• Title, Summary, Keyword: water-solubility

Search Result 1,189, Processing Time 0.086 seconds

A STUDY ON THE SOLUBILITY AND THE WATER SORPTION OF VARIOUS RESIN CEMENTS (수종의 레진 시멘트의 용해도와 수분흡착에 관한 연구)

  • Hwang Yu-Jin;Cho In-Ho;Lim Ju-Hwan;Lim Heon-Song
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics
    • /
    • v.43 no.1
    • /
    • pp.1-14
    • /
    • 2005
  • Statement of problem. Among the physical properties of adhesion luting cement, the aspect that requires the most important factor is the degree of solubility and water sorption. Dissolution or an inadequate due to excessive water sorption inside the oral cavity compromises the while concurrently increasing the susceptibility to secondary dental caries. Susceptibility to dissolution and difficulty of removing remnant cement from the gingival sulcus have hindered the use of dental resin cement in the clinical practice, but the improved characteristics of newer generation resin cements have interest in and enabled resin cements to be widely used in adhesion of fixed prosthesis, such as laminate veneers and all-ceramic crowns. Purpose. The purpose of this study is to compare and analyze the degrees of solubility and water sorption of a variety of resin cements widely used for clinical purposes with different curing methods. Material and methods. Self-curing resin cements, $Avanto^{(R)}$, $C&B^{TM}$ CEMENT and Superbond C&B cements comprised group 1, 2 and 3. The dual-curing resin cements $Panavian^{TM}$ F, $Calibra^{(R)}$ and $Variolink^{(R)}$ II were divided into groups 4, 5, and 6, respectively. The investigation was carried out using disc-shaped specimens as specified by ANSI/ADA Specification No. 27. The degree of water sorption, water solubility and lactic acid solubility of each test group was analyzed statistically leading to the following conclusion. Results. The degree of water sorption was shown to increase in the following order : group 6, 5, 4, 2, 1 and 3. There were significant differences between the water sorption of each group. Results of the degree of water solubility were shown to increase in the following order : group 6, 5, 4, 2, 1 and 3. Statistically significant differences were found between each group, with the exception of groups 1 and 3. Finally, the degree of lactic acid solubility was found to increase in the following order : group 6,5,4,2,3 and 1. Significant differences were found between each group. In general dual-curing resin cements displayed substantially lower values than self-curing resin cements with regard to water sorption, water solubility, and lactic acid solubility. Conclusions. From the results of this study, dual-curing resin cements show a significantly lower degree of water sorption and solubility than their self-curing counterparts. Clinically, when selecting resin cements, the product with a lower degree of water sorption and solubility are preferred. The results of this study indicate that the use-of dual-curing resin cements is preferable to self-curing cements.

Comparison of water sorption / solubility of Biodentine, composite resin and glass ionomer cement (Biodentine과 복합레진, 글래스아이오노머의 물흡수도, 물용해도에 관한 비교 분석)

  • Lee, Ui-Jung;Hong, Jung-Min;Min, Jeong-Bum
    • The journal of the Korean dental association
    • /
    • v.57 no.5
    • /
    • pp.264-268
    • /
    • 2019
  • Objectives: This study aimed to measure the water sorption / solubility of Biodentine, composite resin and glass ionomer cement. Materials and Methods: The materials used in this study were Biodentine(BD), Filtek Z250(FZ) and Ketac Molar(KM). Twenty disc-shaped specimens of each material were prepared of 6mm diameter and 1mm thickness. All specimens were desiccated for 24 hours and weighed(m1). After then, They were immersed in distilled water and stored at $37^{\circ}C$. 1 week later, They were washed with running water, wiped with absorbent paper and weighed(m2). Finally, They were dried for 24 hours and weighed(m3). Water sorption and solubility, net water uptake were calculated. Results: KM and BD showed high water sorption than FZ(P<0.05). KM and BD exhibited similar water sorption(P<0.05). BD exhibited high solubility than KM(P=0.012). BD exhibited high net water uptake than FZ(P=0.008). Conclusion: Biodentine showed higher water sorption, solubility and net water uptake than Filtek Z250 and Ketac Molar. Within limitation of this study, it is not recommended to use Biodentine for permanent restoration.

