• Title, Summary, Keyword: zerovalent iron

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Removal of Arsenic from Leachate of Tailing using Laboratory-synthesized Zerovalent Iron

  • Kim, Soon-Oh;Jung, Young-Il;Cho, Hyen-Goo;Park, Won-Jeong;Kim, In-Seon
    • Journal of Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.50 no.1
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    • pp.6-12
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    • 2007
  • Feasibility of laboratory-synthesized zerovalent iron was investigated to remove arsenic from leachates of tailings taken from an Au-Ag abandoned mine. The tailings were seriously contaminated with arsenic, and its potential adverse effect on the ecosystems around the mine seems to be significantly high. Long-term column experiments were conducted for about 3.5 months to evaluate the effectiveness of the synthesized zerovalent iron for removal of arsenic. Over than 95% removal efficiency of As was observed in the zerovalent iron mediated tests. In addition, the XRD data suggest that the corrosion products of ZVI were identified magnetite, maghemite, goethite, and lepidocrocite, all of which support Fe(II) oxidation as an intermediate step in the zerovalent iron corrosion process. The results indicate that arsenic can be removed from the tailing-leachate by the mechanism of coprecipitation and/or adsorption onto those iron oxides formed from ZVI corrosion.

Degradation of the Herbicide Butachlor by Laboratory-synthesized Nanoscale $Fe^0$ in Batch Experiments

  • Kim, Hyang-Yeon;Kim, In-Kyung;Han, Tae-Ho;Shim, Jae-Han;Kim, In-Seon
    • Journal of Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.49 no.3
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    • pp.101-105
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    • 2006
  • Degradation of the herbicide butachlor was investigated using laboratory-synthesized zerovalent iron ($Fe^0$). The synthesized zerovalent iron was determined to be nanoscale powder by scanning electron microscopic analysis. To investigate degradation of butachlor using the synthesized nanoscale zerovalent iron, time-course batch experiments were conducted by treating the solution of butachlor formulation with the iron. More than 90% degradation of butachlor was observed by iron treatment within 24 h. The synthesized nanoscale zerovalent iron showed an increase in particle aggregation in the batch tests. Green rust formation and a pH drop in solutions were observed, suggesting that the oxidation of the iron occurred. When the iron was extracted with dichloromethane, a negligible concentration was found in the extract, suggesting that butachlor did not bind to the iron particles. GC/MS analysis detected the dechlorinated product as a major degradation product of butachlor in the solutions. The data indicate that laboratory-synthesized zerovalent iron functioned as a reductant to remove electron-withdrawing chlorine, giving the dechlorinated product.

Dechlorination of the Fungicide Chlorothalonil by Zerovalent Iron and Manganese Oxides (Zerovalent Iron 및 Manganese Oxide에 의한 살균제 Chlorothalonil의 탈염소화)

  • Yun, Jong-Kuk;Kim, Tae-Hwa;Kim, Jang-Eok
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.43-49
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    • 2008
  • This study is conducted to determine the potential of zerovalent iron (ZVI), pyrolusite and birnessite to remediate water contaminated with chlorothalonil. The degradation rate of chlorothalonil by treatment of ZVI, pyrolusite and birnessite was much higher in low condition of pH. Mixing an aqueous solution of chlorothalonil with 1.0% (w/v) ZVI, pyrolusite and birnessite resulted in 4.7, 13.46 and 21.38 hours degradation half-life of chlorothalonil, respectively. Dechlorination number of chlorothalonil by treaonent of ZVI, pyrolusite and birnessite exhibited 2.85, 1.12 and 1.09, respectively. Degradation products of chlorothalonil by teartment of pyrolusite and birnessite were confirmed as trichloro-1,3-dicyanobenzene and dichloro-1,3-dicyanobenzene which were dechlorinated one and two chlorine atoms from parent chlorothalonil by GC-mass. Degradation products of chlorothalonil by ZVI were identified not only as those by pyrolusite and birnessite but as further reduced chloro-1,3-dicyanobenzene and chlorocyanobenzene.

