• Title, Summary, Keyword: xylitol

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Enhancement of Xylitol Production Yield by Xylitol Dehydrogenase Defective Mutant of Pichia stipitis (Pichia stipitis의 Xylitol Dehydrogenase Defective Mutant에 의한 Xylitol 생산 수율 향상)

  • Kim, Min-Soo;Kim, Chul;Seo, Jin-Ho;Ryu, Yeon-Woo
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.37 no.2
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    • pp.170-175
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    • 2001
  • In order to produce xylitol with high yield, experiments were carried out to develope xylitol dehydrogenase(XDH) defective mutant from P. stipitis and to investigate the xylitol fermentation characteristics of mutant strain. After treatment of P. stipitis with EMS, mutant PXM-4 was selected based on te XDH activity and xylitol production capability. Among the tested cosubstrates, galactose was selected as an adequate cosub-strate on xylitol production of mutant PXM-4. But with the increase in the concentration of galactose in the medium, xylitol production was decreased because the transport of xylose into cell was inhibited by galactose. The optimal concentration of galactose for the production of xylitol using 20 g/ι xylose was 20 g/ι Under this condition, maximum concentration of xylitol and yield were 14.4 g/ι and 97%, respectively. In order to prevent the inhibitory effect of xylose transport by galactose, galactose was fed with low concentration and the concentration of xylitol produced was increased up to 25 g/ι.

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Effect of Xylose and Glucose on Xylitol Production by Candida parapsilosis (Candida parapsilosis에 의한 Xylitol 생산시 Xylose와 Glucose가 미치는 영향)

  • Oh, Deok-Kun;Kim, Sang-Yong
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.28 no.6
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    • pp.1151-1156
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    • 1996
  • Effects of xylose and glucose on the xylitol production were investigated with Candida parapsilosis KFCC 10875. With increasing the ratio of glucose to xylose, xylitol production decreased but ethanol and glycerol production increased. The maximum concentrations of ethanol and glycerol were 21.5 g/l and 3.6 g/l, respectively, in a medium consisting of 10 g/l xylose and 40 g/l glucose. No xylitol was formed in the glucose medium without xylose since xylitol could not be produced from glucose alone. The inhibitory effect of ethanol, a major by-product, on xylitol production was also studied. As the added ethanol concentration was increased, xylitol production decreased. When cells were inoculated in a xylose medium after removing the by-product (ethanol), xylitol production was not inhibited. The concentrated cells grown on xylose or glucose were inoculated in a fermentor containing the xylose medium. The total activities $(specific{\;}activities{\times}\;cell\;concentration)$ of xylose reductase and xylitol dehydrogenase in concentrated cells grown on glucose were the same as those in a normal fermentation; the specific activities of the above enzymes in the cells grown on xylose were the same as those in a normal fermentation. It indicates that the xylitol productivity of concentrated cells grown on xylose could be increased with increasing the cell concentration. By using concentrated cells of 20 g/l grown on xylose, the final xylitol concentration of 40 g/l was obtained for 18 h fermentation from 50 g/l xylose.

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Candida parapsilosis에 의한 Xylitol 생성시 포도당의 영향

  • 오덕근;김종화
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.149-154
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    • 1996
  • Effect of glucose addition to xylose medium on xylitol production was investigated by using Candida parapsilosis ATCC 21019 mutant. With increasing the ratio of glucose to xylose in total amount of 50 g/l as glucose and/or xylose, xylitol production was decreased but ethanol and glycerol production were increased. Ethanol and glycerol concentration were maxmum in 10 g/l of xylose and 40 g/l of glucose medium as 21.5 g/l and 3.6 g/l, respecti- vely. No xylitol was formed in glucose medium without xylose because xylitol could be not produced from glucose. With increasing the ratio of glucose to xylose, the activity of xylose reductase which converted xylose to xylitol were decreased. The activities of xylitol dehydrogeiiase which converted xylitol to xylulose and then cell materials were found to be constant regardless of the ratio of glucose to xylose. This results indicated that glucose addition to xylose medium on cell growth was not affected. In order to prevent the inhibitory effect of glucose on xylitol production, glucose in a fermentor was fed with low concentration and then ethanol and glycerol was critically decreased and the xylitol yield from xylose of the culture with glucose feeding was recovered the almost same as that with only 50 g/l of xylose. However, the xylitol yield from total sugars (xylose and glucose) was decreased and glucose was not contributed to xylitol production. Therefore, the fermentation at high concentration of xylose without glucose was carried out. A final xylitol concentration of 242 g/l which corresponding 80.7% of xylitol yield was obtained from 300 g/l of xylose for 273 hours.