  • PDF

Solubility of celecoxib in N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone + water mixtures at various temperatures: Experimental data and thermodynamic analysis

  • Nozohouri, Sarah;Shayanfar, Ali;Cardenas, Zaira Johanna;Martinez, Fleming;Jouyban, Abolghasem
    • The Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering
    • /
    • v.34 no.5
    • /
    • pp.1435-1443
    • /
    • 2017
  • Solubility is one of the most significant physicochemical properties of drugs, and improving the solubility of drugs is still a challenging subject in pharmaceutical sciences due to requirements of enhancing their bioavailability. Celecoxib, according to the biopharmaceutics classification system (BCS), is a class 2 drug, possessing low water solubility (<$5{\mu}g{\cdot}mL^{-1}$) and high permeability. Increasing the solubility of this group can lead to improved bioavailability, dose reduction and subsequently, increased efficiency and reduced side effects. In this study, celecoxib solubility was determined in binary mixtures of N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP)+water at 293.2, 298.2, 303.2, 308.2 and 313.2 K. The solubility of celecoxib is increased with the addition of NMP to the aqueous solutions and reaches a maximum value in neat NMP. In addition, increased temperature leads to enhanced solubility of celecoxib in a given solvent composition. The solubility data of celecoxib in NMP+water at different temperatures were correlated using different mathematical models including, the Jouyban-Acree model and a combination of the Jouyban-Acree and van't Hoff models. Thermodynamic parameters, Gibbs energy, enthalpy and entropy of dissolution processes were performed based on Gibbs and van't Hoff equations. Thermodynamic analysis allowed observing two main entropy or enthalpy-driven dissolution mechanisms, varying according to the composition of aqueous mixtures. Moreover, preferential solvation of celecoxib by water is observed in water-rich mixtures but preferential solvation by NMP was seen in mixtures with similar composition and also in NMP-rich mixtures.

Property of Filature Water against the Solubility of Cocoon Layer Sericin Seoul National Silk Conditioning House (제사용수의 수질이 견층 세리신(Sericin) 용해에 미치는 영향 (제2보))

  • 김병호;원성희
    • Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science
    • /
    • v.15 no.2
    • /
    • pp.45-53
    • /
    • 1973
  • 1. The sericin solubility increased rapidly as the increase of water M-alkalinity. 2. The acidity of the treated water was nutralized at the over 25ppm of M-alkalinity. 3. The more M-alkalinity of the sample water is, the more M-alkalinity was found after cocoon treat. 4. The total hardness of sample water seemed to be droped as M-alkalinity increased. 5. The sericin solubility also seemed to be droped as the increase of water acidity. 6. In case of treat finish with cocoon, the acidity and total hardness seemed to increase as the acidity of the water increased, but M-alkalinity was nutralized at 20~40 ppm of water acidity or the M-alkalinity could not be found in case over 40ppm of acidity. 7. In case increase of iron component with sample water, sericin solubility seemed to drop down, and mangan component showed the same nature but dull drop. 8. After cocoon was treated with water, acidity, M-alkalinity and total hardness were increased by the extraction from cocoon shell because of pH and treating temperature but not because of iron componnent. Mangan component, however, affected as to increase of acidity and total hardness but to decrease for M-alkalinity. 9. In case change of M-alkalinity and total hardness, sericin solubility has increased also. 10. In case constant pH and total hardness, the more M-alkalinity is, the more sericin solubility was found. 11. In case constant pH, total hardness, and M-alkalinity, the more acidity is, the less sericin solubility was found. 12. In case constant pH(6.8) and M-alkalinity, the more total hardness is, the less sericin solubility was found. 13. Though the combination of water, high solubility water, medium solubility water and low solubility water were prepared. The high solubility water desolved sericin 2.2% more than low solubility water. And the medium solubility water desolved sericin as much as 2.4~2.9%. 14. It was found that the most important factors for filature water are pH, M-alkalinity, acidity and total hardness which may need more words for optimum filature water development. 15. In case of repeat use of water, the buffer action of water has increased so that the sericin solubility to be decreased.

