• Title/Summary/Keyword: working time

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The Relationship between working Time and Job Stress (근로시간에 따른 근로자들의 직무스트레스)

  • Lee, Yoon Kyoung;Jung, Hye Sun;Jhang, Won Gi
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.115-125
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    • 2006
  • Purpose: This study analyzed the amount of stress and the different effects according to the working times(hours) of a week in two groups: more than 40 hours a week and less than 40 hours a week. Method: The study was conducted from November 1st 2005 to December 15th 2005. The purpose of the study has already been explained in the experiment objectives. 20 copies of evaluation forms were sent by mail to 50 different health sections of participating work sites. A total of 1,000 copies were sent out and 870 were sent back. Within the forms, sent back 120 copies had insufficient data, so 750 copies of evaluation forms were analyzed. Result: Working stress for under 40 hours of working time showed a total of 46.10 points and 47.18 for over 40 hours of working time. For over 40 hours, job demand and occupational climate was high and under 40 hours showed a high rate of job control. For under 40 hours of working time, the factors that caused stress were female, irregular diet habit, age of 30's, nonmanufacturing, and single. For over 40 hours of working time, the factors that causes stress were age of over 40, when the number of employees is 500~999, high rate of fatigue, when the position of the employee is higher then section chief, and when the work amount is high. Conclusion: The stress rate showed significantly higher in over 40 hours of working time. Therefore, adequate working hour distribution and health promotion programs are needed. The factors that cause stress in both under and over 40 hours of working time differed. Therefore, a distinguished program to control work stress for additional working time is needed.

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Analysis of Working Time at the Test Site of Southwest Offshore Wind Project in Korea Based on Weather Window (기상조건에 따른 서남해 해상풍력 실증단지 작업시간 분석)

  • Kim, Min Suek;Kim, Ji Young;Kwak, Ji Yeong;Kang, Keum Seok
    • Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers
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    • v.27 no.5
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    • pp.358-363
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    • 2015
  • As a preparation process for successful establishment of demonstration offshore wind farm, analyses have been made for working time at the construction site where working time is defined as the time available for marine operation to take place under given weather conditions. Data used are hourly wave and wind data from met mast, HeMOSU-1, and 3 hour numerical model data from Korea Meteorological Administration (KMA). Seasonal results show the minimum working time during winter and moderate during autumn and spring. The most working time was seen during summer on average. Monthly analyses show the most working time in May, June, and August which was higher than the working time in July and September. Working time reaches at steady state and no significant change was seen above wave height of 1.5 m and wind speed of 8 m/s.

Estimation of the Actual Working Time by Interval Linear Regression Models with Constraint Conditions (제약부 구간 선형 회귀모델에 의한 실동시간의 견적)

  • Hwang, S. G.;Seo, Y. J.
    • Journal of the Korean Operations Research and Management Science Society
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.105-114
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    • 1989
  • The actual working time of jobs, in general, is different to the standard time of jobs. In this paper, in order to analyze the actual working time of each job in production, we use the total production amount and the encessary total working time. The method which analyzes the actual working time is as follows. In this paper, we propose the interval regression analysis for obtaining an interval linear regression model with constraint conditions with respect to interval parameters. The merits of this method are the following.1) it is easy to obtain an interval linear model by solving a LP problem to which the formulation of proposed regression analysis is reduced, 2) it is easy to add constraint conditions about interval parameters, which are a sort of expert knowledge. As an application, within a case which has given certain data, the actual working time of jobs and the number of workers in a future plan are estimated through the real data obtianed from the operation of processing line in a heavy industry company. It results from the proposed method that the actual working time and the number of workers can be estimated as intervals by the interval regression model.

