• Title, Summary, Keyword: vitamins

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Determination of panthenol, cholecalciferol and tocopherol in cosmetic products by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry in SIM mode

  • Hye-Jin Jeong;Myo
    • Journal of the Society of Cosmetic Scientists of Korea
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.153-160
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    • 1996
  • A novel simple method to detect vitamins in cosmetic products by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry(GC-MS) has been developed. Three vitamins(panthenol, cholecalciferol and tocopherol) were used for this study. Vitamins were prepared by dissolving in tetrahydrofuran(THF), and silylated with bis-trimethylsilyltrifluoroacetamide-trichloromethylsilane(BSTFA). Silated vitamins were separated on a fuses-silica capillary column coated with DB-5. The identification of each vitamin was accomplished by retention time and mass spectrum library search with a computer, and the quantitation was made in the selected-ion monitoring(SIM) mode of GC-MS. SIM mode had given sensitivity to determine 50pg of panthenol, 285pg of cholecalciferol and 130pg of tocopherol. Linearity was maintained over the range 0.005-0.20% for each vitamin. Each cosmetic product(i.e. hair tonic and lotion) was found to contain amounts of the vitamins. This method was sensitive and gave 77.5-99.9% recovery of each vitamin from these cosmetic products. From these results, we concluded that silylation with BSTFA followed by GC-MS analysis allows the simple, covenient and exact determination of panthenol, cholecalciferol and tocopherol.

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Analysis of Water-soluble Vitamins in Pharmaceutical Products by Capillary Electrophoresis (모세관 전기영동법을 이용한 제제중의 수용성 비타민 분석)

  • Lee, Jong-Jin;Moon, Dong-Cheul;Lee, Kong-Joo
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.38 no.1
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    • pp.38-45
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    • 1994
  • An analytical method using capillary electrophoresis (CE) was developed for quantitation of water soluble vitamin contents in various vitamin products. The method includes the optimization of separation of 11 water soluble vitamins changing the micellar concentration and pH of running buffer, applied voltage and sample preparation. Best resolution was obtained with 25 mM phosphate buffer (pH=8.0) containing 50 mM sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS) as micellar phase. At optimum condition, water soluble vitamins were determined in orange juice and vitamin products such as vitamin C pulvis, vitamin injection, coated multivitamin tablet. The quantitative analysis of water soluble vitamins with CE was suitable for quality control of pharmaceutical products with sound reproducibility.

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Prevention of Prostate Cancer with Vitamins - Current Perspectives

  • Garg, Manish;Dalela, Divakar;Goel, Apul;Kumar, Manoj;Sankhwar, Satya Narayan
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.1897-1904
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    • 2014
  • Cancer prostate is the most common solid malignancy in males of developed countries. With increasing knowledge of the aetiology, pathogenesis and natural history of the disease, influences of dietary factors on prostate cancer development have become more evident. There is ample evidence in the literature of significance of dietary constituents for prostate cancer including vitamins A, D and E. Different vitamins have been found to effect the growth and proliferation of prostate cancer cells as evident in epidemiological, experimental and clinical studies. Various factors play the major role in determining the relationship between these vitamins and prostate cancer in terms of environmental, pharmacological, or genetic aspects. To explore these aspects, the present article reviews the literature on the present status of vitamin use for prevention and management of prostate cancer.

The Role of Vitamins and Minerals in the Production of High Quality Pork - Review -

  • Mahan, D.C.;Kim, Y.Y.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.287-294
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    • 1999
  • Vitamin and mineral deletion from swine diets can result in reduced growth if done during the period wher muscle and bone development is occurring. Several of the vitamins and minerals decline in the serum during the starter period, suggesting a higher dietary inclusion may be necessary postweaning. Vitamin research with grower-finisher pigs is limited, but results suggest that rapidly growing lean pigs may have a higher dietary requirement for the B vitamins. Several studies have suggested that early weaning and pigs of a lean genotype may have a dietary requirement for vitamin C, CI and Cr. High dietary vitamin E levels are fortified in the diet and seems to be effective in preventing mulberry heart problems in weanling and grower pigs. Organic Se is more effectively retained in muscle tissue than inorganic Se, approximately 20% less is excreted, but the bioavailability of organic Se for glutathione peroxidase activity is only 80 to 90% to that of sodium selenite. The active form of thyroxine (T4) is dependent upon a Se containing enzyme. Withdrawal of vitamins and minerals during the latter part of the finisher period has not affected pig performance responses, but studies with poultry suggest that the vitamin content of the meat may be reduced if the vitamins are withdrawn prior to marketing. High levels of vitamin E have been shown to improve pork quality, by reducing drip loss. Studies with vitamin C and Se have suggested that they may also be involved in pork quality.

