• Title/Summary/Keyword: volumetric measurements

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RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN LINEAR AND VOLUMETRIC MEASUREMENTS OF DYE PENETRATION IN THE SEALING EFFECT OF CANAL OBTURATION (근관충전의 폐쇄효과 평가에서 색소침투의 정성적 및 정량적 측정의 상호관계)

  • Paek, Sung-Rae;Cho, Kyeu-Zeung
    • Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.343-354
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    • 1992
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between linear and volumetric measurements of apical dye penetration in canals obturated by various kinds of methods. The canals of 108 roots without crown were conventionally prepared and randomly assigned to four group. The canals of group I a2 were obturated by lateral condensation with sealer, group II a2 by thermoplasticized low-temperature ($70^{\circ}C$) gutta-percha with sealer, group III by Thermafil endodntic obturation with sealer and group IV by injection-molded thermop-lasticized guttapercha One mm of root apex was exposed to a 2 % methylene blue solution at $7^{\circ}C$or 10 days, and the quality of apical seals was assessed by measuring the leakage linearly and volumetrically. The obtained results were as follows: In linear measurements, group II showed significanty less leakage than group III, I and group III also showed less than group N, but no statistically significant difference was demonstrated between the others. In volumetric measurements, group II showed significantly less leakage than group I and II, and no significant differnce from group III. There was a weak significant correlation between the linear measurement and the volumetric measurement(r=0.3391, P<0.001).

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Maximum diameter versus volumetric assessment for the response evaluation of vestibular schwannomas receiving stereotactic radiotherapy

  • Choi, Youngmin;Kim, Sungmin;Kwak, Dong-Won;Lee, Hyung-Sik;Kang, Myung-Koo;Lee, Dong-Kun;Hur, Won-Joo
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • v.36 no.2
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    • pp.114-121
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: To explore the feasibility of maximum diameter as a response assessment method for vestibular schwannomas (VS) after stereotactic radiosurgery or fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy (RT), we analyzed the concordance of RT responses between maximum diameters and volumetric measurements. Materials and Methods: Forty-two patients receiving curative stereotactic radiosurgery or fractionated stereotactic RT for VS were analyzed retrospectively. Twelve patients were excluded: 4 did not receive follow-up magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans and 8 had initial MRI scans with a slice thickness >3 mm. The maximum diameter, tumor volume (TV), and enhanced tumor volume (ETV) were measured in each MRI study. The percent change after RT was evaluated according to the measurement methods and their concordances were calculated with the Pearson correlation. The response classifications were determined by the assessment modalities, and their agreement was analyzed with Cohen kappa statistics. Results: Median follow-up was 31.0 months (range, 3.5 to 86.5 months), and 90 follow-up MRI studies were analyzed. The percent change of maximum diameter correlated strongly with TV and ETV (r(p) = 0.85, 0.63, p = 0.000, respectively). Concordance of responses between the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) using the maximum diameters and either TV or ETV were moderate (kappa = 0.58; 95% confidence interval, 0.32-0.85) or fair (kappa = 0.32; 95% confidence interval, 0.05-0.59), respectively. Conclusions: The percent changes in maximum diameter and the responses in RECIST were significantly concordant with those in the volumetric measurements. Therefore, the maximum diameters can be used for the response evaluation of VS following stereotactic RT.

Does mini-implant-supported rapid maxillary expansion cause less root resorption than traditional approaches? A micro-computed tomography study

  • Alcin, Rukiye;Malkoc, Siddik
    • The korean journal of orthodontics
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    • v.51 no.4
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    • pp.241-249
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    • 2021
  • Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the volume, amount, and localization of root resorption in the maxillary first premolars using micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) after expansion with four different rapid maxillary expansion (RME) appliances. Methods: In total, 20 patients who required RME and extraction of the maxillary first premolars were recruited for this study. The patients were divided into four groups according to the appliance used: mini-implant-supported hybrid RME appliance, hyrax RME appliance, acrylic-bonded RME appliance, and full-coverage RME appliance. The same activation protocol (one activation daily) was implemented in all groups. For each group, the left and right maxillary first premolars were scanned using micro-CT, and each root were divided into six regions. Resorption craters in the six regions were analyzed using special CTAn software for direct volumetric measurements. Data were statistically analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis one-way analysis of variance and Mann-Whitney U test with Bonferroni adjustment. Results: The hybrid expansion appliance resulted in the lowest volume of root resorption and the smallest number of craters (p < 0.001). In terms of overall root resorption, no significant difference was found among the other groups (p > 0.05). Resorption was greater on the buccal surface than on the lingual surface in all groups except the hybrid appliance group (p < 0.05). Conclusions: The findings of this study suggest that all expansion appliances cause root resorption, with resorption craters generally concentrated on the buccal surface. However, the mini-implant-supported hybrid RME appliance causes lesser root resorption than do other conventional appliances.