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A Study on Level-of-Service Changes of Expressway in Accordance with the Revision of Traffic Capacity at Work-Zone (교통용량 개정에 따른 고속도로 공사구간의 서비스 수준에 대한 연구)

  • Ryu, SungWoo;Park, Kwon-Jea;Han, SeungHwan;Cho, Yoon-Ho
    • International Journal of Highway Engineering
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.109-117
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    • 2014
  • PURPOSES : This study analyzes the available working time at work-zone on the Expressway in accordance to the new capacity manual. METHODS : Sensitivity analysis on variables were conducted to calculate the adjusted capacity at work-zone based on previous researches. RESULTS : The main factors which affect available working time at the work-zone were its capacity, number of lanes, terrain and lane width. Other factors have minimal effect on the available working time. Based on the analysis, a calendar of lane closures was suggested. CONCLUSIONS : A series of studies concluded that the capacity at work-zone in the new capacity manual reduced to 76-82% of the existing manual. As such, the available working time decreased. Furthermore, the factors affecting the available working time needs to be considered when making a plan to rehabilitate the distressed pavement.

Suggestion of a Method to Assess the Risk Level of Agricultural Works Considering Work Posture and Working Time (작업자세와 작업시간을 고려한 농작업의 인간공학적위험성 평가 방법의 제안)

  • Park, Hee-Sok;Lee, Yun Keun;Kim, Hyocher;Lee, Kyungsuk
    • Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea
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    • v.36 no.5
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    • pp.601-607
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    • 2017
  • Objective: A method to assess the risk level of agricultural works considering work posture and working time was suggested, and the method was applied to the major fruit crops. Background: It is not complete to analyze only work postures when assessing risk level of agricultural works. Method: $3{\times}3$ matrix was employed, in which the severity level was taken from the REBA method and exposure level was taken from the working time, using the criteria of caution zone/hazard zone. Results: Among the 5 major fruit crops(apple, pear, grape, peach, persimmon), the highest level of ergonomic risk was found in the apple and pear, while medium level was found in other 3 crops, mainly because the working time was less in the 3 crops. Conclusion: It was found that when assessing the overall ergonomic risk of agricultural works, work posture and working time should be considered at the same time. Application: The suggested method could be applied to other non-cyclic tasks.

A Study on Farm Women's Stress in Productive Activity (농초여성의 생산활동 스트레스에 관한연구)

  • 양순미
    • Journal of Families and Better Life
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.127-138
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    • 1996
  • The purpose of this study is to show farm women's stress under productive activity role multiple overload through family characteristic (pattern and number) and characteristic(type working time and involvement proportion) of productive activity. The outline of the study is as follow; 1. Stress by pattern and number of a family is highest in a four generation family and increases according as the number of the family increases. 2. The characteristic of productive activity : 1) Stress based on type of productive activity is highest in Type III of the most multiple overload roles. 2) in light of stress based working time area of household task activity is in inverse proportion to working time but area of farming and wage earning activity are approximately in direct proportion to it. The two-way ANOVA analysis show that stress in Type I of area of household task increases but in Type IV it decreases as working time increases 3) In stress based on involvement proportion to it. The wo-way ANOVA analysis show that stress in Type I of area of household task increases but in Type IV it decreases as working time increases. 3) In stress based on involvement proportion in three as working time increases 3). In stress based on involvement proportion in three activity areas the more the involvement proportion the less of the stress : an inverse ratio.

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The Prediction Model of a Working Pattern According to Working Time Reduction in Construction Sites (근로시간 단축에 따른 건설현장에서의 근로패턴 예측 Model)

  • Kim Hong-Ryul;Yu Il-Han;Kim Kyung-Rai;Shin Dong-Woo
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute Of Construction Engineering and Management
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    • autumn
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    • pp.316-322
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    • 2002
  • In case of reducing working time, it is difficult that the construction industry is analyzed far-reaching effects caused by a reduction of working time, by approaching with just the total amount of work. Because it has the properties such as the singularity, the outdoor using, a sense of the season unlike other industries. In order to analyze the effect of a reduction of working time on the construction industry, the example of a reduction of working time in domestic other industries related with it was analyzed intensively first. And an example in Japan, which is similar to our existing related laws and industrial structure among foreign construction industries was analyzed, and a relation with the domestic construction industries and an issue were drown a conclusion. This was applied to a field worker and a related main group participating in a real production. And it showed the prediction model for a working pattern and a dealing plan to prepare in a construction site by predicting a working pattern in the management side of a construction site annually.