Effects of Antioxidant Vitamins and Magnesium Supplementation on Fasting Blood Glucose and Lipids in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes (항산화 비타민과 마그네슘 보충이 제2형 당뇨 노인의 혈당과 혈중지질에 미치는 효과)

  • Yang, Sook Ja
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.18 no.5
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    • pp.809-818
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    • 2006
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of antioxidant vitamins and magnesium supplementation on fasting blood glucose and lipids in patients with type 2 diabetes. Methods: This study is a unequivalent control group pretest-posttest design. Seventyone subjects with type 2 diabetes who were recruited from home visiting clients of a public health center, completed the trial. The experimental group entered a 12-week treatment period with antioxidant vitamins and magnesium and the control group with no antioxidant vitamins and magnesium. Results: Serum level of fasting blood glucose decreased from $134.7mg/d{\ell}$ to $125.0mg/d{\ell}$ and total-cholesterol decreased from $215.5mg/d{\ell}$ to $198.2mg/d{\ell}$ in the experimental group. No changes in fasting blood glucose and total-cholesterol were demonstrated in the control group. Conclusions: A short-term supplementation with antioxidant vitamins and magnesium can reduce fasting blood glucose and total-cholesterol in patients with type 2 diabetes. The continuous effect of this supplementation and the beneficial effect on the prevention of diabetes complication still needs to be demonstrated.

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Water-Soluble Vitamins Contents in Seafood-Based Dishes (수산물 조리 식품에 함유된 수용성 비타민 함량)

  • Kim, Naeun;Kim, Younghwa
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.390-398
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study was to determine the contents of water-soluble vitamins B1 (thiamine), B2 (riboflavin), B3 (niacin) and B12 (cyanocobalamin) in seafood-based dishes by using the high-performance liquid chromatography with the ultra violet and fluorescence detector. The vitamin B1, B2, B3 and B12 contents were analyzed in 29 seafood-based dishes. The method validation was performed on the method to determine the linearity, accuracy, limits of quantification, limits of detection and precision for vitamin B1, B2, B3 and B12. An excellent linearity range (R2=0.999~1.000) in the calibration curve for the water-soluble vitamins was observed. All analytical methods for the water-soluble vitamins showed the acceptable accuracy (89.4~119.7% recovery) and the precision (0.6~4.8% repeatability and 1.0~4.2% reproducibility). The highest content of vitamin B1 was 2.646 mg/100 g in the kkongchi-jorim, and the highest contents of vitamin B2, B3 and B12 were 0.370 mg/100 g, 10.971 mg/100 g, and 17.193 ㎍/100 g, respectively, in the kkongchi-gui. Our results provide reliable data on the contents of the water-soluble vitamins of seafood-based dishes in Korea.

Effects of Long-Term Alcohol Treatment Combined with Vitamins or Piracetam on the Ultrastructure of Rat Hippocampal and Cerebellar Neurons (알코올 장기투여시 비타민 또는 Piracetam의 병합투여가 백서 해마와 소뇌 신경세포의 미세형태학적 구조에 미치는 영향)

  • Sohn, Chang-Ho;Lee, Sang-Ik;Kwak, Jeong-Sik;Jeong, In-Won
    • Korean Journal of Biological Psychiatry
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.164-173
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    • 2000
  • This study was carried out to investigate the direct neurotoxicity of alcohol on CNS and the effects of piracetam or vitamins on ultrastructural changes of the rat cerebellar and hippocampal neurons during long-term alcohol treatment. To evaluate the results, quantitative analysis were done for light and electronic microscopic findings. On the light microscopy, red degeneration of pyramidal cells and Purkinje cells was found more apparently in the alcohol only treated group than in the control group. On the electron microscopy, increased lipofuscin pigments were found in cerebellum and hippocampus. In quantitative analysis, vitamins significantly reduced red degeneration in both hippocampus and cerebellum. However, piracetam significantly reduced red degeneration in cerebellum but not in hippocampus. Lipofuscin pigments in Purkinje cells and pyramidal cells were significantly reduced in the alcohol with piracetam treated group than the alcohol only treated group. However, vitamins had no significant reducing effect of lipofuscin pigments in Purkinje cells and pyramidal cells. According to the results, it is concluded that vitamins deficiency might cause red degeneration of pyramidal cell after long-term alcohol treatment, but increment of lipofuscin pigments in pyramidal and Purkinje cell may be caused by alcohol itself or its metabolite rather than vitamins deficiency. Piracetam seems to improve cognitive function impairment caused by alcohol consumption.

