• Title, Summary, Keyword: xylitol

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Effects of Schizandra chinensis Extract on the Growth of Intestinal Bacteria Related with Obesity (오미자 추출물이 비만과 관련된 장내 세균의 생육에 미치는 영향)

  • Jeong, Eun-Ji;Lee, Woon-Jong;Kim, Kwang-Yup
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.41 no.6
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    • pp.673-680
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    • 2009
  • This study was conducted to screen for plant food materials that improve human intestinal microflora, especially microorganisms associated with obesity. Among 30 tested plant food materials, the extract of Schizandra chinensis inactivated Eubacterium limosum, Bacteroides fragilis and Clostridium spp. Additionally, S. chinensis extract was also found to have a growth-promoting effect on Bifidobacterium spp.. The antimicrobial activity and antioxidant activity of the water extract did not decrease in respond to heating. Additionally, the water extract of S. chinensis did not show a toxic effect on the growth of Caco-2 cells. In vivo feeding tests were performed to investigate the influence of extract on the intestinal microflora in rats. Although the extract did not reduce obesity induced by a high fat diet, it led to significant increase in the population of Bifidobacterium spp. and a decrease in the population of Clostridium spp. in rats. Taken together, these results indicate that S. chinensis could be useful as a functional food component to control intestinal microbial flora.

Simultaneous Determination of Eight Sugar Alcohols in Foodstuffs by High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC를 이용한 식품 중 당알코올 8종 동시분석)

  • Lim, Ho-Soo;Park, Sung-Kwan;Kwak, In-Shin;Kim, Hyung-Il;Sung, Jun-Hyun;Choi, Jung-Yoon;Kim, So-Hee
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.16-24
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    • 2011
  • A method was established for the simultaneous determination of sugar alcohols, erythritol, xylitol, sorbitol, inositol, mannitol, maltitiol, lactitol and isomalt by High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC). The sugar alcohols were converted into strong ultraviolet (UV)-absorbing derivatives with p-nitrobenzoyl chloride (PNBC). HPLC was performed on Imtakt Unison US-$C_18$ column, using acetonitrile: water (77:23) as a mobile phase and UV detection (260 nm). The calibration curves for all sugar alcohols tested were linear in the 10~200 mg/L range. The average recoveries of the sugar alcohols from three confectioneries spiked at 100 ppm of eight sugar alcohol standards ranged from 81.2 to 123.1% with relative standard deviations ranging fromo 0.2 to 4.9%. The limits of detection (LODs) were $0.5{\sim}8\;{\mu}g/L$ and the limits of quantification (LOQs) were $2{\sim}17\;{\mu}g/L$. Reproducibility of 8 sugar alcohols was 0.28~1.97 %RSD. The results of the analysis of confectioneries showed that 89 samples of 130 were detected and the sugar alcohols content of samples investigated varied between 0.4 and 693.7 g/kg. A method for the simultaneous determination of eight sugar alcohols will be used as basic data for control of sugar alcohols in confectioneries, and quality control in food manufacturing.

Effect of Black Garlic and Mugwort Extracts on Lipids Profile during Restraint Stress (흑마늘과 쑥 추출물이 구속스트레스를 가한 흰쥐의 체내 지질 성분에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Soo-Jung;Kang, Min-Jung;Shin, Jung-Hye
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.42 no.4
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    • pp.577-586
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    • 2013
  • This study investigated black garlic and mugwort extracts have anti-stress activity. The antioxidant activities of extracts from black garlic (BEP), mugwort (MEP), and three mixtures (MPA, 95:5; MPB, 90:10; MPC, 85:15, w/w% for BEP and MEP, respectively) were tested in vitro. DPPH and ABTS radical scavenging activities for the mixtures (MPA, MPB and MPC) were significantly elevated in a dose-dependent manner by the amount of mugwort extract. A restraint stress was imposed on six groups of Sprague-Dawley rats supplemented with an AIN-93 diet (RSC) or one of five kinds of hot water extract drinks containing (black garlic, RS1; mugwort, RS2; and mixtures of black garlic : mugwort at 95:5, RS3; 90:10, RS4, and a mixture of black garlic : mugwort : apple extract : xylitol=90.25:4.75:2:3, RS5; v/v%) for 4 weeks. The normal group was fed with the AIN-93 diet and not exposed to restraint stress. Food intake was higher in the group fed with garlic extract (RS1), while the body weight gain and food efficiency ratio did not significantly change. The total serum cholesterol content in the RS1 and RS2 groups was significantly lower than the RSC group (control), and the RS5 group was not significantly different compared to the RS3 group. The serum triglyceride content was significantly higher RS3~RS5 groups than RS1 and RS2 groups. In terms of HDL-C and LDL-C contents, AI and CRF in the serum were not significantly different between RS3 and RS5 groups. AST and ALP activities of RS1~RS5 groups were significantly lower than the RSC group. The liver total lipid and cholesterol contents of RS1~RS5 groups were significantly lower than RSC group, and triglyceride content was significantly lower in the RS1 group. Glycogen in the liver tissue was significantly higher in the RS2 and RS3 group compared to the RSC group. These results show that the intake of a mixture of black garlic and mugwort extracts may be effective in the alleviation of hyperlipidemia caused by restraint stress.