• Title, Summary, Keyword: yam (Dioscorea batatas Decne.)

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Antioxidant Activities of Various Extracts from Korean Yam (Dioscorea batatas DECNE.)

  • Duan, Yishan;Kim, Gyeong-Hwuii;Kim, Han-Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.324-332
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    • 2016
  • The objective of this study was to investigate the antioxidant activity of Korean yam (Dioscorea batatas $D_{ECNE.}$) by different extraction solvents including 70% methanol, 70% ethanol and chloroform-methanol mixture (CM, 2:1, v/v). Raw yam was analyzed for its color property, total phenol content and antioxidant activity. Yam possessed high $L^*$ value and $H^{\circ}$ value, which were $81.64{\pm}2.59$ and $83.36{\pm}0.15$, respectively. Raw yam was found to have great antioxidant activity evaluated through ABTS [2,2′-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) diammonium salt] radical scavenging activity, DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) radical scavenging activity, reducing power, and ferric reducing antioxidant power. Total phenol contents of various extracts from raw yam increased in the following order: 70% methanol extract ($37.62{\pm}0.88mg\;CAE/g$), 70% ethanol extract ($43.38{\pm}0.66mg\;CAE/g$) and CM extract ($67.17{\pm}0.12mg\;CAE/g$), respectively. The same trend was also could be found in the ABTS radical scavenging activity, DPPH radical scavenging activity and ferric reducing antioxidant power assays. These results implied that Korean yam might play an important role in antioxidation and serve as the bio-health functional food to take a good part in prevention of human diseases and aging.

Pharmacognostical Study on the Dioscoreae Rhizoma in Korea (한국산(韓國産) 산약류(山藥類)의 생약학적(生藥學的) 연구(硏究))

  • Toh, Chung-Ae
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.30-38
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    • 1984
  • Yam, Dioscorea batatas Decne (Dioscoreaceae) is a plant growing in Korea. Dioscoreae Rhizoma in the markets are classified into natural and cultural ones. These studies were conducted to investigate the differencies between natural and cultural Yams by characteristics of morphology, cell contents, chemical components and physical properties. More mucilage cells which contain calcium-oxalate raphides were contained in cultural Yam than natural Yam. However, the amount of crude protein, crude lipid and mucilage viscosity, swelling, gelatinization of polysaccharides were greater in natural Yam than the other. It is suggested that natural Yam is excellent as nutrition agent in quality and worthwhile as a resource of crude drugs.

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Evaluation of Antimicrobial, Antithrombin, and Antioxidant Activity of Dioscorea batatas Decne (마(Dioscorea batatas Decne)의 항균, 항산화 및 항혈전 활성 평가)

  • Kim, Jee-In;Jang, Han-Su;Kim, Jong-Sik;Sohn, Ho-Yong
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.37 no.2
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    • pp.133-139
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    • 2009
  • Yam (Dioscorea batatas Decne) has been recognized as healthy food due to its various biological activities, such as anti-obesity, anti-constipation, anti-proliferation, anti-mutagenic activity, and decrease of blood glucose and cholesterol level. In this study, the methanol extract and its organic solvent fractions were prepared from dried Dioscorea batatas Decne, and their antimicrobial, antithrombin, and antioxidant activity were evaluated, respectively. The 66.7% of methanol extract was fractioned into water residue, and most of total-polyphenol/total-flavonoids were found in ethylacetate fraction. This ethylacetate fraction at $500\;{\mu}g/disc$ concentration showed strong antibacterial activity against gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria, except Staphylococcus aureus. Antifungal activity was not observed in methanol extract and its fractions. But, strong antithrombin activity was found in methanol extract. At 4.8 mg/mL concentration, thrombin time was 99.5 sec, which is coincides with 30% activity of aspirin, a commercial available antithrombosis agent. The ethylacetate fraction showed strong DPPH scavenging activity ($IC_{50}$ of $80.5\;{\mu}g/mL$), compared to vitamin C ($IC_{50}$ of $15.2\;{\mu}g/mL$). Also, the ethylacetate fraction showed strong SOD-like activity and reducing power, which are coincide with 43% of vitamin C and 82.7% of butylated hydroxytoluene activity, respectively.

