• Title, Summary, Keyword: virtual garment

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Comparison of Virtual Avatars by Using Automatic and Manual Method

  • Lim, Ho-Sun;Istook, Cynthia L.
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.34 no.12
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    • pp.1968-1979
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    • 2010
  • New technology that includes 3D body scanning, digital virtual human, and digital virtual garments has had a significant impact on the current apparel industry. Virtual simulation technology enables the visualization of a 3D virtual garment on a virtual avatar so that consumers can try on garments with their virtual avatars before purchasing. However, the manual virtual avatar provided for online apparel shopping currently has revealed limitations on the different body sizes and shapes of customers. This study analyzes the process of designing the automatic virtual avatar and the manual virtual avatar using OptiTex software; in addition, the study compares the practicality of the automatic virtual avatar with that of the manual virtual avatar. Data was examined by evaluating how much each virtual avatar is similar to the real body and how well it matched the needs of the current apparel industry. In the study, Avatar 1 was automatically created from three-dimensional body scan data and Avatar 2 was manually created from body measurements. The virtual avatar images laid over a real body image and the results were evaluated by comparing the simulated sizes of virtual avatars with those of a real body. Consequently, Avatar 1 was evaluated as more similar to the real body than Avatar 2 in all five body shapes. This study illustrates that an automatic virtual avatar might solve the fit problem that is the most common reason for a high return rate for online shopping. The results show that future virtual simulation technology needs to be improved for the practicality of the virtual avatars.

A Study on the Comparing about Young Plus Size Fashion Design Application on Plus Size Body Types Using 3D Virtual Garment Simulation - Focusing on USA Market - (영 플러스 사이즈 체형별 패션 디자인 가상착의 비교 연구 - 미국 시장을 중심으로 -)

  • Ryu, Jin-Young;Syn, Hye-Young;Lee, Inseong
    • Journal of the Korea Fashion and Costume Design Association
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.163-178
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    • 2014
  • In America, where obesity rate ranks no.1 in the world, the plus size market is rapidly expanding with various American brands adding plus size lines in a way to diversify their products. As obesity is expanding throughout the younger generation, the necessity to develop products according to different characteristics of body shape that can fulfill the needs of young plus size consumers is being emphasized. In this study of young plus size, our focus is on providing wider spectrum of design choices for consumers by analyzing different body shapes, categorizing them, and then identifying the differences of design among them. More specifically, the object of this study is to analyze the elements that differentiate the designs from each other by virtually trying out the same item on avatars of various body shapes. Thus, we can identify the elements that needs to be differentiated according to different body shapes after implementing virtual fitting program on plus size shapes that are rather difficult considering the reality of domestic fashion companies. In this way, we are able to provide fundamental data for American plus size fashion market and design development for Korean fashion companies that are under way of entering or planning to enter the American market. Furthermore, this will demonstrate the actual details of the designs that will eventually help the development of specialized product for the globalization of Korean fashion industry.

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Comparative Analysis of Pants Pattern and Virtual Appearance Evaluation for Men's Single-pleated Pants (남성 싱글플리티드 팬츠 패턴비교분석 및 가상착의평가)

  • Hong, Eun-Hee;Kim, Kyung-A;Uh, Mi-Kyung
    • Journal of the Korea Fashion and Costume Design Association
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.105-115
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    • 2015
  • This study aims to compare the ease of men's single-pleated pants patterns, and to analyze the fit and appearance through the 3D virtual garment system. The researchers selected five(four educational materials and one industrial pattern) slim-fit single-pleated pants which is the current fashion trend in menswear. The CLO 3D Modelist program was utilized to carry out the appearance evaluation through virtual wearing, opacity, and clothing pressure. The results showed that D pants had the greatest ease on the waist circumference, while C pants had the least ease. The E pants had the greatest ease on the hip circumference, then B pants and C pants showed less ease. Also, the E pants had the longest on the pants length, then D pants showed the shortest. In the appearance evaluation, A pants received the most favorable results, followed by D, B, E, and C pants, in descending order. The clothing pressure appeared to be mainly red on the waist, crotch, and hem in all pants, so the clothing pressure was high. From the results, we can understand that each of the 5 single-pleated pants patterns has different ease amount and silhouette.

