity by inhibiting the growth of Ehrich ascites tumor cells (EATC) in viva. The inductions of quinone reductase (QR), glutathione (GSH) and glutathione S-transferase (GST) and inhibition of polyamine metabolism were tested for the chemopreventive potentials of AGRAS and AGRWS. AGRAS was potent inducer of QR activity in murine hepatoma Hepalclc7 cells. In cultured rat Ac2F cells, AGRAS was also significantly induced QR activity GSH levels were increased about 1.3 fold with AGRAS. In addition the activity of GST was increased about 2.5 fold with AGRAS at the concentration of $0.1{\;}{\times}{\;}$. The effects of AGRAS and AGRWS were tested on the growth of Acanthamoeba castellanii. Proliferation of Acanthamoeba castellanii in a broth medium was inhibited by AGRAS and AGRWS at the concentration of $1{\;}{\times}{\;}and{\;}5{\;}{\times}{\;}$, respectively: These results suggest that AGRAS has chemopreventive potential by inducing QR activity increasing GSH and GST levels and inhibition of polyamine metabolism.

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