• Title, Summary, Keyword: youth

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A Study on the Rural Youth Programs of Foreign Countries (외국의 농촌청소년 개발사업의 현황과 시사점)

  • Kim, Jeong-Joo;Oh, Hae-Sub
    • Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.273-283
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    • 2001
  • The purposes of this study were to review the rural youth programs of selected foreign countries and to draw some implications to the rural youth programs in Korea. The youth development programs reviewed were 4-H Youth Development Program of U.S.A, Rural Youth Information Service of Australia, Rural Youth Job Strategy of Canada, The Urban-Rural Youth Program of U.S.A, and Expert Consultation on Extension Rural Youth Programmes and Sustainable Development of FAO. After reviewing the rural youth programs of selected foreign countries, the authors suggested the following implications for further development of rural youth programs in Korea; 1. The target group of rural youth programs should include urban youth as well as rural youth, and the programs should be focused on enlarging their awareness of the rural community and agriculture. 2. Rural youth programs should be extended beyond agricultural sectors, such as leadership, career development, leisure activity, and cultural life. 3. We should develop some programs to support academic achievement, career development, employment, cultural needs including some strategies to prevent problematic behaviors of rural youth. 4. Rural youth should be supported more opportunities to join the community life to experience and learn various life skills through active participation such as interpersonal skill, leadership skill, and problem-solving skill.

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A Study on Youth Leadership Skill of Community Youth (지역사회 청소년의 리더십기술)

  • Lee, Chae-Shik;Park, Eun-Shik
    • Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.135-147
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study were to analyze youth leadership skill of rural youth and to suggest implication for rural youth development. The study was carried out questionnaire. To analyze youth leadership skill of rural youth, the data were collected from 196 rural youth by stratified random sampling. The SPSSWIN / ver12.0 was used for analyzing data with t-test, ANOVA, and factor analysis. The major findings of this study were as follows; 1) Average of youth leadership skill is 91.42, minimum is was 61, maximum is 130, 2)When it comes to youth leadership skill, it is higher in highly educated youth and higher economic status, 3)When it comes to youth leadership skill, it is higher in farming size, extending in three years, promise of farming successor. Conclusionally, the study suggests community youth should be offered more educational experience for developing youth leadership.

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The Present Conditions of Rural Youth Welfare Facilities and Policy Measures for Development (농어촌 청소년 복지시설의 문제점과 해결 방안)

  • Kim, Kyeong-Joon
    • Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.285-298
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    • 2001
  • Rural youth welfare was defined to provide the preventive services as well as the protective and curative services such as education, job training, youth activity, delinquency prevention, etc. for rural youth who live in rural society, including who go out to metropolitan city for study. Based on this concept, the rural youth related facilities and problems were investigated in the area of education, culture and leisure, career, and problematic behavior. The results were identified that the efforts of government and rural related institutions were in sufficient to establish and improve the facilities for rural youth, and the gap between rural and urban youth facilities was extended increasingly, in spite of seriousness of those rural youth problems. Some of policies and programs were proposed in order to improve rural youth welfare; 1) To establish at least one activity facility in every Eup ; 2) To convert the public culture facilities such as museums, fine art museums, exhibition facilities, etc. into the culture and art facilities for rural youth; 3) To establish rural youth job information center in the agricultural technology and extension center; 4) To convert school to rural youth education and cultural center; 5) To establish the comprehensive welfare facilities for rural youth in metropolitan city.

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A Study on the Issues and Alternatives of Rural Youth Education (농촌 청소년 교육의 과제와 발전방향)

  • Oh, Hae-Sub
    • Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.225-240
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    • 2004
  • This study sought to search for the new alternatives and direction to develop and strengthening rural youth education in Korea. The study was conducted through literature review on articles, proceedings and other sources relevant to the pending issues and difficulties of rural youth education in Korea. Some of the critical needs for improving rural youth education in Korea included the following aspects or alternatives; 1) Strengthening the partnership between rural adult and youth would be necessary to gain broader support and to establish the increased awareness of adults for rural youth education. 2) Better coordination and cooperative efforts should be emphasized among various programs and institutions in implementing rural youth education policies and programs. 3) Developing a strong link between the agribusiness sector and the rural youth education system should be strengthened to produce the effective results. Further activities to develop and implement diverse programs and projects to cope with new trends In farming and agriculture as well as changing trends in marketing sector of agribusiness and rural communities in Korea. The rural leadership and community networks should be established for improving the effectiveness of rural youth educational activities.

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A Discussion on the Importance of Community Youth Activities and Enhancement of Youth Competence (지역사회 중심 청소년활동의 중요성과 청소년 역량강화 방안)

  • Oh, Hae-Sub
    • Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.417-432
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study were to discuss on the importance of community youth development programs and review the enhancement of competence in youth The research methods used the extensive review of related literatures. Based on the major results, the implications and suggestions were as follows. First, community youth activity will need to provide the opportunities of enhancing the competencies and a full complement of positive connections to youth programs. Second, communities promote to engage youth as partners with adults in the process of positive youth development. Third, youth development organizations operate to support the programs to prevent risky-behaviors or treat specific problems in terms of community youth contexts. Finally, collaboration and network are necessarily required among youth, adults, family, school, organizations within the community. Changes to work and workplace are so significant that policies refer to 'the knowledge society' at the same time 'information society'. Future workers will need to have the skills of information and communications management and control.