Cultural Practices of Bulbils for Seed-Tuber Production in Dioscorea batatas Decne (마 주아를 이용한 종묘생산 재배기술)

  • Shin, Jong-Hee;Park, Sang-Gu;Park, Sang-Zo;Lee, Bong-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.163-167
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    • 2006
  • The various cultural practices of bulbils were tested for seed tuber production in Chinese yam (Dioscorea batatas Decne.). To obtain amount of seed tuber, yam bulbils were sowed from early April to early May. The late sowing reduced average tuber weight, and consequently the amount of small tubers less than 20g increased highly. The optimum seeding rate of bulbils was 200 kg/10 a for production of seed-tubers. The average tuber weight was decreased according to increasing of seeding rate, so the amount of small tubers among total harvested tubers increased greatly at high seeding rate. Tuber size was affected by bulbil size. Seeding of the larger size bulbils result in increased sprouting rate, each tuber weight and tuber yield per unit area.

Evaluation of Antimicrobial, Antithrombin, and Antioxidant Activity of Aerial Bulbils of Dioscorea batatas Decne (영여자의 항균, 항혈전 및 항산화 활성 평가)

  • Ahn, Seon-Mi;Jang, Han-Su;Kwun, In-Sook;Sohn, Ho-Yong
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.37 no.3
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    • pp.266-272
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    • 2009
  • The annual productions of yam and its aerial bulbils are estimated to 5,000 and 2,500 ton, respectively. But the majority of bulbils had been discarded without specific use. In this study, methanol extract and its organic solvent fractions were prepared from bulbils of Dioscorea batatas Decne, and their antimicrobial, antithrombin, and antioxidant activities were evaluated, respectively. The methanol extract contained 58.98% of water-soluble materials as like yam's extract. But the bulbils's extract contained 12-folds of total polyphenol and 3.4-folds of total flavonoids compared than yam's extract, respectively. For antimicrobial activity the hexane and ethyl acetate fraction showed strong antibacterial activity at $500{\mu}g/disc$ concentration against gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria. Antifungal activity was not observed in any fractions. Strong antithrombin activity was found in the hexane fractions. At 4.8 mg/mL concentration thrombin time (TT) was over 300 sec, which is 4-folds extended than the TT of yam. In a while, the ethyl acetate fraction showed strong DPPH scavenging activity ($IC_{50}$ of $38.1{\mu}g/mL$), SOD-like activity and reducing power, which are comparable to vitamin C or BHT. Our results suggest that the bulbils of yam as yam tuber have useful bio-activities, such as antibacterial, antithrombosis, and antioxidant activity.

Inhibitory Effects of Some Treatments on Browning During Yam(Discorea batatas Decne) Tuber Processing (가공과정중(加工過程中) 마 괴근조직(塊根組織)의 갈변억제처리(褐變抑制處理) 효과(效果))

  • Kang, Dong-Kyoon;Kim, Sang-Kuk;Chung, Sang-Hwan;Lee, Seong-Phil;Choi, Boo-Sull
    • Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.33-37
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    • 1998
  • Browning index rised rapidly within 15 hrs to 83% of total browning in Jang - ma (Dioscorea batatas Decne) tissues at $40^{\circ}C$ while 37% in Dan - ma. Therefore, the degree of browning process of Jang - ma was faster than that of Dan - ma. Browning in Jang - ma was inhibited by treatments of NaCl which showed 48 and 39% inhibition, respectively, after 48 hrs of incubation. Also the treatment of $80^{\circ}C$ heating showed excellent inhibition within 24 hrs. In the case of Dan - ma, browning process was inhibited by treatments of 1 and 0.5M NaCl and $70^{\circ}C$ heating, which showed 43, 26 and 23% inhibition, respectively, after 48 hrs of incubation.

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Effect of Seminal Sections of Tuber and Staking Methods on Growth and Yield of Chinese Yam (Dioscorea batatas Decne) (종근부위(種根部位) 및 지주형(支柱形)이 마의 생육(生育)과 수량(收量)에 미치는 영향(影響))

  • Kang, Dong-Kyoon;Cho, Ji-Hyung;Kim, Sang-Kuk;Min, Gi-Gun;Chung, Sang-Hwan;Choi, Boo-Sull
    • Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.170-175
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    • 1998
  • This study was conducted to determine the effect of seminal sections of tuber and staking methods on growth and yield of a chinese yam (Dioscorea batatas Decne). Tuber was divided into top head, head, median and tail which were used as seminal sections of tuber. The emergence of shoots was delayed in median and tail sections by 15 days as compared with top head and head sections. Sections from head and tail exhibited yield increase as high as 16 and 15%, respectively, compared to top head sections. Although flowering and bubil setting occurred almost at the same time in all staking methods, fresh weight of stem and leaves was higher in ${\wedge}-$, I-type stake supporting net than in the conventional stake. In the cultivar, 'Dan-ma', tuber yield didn't show a meaningful increase statistically by all staking methods. But ${\wedge}-$ and I-type stake supporting net increased the yield of the cultivar, 'Jang-ma', as high as 11 and 8%, respectively, compared to conventional stake. Also I-type stake was ideal supportor of net, considering the cost of management.

