• Title, Summary, Keyword: vitamins

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Effect of MEM Vitamins Supplementation of In vitro Maturation Medium and In vitro Culture Medium on the Development of Porcine Embryos

  • Kim, J.Y.;Lee, E.J.;Park, J.M.;Park, H.D.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.24 no.11
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    • pp.1541-1546
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    • 2011
  • This study was carried out to examine the influence of minimum essential medium (MEM) vitamins supplementation to in vitro maturation medium and in vitro culture medium on the development of porcine embryos. Porcine embryo development was investigated following cultivation in both in vitro maturation and culture medium with the supplementation of MEM vitamins (0, 0.1, 0.2 and 0.4%) using immature oocytes collected from the ovary of prepubertal gilts. Embryo development was observed and the total cell number in each blastocyst generated under the culture conditions was quantified following supplementation of the medium. The embryonic development rate of the blastocyst and hatched blastocyst was higher, but not significantly so, when 0.4% MEM vitamins were supplemented to the in vitro maturation medium of the porcine oocyte. Interestingly, the total number of cells in the blastocyst was significantly higher in the in vitro maturation MEM vitamins supplemented group compared to either the untreated group or the group which had MEM vitamins supplemented to both in vitro maturation and in vitro culture medium simultaneously (p<0.05). Therefore, the supplementation of 0.4% MEM vitamins to the in vitro mature medium has a beneficial effect on the embryonic development of in vitro produced blastocysts derived from the immature porcine oocytes.

Effect of Vitamins on Lipid Accumulation of Molds (비타민류가 곰팡이의 유지생산에 미치는 영향)

  • Son, Byung-Hyo;Jeong, Tae-Myoung;Kim, Yong-Gyun;Lee, Young-Guen
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.15-20
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    • 1985
  • Influence of vitamins on the felt and lipid production of Aspergilus niger var. macrosporus, Aspergillus fumigatus and penicillium notatum were investigated after 10 days of incubation at $30^{\circ}C$ under static culture condition. The felt of molds were lower in the media containing vitamins than control medium. The lipids produced by each strains were highest yields in media containing vitamins. Among of these Aspergillus niger var. macrosporus and Aspergillus fumigatus produced. 4.6g and 5.28g in medium containing inositol 2.5mg/l and 0.5mg/l, respectively; while Penicillium notatum produced 1.51g in a medium containing thiamine 10mg/l. The major fatty acid of lipids were palmitic acid, stearic acid, oleic acid and linoleic acid. Aspergillus niger var. macrosporus was lower palmitic acid in media containing vitamins than control medium, While linoleic acid was higher in media containing thiamine and inositol. Aspergillus fumigatus was lower oleic acid in media containing vitamins than control medium, While linoleic acid was higher in media containing vitamins. Peniillium notatum was lower palmitic acid, oleic acid and stearic acid in media containing vitamins but linoleic acid was higher. The composition of fatty acid of lipids changed depending on the media containing vitamins but hardly found a certain tendency except linoleic acid which was higher in a media containing thiamines and inositols. The degree of unsaturation of fatty acids in the lipids were comparatively higher in media containing vitamins than control medium.

Survey on the Patterns of Fortified Food Consumption and Intake of Vitamins and Minerals in Fortified Foods by Elementary School and Middle-School Students in Korea (우리나라 일부 초등학생과 중학생의 영양강화식품 섭취 실태 및 영양강화식품을 통한 비타민과 무기질 섭취량 조사)