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A Study on the Characteristics of the Space Composition of the Youth Facilities in Jeju (제주지역 청소년수련시설의 공간구성적 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Song, Tae-Moon;Park, Chung-Keun;Park, Chul-Min
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.43-50
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    • 2008
  • In recent years, many municipal governments have planned and developed welfare programs for their communities. Many of these plans have included youth facilities. However, many of these facilities have had problems keeping up with the rapidly changing needs of young people. Therefore this study aims to analyze the present State of youth facilities, their operating programmes and changing aspect of the space composition. This has significance in suggesting basic materials for planning youth facilities with the spacial characteristics corresponding to their purpose and function as exclusive space for the youth. In our case study, we limited the subjects to the local youth facilities within the daily life area of Jeju, 3 youth facilities and 15 youth culture centers. The results from the case study are as follow. Firstly, in the case of youth culture center, most of the lots are small-sized and they don't show proper space allocation according to activity. Secondly, in the recently-built youth facilities, the cultural space has been expanded rather than the space for public use. Thirdly, it is necessary to formulate the conception of youth culture center and the value in its function and role.

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A Study on the Establishment of Effective Model for Community;Centered Youth Development Policy (지역사회 중심 청소년개발정책의 효율적 운영 모형 정립)

  • Oh, Hae-Sub
    • Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.123-134
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study was to establish the effective model for community-centered youth development in Korea. The research methods used the extensive review of related literatures and consultation with a panel of experts in this field. Based on the major results, the implications and suggestions were as follows. First, community youth development will need to provide the opportunities of competencies and a full complement of positive connections to youth activities. Second, communities promote to engage youth as partners with adults in the process of positive youth development. Third, youth development organizations operate to support the programs to prevent or treat specific problems in terms of community youth contexts. Finally, collaboration and network are necessarily required among youth, adults, home, school, organizations within the community.

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A Study on Institution Strengthening for International Youth Exchange in Rural Area (농촌 청소년 국제교류 지원체제 강화방안에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Jin-Sook;Kim, Myung-Hee;Choe, Pyeong-Ik
    • Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.241-250
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    • 2004
  • This study was carried out to strengthen institution of international youth change in rural area. References, in the field of international cooperation international youth exchange and youth's volunteer service were reviewed. Considering rural situation, poor human resources in terms of foreign languages and globalization are major problems for international youth exchange. Such problems as poor network among relevant organizations for international youth change, low level of rural internationalization and lacking of development plan for exchange program were pointed out. For effective international youth exchange, the following strategies were suggested : 1) networking among youth, local government, industries and community, 2) youth education for global citizenship, 3) globalization of local industries, local government, and rural community, et.c.

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A Study on Vocational Decision Making of Rural Youth (농촌청소년의 직업의사결정 분석)

  • Lee, Chae-Shik
    • Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.257-270
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    • 2005
  • The purposes of this study were to explore the differences of decision making in farming settlement and to analyze attributes for vocational decision making of rural youth. The study was carried out by literature review and questionnaire. To analyze vocational decision making of rural youth, the data were collected from 196 rural youth by stratified random sampling. The SPSSWIN/ver10 was used for analyzing data with frequency, percentage, t-test ANOVA and factor analysis. The major findings of this study were as follows; 1) Rural youth decided to become farmers at the middle and high school stage for farming succession and eco-friendly life orientation. 2) Youth parents were the major source of influence on their rural youth to settle in farming. 3) Rural youth with high economic status, upper academic achievement and university graduation showed higher autonomous decision making and lower heteronomous decision making. 4) Rural youth with low economic status and low academic achievement showed unstable vocational decision making. 5) The study suggested that rural youth with unstable decision making should get more educational opportunities and supports.

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Predicting the Living Status of Homeless Youth: Living on the Street or in a Shelter

  • Kang, Min-Ju
    • International Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.1-16
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    • 2012
  • Information about the characteristics of street-living versus shelter-residing youth is vital for tailoring prevention and intervention efforts to the unique needs of runaway and homeless youth. The present study compared two samples of youth [street-living (n=73) versus shelter-residing (n=205)], between the ages of 14 to 17 years, on behavioral and emotional factors and service use. Based on the different characteristics of the two groups, the predictors explaining the living status of the runaways and homeless youth were explored. In general, street-living youth reported more severe substance use, depressive symptoms, and risky sexual behavior, but less lifetime service involvement compared to shelter-residing youth. The factors that predicted shelter-residing status were related to younger age, prior service care experience, more knowledge about HIV, and engaging in less delinquent and risky behavior. Given the little overlap among youth in service involvement and the greater severity faced by street-living youth, the conclusions highlight the need for increased funding and attention towards facilitating the ability of street-living youth to find and enter mental health and reintegration services.