The interests about railway safety have been highly increased. Early railway safety was widely studied in Europe and Japan, and safety standards were established in 1990s. EN 50126 of CENELEC, Railway applications - Specification and demonstration of RAMS, became IEC 62278 in 2002. This standard provides Railway Authorities and railway support industry with a process which will enable the implementation of a consistent approach to the management of RAMS. IEC 62278 will be often referred to in the field of railway system. This paper examined the application of railway RAMS on basis of IEC 62278.