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Enhancement of Xylitol Yield by Xylitol Dehydrogenase Defective Mutant of Pichia stipitis (Pichia stipitis의 Xylitol Dehydrohenase Defective Mutant에 의한 Xylitol 수율 향사)

  • Kim, Min-Soo;Kim, Chul;Seo, Jin-Ho;Ryu, Yeon-Woo
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.113-119
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    • 2000
  • In order to produce xylitol with high yield, experiments were carried out to develope xylitol dehydrogenase (XDH) defective m mutant from Pichia stipitis and to investigate the xylit이 fermentation characteristics of mutant strain. After treatment of P s stipitis with EMS, mutant PXM-4 was selected based on the XDH activity and xylitol production capability. Among the tested c cosubstrates, galactose was selected as an adequate cosubstrate on xyl뻐I production of mutant PXM-4. With the increase of galactose concentration, xylitol production was decreased because the transport of xylose into cell was inhibited by g galactose. The optimal concentration of galactose for the production of xylitol using 20 g/L xylose was 20 g/L. Under this c condition, maximum concentration of xylitol and yield were 14.4 g/L and 97%, respectively. In order to prevent the inhibitory e effect of xylose transport by galactose, galactose was fed with low concentration and the concentration of xylitol produced w was increased up to 25 g/L. In the fermentation of corn cob hydrolyzate by mutant PXM-4, xylose was completely converted t to xylit이 with a 100% yield in 4 days culture.

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Effect of Cell Density on Xylitol Fermentation by Candida parapsilosis (Candida parapsilosis에 의한 Xylitol 생산시 균체농도가 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Sang-Yong;Yoon, Sang-Hyun;Kim, Jung-Min;Oh, Deok-Kun
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.28 no.5
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    • pp.970-973
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    • 1996
  • Effect of cell density on the xylitol production from xylose by Candida parapsilosis KFCC 10875 was investigated. The concentrated cells were obtained by centrifugation of culture broth. The xylitol production rate was maximum at the cell concentration of 20 g/l and the specific xylitol production rate decreased when the cell concentration was increased due to oxygen limitation. Effect of the initial concentration of xylose on the xylitol production was also examined using the concentrated cells of 20 g/l. The xylitol production rate, specific xylitol production rate, and xylitol yield from xylose were maximum at 170 g/l xylose. Above 170 g/l xylose, the xylitol production rate was remarkably decreased. The concentrated cells could also be obtained by adjusting the dissolved oxygen (DO) during fermentation. The rapid accumulation of cells up to 20 g/l was achieved by maintaining an increased level of DO during the exponential growth phase and then, for the efficient xylitol production, the DO was changed to a low level in the range of 0.7-1.5%. A fed-batch fermentation of xylose by adjusting the DO level was carried out in a fermentor and the final xylitol concentration of 140 g/l from xylose of 200 g/l could be obtained for 56 h fermentation.

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Candida tropicalis에 의한 Xylose 와 Glucose로부터 Xylitol 생산

  • 오덕근;김상용
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.25 no.5
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    • pp.495-500
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    • 1997
  • Xylitol production from xylose and glucose was investigated using Candida tropicalis KFCC-10960. As glucose concentration in xylose medium was increased, ethanol production increased. However, xylitol production was maximum at glucose concentration of 10 g/l. The concentrated cells grown on xylose or glucose were inoculated in xylose medium. The specific activities of xylose reductase and xylitol dehydrogenase, and xylitol production in concentrated cells grown on glucose were the same as those in concentrated cells grown on xylose. The results suggested that cells grown on glucose had the same xylitol producing activity as those grown on xylose. By feeding glucose in xylose medium, cell growth was achieved from glucose and xylitol production was obtained from xylose. By using this technique, a final xylitol concentration of 261 g/l was achieved from 300 g/l xylose in 41 hours which corresponded to a xylitol yield from xylose of 87% and a xylitol productivity of 6.37 g/1-h.

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Xylitol stimulates saliva secretion via muscarinic receptor signaling pathway

  • Park, Eunjoo;Na, Hee Sam;Jeong, Sunghee;Chung, Jin
    • International Journal of Oral Biology
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    • v.44 no.2
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    • pp.62-70
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    • 2019
  • Xylitol is well-known to have an anti-caries effect by inhibiting the replication of cariogenic bacteria. In addition, xylitol enhances saliva secretion. However, the precise molecular mechanism of xylitol on saliva secretion is yet to be elucidated. Thus, in this study, we aimed to investigate the stimulatory effect of xylitol on saliva secretion and to further evaluate the involvement of xylitol in muscarinic type 3 receptor (M3R) signaling. For determining these effects, we measured the saliva flow rate following xylitol treatment in healthy individuals and patients with dry mouth. We further tested the effects of xylitol on M3R signaling in human salivary gland (HSG) cells using real-time quantitative reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction, immunoblotting, and immunostaining. Xylitol candy significantly increased the salivary flow rate and intracellular calcium release in HSG cells via the M3R signaling pathway. In addition, the expressions of M3R and aquaporin 5 were induced by xylitol treatment. Lastly, we investigated the distribution of M3R and aquaporin 5 in HSG cells. Xylitol was found to activate M3R, thereby inducing increases in $Ca^{2+}$ concentration. Stimulation of the muscarinic receptor induced by xylitol activated the internalization of M3R and subsequent trafficking of aquaporin 5. Taken together, these findings suggest a molecular mechanism for secretory effects of xylitol on salivary epithelial cells.

