• Title/Summary/Keyword: voluntary sector

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A Study of the Welfare Mix in Korea (한국의 복지혼합에 관한 연구)

  • Shin, Dong-Myeon
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.45
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    • pp.220-249
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    • 2001
  • In order to understand the provision of social welfare in Korea, this study puts forward a method to measure and tracks the welfare mix, and applies the method to Korea. This is the goal of this study, which is in three parts. First, I critically review the concept of welfare pluralism and develop the welfare mix model, Second, I present a methodology and technique for measuring and systematically comparing the components of the welfare mix. Third, I examine the roles of five welfare providers including state, market, non-profit organization, enterprise and family in the welfare mix of Korea. This study argues that the welfare mix in Korea has some characteristics of 'residual state, expanded market, negligible voluntary sector, and protective family'. The state in Korea has played a relatively little role in the provision of social welfare, enforcing most Koreans being with a meagre social protection. Thus, most of the 'left' needs for social welfare has to be met in the private sector composed of market and enterprises. In addition, in a situation that self/mutual help through family or community is encouraged, the family has played an important role in the welfare mix. But the role of voluntary sector in the welfare mix has remained negligible. Consequently, the characteristics of the welfare mix in Korea can be best described by a welfare society rather than a welfare state.

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A Study on the Service Support Program for the Work-Family Balance in the Community (일-가정 균형을 위한 지역사회의 지원에 대한 고찰)

  • Jeong, Jee-Young;Cho, Seung-Eun
    • Journal of Family Resource Management and Policy Review
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.21-39
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate service support programs for the work-family balance in the community. Service support programs in the community are at beginning stages of development, because it has taken about 10 years to put a self-governing system into practice in Korea. This study concentrates on service support programs developed by various service organizations in the city and does not include any rural districts. First, the developmental process of the work-family balance model and type of the service support program in the community were studied. Next, the situation of care service support was examined based on written articles. Finally, a few suggestions were made f3r work-family balance in the community. The developmental situation of work-flmily balance in Korea is in a stage which is shifting from the company-leading model to a family-company-community model. The most common type of service support program offered in the community until now has been the informal sector through relatives, neighbors or friends. However, service support programs, in the public sector by the government and in the voluntary sector by nonprofit organizations and corporations, has rapidly been growing and the number of services from each sector has also increased. Profit organizations in the private sector, such as medical and care service centers, are also now rapidly increasing. It appears that service support programs contributing to the work-family balance in the community come from a number of sectors, including public, voluntary, private and informal sectors, to suit consumer needs.

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The Structure of Green Environmental Management Initiated by Greenspace Scotland

  • Takeshi Kinoshita;Ye Kyung-Rock
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture International Edition
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    • no.2
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    • pp.210-215
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    • 2004
  • This study was conducted to report background, organism and activities of Greenspace Scotland, which was established for creation and management of green environment in urban Scotland, UK, and to help discussing an efficient structure for green environmental management in future Japan. As a result, it was confirmed that Greenspace Scotland plays a key role to develop and offer the framework - structure of partnership - for creating, regenerating and managing green environment from a large-scale point of view. Rich varieties of projects, which are difficult to manage by individual organization, have been brought to realization through circulating national funds and policies among local communities in partnership with existing charities and voluntary sector keeping their identity and independence. Greenspace Scotland also put stress on the aspects of social, cultural and economic regeneration in urban communities, and emphasizes a partnership development for above purposes.

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An Evaluation of Program Management and The Needs for Outside Support in Korean Voluntary Sector (한국 자원봉사활동의 관리운영 실태평가와 지원욕구)

  • Kim, Dong-Bae;Cho, Hak-Lae;Choi, Jae-Sung;Choi, Sun-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.35
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    • pp.31-50
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    • 1998
  • The purpose of this study to provide implications for improvement of Korean voluntary sector, by analyzing of program managers' subjective evaluation of voluntary program management and of their view of the needs for outside supports. For this, researchers selected 600 agencies, which are found to have a staff in charge of voluntary programs, and sent a questionnaire by mail. Those agencies are consisted of the following three. areas: social services, civil movement, public sector. The response rate was 65%, and researchers analyzed 382 respondents out of 391, besides those who did not complete the form in full. One of the results was that program managers' subjective evaluation score of overall voluntary program management was 51 points in the perfect score of 100 points. The voluntary program management was consisted of the following six areas: recruiting, job placement, public relations, education(training), program development, and. information system Specifically, program development and information system appeared to be worse than the other areas, and this fact was true in all three types of agencies of social services, civil movements, and public sector. Moreover, program managers in public sector showed that outside supports for voluntary programs (or activities) was more desperately required. Based on the results, researchers concluded that, toward the improvement of voluntary programs, professionalization as well as legal supporting system, networking, and national supporting institution were required.

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Schemes for Constructing the System of Environmentally Friendly Agri-policy Governance (친환경농업정책 분야의 거버넌스 체계 구축방안)

  • Kim Ho;Heo Seung-Wook
    • Korean Journal of Organic Agriculture
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.159-177
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    • 2006
  • Governance systems are basically an autonomous cooperation type among the government, civil society and market, also a new paradigm for efficient and democratic administration of policies. The governance mainly consists of the central operating body, institutions, operating principles and so on. The constituents are the nation(government), civil society(NGO) and market(firm). Institutional conditions are a legitimate base, financial stability and independency. And as a operating principle, governance systems have common goals and issues from a national and social point of view. This governance has been recently emerged due to financial risk of government, diffusion of new liberalism going with the globalization, localization-decentralization, and development of civil society and information-oriented society. We have to grope fur the framework of participatory agri- policy confronting globalization and localization as well as developing our agriculture and rural village. This agri-policy governance should be theoretically focused on policy network or self-organizing network or multi-lateral governance (MLG) based on NPM. Also, it is proper to have connection of nation-central type and civil society-central type. And it is necessary to have a MLG type with local governance corresponding to localization and decentralization. Governance should have the type whose participants have authority and responsibility as well. Basic directions of environmentally friendly agri-policy governance are as follows : first, its purposes are constructing the democratic and efficient framework of participatory environmentally friendly agri-policy based on consensus of all the related groups, embodying environmentally friendly agri-policy adjusted to local field, raising farmer's real interest, and improving their position. Second, its form should have a council or an agreement system, not an advisory or a consultation organ. Thus, public sector(eg. government) and voluntary sector(eg. farmers' organization) jointly execute agricultural policy and are responsible together. Environmentally friendly agri-policy governance is mainly made up of farmers' organization, cooperative and civil society(NGO). And secondary bodies are agribusinesses and academic groups. Government interacts with the main bodies on administrative execution. And environmentally friendly agri-policy governance has MLG type with a central unit, province and county units. Environmentally friendly agri-policy governance has several main functions such as agri-policy partnership, speaking for farmer's rights and interests, investigation and research on domestic and foreign agricultural streams, and etc. Especially, local unit will play roles in activation for regional agriculture, consulting on technique and management, education and training services, services entrusted by government, and so on.

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