p53 Polymorphisms and Haplotypes as a Possible Predictor of a High-risk Group for Hepatocellular Carcinoma
- Sato Shigeaki (Department of Hygiene, Kobe University School of Medicine) ;
- Shiraki Takashi (Department of Hygiene, Kobe University School of Medicine) ;
- Inoue Yoshiki (Department of Hygiene, Kobe University School of Medicine) ;
- Takeshita Tatsuya (Department of Hygiene and Preventive Medicine, Osaka University School of Medicine) ;
- Morimoto Kanehisa (Department of Hygiene and Preventive Medicine, Osaka University School of Medicine)
- Published : 1999.10.01
In a case-control study to evaluate the factors involved in the development of hepatocellular carcinoma, polymorphisms of the p53 gene were compared in 68 cases mostly infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV) and 68 controls matched for sex and age: DNA from peripheral blood leukocytes was analyzed by the polymerase chain reaction-single strand conformation polymorphism method and direct sequencing. Polymorphisms analyzed were those in exon 4 (CCC vs. CGC, Pro vs. Arg at codon 72, Al allele vs. A2 allele), intron 2 (C vs. G at nucleotide 38, Al vs. A2), intron 3 (C vs. A at nucleotide 65, Al vs. A2; absence and presence of 16 base pair repeat at nucleotides 24 to 39, Al vs. A2), intron 6 (A vs. G at nucleotide 62, Al vs. A2) and intron 7 (C and T vs. T and G at nucleotides 72 and 92, Al vs. A2). A significantly higher frequency of the allele for CCC (Pro, Al) at codon 72 of exon 4 was found in cases (39%) than in controls (26%) (p<0.05). Highly significant linkage of the polymorphisms in exon 4, intron 2, intron 3 and intron 7, and between the intron 3-16 bp duplication and polymorphism in intron 6 also was found. Matched Fair analysis showed significantly higher frequencies of certain haplotypes (1-1-1-1-2-2 or 1-1-2-1-2-1 for exon 4, intron 2, intron 3, the intron 3-16 bp duplication, intron 6 and intron 7) in cases than in controls (p=0.014, OR=2.27, 95% CI= 1.08-5.12). No preference of specific p53 polymorphisms for specific HCV genotype was detected. These findings suggest that in hepatocarcinogenesis mainly due to HCV infection, genetic factors may be involved and that genetic markers can serve as predictors of a high-risk group for hepatocarcinogenesis.