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Automatic Pattern Manipulation for Virtual Garment Design (가상의복 디자인을 위한 인터랙티브한 패턴조작)

  • Jung, Hwi-Ryong;Wohn, Kwang-Yun
    • 한국HCI학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.123-130
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    • 2007
  • 본 논문에서는 기존 패턴캐드시스템 및 드레이핑시스템을 이용한 의복제작과정의 한계점과 개선가능성에 대해 알아보고, 이를 기반으로 새로 디자인한 의복제작시스템을 소개한다. 이 시스템은 원피스, 바지, 셔츠, 재킷 등 옷의 큰 스타일인 의복템플릿으로부터 의복디자인을 시작 한다. 소매, 카라, 포켓, 넥라인과 같은 템플릿 디테일들은 디자이너가 마음대로 다른 세부 템플릿들과 교체할 수 있으며, 세부 템플릿으로 커버할 수 없는 디테일한 수정은 3D 드레이핑 시스템과 2D패턴에디터에서의 직관적인 오퍼레이션을 통해 이루어진다.

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Drape Evaluation of 3D Garment Simulations for Flared Skirts

  • Lee, Joohyun;Kim, Hyun Ah;Nam, Yun Ja;Ryu, Hyo Seon
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.128-136
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    • 2014
  • The virtual try-on technologies of the current level have limitations with material expression as well as some difficulties with commercialization. There are differences in simulation results and subjective evaluations perceived by consumers according to the types and physical characteristics of materials used in virtual try-on simulations. This study were to analyze the exterior clothing shapes and visual images from 3D virtual try-on simulations with materials whose drapability was differentiated and then test the accuracy of the expression of the drapability of the materials. The study carried out 3D virtual try-on simulations by selecting flared skirts as an item to best express differences in drapability along with five materials of different physical properties and offered some basic data for greater utilization of virtual try-on simulations by comparing and analyzing them with the exterior shapes and visual images of actual flared skirts. The analysis results of hemline shapes between actual and virtual try-on according to the types of materials showed no match among the quantitative items of exterior shapes factors. There were no significant differences in the visual images except for "soft" according to the simulation methods, which means that the items can serve as part of a scale for visual image comparison. It is necessary to reflect quantitative numbers regarding "drapability" proposed in the study simulation software and to continue to build a systematic database for virtual simulations by investigating and testing various materials.

A Study on Expressivity of Virtual Clothing made of 3D Apparel CAD System according to the Physical Properties of Fabric (3D 어패럴 캐드 시스템으로 제작된 가상의복의 소재물성별 실물 재현도에 관한 연구)

  • Oh, Song-Yun;Ryu, Eun-Joo
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.613-625
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    • 2015
  • This research was conducted to provide basic data to improve expressivity required for virtual clothing to replace actual clothing. For the experiment, 6 materials were selected and 12(2 kinds of length) actual flared skirts were made. At the same time, simulations were carried out on OptiTex Runway 12.0 for 36(12 kinds of skirts $\times$ KES, FTU, KES weight/10) kinds of virtual flared skirts, which were applied with the measured property values (thickness, weight, bending, shear, friction, and stretch). Also, the study compared and analyzed the wearing images, silhouette overlapping images, and skirt length measurements of the actual and virtual skirts put on a dummy. As a result, the actual skirts showed clear distinction for each material. In contrast, virtual 1 and 2 expressed fabric 3 in the most similar way, but could not recreate the uniform, soft, and natural flare shape of the actual skirts in general. Virtual 3 formed natural flares as those of the actual skirts, and expressed fabric 1, 5, and 6 in a similar way. However, virtual 3 had too much volume and barely showed any distinction for each material. All of virtual 1, 2, and 3 expressed different flare shapes on the front and back sides of the skirt similarly to the actual skirts, and had a good visual expression for the color and texture of the materials. However, they could not effectively express the elasticity and fabric sagging in the bias direction.

Quilting Effect and Appearance Change according to Fabric Properties and Surface Reconstruction Method based on 3D Digital Clothing System

  • Yoon, Jihae;Kim, Jongjun
    • Journal of Fashion Business
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.36-51
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    • 2012
  • Quilting, a technique to join two or more layers of fabrics, has long been used in the textile and fashion sectors. To evaluate dimensional effect of quilting that changes according to the characteristics of fabrics, 3D scanning method is employed in this study. Goal of this study is to interpret how fabric's composition, stiffness, thickness, and weight affect the appearance when quilted fabrics are used in a garment. Surface reconstruction method based on 3D scanning is used as a research method to evaluate the changing appearance depending on the material properties quantitatively with the quilting method. Besides, exemplary virtual clothing is realized through a virtual quilting method in 3D digital clothing system based on the properties of fabrics.

