Relationship between Quality of Working Life and Organizational Effectiveness of Employees at the General Hospital

종합병원 근무자의 근로생활의 질과 조직유효성과의 관련성

  • Lee, Sun-Hee (Department of Preventive Medicine, Medical College of Ewha Womans University) ;
  • Jo, Heui-Sug (Department of Preventive Medicine, Medical College of Ewha Womans University)
  • 이선희 (이화여자대학교 의과대학 예방의학교실) ;
  • 조희숙 (이화여자대학교 의과대학 예방의학교실)
  • Published : 1999.12.31


Objectives: Quality of Working Life(QWL) is a set of employee's physical, mental conditions which are perceived at their work. Most employees and managers are concerned about the quality of working life as a strategy for improving organizational effectiveness. The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between QWL and organizational effectiveness of employees at the general hospital. Methods : Data were collected by self-administered questionnaires at the general hospital in Kyunggi-Do. Survey was conducted to 675 workers. QWL was measured by using 5 items from the scale developed by Walton(1973). Organizational effectiveness was measured by measuring organizational commitment, intention of job-shift, and job satisfaction. Results: The recognitions to each component of QWL were significantly different by socio-demographic characteristics such as sex, age, education levels and working duration. Also, QWL were significantly different by types of organizational culture. Multiple regression analysis and multiple logistic regression analysis were applied to find the relationship of QWL and organizational effectiveness. As a result, job-pride, compensation, working condition, human relationship and development showed significant relationship with organizational effectiveness. Conclusions: These results show that QWL is significantly related to organizational effectiveness. So we expect that this result will be used as basic informations for management and motivation of employees at the general hospital.