  • PDF

An Experimental Study Concerning the Solubility of Dental Cements (치과용(齒科用) CEMENT의 용해도(容解度)에 관(關)한 실험적(實驗的) 연구(硏究))

  • Lee, Sun-Koog
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics
    • /
    • v.9 no.1
    • /
    • pp.41-45
    • /
    • 1969
  • A major disadvantage of Dental cements is their solubility. So it is very important to measure the exact amount of solubility to select clinically suitable materials. The most common laboratory test for solubility is the measurement of disintegration in distilled water, as outlined in A.D.A. Specifications 8 and 9, In addition to the possible factors influencing the solubility, the experiments were all conducted in compliance with A.D.A. Specifications. The solubility of 2 Zinc Phosphate cements and 1 Silicate cement in time of dissolution, concentration of solute in dissolving medium, and type of dissolving medium were investigated. The following results were obtained. 1. Generally the materials were more soluble in organic acids than in distilled water. 2. The dissolution cements tends be minimized by tests utilizing prolonged storage in the same media. 3. In Acetic acid solution, Zinc Phosphate cements were more soluble than Silicate cement, and in Citric acid solution both were markedly more soluble. 4. Solubility was increased by continually presenting fresh liquid, unsaturated with solute, to the cement-water interface.

  • PDF

Properties of Biodegradable Films Produced from Rice Bran and Roasted Sesame Meal through Chemical Modifications

  • Bae, Dongho;Kim, Woo Jung;Jang, In Sook
    • Journal of Applied Biological Chemistry
    • /
    • v.43 no.2
    • /
    • pp.79-85
    • /
    • 2000
  • Biodegradable films were prepared from roasted sesame meal and rice bran. Acetic anhydride, succinic anhydride, and formaldehyde were added to the film-forming solutions, and their effects on tensile strength, percent elongation, water vapor permeability, and water solubility of the films were studied. Roasted sesame meal did not form film without acylation or addition of formaldehyde. Acylated roasted sesame films had higher tensile strength and water-solubility, and lower % elongation than rice bran films. Acylation with acetic and succinic anhydrides increased tensile strength, percent elongation, and water solubility of rice bran films, but decreased water vapor permeability. Treatment with formaldehyde increased tensile strength of roasted sesame and rice bran films and % elongation of rice bran films, while reducing water-solubility of roasted sesame and rice bran films and water vapor permeability of rice bran films.

  • PDF

Solubilization of Biphenyl Dimethyl Dicarboxylate in Aqueous Solution (수용액중의 비페닐디메칠디카르복실레이트의 가용화)

  • Bae, Joon-Ho;Park, Eun-Seok;Chi, Sang-Cheol
    • Journal of Pharmaceutical Investigation
    • /
    • v.27 no.3
    • /
    • pp.199-205
    • /
    • 1997
  • In order to formulate biphenyl dimethyl dicarboxylate(DDB) aqueous solutions, the effects of various solubilizing agents such as cosolvents(PG, PEG 400, glycerin, ethanol), surfactants,$(poloxamer\;407,\;Cremophor^{\circledR}\; RH40,\;Solutol^{\circledR},\;Tween\;80,\;sodium\;lauryl\;sulfate)$, complexation agent$(CELDEX^{\circledR}\;CH-20)$ and others(urea, niacinamide, propylene carbonate, HPMC) on the solubility of DDB in water were evaluated. The solubility of DDB in water was about $0.21\;{\mu}g/ml\;at\;20^{\circ}C$, while its solubility in PEG 400 was 5,000 times higher than that in water. 60% PEG 400 aqueous solution was selected as an optimum solvent system, and surfactants or other solubilizing agents were added to prevent DDB from recrystalization. The addition of surfactants in water increased the solubility of DDB from 15- to 34-fold, however, $CELDEX^{\circledR}\;CH-20$ and other agents studied showed negligible effects on the solubility of DDB in water. The 60% PEG 400 aqueous solution containing 5% $Cremophor^{\circledR}$ RH40 was appeared as the formula of choice. It showed acceptable physical stability after stored for 7 days at $4^{\circ}C$.

