Changes in Phosphatase Activity of the Mouse Uterus during the Estrous Cycle

發情週期에 EK른 생쥐子宮의 Phosphatase 活性의 變化에 관하여

  • Published : 1980.04.01


Quantitative analysis of the activities of transport ATPases as well as alkaline phosphatase of the mouse uterus was carried out during the estrous cycle. Even though the proportional patterns of the enzyme activities were similar each another between the stages of estrous cycle, the absolute activities of the enzymes except $K^+$-dependent and $Na^+$, $K^+$-activated ATPases at the time of estrus were significantly (p<0.025) higher than that at any other time of the estrous cycle. That is, the activities of $K^+$-dependent and $Na^+$, $K^+$-activated ATPases were negligible during the period of time from diestrus to estrus while the little activities (0.04 $\\sim$ 0.05$\\mu$M/mg protein/hr in average, $6\\sim7$% of the total enzyme activity) of these enzymes appeared at the time of metaestrus. On the other hand, at the time of estrus, the activities of $Mg^++$-dependent phosphatase, transport ATPase and alkaline phosphatase were rapidly and tremendously increased to be 0.69 (35%), 0.42 (21%) and 1.58 (79%), respectively. The activity of alkaline phosphatase was in the range of 0.60 $\\sim$ 1.58 (79 $\\sim$ 90%) and predominant throughout the estrous cycle. The activity of $Mg^++$-dependent alkaline phosphatase was estimated as 12 $\\sim$ 16% of the total enzyme activity. Therefore, it is assumed likely that $K^+$-dependent and $Na^+$, $K^+$-activated ATPases are not the main factors to control the fluid accumulation at the time of estrus, but may be the factors to reabsorb the luminal fluid into the uterine epithelium at the time of metaestrus, and that $Mg^++$-dependent phosphatase, transport ATPase and alkaline phosphatase must be closely involved in the secretion of luminal fluid from the epithelial cells of the mouse uterus.

발정주기에 EK라서 생쥐자궁의 alkaline phosphatase와 transport ATPases의 활성변화를 알아보기 위하여 정량적으로 분석하였다. 발정주기의 각 시기에 있어서 이 효소활성들의 비율은 대체로 그 양상이 서로 비슷하나, 발정기의 $K^+$-dependent와 $Na^+, K^+$-activated ATPases를 제외한 다른 효소들의 활성은 다른 어떤 시기보다도 유의하게 (p<0.025) 높았다. 즉, $K^+$-dependent와 $Na^+, K^+$-activated ATPases의 활성은 발정간기에서 발정기에 이르는 동안 무시할 정도이고, 다만 발정후기에 약간의 활성(0.04$\\sim$0.05 $\\mu$M/mg protein/hr), 총활성의 6$\\sim$7%)이 나타났다. 한편, 발정기에서 $Mg^++$-dependent phosphatase, transport ATPase와 alkaline phosphatase의 활성들은 급속히 현저하게 증가하였으며 각각 0.69(35%), 0.42(21%), 1.58(79%)였다. Alkaline phosphatase는 전 발정주기를 통해 0.60$\\sim$1.58(79$\\sim$90%)의 활성을 보여 그 주종을 이루었다. Alkaline phosphatase의 활성중에는 $Mg^++$-dependent의 것이 총활성의 12$\\sim$16%로 추정되었다. 그러므로 $K^+$-dependent와 $Na^+$-activated ATPases는 발정기 때에 자궁액의 누적을 조절하는 요인이 아니고 발정후기에는 자궁상피 속으로 내액을 재흡수하는 요인인 것으로 짐작되며, EH한 $Mg^++$-dependent phosphatase, transport ATPase 그리고 alkaline phosphatase는 생쥐의 자궁 상피세포에서부터 내액을 분지하는 데에 밀접히 관련되어 있는 것으로 사려된다.