  • Kim, Sun-Hyo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.295-306
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    • 2011
  • This study was performed to investigate patterns of fortified food (FF) consumption and intake of vitamins and minerals from FFs among 577 Korean children (12.4 years of age) who attended elementary or middle school. FFs eaten by children as a snack were surveyed using the food record method during 3 days, including 2 week days and one weekend. As a result, 114 FF items were eaten by the children, and several kinds of nutrients such as vitamin A, D, E, B complex, C, calcium (Ca), iron (Fe), and zinc (Zn) were fortified in these foods. Ca-FFs (65.8%) were most frequently consumed, followed by vitamin C-FFs (33.4%) and vitamin D-FFs (33.3%). The number of FF items in each food group was the most in the milk group (n=24, 21.0%), followed by the beverage group (n=19, 16.7%), and the cookie/bread/cake group (n=17, 14.9%). Fortified nutrients in FFs were in various combinations, but the major combination patterns were Ca, Ca plus vitamins, Ca plus vitamins plus other minerals, and Ca plus other minerals. Daily mean intakes of vitamins and minerals from the FFs were 66-300% more than those of the recommended nutrient intake (RNI ) or adequate intake (AI) for most vitamins and minerals. Daily maximum intakes (95th percentile) of vitamins and minerals from FFs were 1-15 times the RNI or AI for most vitamins and minerals. Vitamin and mineral consumption ratios from each FF group were different according to the kind of fortified nutrient. For example, vitamin C was mostly eaten in fortified beverages (46-54%), and Fe was mostly eaten in fortified cookie/breads/cakes (87%). The above results show that FF consumption varied widely among the children, and that most of the children's foods were fortified with several vitamins and minerals without a common rule; thus, subjects risked over consuming vitamins and minerals by eating FFs. Therefore, practical guideline on FF use for children's optimal nutrition and health should be provided through nutrition education.

Intercalation of Vitamer into LDH and Their Controlled Release Properties

  • Choy, Jin-Ho;Son, You-Hwan
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.122-126
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    • 2004
  • Biofunctional nanohybrids are synthesized from layered double hydroxide (LDH) and the vitamins such as ascorbic acid and topopherol acid succinate. Either ion exchange or copricipitaion leads to successful intercalation of the vitamins into gallery space of LDH that offers a new route to safe preservation of bioactivity as well as controlled release. Intercalations of vitamins are clearly reflected on the increase in the basal spacing of ZnAl-(Nitrate) LDH from 8.5 ${\AA}$ to 10.5 ${AA}$ for ascorbate, and 49.0 ${AA}$ for tocopherol acid succinate, respectively. No significant change in UV-Vis and IR absorption characteristics of the intercalated vitamins strongly supports the safe maintenance of their bioactivities without any deterioration of chemical and structural integrity. Furthermore, it is shown that the hybridized vitamins could be discharged in a controlled kinetics.

A Study on the Vitamins Contents in UHT Milk according to Fortification Methods (비타민 강화 방법에 따른 UHT 우유의 비타민 함량에 대한 연구)

  • 인영민;정인경;정석근;함준상
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.172-178
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    • 2002
  • Vitamins are bio-active materials and essential elements in our body but some of them are very low in milt Various vitamin-fortified milks are developed by the help of milk processing technology. However, heat treatments can affect vitamins contents in milk. Total loss of vitamins during the UBT(ultra high temperature) treatment was investigated. UHT treatment caused 60∼70% loss for vitamin C, and 30∼40% loss for vit. D3 and vit. E which are well-known as heat stable materials. On the contrary, degradation of water-soluble vitamins is relatively very low in the capsule-coated state. The capsule could reduce the loss of vitamins by protecting vitamins from the degradation factors such as heat, oxygen, lights etc. The fortification method using capsule can be thought as a new way to reduce the loss of vitamins during milk processing. Further study about heat treatment time and temperature, and capsule coating and materials will be required to minimize the loss of vitamins in milt.

Effects of Antioxidant Vitamins Supplementation on Antioxidative Status and Plasma Lipid Profile in Korean NIDDM Patients (항산화비타민 보충이 인슐린비의 의존형 당뇨병 환자에서 항산화상태에 혈액지방성분에 미치는 영향)

