A STUDY ON MARGINAL ADAPTATION OF READY-MADE STAINLESS STEEL CROWN TO THE PRIMARY MOLAR

기성금관수복 유구치의 변연 적합도에 관한 연구

  • Lee, Sun-Kyung (Dept. of Pediatric Dentistry, College of Dentistry, Seoul National University) ;
  • Lee, Gwang-Su (Dept. of Pediatric Dentistry, College of Dentistry, Seoul National University) ;
  • Kim, Chong-Chul (Dept. of Pediatric Dentistry, College of Dentistry, Seoul National University)
  • 이선경 (서울대학교 치과대학 소아치과학교실) ;
  • 이광수 (서울대학교 치과대학 소아치과학교실) ;
  • 김종철 (서울대학교 치과대학 소아치과학교실)
  • Published : 1996.05.31

Abstract

In Class II amalgam restoration in deciduous molar, failure rate and incidence of recurrent caries are high as children become older. In order to preserve deciduous molars till the physiologic exfoliation time, stainless steel crown is a choice of the treatment. As a result of a careless treatment, such as overhanging margin, poor marginal adaptation, poor proximal contour and inadequate mesiodistal width give rise to interfering eruption of the adjacent teeth, recurrent caries and chronic gingival irritation and insufficient arch length respectively. In this study, 252 s.s. crowned teeth extracted due to physiologic exfoliation or periapical lesion. The purpose of this study is to analyze the marginal adaptation of stainless steel crown to the deciduous molar in order to obtain better clinical result. The results were as follows : 1. Between the length of s.s. crown and the marginal gap of crown, positive correlations were shown. 2. Largest amount of marginal gap was shown at buccal side in upper deciduous molars and lower first deciduous molar, lingual side in lower second deciduous molar. But no significant diffrence were found statistically compared to second most largest one. 3. Incidence of exposed restoration and recurrent caries were higher in proximal surface than buccal/lingual surface. And extension of restoration below the margin of s.s. crown gives rise to higher rate of recurrent caries. 4. Defect of contour was found in 34%, frequently found in lower 1st deciduous molar and upper 1st deciduous molar. 5. Marginal polishing defects were found in 23%. 6. Ledge was formed in 10% especially in lower 1st deciduous molar and lower 2nd deciduous molar. 7. 16% of the teeth had wear facet due to traumatic occlusion, 7% of them had occlusal perforation.