Isolation of Ginsenoside${-Rh}_1$ and ${-Rh}_2$ by High Performance Liquid Chromatography

고속액체(高速液體) 크로마토그래피에 의(依)한 Ginsenoside ${-Rh}_1$${-Rh}_2$ 의 분리(分離)

  • Published : 1981.03.30


An effective method for isolation of the major components of ginseng saponin such as $ginsenoside-Rb_{1},\;-Rb_2,$ -Rc, -Rd, -Re and $-Rg_1$, and the minor components such as ginsenoside-Rf, $-Rg_2,\;and-Rh_1$, was developed and reported in previous papers (J. Korean Agr. Chem. Soc., 23(4), 199 and 206(1980) The conditions and procedures used for isolation and identification for ginsenosides described in the previous papers were not sufficient enough for clean separation of minor components, $ginsenoside-Rh_1,\;and-Rh_2$. In this work, modifications in extraction method and in mobile phase for HPLC were attempted. It was found that application of ethyl acetate extraction at $60^{\circ}C$ for 3 hr on crude saponin resulted in a removal of diol group saponin from crude saponin which made it possible for using higher portion of acetonitrile in mobile phase. The mixed solvents of acetonitrile : water (92 : 8 and 94 : 6) gave excellent resolution of $ginsenoside-Rh_1\;and\;-Rh_2$.

인삼주성분 사포닌 및 미량성분 사포닌의 단리법에 대하여 HPLC의 응용을 검토하여 이미 보고한 바 있다. 따라서 인삼미량성분인 $Ginsenoside-Rh_1$ 및 미지성분인 $Ginsenoside-Rh_2$의 단리법을 검토하였다. 저자등의 방법에 따라 홍삼의 70% 에탄올추출액(4 kg)에서 부탄올추출액을 얻어 에틸 아세테이트로 처리 (실온에서 3시간 및 $60^{\circ}C$에서 3 시간)하여 에틸 아세테이트 획분(29g)을 preparative HPLC인 prep LC/System-500을 사용하여 부분분획하여 각 획분을 analtical HPLC/ALC-201로 동정, ginsenoside-Rh group을 다시 에테르, 에틸 아세테이트 및 물로 정제한 후, semipreparative HPLC/ALC-201로 $ginsenoside-Rh_1$$-Rh_2$를 단리했다. 미지성분단리에 HPLC의 응용이 효과적임이 판명되었다.