• 제목, 요약, 키워드: visible light

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가시광촉매를 이용한 자동차 내장재로부터 발생하는 VOCs의 저감연구 (A Study on the Reduction of VOCs Generated from Vehicle Interior Parts and Materials Using Visible-light Responsive Photocatalyst)

  • 최세영;양승기
    • Elastomers and Composites
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    • v.48 no.3
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    • pp.209-215
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    • 2013
  • 가시광촉매를 이용하여 자동차 내장재에서 발생하는 VOCs의 저감 효과를 알아보았다. 가시광촉매는 sol-gel법으로 제조하였으며 UV-vis peak가 420 nm에서 적색이동 되어 가시광영역에서 감응하는 것으로 나타났다. 이러한 특성을 갖는 가시광촉매를 자동차 내장재에 코팅처리하고, 자동차 내장재에서 발생하는 VOCs를 측정한 결과 분해 저감율이 우수하게 나타났다.

Photocatalyst Effect of Polyester Fabrics Treated with Visible-light Responsive Photocatalyst

  • Choi, Sei Young
    • Elastomers and Composites
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    • v.51 no.1
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    • pp.31-37
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    • 2016
  • In this study, we studied the photocatalytic functionality such as deodorant, antibacterial, antistatic of polyester fabrics treated with visible-light responsive photocatalyst. According to UV/visible spectrometry result, the UV-visible peak of visible-light responsive photocatalyst was found to be red shift at 420 nm sensitive in the visible light region. Also, the deodorizing and antimicrobial performance were shown to be retained more than 99% both before washing and even after 25 times washing. According to washing durability of polyester fabrics treated with visible-light responsive photocatalyst, the reduction effects for gas such as ammonia, trimethylamine, formaldehyde and toluene after 25 times washing appeared to be retained as much as before washing. At both before washing and after 25 times washing, antistatic property showed frictional voltage of approximately 250V.

The Effects of Visible Light on Iron Release from Ferritin Related to Lipid Peroxidation in the Retina

  • Ohishi, Kentaro;Hiramitsu, Tadahisa;Matsugo, Seiichi
    • Journal of Photoscience
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.427-429
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    • 2002
  • We studied iron release from ferritin by irradiating the visible light, and then followed ferritin-mediated lipid peroxidation in the rod outer segment (ROS) fraction of the porcine retina. In the presence of several phosphorus compounds such as ADP and ATP, iron release from ferritin at pH 7.0 could be induced by irradiation of the visible light to the reaction mixtures. Furthermore, iron release from ferritin in the presence of ADP depended on the incubation time and the visible light irradiation. Moreover, we investigated lipid peroxidation level in the ROS fraction by two independent assay systems including the thiobarbituric acid (TBA) and ferrous oxidation/xylenol orange (FOX) methods. The visible light induced ferritin-mediated lipid peroxidation in the ROS fraction in time- and irradiance-dependent manners. In the dark condition, iron release and lipid peroxidation were not observed. Iron release from ferritin by irradiating the visible light may play an important role in the etiology of phototoxic injuries in vivo.

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Modeling Green-light Fiber Amplifiers for Visible-light Communication Systems

  • Khushik, Muhammad Hanif Ahmed Khan;Jiang, Chun
    • Current Optics and Photonics
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.105-110
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    • 2019
  • The visible-light communication (VLC) system is a promising candidate to fulfill the present and future demands for a high-speed, cost-effective, and larger-bandwidth communication system. VLC modulates the visible-light signals from solid-state LEDs to transmit data between transmitter and receiver, but the broadcasting and the line-of-sight propagation nature of visible-light signals make VLC a communication system with a limited operating range. We present a novel architecture to increase the operating range of VLC. In our proposed architecture, we guide the visible-light signals through the fiber and amplify the dissipated signals using visible-light fiber amplifiers (VLFAs), which are the most important and the novel devices needed for the proposed architecture of the VLC. Therefore, we design, analyze, and apply a VLFA to VLC, to overcome the inherent drawbacks of VLC. Numerical results show that under given constant conditions, the VLFA can amplify the signal up to 35.0 dB. We have analyzed the effects of fiber length, active ion concentration, pump power, and input signal power on the gain and the noise figure (NF).

가시광 통신의 커버리지 확장을 위한 릴레이 모듈 구현 (Implementation of a Relay Module for Coverage Extension in Visible Light Communication)

  • 이상권;이종성;오창헌
    • 한국정보통신학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.738-740
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    • 2017
  • 가시광 통신은 빛을 사용한 통신방식이며, RF 통신에 비해 단일 공간 내 보안성을 보장하는 장점이 있다. 하지만 빛의 가시선을 벗어난 영역의 경우 통신단절 현상이 발생한다. 이에 본 논문에서는 가시광 통신의 커버리지 확장과 통신단절 현상을 극복하기 위해 릴레이 모듈을 제안한다. 제안하는 릴레이 모듈은 target ID를 포함한 데이터 패킷을 인접한 가시광 모듈을 통해 순차적으로 전달함으로써 데이터를 송수신한다. 데이터 전송 실험을 통해 전송범위의 확장과 가시선을 벗어난 영역에서의 데이터 수신을 확인하였다.