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Effect of Yam Extract on Body Weight Levels and Serum Lipid Profiles in C57BL/6J Mice Fed a High Fat Diet (마 추출물이 고지방식이로 유도된 C57BL/6J 마우스의 체중 및 혈청지질 수준에 미치는 영향)

  • Yoo, Hyun-Sook;Shin, Kwang-Soon
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.231-238
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    • 2012
  • $Dioscorea$ $batatas$ Decne is a type of yam that eaten raw and used as a traditional oriental medicine in Asian countries. In this study, we evaluated the functional effects of yam water extracts on body weight levels and serum lipid concentrations in mice fed high fat diet. Mice were divided into four groups: normal diet control (ND), high fat diet control (HFD), HFD+yam extract 100 mg/kg (HFD-Y100), and HFD+yam extract 200 mg/kg (HFD-Y200). Yam extract was administrated orally to mice fed a high fat diet for 5 weeks. Treatment with yam extract significantly reduced body weight levels and energy efficiency in a dose-dependent manner in HFD-fed mice. Yam extract also attenuated serum levels of triglyceride, total cholesterol, and LDL-cholesterol, as well as organ weights of liver and abdominal adipose tissue in mice fed a high fat diet. Moreover, blood levels of glucose, insulin, and leptin significantly decreased in a dose-dependent manner upon administration of yam extract. Blood activities of GPT, GOT, and LDH were lower in the yam extract-treated groups compared to the HFD group. These results indicate that yam water extract may reduce elevated body weight and serum lipid concentrations in mice fed a high fat diet, suggesting its usefulness as a functional food for reducing body fat and hyperlipidemia.

The Study on Rheological and Thermal properties of Yam Mucopolysaccharides (마(Dioscorea batatas DECNE) 점질 다당류의 물성 및 열적 특성에 관한연구)

  • 구성자
    • The Korean Journal of Rheology
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    • v.8 no.3_4
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    • pp.199-206
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    • 1996
  • 산마와 재배마에서 점질다당류를 추출하여 리올러지 및 열특성을 연구하였다. D.I.W 에서 산마와 재배마 점질다당류의 고유점도(η)는 각각 16.1 이/g. 25.1 이/g 이고 pH7일 때 최대값을 나타내었고 염을 가했을 때 (η)가 급격히 감소하다가 일정한 값을 나타내었으며 urea 용액에서 NaCl, MaCl2 용액에서보다 (η)가 높았다. 마 점질다당류의 chain stiffness는 0,0050이고 Overlap parameter는 산마와 재배마 점질다당류가 각각 0.06 g/이. 0.04 g/이였 다. 마 점질 다당류는 shear rate가 증가함에 따라 겉보기 점도가 감소하여꼬 농도가 증가함 에따라 yield stress 와 점조성 지수는 증가하고 shear index가 감소하는 가소성유동체였다. 산마 점질다당류는 35$^{\circ}C$까지 온도에 대하여 비교적 안정하였지만 그이상의 온도에서는 겉보 기 점도가 급격히 감소하였고 재배마 점질다당류는 온도가 증가할수록 겉보기 점도가 점차 적으로 감소하였다. 겉보기 점도는 1가 염가 2가 염 사이에 큰 차이가 없었고 염농도가 증 가함에 따라 겉보기 점도가 감소하였으나 urea를 첨가했을 때 겉보기 점도가 약간 감소하다 가 다시 증가하는 것을 알수 있었다. DSC로 산마와 재배마 점질다당류의 "true melting"을 측정했을 때 각각 92$^{\circ}C$, 93$^{\circ}C$였고, enthalpy는 67.06 cal/g, 75.83 cal/g였다. 겔화에 소요된 enthalpy는 pH가 증가할수록 큰 값을 나타냈고 NaCl을 첨가했을 때 감소하다가 염농도 증 가에는 영향을 받지 않았으며 Urea와 glycerol을 각각 첨가했을 때 D. I. W.오세보다 감소 하였다. TGA로 열분해 현상을 측정했을 때 분해 온도는 산마와 재배와 점질다당류가 각각 219~332$^{\circ}C$, 229~341$^{\circ}C$ 범위였다.TEX> 범위였다.

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