• Title, Summary, Keyword: water-soluble polymer

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Quenching of Water Soluble Conjugated Polymer by Electrostatic Interaction

  • Jin, Youngeup
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.33 no.11
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    • pp.3593-3596
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    • 2012
  • The water-soluble conjugated polymer with fluorescence quenching as a result of electrostatic interaction and aggregation was synthesized through Suzuki polymerization. The absorption and emission of anionic polymer (a-PFP) is blue shifted as compared with cationic polymer (c-PFP) although getting same backbone, and the absolute PL quantum efficiency of a-PFP in water is over 90% due to good solubility in aqueous solution. We anticipate that the fluorescence quenching of anionic and cationic polymers, with same conjugated backbone, could be shown in aqueous solution.

Enhancement of the Escherichia coli Floc Strength with Water Soluble Polymers

  • KIM, CHAN-WHA;CHOKYUN RHA
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.282-286
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    • 1997
  • The floc strength of Escherichia coli was enhanced by adding water soluble polymer flocculants (BPA-5020 and BPA-5000) to the particulate flocculant (BPA-1000) as indicated by the increase in the shear index. The shear index of the E. coli flocs increased from 0.39 with the particulate flocculant alone to 0.94 with the particulate flocculant in conjunction with the water soluble polymer flocculant. In addition, the sedimentation rate of flocs was higher and the sedimented volume of flocs was smaller when the particulate flocculant was used with the water soluble polymer flocculant. When E. coli was flocculated first with the water soluble flocculant and the particulate flocculant was added later into the E. coli flocs formed, the sedimentation rate of the flocs was greater than that of any other combination. The shear index of the flocs was, however, independent of the sequence of the flocculant addition.

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Effects of sodium lauryl sulfate on the encapsulation of ethanol by spray-drying technique

  • Lee, Sa-Won;Kim, Chong-Kook
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Applied Pharmacology
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    • pp.288-288
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    • 1996
  • The microcapsules containing ethanol in a water-soluble polymer shell could be formed by the spray-drying technique. A mixed solution of ethanol, water and a water-soluble polymer is spray-dried at the lowest possible temperature to obtain a powder product in which the water is substantially removed and the ethanol is encapsulated in water-soluble polymer shell because of the hydrophillic property of polymer and permeability difference between ethanol and water. In this study, the effect of sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS) on the ethanol content, ethanol encapsulation efficiency and yield were investigated to maximize the microencapsulation of ethanol.

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Mechanical Property Enhancement of Water Soluble Polymer Pouch for Ground Reinforcement (지반함몰 긴급복구용 수용성 폴리머 파우치의 기계적 물성강화)

  • Jung, Dongho;Chung, Dasom;You, Seung-Kyong;Kim, Joo-Hyun;Han, Jung-Geun
    • Journal of the Korean Geosynthetics Society
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.221-230
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    • 2017
  • We developed a polymer pouch using PVP that is water soluble in the precedent study. Yet melt viscosity was so low that it was not possible to produce hemispheric type which is essential for mass production, therefore we used another material to make the polymer pouch. It enabled to figure out a water-soluble transition and mechanic physical property of PEG that is newly chosen, and to blend the PEG with LLDPE and TALC followed by result. So, we could implement an evaluating property on blended proportion. It is important to find out a proper blending ratio throughout an experiment since its property is different or varied followed by each proportion as a water soluble character is conflict to a solid character. With the blending technique we were able to produce the polymer pouch enhanced for a tensile force and an impact intensity maintaining a water soluble character. We could identify a ground solidity effect of the polymer pouch as a result of a direct shear test using the product developed.