  • 강남아
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.32 no.7
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    • pp.775-780
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    • 1999
  • We investigated the effects of antioxidant vitamins supplementation on antioxidative status and plasma lipid profile in female Korean non-insulin diabetes mellitus(NIDDM) patients. Forty-five patients were groups by types of vitamin to take into three groups-Vitam in E group(400IU/day, n=15), Vitamin C group (1,000mg/day, n=15) and Vitamin E plus C group (400 IU plus 1,000mg/day). Supplementation period was 4 weeks. After vitamins supplementation, plasma vitamin E concentration significantly increased in vitamin E and vitamin E + C group, but plasma retinol concentration were not affected by vitamin E or vitamin C supplementation. And plasma levels of lipid peroxide measured as thiobarbituric acid reactive substances(TBARS), indicator of lipid peroxidation and increased susceptibility of LDL towards lipid peroxidation, were significantly decreased in all three groups after vitamins supplementation. Also catalase activities in erythrocytes were significantly decreased after antioxidant vitamin supplementation in all subjects. And after vitamins supplementation, post prandial 2 hour glucose and total cholesterol levels was decreased in all subjects. And after vitamins supplementation, post prandial 2 hour glucose and total cholesterol levels was decreased in all patients, especially there was a significant difference in vitamin C, Vitamin E + C group. In this study, antioxidant vitamins supplementation might have a protective function against the free radical-mediated lipid peroxidation and decrease the plasma total cholesterol levels in Korean female NIDDM patients.

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New Nutritional Concepts of Vitamins and Minerals (비타민과 무기질의 새로운 영양학적 의미)

  • Youn, Hee-Shang
    • Korean Journal of Pediatrics
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    • v.48 no.12
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    • pp.1295-1309
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    • 2005
  • Nowadays, the nutritional deficits are rarely seen in Korea. However, an increased availability of the highly palatable energy dense, nutrient-poor foods increases the risks of obesity and deficits of vitamins and minerals in the general population. Also, optimum intake of vitamins and minerals, which varies with age and genetic back ground, might not suffice the poor, young, obese, and elderly people. Young girls and individuals participating in weight reductions and aesthetic components are prone to micronutrient deficiencies because they restrict food intake and specific micronutrient rich foods. An inadequate intake of vitamins or minerals is associated with reduced physical performance and exercise capacity, increased obesity, decreased cognitive function, increased DNA damages such as single- and double-stranded breaks or oxidative DNA lesions, and accelerated aging process and increased neuronal damages with mitochondrial oxidative decay. Most of these deleterious effects of the deficit could be prevented by a one tablet of multivitamins with a good balanced diet. High dose B vitamins are frequently administered to overcome the metabolic inadequacy to the people with the less functional enzymes with increased Km values for their coenzymes due to the single gene mutation or due to the single nucleotide polymorphisms. And some certain antioxidant vitamins are also used in large quantities to overcome the oxidative stress and to repair the damages. In this review, new nutritional concepts of some vitamins and minerals, which are widely used and useful for the children, will be discussed.

Effect of B-complex vitamins on the antifatigue activity and bioavailability of ginsenoside Re after oral administration

  • Chen, Yin Bin;Wang, Yu Fang;Hou, Wei;Wang, Ying Ping;Xiao, Sheng Yuan;Fu, Yang Yang;Wang, Jia;Zheng, Si Wen;Zheng, Pei He
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.41 no.2
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    • pp.209-214
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    • 2017
  • Background: Both ginsenoside Re and B-complex vitamins are widely used as nutritional supplements. They are often taken together so as to fully utilize their antifatigue and refreshing effects, respectively. Whether actually a drug-nutrient interaction exists between ginsenoside Re and B-complex vitamins is still unknown. The objective of this study was to simultaneously investigate the effect of B-complex vitamins on the antifatigue activity and bioavailability of ginsenoside Re after their oral administration. The study results will provide valuable theoretical guidance for the combined utilization of ginseng and B-complex vitamins. Methods: Ginsenoside Re with or without B-complex vitamins was orally administered to mice to evaluate its antifatigue effects and to rats to evaluate its bioavailability. The antifatigue activity was evaluated by the weight-loaded swimming test and biochemical parameters, including hepatic glycogen, plasma urea nitrogen, and blood lactic acid. The concentration of ginsenoside Re in plasma was determined by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Results: No antifatigue effect of ginsenoside Re was noted when ginsenoside Re in combination with B-complex vitamins was orally administered to mice. B-complex vitamins caused to a reduction in the bioavailability of ginsenoside Re with the area under the concentration-time curve from zero to infinity markedly decreasing from $11,830.85{\pm}2,366.47h{\cdot}ng/mL$ to $890.55{\pm}372.94h{\cdot}ng/mL$. Conclusion: The results suggested that there were pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic drug-nutrient interactions between ginsenoside Re and B-complex vitamins. B-complex vitamins can significantly weaken the antifatigue effect and decrease the bioavailability of ginsenoside Re when simultaneously administered orally.