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A Study on the Relation between Working Time and Tree Formal Characteristics (임업(林業)에서의 순수작업시간(純粹作業時間)과 임목형상조건(林木形狀條件)과의 관계연구(關係硏究))

  • Kang, Gun-Uh
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
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    • v.78 no.4
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    • pp.381-395
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    • 1989
  • The main purpose of this research is to provide scientific informations about standard wage and performance tariffs in forest management with special reference to working time for thinning. To identify relationships between net working time and tree characteristics, three geographically different sample plots were established at Yangsan, Bongpyung and Jinan and 460 oaks, 372 Japanese larches, 232 red pine and 240 pitch pine mere selected at each sample plots. The results of statistical analysis using multiple regression are as follows ; 1. Five independent variables of breast height diameter(DBH), mid-diameter(MD) large end diameter(LD), log-length(L), No. of branches(NOB) were stable independent of worker and tree species. 2. Comparing correlation coefficient of five independent variables, the best predictive variables, breast height diameter and No. of branches, were selected. Breast height diameter and No. of branches were identified as the most important independent variables in terms of effect on the dependent variable of the working time. 3. Comparing coefficient of determination (Rp) and residual mean square (MSEp), the best Linear regression equation for each tree species was selected as follower : $WT=a+b1{\times}NOB+b2{\times}DBF$ 4. Proportion of hang-up time to total working time in thinning were 66% in oak stand, 74%, in Japanese larch stand, 55%, in red pine stand and 52% in pitch pine stand, respectively. 5. Based on the best regression equation, a table of working time was made by strata of number of branches and breast height diameter. 6. Total working time using the best regression equation in Table 5 can be predicted in terms of felling time, limbing time, hang-up time, i.e., total working time increases by 11 to 13 seconds with every 1 centimeter increase in breast height diameter from 7 to 16 centimeter.

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A Study on the Working-Time Stratification in Korea (한국의 노동시간 계층화에 대한 연구)

  • Shin, Young Min;Hwang, Gyu Seong
    • 한국사회정책
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.17-47
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    • 2016
  • This paper aims to analysis working-time of Korea focusing on "the difference and the distribution" by a stratum. Classifying working-time into four categories including marginal part-time, part-time work, standard-time work and long-time working, it compares the relative distribution by income quintile. The outcome is as following : 20% of low-ranking income quintile are (marginal) part-time working, 60% from income quintile 2 to 4 are in long-time working and 20% of top-ranking income quintile are in the standard-time working in overall. Working-time classes can be divided up into three: short time-low income of type 1, long time-medium income of type 2 and standard time-high income of type 3. Analysing working time type, the low wage-short time, medium wage-long time and high wage-standard time by the wage per month and low wage-very long time, medium wage-long time and high wage-standard time by the wage per hours are confirmed. Also, stratification of working-time has been intensified in terms of age, jobs and work status. Policy implication from this study is that the increase of minimum wage to the lowest income class and creation of employment by the reduction of working-time to the medium income class could be effective policies.

Influence of Consecutive Night-Shift Work and Working Time on Insomnia among Hospital Nurses (병원 간호사의 연속 야간 교대근무와 근무시간이 불면증에 미치는 영향)

  • Shin, Seunghwa;Kim, Su Hyun
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.133-139
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    • 2020
  • Purpose: This study aimed to identify the influence of consecutive night-shift work and working time on insomnia among hospital nurses. Methods: A descriptive correlational research designutilizing secondary data analysis was adopted. Data on consecutive night-shift work, working time, and insomnia were collected from 64 hospital nurses using a Fitbit activity tracker and questionnaires, and analyzed using hierarchical logistic regression. Results: Consecutive night-shift work for more than three days had a significant influence on insomnia among hospital nurses. Weekly working hours also accounted significantly for the variance in insomnia, exceeding the influence of consecutive night-shift work. Conclusion: Development and implementation of proper schedules to control consecutive night-shift work and working time is important to alleviate insomnia among hospital nurses.