Novel Water-Soluble Polyfluorenes as an Interfacial layer leading to Cathodes-Independent High Performance of Organic Solar Cells

  • Oh, Seung-Hwan;Shim, Hee-Sang;Park, Dong-Won;Jeong, Yon-Kil;Lee, Jae-Kwang;Moon, Seung-Hyeon;Kim, Dong-Yu
    • 한국신재생에너지학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.394-394
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    • 2009
  • Water solubility of conjugated polymers may offer many applications. Potential applications of water-soluble conjugated polymers include the polymer light-emitting diode and new materials for nano and micro hollow-capsules, and bio- or chemo-sensors. We synthesized neutral polyfluorenes containing bromo-alkyl groups by the palladium catalyzed Suzuki coupling reaction. Bromo-alkyl side groups in neutral polyfluorenes were quaternized by tri-methyl amine solution. The electrochemical and optical properties of water-soluble conjugated polymers are discussed. This novel synthesized water-soluble conjugated polymers were used as a interfacial dipole layer between active layer and metal cathode in polymer solar cell for enhancement of open-circuit voltage (Voc), which is one of the most critical factors in determining device characteristics. We also investigated the device performance of polymer solar cell with different metal cathode such as Al, Ag, Au and Cu. In polymer solar cell, novel cationic water-soluble conjugated polymers were inserted between active layer and high-work function cathode (Al, Ag, Au and Cu).

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Strengthening Treatment of Aged Hanji with Water Soluble Polymers (수용성 고분자를 이용한 열화한지의 보강처리)

  • Kim, Kang-Jae;Lee, Min-Hyung;Eom, Tae-Jin
    • Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry
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    • v.43 no.5
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 2011
  • In this study, 13 water soluble polymers(6 natural polymer, 7 synthetic polymer) were treated on Hanji. Mechanical properties, morphology and oxidation index with thermal aging were measured on the aged Hanji, dewaxed Hanji and polymer treated Hanji. 3 natural polymer(such as CMC, EC, MC) and 3 synthetic polymers(such as PVA 1500, 2000, PEG 1500) treated Hanji had higher strength than other polymer treated Hanji. The oxidation index of 3% methyl cellulose solution treated Hanji did a little increase with thermal aging. Finally, methyl cellulose was found to be the most efficient method for strengthening the dewaxed Hanji. The best aging safety and thermal stability were obtained at the methyl cellulose 3% water solution.

Swelling Behavior of Biodegradable Crosslinked Gel based on Poly(aspartic acid) and PEG-diepoxide

  • Min, Suk-Kee;Kim, Ji-Heung;Chung, Dong-Jun
    • Macromolecular Research
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.143-149
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    • 2001
  • Poly(aspartic acid), PASP, is a biodegradable, water-soluble polymer and offers a biodegradable alternative to polycarboxylates and other non-degradable water-soluble polymers. PASP one of poly (amino acid)s, possesses carboxylic acid pendant group in its repeating unit, which can be used for various further modification purposes. In this study we prepared high molecular weight polysuccinimide, as the precursor polymer for PASP, by thermal polycondensation ofL-aspartic acid in the presence of phosphoric acid. The polysuccinimide was hydrolyzed with 0.1 N sodium hydroxide, and then acidified to give PASP. High water-absorbent gels were produced by thermal crosslinking of freeze-dried mixture of partially-neutralized PASP and different amount of low moi. wt. PEG-diepoxide compounds in aqueous medium. The swelling behavior of the prepared gels from different size and composition of crosslinking reagent in different media was investigated and the results were discussed. This PASP-based hydrogel materials possessing inherent biodegradability, potential non-toxicity and biocompatibility, is expected to be used as a substrate for various biomedical applications as well as a general purpose super-absorbent polymer.

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The Effect of Water Soluble Polymer on the Flexural Strength and Moisture Sensitivity in MDF Cement Composites (MDF 시멘트 복합재료의 휨강도와 수분민강성에 미치는 수용성 폴리머의 영향)

  • 김태현;최상흘
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.298-304
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    • 1992
  • Flexural strength, microstructure, hydration reaction and moisture sensitivity in macro defect-free (MDF) cement, which basically prepared of high alumina cement (HAC) and hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC) and polyvinylalcohol (PVA) as water soluble polymer were investigated. Cement composites based on HAC-PVA system were improved in flexural strength than that of HAC-HPMC system especially, the strength of specimens added to 10 wt% of polyvinylalcohol was 160 MPa. These improvements of flexural strength were attributed to not only the effect of water soluble polymer in elimination of macropores (above 100 $\mu\textrm{m}$) and cement grain bridging, but the effect of unhydrate cement as an aggregate. Moisture sensitivity and flexural strength in wet condition of MDF cement composites immersed in water at 80$^{\circ}C$ for 3 days were decreased.

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