A Study on the Simultaneous Analysis of Fat-Soluble Vitamins in Food Stuffs and Vitamin Products by High Performance Liquid Chromatography (고성능 액체 크로마토그래피에 의한 식품 및 비타민 제제중의 지용성 비타민의 동시 분석에 관한 연구)

  • Poongzag Kim;Chong-Hyeak Kim
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.46-54
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    • 1989
  • The extraction method and quantitative analysis for the fat-soluble vitamins present in food stuffs and vitamin products have been investigated. The simultaneous separation and analysis of the vitamins by reverse phase high performance liquid chromatographic method was conducted using an isocratic elution with methanol : water (95 : 5) eluent on a Novapak $C_{18}$ column. The detection of vitamins was achieved by a variable wavelength UV detector. To improve the detection sensitivity detection wavelengths were set at the highest absorption bands such as 330, 265, 285, and 290nm for the respective vitamins. The analysis for the fat-soluble vitamins was finished within 40 minutes. Alkaline hydrolysis and enzymatic hydrolysis were investigated for the sample preparation; and liquid-liquid extraction and liquid-solid extraction were attempted for the extraction of vitamins. Both hydrolysis methods were turned out to be appropriate for the analysis for vitamins A, D, and E, while for the analysis of vitamin K the enzymatic hydrolysis method demonstrated better results. Diethyl ether, pentane, and n-hexane were found to give higher recovery for the liquid-liquid extraction and silica cartridge for the liquid-solid extraction.

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Effect of Dietary Fat-soluble Vitamins on Growth Performance and Nutrient Digestibility in Growing Pigs

  • Lohakare, J.D.;Lee, S.H.;Chae, B.J.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.563-567
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    • 2006
  • Two experiments were conducted to compare the effect of various vitamins on performance and digestibility in growing pigs. In experiment 1, a total of 54 pigs ($L{\times}Y{\times}D$, $42.73{\pm}2.40kg$) were assigned to three treatments in a randomized complete block design with three replicates (6 pigs/pen) for 40 days. The three dietary treatments were: 100% fat-soluble vitamins (FSV) and water-soluble vitamins (WSV); 150% FSV and 100% WSV of NRC (1998); and 100% FSV and 150% WSV of NRC (1998). In experiment 2, a total of 180 pigs ($L{\times}Y{\times}D$, $28.20{\pm}3.05 kg$) were assigned to four treatments in a completely randomized design with three replicates for four weeks (15 pigs/pen). The four dietary treatments were, 150% vitamin A and 100% other vitamins, 150% vitamin D and 100% other vitamins, 150% vitamin E and 100% other vitamins, and 150% vitamin K and 100% other vitamins. In experiment 1, there were significant differences in growth performance and digestibility of nutrients among the treatments. The ADG, ADFI and FCR of pigs fed 150% FSV diet were better (p<0.05) than those fed the control diet. However, there were no differences (p>0.05) in ADG, ADFI and FCR between pigs fed the control and 150% WSV diets. Digestibilities of dry matter, gross energy and calcium were improved in 150% FSV treatment group compared with control (p<0.05). However, the improvement was similar when compared with 150% WSV except for Ca. In experiment 2, there were no differences (p>0.05) in ADG, ADFI and FCR and nutrient digestibility between the fat-soluble vitamin treatments when fed at the 150% level. In conclusion, growing pigs were more responsive to additional fat-soluble vitamin supplements over the requirements suggested by NRC (1998) than to water-soluble vitamin supplements as measured by growth performance and digestibility of nutrients.