A Study on the Analysis of Patent Information in the Apparel Design -Focused on International Patent Classification- (의류디자인 분야의 특허정보 분석 -국제특허분류를 중심으로-)

  • 이금희
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.11 no.6
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    • pp.835-851
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    • 2003
  • This study analyses patent information of apparel design using computer technology and researches the trend of patent application focused on International Patent Classification. In terms of trend by filling data, Patent application started first in 1974 and increased sharply in 1993 with 14 cases and increased to 25 cases in 2000. In case of Korea, they began somewhat late in 1996, but reached a similar level with the leading country in 2000. In terms of trend by applicant, Gerber Garment Technology, Inc. filed 7 cases TORAY IND INC, filed 6 cases Levi Strauss & Co. filed 4 cases, NEC HOME ELECTRONICS LTD filed 3 cases, TOYOBO CO LTD filed 3 cases. Japanese companies occupied 52% and United States's companies occupied 48%. In terms of trend by country, foreigner occupied 47% of the patents filed by United State. Japanese take up 10% of total patent of United States. Korean occupied 84% of total patent of Korea and foreigner, american occupied 16% of the patents filed by Korea. In regared to International Patent Classification, in the section level G filed 92 cases(53%). In class level, G06 marked the first place in United States, Japan, and Korea. In subclass level, G06F marksed the first place with 74 cases. G06T and A61B were regarded as the new technologies. The new technologies are representing the dimensions of garment or computer-rendered model, providing the virtual reality through the texture mapping, digital dressing room or virtual dressing, and performing or retriving display on a screen for the result of changing pattern ao dress design, The technologies of core patent are designing or producing custom manufactured item, providing or prealtering the data for pattern making and visually displaying, interactively generating or previewing of various articles.

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Jeogori Pattern Development for Female in Late 20s According to Shape of Upper Back (20대 후반 여성의 상반신 뒷면 형상에 따른 저고리 원형 개발)

  • Eom, Ran-I;Lee, Yejin
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.23 no.6
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    • pp.1191-1204
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    • 2014
  • Even though a Han-bok, or traditional Korean costume, should be inherited since it is invaluable part of our culture, research on Han-bok is scarce. Since the development of a Jeogori pattern, the upper garment of Korean traditional clothes, is done mostly based on the chest size, the design does not completely consider on wearer's body shape. Moreover, unless made by an expert, trial and error is almost always necessary to improve the fit of the clothes. In this research, a Jeogori pattern was suggested that improves the fit based on the shape of the upper back(straight or bent) of a female in her late 20s who often wears a Han-bok and is comfortable when moving. Using a 3D virtual clothing system, the optimum pattern was selected based on the body shape. The final selection was made, and each subjects tried the garment on to evaluate the comfort when moving, along with its appearance, based on a seven point Likert scale. As a result, for a straight body shape, the optimum ease for the front bust width was 2.5cm, and that for the back bust width was 2.0cm. The optimum center back dart was 1.0cm. The optimum Geodae width was 7.6cm, and the optimum back Geodae point was 2.0cm. For the bent body shape, the optimum ease for the front and back bust was 2.0cm. The optimum Geodae width was 8.4cm, and the optimum back Geodae point was 1.5cm. Furthermore, if the Hwajang slope was set at half of the vertical distance between the laterals of the neck and shoulder, a fitted silhouette appeared, which is preferred nowadays. In the appearance evaluation, the final pattern designed in this research received higher scores than the original design(straight; p<.001, bent; p<.05). The results of the evaluation of the comfort when moving also showed higher scores for the final pattern that was designed.

The Study of Mapping Coordination S/W Based on the Internet Shopping Mall for Silver Apparel

  • Lee, Yoong-Joo;Chung, Sham-Ho
    • Journal of Fashion Business
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    • v.13 no.6
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    • pp.20-30
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study is to develop the effective customized elderly fashion marketing process based on the web site, where older customer will be able to choose various fabrics and to try them out. This aims to establish new prototype of internet shopping mall for customized elderly fashion clothing. In this study, new method of product presentation on the online shopping mall is proposed to offer product information through 3D virtual reality. With the online shopping mall(SATC Mall) as a showcase, we presented virtual mapping system so that it enable the customers to select the fabrics and to see exactly how chosen fabric will look when applied to image of clothing. As an initial test of the application of simulation to measure 3D visualization of product, mapping software Vision Easy Map Pro Version 6.0(NedGraphics) Vision Easy Map Viewer Version 5.0(NedGraphics) were chosen and applied. By using this mapping system, the fabric change of the apparel product could be made on the internet shopping web site. However, this approach has been successful applied for presenting and customizing garment products. Future research will focus on the integration of mapping coordination into SATC Mall.