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The Comparison between Korean and American Women's Garments Terminologies from 1910s to 1930s through the Women's Magazines (1910-1930년대 여성잡지를 통해 본 한국과 미국의 여성복식 명칭의 비교)

  • Kim, Eun-Jung
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.366-377
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    • 2014
  • This paper is a comparative research study between Korean and American women's garments from the 1910s to 1930s. It focuses on the articles and advertisements of Korean women's magazines and American women's magazines. The Korean women's magazines investigated are 신여자[Siyeoja], 신가정[Singajung], 부인[Buin], 신여성[Sinyeosung], and 여성[Yeosung]. The American woman's magazine investigated is Ladies' Home Journal. This paper explores the differences and similarities between the garments that appear in these magazines. There is little evidence about women's clothing in Korean women's magazines while the American women's magazine includes a lot of information about women's dress and life. Korean women usually wore Korean traditional costumes with traditional terms like Chima and Jeogori but they wore western shoes, stockings, shawls, umbrellas, and some clothing with western materials such as lace, velvet, and rayon with borrowed words. These western accessories and some clothing materials like lace and rayon were the same fashion in America. So, Korean women wore traditional and western clothing together while American women wore clothing influenced by Paris fashion. American women wore various pieces of clothing like suits, frocks, coats and sportswear with undergarments. There were also lots of advertisements about women's under garments and sportswear which was different from Korean women's clothing during the period.

Identity of Women's Health Nursing (여성건강간호학의 정체성)

  • Lee, Kyung-Hye
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.36-46
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    • 1998
  • This paper describes why maternity nursing need to be extended and expanded to women's health nursing. Women's health nursing was developed and influenced by philosophical reasoning such as existentialism, feminism, and postmodernism. Also social changes accelerated to progress the maternity nursing to women's health nursing. Reproductive health is the core concept of women's health nursing as well as maternity nursing. The major content of women's health nursing includes maternity nursing area. Thus those researchers who study women's health nursing should take initiative role in multidisciplinary researches to solve health problem and improve the quality of women's life.

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Comparison research of HRV between Postpartum Women and Normal Women (산후 여성의 심박변이도 특성 연구)

  • Kang, Mun-Su;Park, Hyun-Chul;Kim, Lak-Hyung
    • Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.179-185
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    • 2006
  • Objective : This research was designed to study the characteristics of heart rate variability in postpartum women compared with normal women. Method : HRV data of postpartum women were gathered from 255 women who was hospitalized for oriental postpartum treatments(Age : 25-35). HRV data of comparison group were gathered from 327 women who visited hospital to check up their health(Age : 25-35). The SPSS 12.0 for windows was used to analyze the date and the independent samples t-test was used to verify the result. Result : 1. Mean-RR and SDNN of postpartum women group significantly decreased compared with that of normal women group. But, Heart Rate of postpartum women group significantly increased compared with that of normal women group. 2. HRV-Index, RMSSD and SDSD of postpartum women group significantly decreased compared with that of normal women group. pNN50 of postpartum women group significantly increased compared with that of normal women group. 3. Ln(TP), Ln(VLF), Ln(LF) and Ln(HF) of postpartum women group significantly increased compared with that of normal women group. 4. There were no significant differences in Normal LF, Normal HF and LF/DF Ratio between postpartum women group and normal women group. Conclusion : The result suggest that the function of heart of postpartum women group significantly decreased compared with that of normal women group. Futhermore although the ANS maintained the balance in the range of normality, the sympathetic nervous system frequently revitalized which caused increasing the heart of pulsation.

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Correlation of Anthropometric Data, Nutrient Intakes and Serum Lipids in Premenopausal and Postmenopausal Women (폐경 전·후 여성들의 체위, 영양소 섭취 상태 및 혈중 지질과의 관련성에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Yun-Hee;Song, Tae-Hee
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.476-484
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    • 2013
  • This study was conducted to investigate the anthropometric data, nutrient intakes and serum profiles in premenopausal and postmenopausal women living in Gyeonggi-do Province, Republic of Korea. The subjects were 49 premenopausal women and 63 postmenopausal women who are not taking any hormone or cardiovascular drugs. Anthropometric measurements were taken by a trained practitioner and the data for dietary intakes were obtained by a 24-hour recall method. Serum samples were collected and analyzed for the total cholesterol, triglyceride (TG) and lipoprotein fractions. The mean age of the premenopausal women was $45.17{\pm}3.28$ years and that of the postmenopausal women was 2$62.5{\pm}4.14$ years. The height and weight were $157.86{\pm}$4.35 cm, $58.75{\pm}6.01$ kg in premenopausal women and $156.42{\pm}3.62$ cm, $57.63{\pm}5.38$ kg in postmenopausal women, respectively. WHR (waist hip ratio) in postmenopausal women was significantly higher than that of premenopausal women (p<0.05). There were no differences between the pre-and postmenopausal women in the intakes of energy, protein, fat, Ca, Fe, vitamin A, vitamin $B_1$, vitamin $B_2$, niacin, vitamin C and vitamin E. However carbohydrate and Na intakes in postmenopausal women were significantly higher than those of premenopausal women. In postmenopausal women, Ca intake was below and Na intake was extremely high considering KDRIs (Dietary Reference Intakes for Koreans). Serum triglyceride in postmenopausal women was positively correlated with age, BMI (body mass index) and WHR. Serum total cholesterol and triglyceride in postmenopausal women showed significantly negative correlations with fiber intake. These results suggest that it is necessary to help postmenopausal women maintain a healthy body weight. Postmenopausal women needs to increase Ca (calcium) intakes and diet quality by decreasing the intakes of Na (sodium). In addition, an adequate intakes of fiber is recommended for postmenopausal women to prevent cardiovascular disease.

