THE EFFICIENT METHOD TO DETECT DEFECTIVE DETECTOR OF THE SWIR BAND OF SPOT 4

  • Published : 2005.10.01

Abstract

This paper presents the efficient method to detect the defective detectors of the SWIR band of SPOT 4. The key of this method are to flatten the baseline of the data using high pass band filter instead of differentiation. This method is made up six steps. First step is to apply image enhancement techniques to enhance the lines imaged by defective detector and improve the quality of an image. Second step is processed by summing the enhanced image in line direction. These summed data have the peaks that represent the defective detectors and the curved baseline characterized by the reflectivity of Earth surface. In order to exactly detect these peaks, third step is to flatten the curved baseline using high pass filtering in the frequency domain. In fourth step, the data with flat baseline is normalized to have zero mean and unity standard deviation. In fifth step, the defective detectors are detected using $99.9\%$ confidence interval. Finally, after removing the detected ones in summed data, the steps from third to five are iterated. Three SPOT 4 images, which have different reflectivity of Earth surface and different sensor, were used to validate this method. The overall accuracy of detection for three images was $97.9\%$. This result shows that this method can detect efficiently the lines made by defective detectors.