Preparation, characterization and comparison of antibacterial property of polyethersulfone composite membrane containing zerovalent iron or magnetite nanoparticles

  • Dizge, Nadir;Ozay, Yasin;Simsek, U. Bulut;Gulsen, H. Elif;Akarsu, Ceyhun;Turabik, Meral;Unyayar, Ali;Ocakoglu, Kasim
    • Membrane Water Treatment
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.51-71
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    • 2017
  • Antimicrobial polyethersulfone ultrafiltration membranes containing zerovalent iron ($Fe^0$) and magnetite ($Fe_3O_4$) nanoparticles were synthesized via phase inversion method using polyethersulfone (PES) as membrane material and nano-iron as nanoparticle materials. Zerovalent iron nanoparticles (nZVI) were prepared by the reduction of iron ions with borohydride applying an inert atmosphere by using $N_2$ gases. The magnetite nanoparticles (nMag) were prepared via co-precipitation method by adding a base to an aqueous mixture of $Fe^{3+}$ and $Fe^{2+}$ salts. The synthesized nanoparticles were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, X-ray powder diffraction, and dynamic light scattering analysis. Moreover, the properties of the synthesized membranes were characterized by scanning electron microscopy energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and atomic force microscopy. The PES membranes containing the nZVI or nMag were examined for antimicrobial characteristics. Moreover, amount of iron run away from the PES composite membranes during the dead-end filtration were tested. The results showed that the permeation flux of the composite membranes was higher than the pristine PES membrane. The membranes containing nano-iron showed good antibacterial activity against gram-negative bacteria (Escherichia coli). The composite membranes can be successfully used for the domestic wastewater filtration to reduce membrane biofouling.

Degradation of Fungicide Tolclofos-methyl by Chemical Treatment (살균제 Tolclofos-methyl의 화학적 처리에 의한 분해)

  • Shin, Kab-Sik;Jeon, Young-Hwan;Kim, Hyo-Young;Hwang, Jung-In;Lee, Sang-Man;Shin, Jae-Ho;Kim, Jang-Eok
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.396-401
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    • 2010
  • Tolclofos-methyl is one of the most widely used organophosphorous pesticides in control of soil-borne diseases in ginseng field. In Korea, residues of tolclofosmethyl in ginseng and cultivation soil is quite often detecting. The objective of this study was to know the possibility for the accelerated degradation of tolclofos-methyl by various chemical treatment under soil slurry condition. The degradation of tolclofos-methyl was accelerated by zerovalent metals treatment in soil slurry. The degradation rate of tolclofos-methyl was found to be at higher zerovalent zinc than unannealed zerovalent and annealed zerovalent iron. The effect of different sizes of zerovalent iron on tolclofos-methyl degradation was showed that the smaller size of zerovalent iron, the greater the degradation rate. In aqueous solution of pH 4.0 below the degradation rate of tolclofos-methyl was very high. Under this experimental condition, tolclofos-methyl degradation was the greatest at 2% (w/v) of ZVI under 0.1 N of HCl in 24 hours, the degradation rate was 94.4%. By testing various chemicals, it was found that $Fe_2(SO_4)_3$ as iron source showed better for degrading tolclofos-methyl in $H_2O_2$ 500 mM treatment and sodium sulfite also showed the degradable possibility tolclofos-methyl in soil slurry.

Dechlorination of Organochlorine Insecticide, Endosulfan by Zerovalent Iron (Zerovalent Iron에 의한 유기염소계 살충제 Endosulfan의 탈염소화)

  • Shin, Hyun-Su;Kim, Taek-Kyum;Kim, Jang-Eok
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.202-208
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    • 2009
  • The dechlorination of endosulfan (6,7,8,9,10,10-hexachloro-1,5,5a,6,9,9a-hexahydro-6,9-methano-2,4,3-benzodioxathiepine-3-oxide) and its metabolite, endosulfan sulfate via reaction with zerovalent iron under various pH conditions was studied using aqueous solution. The reaction products, which were probably produced from endosulfan and endosulfan sulfate by ZVI were identified by GC-MS. The lower the pH of reaction solution, the higher the transformation rate of endosulfan and endosulfan sulfate. The transformation rates of endosulfan and endosulfan sulfate in pH 3.0 by ZVI were 28% and 90% but those of endosulfan and endosulfan sulfate in mixture solution of water/acetone were 65% and 92%, respectively. The pH of reaction solution after ZVI treatment was increased to pH 10. Endosulfan was hydrolyzed at pH 10 but endosulfan sulfate was not hydrolyzed. Two unknown peaks were produced from endosulfan sulfate by treatment of ZVI. As a result of GC-MS analysis, unknown peaks were guessed to be structural isomer substituted hydrogen for chlorine.