Importance of Volumetric Measurement Processes in Oncology Imaging Trials for Screening and Evaluation of Tumors as Per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors

  • Vemuri, Ravi Chandra;Jarecha, Rudresh;Hwi, Kim Kah;Gundamaraju, Rohit;MaruthiKanth, Aripaka;Kulkarni, AravindRao;Reddy, Sundeep
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.2375-2378
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    • 2014
  • Cancer, like any disease, is a pathologic biological process. Drugs are designed to interfere with the pathologic process and should therefore also be validated using a functional screening method directed at these processes. Screening for cancers at an appropriate time and also evaluating results is also very important. Volumetric measurement helps in better screening and evaluation of tumors. Volumetry is a process of quantification of the tumors by identification (pre-cancerous or target lesion) and measurement. Volumetric image analysis allows an accurate, precise, sensitive, and medically valuable assessment of tumor response. It also helps in identifying possible outcomes such disease progression (PD) or complete response as per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST).

Change of the airway space in mandibular prognathism after bimaxillary surgery involving maxillary posterior impaction

  • Lee, Woo-Young;Park, Young-Wook;Kwon, Kwang-Jun;Kim, Seong-Gon
    • Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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    • v.38
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    • pp.23.1-23.7
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    • 2016
  • Background: The purpose of this retrospective study was to develop a two- and three-dimensional analysis of the airway using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) and to determine whether the airway space would be changed in mandibular prognathism after bimaxillary surgery involving maxillary posterior impaction. Methods: Patients requiring orthognathic surgery from 2012 to 2014 were recruited for this study. CBCT scans were obtained at three points: preoperatively (T0), immediate postoperatively (T1), and after 6 months postoperatively (T2). The nasopharynx, oropharynx, and hypopharynx were measured on the CBCT scan for each patient in a repeatable manner. With the midsagittal plane, linear measurements in the middle of each were obtained. For the CBCT, volumetric measurements of each and total airway were obtained. Results: A total of 22 consecutive patients (11 men and 11 women) were included in the present study. The total volume was significantly reduced (p < .001). However, the change of the diameter and volume of the nasopharynx was not statistically significant (p = .160, p = .137, respectively). In the oropharynx, the change of both the diameter and volume showed statistical significance between preoperatively and immediate postoperatively (p < .001, p = .001, respectively) and also preoperatively and after 6 months postoperatively (p = .001, p = .010, respectively). In the hypopharynx, the change of both the diameter and volume showed statistical significance between preoperatively and immediate postoperatively (p = .001, p < .001, respectively) and also preoperatively and after 6 months postoperatively (p = .001, p < .001, respectively). Conclusions: The bimaxillary surgery involving maxillary posterior impaction can reduce the volume of airway in the patients of mandibular prognathism. Although total airway volume was reduced significantly, the changes in the volume and diameter of the nasopharynx were not statistically significant. The maxillary posterior impaction affects on the nasopharyngeal airway minimally.

Cone-beam computed tomography assessment of mandibular asymmetry in unilateral cleft lip and palate patients (편측성 구순 구개열 환자의 하악 비대칭에 대한 cone-beam computed tomography를 이용한 평가)