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가시광 무선인식장치에서 비트간 잡음검출에 의한 잡음광의 영향 감소 (Reducing the Effects of Noise Light Using Inter-Bit Noise Detection in a Visible Light Identification System)

  • 황다현;이성호
    • 센서학회지
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    • v.20 no.6
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    • pp.412-419
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    • 2011
  • In this paper, we used the inter-bit noise detection method in order to reduce the effects of noise light in a visible light identification system that uses a visible LED as a carrier source. A visible light identification system consists of a reader and a transponder. When the enable signal from the reader is detected, the transponder encodes the response data in RZ(Return-to-Zero) bit stream and sends response signal by modulating a visible LED. The reader detects the response signal mixed with noise light, samples the noise voltage in each blank low time between data bits of the RZ signal, and recovers the original data by subtracting the sampled noise from the received signal. In experiments, we improved the signal-to-noise ratio by 20dB using the inter-bit noise detection method.

가시광 감응형 광촉매가 코팅처리된 자동차내장재용 Nylon/Polyester 복합섬유의 VOCs 저감 (VOCs Reduction of Visible-light Responsive Photocatalyst coated nylon/polyester composite fiber for Vehicle Interior Parts and Materials)

  • 최세영
    • Elastomers and Composites
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    • v.49 no.1
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    • pp.53-58
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    • 2014
  • 가시광촉매의 특성 및 가시광촉매가 코팅처리된 자동차내장재 nylon/polyester 복합섬유에 대한 VOCs의 저감에 대해 알아보았다. 가시광촉매 Weltouch의 결정구조는 아나타제상과 루타일상이 복합된 것으로 약 420nm이상의 파장을 갖는 빛에너지에서도 활성을 나타냈다. 또한 가시광촉매가 처리된 자동차내장재 nylon/polyester 복합 섬유에서 발생하는 VOCs 및 포름알데히드는 현저한 저감효과를 나타냈으며, 섬유를 25회 세탁을 행하여도 가시광촉매의 탈락없이 표면에 견고하게 부착되어 가스분해성능을 유지하는 것으로 나타나서 세탁내구성이 우수한 것을 확인하였다.

가시통신용 LED 드라이버 전력 효율 성능 향상을 위한 연구 (Visible Light Communication LED driver For research to improve power)

  • 권재현;박건준;김효준;최길상;김용갑
    • 한국정보통신학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.15-16
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    • 2012
  • LED(Light Emitting Diode)는 기존 광원보다 고효율, 저전력, 장수명으로 인해 일반 조명들을 모두 대체될 것으로 전망되며, 또한 기본적으로 반도체 소자이기 때문에 전기에서 빛으로 바꾸는 속도가 매우 빠르며, 이와 같은 특성을 이용하여 고속 ON-OFF 스위칭을 통한 통신 변조를 수행 할 수 있다. 최근에는 이러한 특징을 이용한 가시광 통신(VLC: Visible Light Communication)기술이 주목받고 있으며, 많은 연구가 진행 되고 있다. 본 논문에서는 LED와 가시광 통신을 융합하여 송신부에는 LED 발광소자와 수신부에는 적외선센서를 사용하여, 미디어 신호 전송을 구현하였다. 미디어 전송 속도를 개선하기위해 가시광 통신에 적용되는 기존 가시광 통신용 LED 드라이버의 전력 변환 효율 및 발열 문제를 개선하고자 통신 시스템의 효율 증대를 위해 새로운 방식의 LED 드라이버를 연구하고자 한다.

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솔라셀을 이용한 가시광 인식용 수동형 트랜스폰더 (A Passive Transponder for Visible Light Identification Using a Solar Cell)

  • 이성호
    • 센서학회지
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.238-244
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    • 2014
  • In this paper, we introduce a new passive transponder that operates without external power in a visible light identification system. The transponder consists of a solar cell, a photodiode, a microprocessor, and a visible LED. When a reader sends light to the transponder, the solar cell generates current from the reader light and supplies power to the other elements in the transponder. At the same time, the photodiode detects the pulse in the reader light and initiates a microprocessor to generate and send a responding light to the reader. In experiments, we realized a passive transponder using a solar cell that operated at a distance of 1m without external power.

가시광 무선인식장치에서 가장자리 펄스변조를 이용한 플리커 방지 (Flicker Prevention Through Edge-Pulse Modulation in a Visible Light Identification System)

  • 이성호
    • 센서학회지
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.180-186
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    • 2020
  • In this study, we applied edge-pulse modulation to prevent the flicker of light-emitting diode (LED) light in a visible light identification system. In the visible light transmitter, positive pulses were transmitted at the edges of the low-to-high transition points, and negative pulses were transmitted at the edges of the high-to-low transition points of the non-return-to-zero (NRZ) data waveforms. In the visible light receiver, the NRZ waveforms were regenerated by making low-to-high and high-to-low transitions at the point of the positive and negative pulses, respectively. This method has two advantages. First, it ensures that the LED light is flicker-free because the average optical power of the LED was kept constant during data transmission in the transmitter. Second, the 120 Hz optical noise from the adjacent lighting lamps was easily cut off using a simple RC-high pass filter in the receiver.