Study on rice double cropping in Southern Korea paddy field

  • Seong, Deok-Gyeong (Crop Research Division, Gyeongnam Agricultural Research and Extension Services) ;
  • Kim, Young-Gwang (Crop Research Division, Gyeongnam Agricultural Research and Extension Services) ;
  • Nam, Jin-Woo (Crop Research Division, Gyeongnam Agricultural Research and Extension Services) ;
  • Choi, Yong-Jo (Crop Research Division, Gyeongnam Agricultural Research and Extension Services) ;
  • Hong, Kwang-Pyo (Crop Research Division, Gyeongnam Agricultural Research and Extension Services)
  • Published : 2017.06.04

Abstract

Recently, the rice growing time was extended by the global warming. This study was conducted to investigate the possibility of rice double cropping system in southern Korea. The first transplanting was with six cultivars ('Kilala397', 'Baekilmi', 'Joun', 'Hanseol' and 'Jungmo1031') on April 15. All cultivars could be harvested at the end of July. Adaptable cultivars for the first cultivation were 'Kilala397', Baekilmi' and 'Joun'. The rice yields at the first cultivation was about 95% of local average yield. Although the yield was slightly less, the first cultivation was considered to have economic benefits, because of the high market price of rice. In the second transplanting was with five cultivars ('Manjong', 'Joun', 'Deabo', 'Jinok' and 'Kilala397') on April 15. All cultivars could be harvested in early November. Adaptable cultivars for the second cultivation were 'Jinok' and 'Kilala397'. The rice yields at the second cultivation was about below the 60% of local average yield, because there was the less growth than normal season cultivation. Consequently, southern Korea' annual rice double cropping system is considered to have no economic value yet. However, the research should be continued considering the temperature rise of global warming.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Rural Development Administration