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Simultaneous Determination of the Water Soluble Vitamins in Multi-Nutrient Tablets by Reversed-Phase High-Performance Liquid Chromatography

  • Kim, Hyung-Soo;Jang, Duck-Kyu;Woo, Dong-Kyun;Woo, Kang-Lyung
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.12-17
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    • 2002
  • Simultaneous determination of nine water-soluble vitamins contained in multi-nutrient tablets was carried out by reversed phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) equipped with analytical $C_{18}$ column and UV (270 nm) detector. Those standard vitamins were successfully separated within 23 minutes by gradient elution with solvent A (0.5 M potassium phosphate monobasic) and solvent B (0.25 M potassium phosphate monobasic-methanol, 1:1). Calibration curves showed good linealities with correlation coefficients (> 0.92) in tested ranged respectively. The detection limits were considered to be 2.1 ng for ascorbic acids 60 ng for Vit B$_{6}$ 3 ng for p-aminobenzoic acid, 9 ng for niacinamide, 9 ng for thiamin, 5.0 ng for folic acid and 1.5 ng for riboflavin at 0.05 a.u.f.s. Solid phase extraction through Sep-Pak (C$_{18}$ ) cartridge was successfully applied for purification of water soluble vitamins in commercial multi-nutrient tablets.ts.

Vitamins E and C: Are They Synergistic in Protecting Liver Cells against Hepatic Ischimia and Reperfusion Injury\ulcorner (간장내 허혈 및 재관류시 Vitamin E와 C의 간세포 보호작용)

  • 이선미;김순애;조태순
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.59-66
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    • 1997
  • This study was done to determine that vitamins I and C are synergistic in protecting liver cells during hepatic ischemia and repefusion. Rats treated with vitamins I and C were subjected to 60 min of hepatic ischemia and to 1 and 5 hr of reperfusion thereafter. Serum aminotransferase level and microsomal lipid peroxidation were markedly increased by ischemia/reperfusion. These increases were significantly attenuated by vitamins E, C or its combination. Hepatic wet weight-to-dry weight ratio was increased in ischemic group, but this increase was prevented by combination of vitamin I and C. Bile flow and cholate output were markedly decreased by ischemia/reperfusion and vitamin C alone and combination of vitamin I and C restored their secretion. Cytochrome P-450 content and aminopyrine N-demethylase activity were decreased by ischemia/ reperfusion and restored by vitamin C and combination of vitamin I and C to the level of sham-operated rat. Aniline p-hydroxylase activity was increased by ischemia/reperfusion and this increase was prevented by vitamin E. Our findings suggest that ischemia/reperfusion diminishes hepatic secretory and microsomal functions by increasing lipid peroxidation and vitamins I and C synergistically ameliorates these changes.

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Comparison of the Protective Effect of Antioxidant Vitamins and Fruits or Vegetable Juices on DNA Damage in Human Lymphocyte Cells Using the Comet Assay (Comet Assay를 이용한 항산화 비타민과 과일.야채즙의 인체 임파구 세포 DNA 손상 감소 효과 비교)

  • 전은재;박유경;김정신;강명희
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.37 no.6
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    • pp.440-447
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    • 2004
  • In this study the in vitro protective effects of several antioxidant vitamins (vitamin C, $\alpha$-tocopherol, $\beta$-carotene), fruits and vegetables (strawberry, tangerine, orange and 100% orange juice, carrot juice), on the levels of isolated human lymphocyte DNA damage was measured using Comet assay. Comet assay has been used widely to assess the level of the DNA damage in the individual cells. Lymphocytes were pre-treated for 30 minutes with antioxidant vitamins (10, 50, 100, 500 $\mu$M) or fruits$.$vegetables (10, 100, 500, 1000 $\mu$g/ml), an4 then oxidatively challenged with 100 $\mu$M $H_2O$$_2$ for 5 min at 4$^{\circ}C$. The protective effect of antioxidant vitamins against DNA damage at a concentration of 50 $\mu$M were 50% in vitamin C, 32% in $\alpha$-tocopherol, whereas, fJ-carotene showed a 55% protection at a dose as low as 10 $\mu$M. The inhibitory effects of DNA damage by strawberry, tangerine, orange, orange juices, carrot juices were 50 - 60% with wide ranges of doses. The results of the present study indicate that most the antioxidant vitamins and fruits$.$vegetables juices produced a significant reduction in oxidative DNA damage.