Candida tropicalis DS-72에 의한 Xylose로부터 Xylitol의 생산

  • 오덕근;김상용
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.311-316
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    • 1997
  • A high xylitol producing yeast was isolated from the sludge of xylose manufacturing factory and then identified as Candida tropicalis DS-72 according to physiological properties. The strain was able to produce xylitol in a high concentration up to 72g/l from 100g/l xylose in 32 hours. Medium optimization for xylitol production by C. tropicalis DS-72 was performed. Effect of various nitrogen sources on xylitol production was investigated. Of nitrogenous compounds, yeast extract was the most suitable organic nitrogen nutrient for the enhancement of xylitol production. However, inorganic nitrogen resulted in a low cell concentration and did not produce xylitol. Effect of inorganic salts such as KH$_{2}$PO$_{4}$, and MgSO$_{4}$, 7H$_{2}$O on xylitol production was also studied. Optimal medium was selected as xylose 100g/l, yeast extract 10g/l, KH$_{2}$PO$_{4}$, 5 g/l and MgSO$_{4}$, 7H$_{2}$O 0.2 g/l. Xylitol of 88 g/l was produced from 100 g/l xylose in 30 hours using the optimal medium in a flask. In a fermentor, a fed-batch culture with 300g/l xylose was carried out. A final xylitol concentration of 240 g/l in the culture could be obtained in 43 hours of culture time by maintaining the high level of dissolved oxygen during growth phase and limiting the dissolved oxygen in the same culture during production phase. This result corresponded to a xylitol yield of 80% and a xylitol productivity of 5.58 g/1-h.

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Xylitol Production from D-Xylose by Candida mogii ATCC 18364 (Candida mogii ATCC 18364를 이용한 D-Xylose로부터 Xylitol 생산)

  • 백승철;권윤중
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.226-230
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    • 2004
  • Fermentation characteristics of D-xylose into xylitol by Candida mogii ATCC 18364, a potential xylitol producer from rice straw hemicellulose hydrolyzates, were investigated. The influences of the most important operational variables on xylitol production were examined. The best results in xylitol production were obtained in shake-flask fermentations when 3.0 g/L initial cell concentration of 12 hr-old cells grown in D-glucose containing medium were used as inoculum. The oxygen availability is a critical factor in xylose fermentation, therefore, xylose conversion into xylitol was investigated in a 2-L fermenter at different stirring rates. Maximum xylitol production was obtained with an aeration rate of 1 vvm at a stirring rate of 200 rpm.

A review of effect and how to use xylitol (자일리톨의 효과 및 활용방법에 대한 고찰)

  • Shin, Kyoung-Hee;Ahn, Yong-Soon
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.10 no.6
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    • pp.1095-1105
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    • 2010
  • Objectives : This paper is designed to help the public prevent their future dental caries, based on the studies of xylitol about it's efficacy and effectiveness, and its appropriate usage. Methods : This study of xylitol on the basis of existing research papers and literature is not only to learn about the mechanism of what xylitol acts, but also to search the effectiveness of incompleteness of xylitol-containing foods, bacterial infection between xylitol and mother-baby, and the side-effects of xylitol. Results : 1. Xylitol's continuous intake of teeth effects the decrease of calculus amount, cleanness of teeth, as well as the remineralization process. The xylitol effect varies depending on the weight of xylitol, which has no effect on root caries. 2. Mouth gargle solution is higher resistant against acids; recalcification is significantly reduced; and remineralization effect represents. 3. It is reported that regular consumption of xylitol by mothers just during two years after birth has significantly decreased the spread possibility of mutans streptococcei. 4. The reduction of dental caries by xylitol is happened by its restraining the growth of bacteria resource caries, with their presence in amount of uncontrolled growth. 5. When a small amount of eating xylitol is absorbed slowly into gastrointestinal tract, being followed by glucose metabolism in the liver, while its excessive amount of eating can cause gastrointestinal problems. Conclusion : Dental hygienists should be required to provide dental information to the public on the basis of academic knowledge. In situation that one is not yet sure of xylitol on solid and multifaceted researches, there must be needed more accurate and detailed reviews on the side-effects of xylitol and the overall impact on the oral environments.