A Comparative Study on Birth Outcomes between Korean Women and Immigrant Women (한국여성과 결혼이주여성의 출산결과 비교)

  • Kim, Moon-Jeong
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.407-414
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare birth outcomes between Korean women and immigrant women. Methods: Medical records were reviewed retrospectively from 201 immigrant women and 201 Korean women who delivered babies at K women's hospital in U city from January 2006 to December 2009. Maternal outcomes related factors included nationality, age, obstetric history, delivery type, indications of cesarean section, and complications of pregnancy and delivery. Principal neonatal outcomes were birth weight, Apgar scores, and complications of newborns. Results: Immigrant women were younger and had fewer pregnancies, abortions, and surviving children than Korean women. The rate of primary cesarean section and its indication in immigrant women were not significantly different from Korean women. However, immigrant women's newborn were more likely to have low birth weight and meconium staining. Conclusion: The results of this study indicate less equity of immigrant women in women's health care, although immigrant women's babies had lower Apgar score and more meconium staining. Nurses should help immigrant women cope with labor process effectively to prevent adverse health outcomes for their newborns.

A study on the recognition about osteoporosis and Traditional Korean Medicine(TKM) treatment for osteoporosis. (한방병원 내원 여성의 골다공증과 한방 치료에 대한 인식 조사)

  • Jung, Min-Yung;Park, Hae-Mo;Sohn, Young-Joo
    • The Journal of Korean Obstetrics and Gynecology
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.236-250
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    • 2006
  • Purpose : A study on the recognition about osteoporosis and TKM treatment for osteoporosis of women who visited Sangji Oriental Medical Hospital. Methods : We studied the recognition and realities of TKM treatment for osteoporosis with questionnaire from 14th september, 2005 to 14th October, 2005 in Sang-ji Oriental medical clinic. A questionnaire was given to 184 women and 171 women answered. Results : 1) In 171 women, 169(98.8%) women have heard about osteoporosis, 1(0.6%) woman hasn't heard about it, and 1(0.6%) woman doesn't know. 2) In 171 women, 85(49.7%) women checked up for osteoporosis. 31(36.1%) women of them were diagonosed as osteoporosis, 50(58.1%) women of them were not diagonosed as osteoporosis, and 5(5.8%) women of them didn't know.3) In 31 women, 18 women is taking none medical care, 5 women calcium supplement, 4 women HRT, and 4 women both therapy. 4) In 171 women, 74(43.3%) women know about TKM treatment for osteoporosis, 96(56.1%) women don't know. 5) In 171 women, 140(81.9%) women have intention of TKM treatment for osteoporosis, 17(9.9%) women don't have, and 14(8.2%) women don't know. Conclusion : The guide that treats osteoporosis with T]U is needed on purpose to make intention of TKM treatment for osteoporosis to real demand. If the guide be informed to oriental doctors, It can expand the range of oriental gynecology.

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Evaluation of Anthropometric Characteristics, Bone Density, Food Intake Frequency, Nutrient Intakes, and Diet Quality of Pre- and Postmenopausal Women - Based on 2008~2011 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey - (폐경 전후 여성의 신체계측, 골밀도, 식품섭취빈도, 영양소섭취 및 식사의 질 평가 - 국민건강영양조사 2008~2011에 기초하여 -)

  • Choi, Soon Nam;Jho, Kwang Hyun;Chung, Nam Yong
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.27 no.5
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    • pp.500-511
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    • 2017
  • This study was conducted to investigate the anthropometric data, bone density, serum profiles, nutrient intakes and diet quality of premenopausal and postmenopausal women. For the study, we obtained data for analysis from the combined 2008~2011 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). The height and weight were 157.8 cm and 58.7 kg in premenopausal women and 155.5 cm and 58.3 kg in postmenopausal women, respectively. The obesity rate was 27.49% in premenopausal women and 34.98% in postmenopausal women (p<0.001). Total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, triglyceride, GOT, GPT and alkaline phosphatase in postmenopausal women were significantly higher than those in premenopausal women (p<0.001). The prevalence of osteoporosis was 0.0~0.89% in premenopausal women and 0.48~13.22% in postmenopausal women (p<0.001). In postmenopausal women, rates of hypertension, stroke, myocardial infarction, depression, and diabetes were significantly higher than those in premenopausal women. Water, fat. ash, sodium, retinol, thiamin, riboflavin and niacin intakes in premenopausal women were significantly higher than those in postmenopausal women. Water, fiber, Ca, and, K intakes were below KDRIs (Dietary Reference Intakes for Koreans) in both groups. The mean adequacy ratio (MAR) of premenopausal women was higher than that of postmenopausal women (p<0.001). The index of nutritional quality (INQ) in premenopausal women was also higher than that of postmenopausal women except iron and vitamin C. Therefore dietary guidelines and an education program should be developed for desirable improvement of health, bone density, nutrient status and dietary quality of postmenopausal women.