Application of Precipitate Flotation Technique to Separative Preconcentration and Determination of Arsenic in Water Samples

물시료 중 비소의 분리 정량을 위한 침전 부선기술의 응용

  • Park Sang-Wan (Department of Chemistry, Korea University) ;
  • Choi Hee-Seon (Department of Chemistry, Suwon University) ;
  • Kim Young-Man (Chemical Analysis Laboratory, Korea Institute of Science and Technology) ;
  • Kim Young-Sang (Department of Chemistry, Korea University)
  • 박상완 (고려대학교 자연과학대학 화학과) ;
  • 최희선 (수원대학교 이과대학 화학과) ;
  • 김영만 (한국과학기술연구원 화학분석실) ;
  • 김영상 (고려대학교 자연과학대학 화학과)
  • Published : 1991.08.20


The pre-concentration and determination of ultratrace arsenic in water samples was studied by the precipitate flotation technique. The arsenic in 1.0l of water sample, in which all suspended materials were filtered out, was coprecipitated together with La(OH)$_3$ precipitates at pH 8.5${\pm}$0.1. After the precipitate was made to be hydrophobic by adding mixed surfactant of 1 : 8 mole ratio of sodium oleate and sodium dodecyl sulfate, it was floated with the aid of tiny bubbles of nitrogen gas in a flotation cell. The floated precipitate was quantitatively collected on a micropore glass filter by the suction, dissolved with small volume of 1.0M sulfuric acid, and accurately diluted to 25.00ml with a de-ionized water. Total arsenic was spectrophotometrically determinated by forming silver diethyldithiocarbamate complex of arsine generated from arsenic in the concentrated solution. The calibration curve was linear up to 20ng/ml in the original solution. Analytical results showed that contents of arsenic in a campus wastewater and a river water were 8.2ng/ml and l.0ng/ml, respectively, and their recoveries were 93${\%}$ and 90${\%}$ in water samples which a given amount of arsenic was added into. From above result, it could be concluded that this method was applicable to the determination of arsenic in various kinds of water at low ng/ml levels.



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