• 제목/요약/키워드: voluntary sector

검색결과 5건 처리시간 0.043초

한국의 복지혼합에 관한 연구 (A Study of the Welfare Mix in Korea)

  • 신동면
    • 한국사회복지학
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    • 제45권
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    • pp.220-249
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    • 2001
  • In order to understand the provision of social welfare in Korea, this study puts forward a method to measure and tracks the welfare mix, and applies the method to Korea. This is the goal of this study, which is in three parts. First, I critically review the concept of welfare pluralism and develop the welfare mix model, Second, I present a methodology and technique for measuring and systematically comparing the components of the welfare mix. Third, I examine the roles of five welfare providers including state, market, non-profit organization, enterprise and family in the welfare mix of Korea. This study argues that the welfare mix in Korea has some characteristics of 'residual state, expanded market, negligible voluntary sector, and protective family'. The state in Korea has played a relatively little role in the provision of social welfare, enforcing most Koreans being with a meagre social protection. Thus, most of the 'left' needs for social welfare has to be met in the private sector composed of market and enterprises. In addition, in a situation that self/mutual help through family or community is encouraged, the family has played an important role in the welfare mix. But the role of voluntary sector in the welfare mix has remained negligible. Consequently, the characteristics of the welfare mix in Korea can be best described by a welfare society rather than a welfare state.

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일-가정 균형을 위한 지역사회의 지원에 대한 고찰 (A Study on the Service Support Program for the Work-Family Balance in the Community)

  • 정지영;조성은
    • 가족자원경영과 정책
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    • 제12권1호
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    • pp.21-39
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate service support programs for the work-family balance in the community. Service support programs in the community are at beginning stages of development, because it has taken about 10 years to put a self-governing system into practice in Korea. This study concentrates on service support programs developed by various service organizations in the city and does not include any rural districts. First, the developmental process of the work-family balance model and type of the service support program in the community were studied. Next, the situation of care service support was examined based on written articles. Finally, a few suggestions were made f3r work-family balance in the community. The developmental situation of work-flmily balance in Korea is in a stage which is shifting from the company-leading model to a family-company-community model. The most common type of service support program offered in the community until now has been the informal sector through relatives, neighbors or friends. However, service support programs, in the public sector by the government and in the voluntary sector by nonprofit organizations and corporations, has rapidly been growing and the number of services from each sector has also increased. Profit organizations in the private sector, such as medical and care service centers, are also now rapidly increasing. It appears that service support programs contributing to the work-family balance in the community come from a number of sectors, including public, voluntary, private and informal sectors, to suit consumer needs.

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The Structure of Green Environmental Management Initiated by Greenspace Scotland

  • Takeshi Kinoshita;Ye Kyung-Rock
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture International Edition
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    • 제2호
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    • pp.210-215
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    • 2004
  • This study was conducted to report background, organism and activities of Greenspace Scotland, which was established for creation and management of green environment in urban Scotland, UK, and to help discussing an efficient structure for green environmental management in future Japan. As a result, it was confirmed that Greenspace Scotland plays a key role to develop and offer the framework - structure of partnership - for creating, regenerating and managing green environment from a large-scale point of view. Rich varieties of projects, which are difficult to manage by individual organization, have been brought to realization through circulating national funds and policies among local communities in partnership with existing charities and voluntary sector keeping their identity and independence. Greenspace Scotland also put stress on the aspects of social, cultural and economic regeneration in urban communities, and emphasizes a partnership development for above purposes.