  • Veli, Ilknur;Uysal, Tancan;Ucar, Faruk Izzet;Eruz, Murat;Ozer, Torun
    • The korean journal of orthodontics
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    • v.41 no.6
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    • pp.431-439
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    • 2011
  • Objective: To determine whether there is any difference between the cleft and non-cleft sides of the mandible in unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) patients, or the right and left sides in control patients; and to determine if there is any difference between the mandibular asymmetry of UCLP patients and that of control patients. Methods: We examined cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans of 15 patients with UCLP and 15 age- and gender-matched control patients. We evaluated 8 linear, 3 surface, and 3 volumetric measurements and compared the cleft/non-cleft sides of UCLP patients and the right/left sides of controls. Results: There were no statistically significant gender differences in any linear, surface, or volumetric measurement. The single significant side-to-side difference in UCLP patients was a longer coronoid unit on the cleft side than on the non-cleft side ($p$ = 0.046). Body volume was significantly lower in the UCLP group than in the control group ($p$ = 0.008). Conclusions: In general, UCLP patients have symmetrical mandibles, although the coronoid unit length is significantly longer on the cleft side than on the non-cleft side. UCLP patients and controls differed only in body volume.

Accuracy of three-dimensional printing for manufacturing replica teeth

  • Lee, Keun-Young;Cho, Jin-Woo;Chang, Na-Young;Chae, Jong-Moon;Kang, Kyung-Hwa;Kim, Sang-Cheol;Cho, Jin-Hyoung
    • The korean journal of orthodontics
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    • v.45 no.5
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    • pp.217-225
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    • 2015
  • Objective: Three-dimensional (3D) printing is a recent technological development that may play a significant role in orthodontic diagnosis and treatment. It can be used to fabricate skull models or study models, as well as to make replica teeth in autotransplantation or tooth impaction cases. The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of fabrication of replica teeth made by two types of 3D printing technologies. Methods: Fifty extracted molar teeth were selected as samples. They were scanned to generate high-resolution 3D surface model stereolithography files. These files were converted into physical models using two types of 3D printing technologies: Fused deposition modeling (FDM) and PolyJet technology. All replica teeth were scanned and 3D images generated. Computer software compared the replica teeth to the original teeth with linear measurements, volumetric measurements, and mean deviation measurements with best-fit alignment. Paired t-tests were used to statistically analyze the measurements. Results: Most measurements of teeth formed using FDM tended to be slightly smaller, while those of the PolyJet replicas tended to be slightly larger, than those of the extracted teeth. Mean deviation measurements with best-fit alignment of FDM and PolyJet group were 0.047 mm and 0.038 mm, respectively. Although there were statistically significant differences, they were regarded as clinically insignificant. Conclusions: This study confirms that FDM and PolyJet technologies are accurate enough to be usable in orthodontic diagnosis and treatment.

Photoacoustic lymphangiography before and after lymphaticovenular anastomosis

  • Oh, Anna;Kajita, Hiroki;Matoba, Eri;Okabe, Keisuke;Sakuma, Hisashi;Imanishi, Nobuaki;Takatsume, Yoshifumi;Kono, Hikaru;Asao, Yasufumi;Yagi, Takayuki;Aiso, Sadakazu;Kishi, Kazuo
    • Archives of Plastic Surgery
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    • v.48 no.3
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    • pp.323-328
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    • 2021
  • Background Lymphaticovenular anastomosis (LVA) is a minimally invasive surgical procedure used to treat lymphedema. Volumetric measurements and quality-of-life assessments are often performed to assess the effectiveness of LVA, but there is no method that provides information regarding postoperative morphological changes in lymphatic vessels and veins after LVA. Photoacoustic lymphangiography (PAL) is an optical imaging technique that visualizes the distribution of light-absorbing molecules, such as hemoglobin or indocyanine green (ICG), and provides three-dimensional images of superficial lymphatic vessels and the venous system simultaneously. In this study, we performed PAL in lymphedema patients before and after LVA and compared the images to evaluate the effect of LVA. Methods PAL was performed using the PAI-05 system in three patients (one man, two women) with lymphedema, including one primary case and two secondary cases, before LVA. ICG fluorescence lymphography was performed in all cases before PAL. Follow-up PAL was performed between 5 days and 5 months after LVA. Results PAL enabled the simultaneous visualization of clear lymphatic vessels that could not be accurately seen with ICG fluorescence lymphography and veins. We were also able to observe and analyze morphological changes such as the width and the number of lymphatic vessels and veins during the follow-up PAL after LVA. Conclusions By comparing preoperative and postoperative PAL images, it was possible to analyze the morphological changes in lymphatic vessels and veins that occurred after LVA. Our study suggests that PAL would be useful when assessing the effect of LVA surgery.