Preconcentration and Determination of Trace Cd(II) and Pb(II) in a Water Sample by Organic Precipitate Flotation with 8-Hydroxyquinoline

  • Published : 1999.04.20


An organic precipitate flotation of Cd(Ⅱ) and Pb(Ⅱ) was investigated by the coprecipitation with lanthanum 8-hydroxyquinolinate. Trace amounts of Cd(Ⅱ) and Pb(Ⅱ) with a significantly large amount of La(Ⅲ) were simultaneously precipitated in a 1,000 mL sample solution with the ethanolic 8-hydroxyquinoline solution. The pH was adjusted to 9.0 with 2 M ammonia solution. The precipitates were floated with the aid of tiny nitrogen bubbles and supported by the stable foam layer of sodium lauryl sulfate. The floats were collected on the fritted glass filter by a suction. The material collected was dissolved with 5.0 mL of ethanol and 1.5 mL of concentrated nitric acid, and then diluted to 25.0 mL with a deionized water. The analytes were determined by a flame atomic absorption spectrophotometry. The recoveries of the analytes spiked in the sample were 94.8% for Pb(Ⅱ) and 92.0% for Cd(Ⅱ). This flotation technique is simple and rapid, and also applicable to the determination of trace Cd(Ⅱ) and Pb(Ⅱ) at lew ppb levels.



  1. Anal. Chem. v.52 Hiraide, M;Ito, T.;Baba, M.;Kawaguchi, H.;Mizuike, A.
  2. Anal. Chim. Acta. v.81 Hiraide, M.;Yoshida, Y.;Mizuike, A.
  3. Anal. Chim. Acta. v.147 Nakashima, S.;Yagi, M.
  4. Anal. Chim. Acta. v.151 Hiraide, M.;Mizutani, J.;Mizuike, A.
  5. Anal. Chim. Acta. v.148 Mizuike, A.;Hiraide, M.;Mizuno, K.
  6. Rev. Anal. Chem. v.Ⅵ no.2 Hiraide, M.;Mizuike, A.
  7. Pure & Appl. Chem. v.54 no.8 Mizuike, A.;Hiraide, M.
  8. Japan Analyst v.17 Fukuda, K.;Mizuike, A.
  9. Japan Analyst v.26 Mizuike, A.;Hiraide, M.;Suzuki, T.
  10. Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn. v.48 Hiraide, M.;Mizuike, A.
  11. Anal. Chim. Acta. v.162 Feng, X.;Ryan, D.E.
  12. J. Korean Chem. Soc. v.35 no.4 Lee, K.S.;Choi, H.S.;Kim, S.T.;Kim, Y.S.
  13. J. Korean Chem. Soc. v.35 no.4 Park, S.W.;Choi, H.S.;Kim, Y.M.;Kim, Y.S.
  14. Anal. Sci.(Japan) no.7(Supplement) Kim, Y.S.;Han, J.S.;Choi, H.S.
  15. Anal. Sci. & Tech. v.5 no.4 Kim, Y.S.;Park, S.W.;Choi, H.S.
  16. J. Korean Chem. Soc. v.37 no.3 Sung, W.S.;Choi, H.S.;Kim, Y.S.
  17. Bull. Korean Chem. Soc. v.14 no.3 Kim, Y.S.;Park, S.J.;Choi, J.M.
  18. J. Korean Chem. Soc. v.38 no.9 Cho, M.S.;Lim, H.;Kim, Y.S.
  19. Bull. Korean Chem. Soc. v.16 no.7 Kim, Y.S.;Kim, K.C.
  20. J. Korean Chem Soc. v.40 no.12 Jung, Y.J.;Choi, H.S.;Kim, Y.S.
  21. Quantitative Chemical Analysis(4th) Kolthoff, I.M.;Sandell, F.B.;Meehan, E.J.;Bruckenstein, S.
  22. Quantitative Chemical Analysis(2nd.) Harris, D.C.
  23. Talanta v.22 Mizuike, A.;Hiraide, M.
  24. Progress in Chem. & Chemical Industry v.29 no.1 Kim, Y.S.;Choi, H.S.