The Distribution and Patient Care in Radiography for Emergency Outpatients

응급환자의 방사선영상검사 분포 및 Patient Care

  • Lee, Hwan-Hyung (Graduate School of Public Health, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Kang, Won-Han (Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Pusan National University Hospital)
  • 이환형 (경북대학교 대학원 보건학과) ;
  • 강원한 (부산대학교병원 진단방사선과)
  • Published : 1996.06.30


This study was carried out to improve service efficiency and to cope with a emergency situation in emergency radiography, through analysis of the radiographic distribution and literature cited about emergency care. Data collection of radiographic distribution was surveyed for 761 emergency outpatients who visit during JAN, 1994 at ER of the general hospital in Pusan city. The results is as follows: Emergency radiography rate of simple radiography was 61.1 %, special radiography 2.5 %, CT 12.6 %, and ultrasonography 6.7 %. In simple radiography rate, a high rate was distributed on male(63.6 %), thoracicsurgery part(90.0%), admission patient(74.9 %), and long stayed patient at ER. In special raiography rate, a high rate was observed in urologic part(28.6%), and in CT rate, observed neurosurgery part(49.2 %) and neurologic part(36.7%). Ultrasonography rate was high for female(8.8 %) and internal medicine part(15.9 %). There are distributed regional radiography rate in radiographic type that chest(55.3 %) is high in the simple radiography, urinary system(1.2%) in the special study, and brain(40.0 %) in the CT. Regional radiography rate according to diagnostic department also was showed highly for head(64.6%) in neurosurgery, chest(90.0%) in thoracic-surgery, abdomen(58.0%) in general-surgery, spine (40.0% ) in neuro-surgery, and pelvis(15.9%), upper extrimity(20.5%), and lower extrimity(31.8%) in orthopedic-surgery each. Mean radiographic case number per patient of simple radiography was sinificant on sex, age, transfer relation in both total and radiographic patients(p<0.05). Mean radiographic case number was highly distributed on male(2.2 case number) in sex, on thirties(2.7) in age, transfered patient(2.7) in patient type, and on neurosurgery(3.4) in diagnostic charged part. Total radiographic case number in regional part was highly distributed on chest(499 case number). Considering the above results, emergency radiographer should take care of the elder patient in emergency radiography and get hold of injury mechanism to decrease possible secondary injury during radiography. Because of high radiography rate of urinary system in special study, radiographer should know well about dealing with contrastmedia administration and related instrument. All radiographer who take charge emergency patient should cope with a emergency situation during radiography, Because head trauma patients is very important in patient care, especilly in CT at night, charged doctor should be always silted with CT room and monitoring-patient. Radiography was reqested by many diagnostic department in ER. Considering that rate of simple radiography is high, special room for emergency radiography should be established in ER area, and the radiographer of this room should be stationed radiologic technician who is career and can implement emergency patient care.