  • PDF

Experimental Measurement and Correlation of two α-Amino Acids Solubility in Aqueous Salts Solutions from 298.15 to 323.15 K

  • Abualreish, Mustafa Jaipallah;Noubigh, Adel
    • Korean Chemical Engineering Research
    • /
    • v.58 no.1
    • /
    • pp.98-105
    • /
    • 2020
  • By the gravimetric method at atmospheric pressure, the solubility of two α-amino acids was resolved over temperatures from (293.15 to 323.15) K. The α-amino acids studied were L-arginine and L-histidine. Results showed a salting-out effect on the solubility of the tested amino compounds. It is obvious that there was an increase in the solubility, in aqueous chloride solutions, with the increasing temperature. Results were translated regarding the salt hydration shells and the ability of the solute to form hydrogen-bond with water. The solubility data was precisely associated with a semi-empirical equation. The standard molar Gibbs free energies of transfer of selected α-amino compounds (ΔtrGo) from pure water to aqueous solutions of the chloride salts have been calculated from the solubility data. The decrease in solubility is correlated to the positive (ΔtrGo) value which is most part of the enthalpic origin.

AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON SOME PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF COMPOSITE RESINS - A study of the hardness, water sorption and solubility (시판 복합레진의 물성에 관한 실험적 연구)

  • Park, Sang-Duk;Park, Dong-Soo;Lee, Chan-Young;Lee, Chung-Suck
    • Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics
    • /
    • v.10 no.1
    • /
    • pp.17-30
    • /
    • 1984
  • This study was done to evaluate the hardness, water sorption and solubility values of twelve well known composite resins, and to compare each other. For the hardness test, the specimens were made in cylinder form with 4mm in diameter and 2mm in thickness as a modification of the American Society for Testing and New Materials, 1966, and for water sorption and solubility tests, the specimens were prepared in same shape of 20mm in diameter and 0.5mm in thickness as a modification of the ADA Specification No. 12. The results were obtained as follow: 1. The hardness range were from 17.9 to 87.5 respectively. As time passed by, the noticable change was evident in early 12 hours. 2. Of the water sorption. the range was from 0.38 to 0.93. The significant change was appeared within 12 hours and on 3 day by 1 week except four brands. 3. Of the water solubility, the range was 0.06 to 0.16. The highest value was found within early 24 hours. 4. Generally, four brands could be chosen as preferable products of hardness. water sorption and solubility tests according to the ADA Specification No. 12.

  • PDF

Effect of Additive of the Encapsulated Amounts and Solubility of Poorly Water-soluble Ibuprofen in Gelatin Microcapsules

  • Li, Dong Xun;Park, Jung-Gil;Han, Hong-Hee;Yang, Chan-Woo;Choi, Jun-Young;Oh, Dong-Hoon;Yong, Chul-Soon;Choi, Han-Gon
    • Journal of Pharmaceutical Investigation
    • /
    • v.37 no.5
    • /
    • pp.269-273
    • /
    • 2007
  • Poorly water-soluble ibuprofen and ethanol can be encapsulated in gelatin microcapsule by spray drying technique. To select an optimal formula of ibuprofen-loaded gelatin microcapsule which increased the ethanol content and ibuprofen solubility with the decreased amount of gelatin in the microcapsules, in this study, the effect of gelatin, ibuprofen and sodium lauryl sulfate on the ibuprofen solubility and the amount of ethanol and ibuprofen encapsulated in the gelatin microcapsule were investigated. Ibuprofen solubility and the amount of ethanol encapsulated increased as gelatin and sodium lauryl sulfate increased, reached maximum at 4% and 0.6%, respectively and then followed a rapid decrease. Furthermore, the ibuprofen solubility and the encapsulated ibuprofen content increased as the amount of ibuprofen increased, reaching maximum at 0.5% and beyond that, there was no change in the solubility and ibuprofen content. However, the encapsulated ethanol content remained same irrespective of the amount of ibuprofen. On the basis of increased ibuprofen solubility, our results showed that the formula of ibuprofen-loaded gelatin microcapsule at the ratio of gelatin/ibuprofen/sodium lauryl sulfate/water/ethanol of 4/0.5/0.6/30/70 with ibuprofen solubility of about $290\;{\mu}g/mL$ and ethanol content of about $160\;{\mu}g/mg$ could be a potential oral delivery system for poorly water-soluble ibuprofen.