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한국 자원봉사활동의 관리운영 실태평가와 지원욕구 (An Evaluation of Program Management and The Needs for Outside Support in Korean Voluntary Sector)

  • 김동배;조학래;최재성;최선희
    • 한국사회복지학
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    • 제35권
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    • pp.31-50
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    • 1998
  • 본 연구의 목적은 자원봉사담당자들이 보는 우리 나라 자원용사실태에 대한 주관적 평가와 자원봉사관련단체의 지원욕구를 분석하며 자원봉사활동의 활성화를 위한 정책적 함의를 제시하는 것이다. 이를 위해 전국의 사회복지관련기관, 시민운동단체, 정무관련단체 가운데 자원봉사담당자가 근무하고 있는 것으로 확인된 600개소를 선정하여 이들 담당자들을 대상으로 우편설문조사를 실시하였다. 모두 391개의 설문지를 회수하여 회수율이 65%였고, 이 가운데 응답이 부실한 9명을 제외한 382명에 대해서 분석한 결과는 다음과 같다. 먼저, 자원봉사실태에 대한 주관적 평가는 모집, 홍보, 업무배치, 교육훈련, 영역개발, 정보체계의 6개 영역을 대상으로 16개 문항으로 측정되었고, 100점 만점으로 환산하였을 때, 자원봉사담당자들이 보는 우리 나라 자원봉사체계의 평가점수는 낙제수준인 51점으로 나타났다. 특히, 영역개발과 정보체계의 부문이 더욱 열악한 것으로 나타났으며, 이러한 현상은 사회복지, 시민운동, 정부관련단체 등 기관의 성격과 관련없이 대부분의 자원봉사관련기관에 공통적으로 나타나는 것으로 밝혀졌다. 더하여서, 정부관련단체에 근무하는 자원봉사담당자들의 경우 자원봉사에 대한 정부의 지원과 일반적인 외부의 지원이 더욱 절대적으로 필요하다고 응답하는 경향을 보였다. 본 연구의 결과를 근거로 우리 나라 자원봉사활동의 활성화를 위한 전제조건으로 법적지원체계구축, 자원봉사활동의 전문화, 관련기관간의 연계체계구축, 전국적 중앙조직을 통한 리더쉽의 발휘 등을 제시하였다.

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친환경농업정책 분야의 거버넌스 체계 구축방안 (Schemes for Constructing the System of Environmentally Friendly Agri-policy Governance)

  • 김호;허승욱
    • 한국유기농업학회지
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    • 제14권2호
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    • pp.159-177
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    • 2006
  • Governance systems are basically an autonomous cooperation type among the government, civil society and market, also a new paradigm for efficient and democratic administration of policies. The governance mainly consists of the central operating body, institutions, operating principles and so on. The constituents are the nation(government), civil society(NGO) and market(firm). Institutional conditions are a legitimate base, financial stability and independency. And as a operating principle, governance systems have common goals and issues from a national and social point of view. This governance has been recently emerged due to financial risk of government, diffusion of new liberalism going with the globalization, localization-decentralization, and development of civil society and information-oriented society. We have to grope fur the framework of participatory agri- policy confronting globalization and localization as well as developing our agriculture and rural village. This agri-policy governance should be theoretically focused on policy network or self-organizing network or multi-lateral governance (MLG) based on NPM. Also, it is proper to have connection of nation-central type and civil society-central type. And it is necessary to have a MLG type with local governance corresponding to localization and decentralization. Governance should have the type whose participants have authority and responsibility as well. Basic directions of environmentally friendly agri-policy governance are as follows : first, its purposes are constructing the democratic and efficient framework of participatory environmentally friendly agri-policy based on consensus of all the related groups, embodying environmentally friendly agri-policy adjusted to local field, raising farmer's real interest, and improving their position. Second, its form should have a council or an agreement system, not an advisory or a consultation organ. Thus, public sector(eg. government) and voluntary sector(eg. farmers' organization) jointly execute agricultural policy and are responsible together. Environmentally friendly agri-policy governance is mainly made up of farmers' organization, cooperative and civil society(NGO). And secondary bodies are agribusinesses and academic groups. Government interacts with the main bodies on administrative execution. And environmentally friendly agri-policy governance has MLG type with a central unit, province and county units. Environmentally friendly agri-policy governance has several main functions such as agri-policy partnership, speaking for farmer's rights and interests, investigation and research on domestic and foreign agricultural streams, and etc. Especially, local unit will play roles in activation for regional agriculture, consulting on technique and management, education and training services, services entrusted by government, and so on.

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