Synthesis of Nanoscale Zerovalent Iron Particle and Its Application to Cr(VI) Removal from Aqueous Solutions

  • Awad, Yasser M.;Abdelhafez, Ahmed A.;Ahmad, Mahtab;Lee, Sang-Soo;Kim, Rog-Young;Sung, Jwa-Kyung;Ok, Yong-Sik
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.402-407
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    • 2010
  • Zerovalent iron (ZVI) is one of the most commonly used metallic reducing agents for the treatment of toxic contaminants in wastewater. Traditional ZVIs are less effective than nanoscale ZVI (nZVI) due to prolonged reaction time. However, the reactivity can be significantly increased by reducing the size of ZVI particles to nanoscale. In this study, nZVI particles were synthesized under laboratory condition and their efficiency in removing hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) from aqueous solutions were compared with commercially available ZVI particles. The results showed that the synthesized nZVI particles (SnZVI) reduced >99% of Cr(VI) at the application rate of 0.2% (w/v), while commercial nZVI (CnZVI) particles resulted in 59.6% removal of Cr(VI) at the same application rate. Scanning electron micrographs (SEM) and energy dispersive spectra (EDS) of the nZVI particles revealed the formation of Fe-Cr hydroxide complex after reaction. Overall, the SnZVI particles can be used in treating chromium contaminated wastewater.

Enhance degradation of insecticide chlorpyrifos by iron salts and potassium persulfate during zerovalent iron treatment in aqueous solution

  • Rahman, M. Mokhlesur;Hwang, Jung-In;Kwak, Se-Yeon;Kim, Jang-Eok
    • Journal of Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.61 no.4
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    • pp.383-389
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    • 2018
  • Degradation of the insecticide O,O-diethyl O-3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridyl phosphorothioate (chlorpyrifos) in aqueous solution was investigated using iron salts and potassium persulfate during ZVI treatment through a series of batch experiments. The degradation rate of chlorpyrifos increased with increases in the concentrations of iron salts and potassium persulfate in the aqueous system. Ferric chloride was found to be the most effective iron salt for the ZVI-mediated degradation of chlorpyrifos in aqueous solution. Further, the iron salts tested could be arranged in the following order in terms of their effectiveness: $FeCl_3$> $Fe_2(SO_4)_3$> $Fe(NO_3)_3$. The persulfate-ZVI system could significantly degrade chlorpyrifos present in the aqueous medium. This revealed that chlorpyrifos degradation by treatment with $Fe^0$ was promoted on adding ferric chloride and potassium persulfate. The kinetics of the degradation of chlorpyrifos by persulfate-amended $Fe^0$ was higher than that for iron-salt-amended $Fe^0$. This suggests that using a sequential $Fe^0$ reduction-ferric chloride or $Fe^0$ reduction-persulfate process may be an effective strategy to enhance the removal of chlorpyrifos in contaminated water.

Degradation of Chlorothalonil by Zerovalent Iron-Montmorillonite Complex (Zerovalent iron-montmorillonite 복합체에 의한 chlorothalonil의 분해)

  • Choi, Choong-Lyeal;Park, Man;Lee, Dong-Hoon;Rhee, In-Koo;Song, Kyung-Sik;Kang, Sang-Jae;Kim, Jang-Eok
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.257-261
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    • 2006
  • Zerovalent iron (ZVI) has been recently used for environmental remediation of soils and groundwaters contaminated by chlorinated organic compounds. As a new approach to improve its reductive activity and stability, zerovalent iron-montmorillonites (ZVI-Mt) complex are synthesized by simple process. Therefore, this study was carried out to elucidate the characteristics of ZVI-Mt complex and to investigate degradation effects of fungicide chlorothalonil. The XRD patterns of ZVI-Mt complex showed distinctive peaks of ZVI and montmorillonite. In ZVI-Mt complex, the oval particles of ZVI were partly surrounded by montmorillonite layers that could prevent ZVI surface oxidation by air. The degradation ratio of chlorothalonil after 60 min exhibited 71% by ZVI and 100% by ZVI-Mt complex. ZVI-Mt21 complex exhibited much higher and faster degradation ratio of chlorothalonil compare to that of ZVI or ZVI-Mt11 complex. Also, degradation rate of chlorothalonil was increased with increasing ZVI or ZVI-Mt complex content and with decreasing initial solution pH.