• Title, Summary, Keyword: victim child

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Relationship between Bully/victim Types and Coping with Stress in Elementary School Children (초등학생의 또래 괴롭힘 유형과 스트레스 대처행동에 관한 연구)

  • Shin, Jae Seon;Chung, Moon Ja
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.23 no.5
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    • pp.123-138
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    • 2002
  • The assessment of the 678 6th grade subjects of this study was with the Perry, Kusel, and Perry(1988) Modified Peer Nomination Inventory and the Daily Hassles Coping Scale for Children (Min & Yoo, 1998). Findings were that 14% of the children were bullies, 14% were victims, and 11% were bully/victims(bullies in one situation and victims in a different situation). Sex differences showed that boys who are victims and bully/victims used more passive coping than bully type boys. Bully and bully/victim types used more aggressive coping; victim types used more evasive coping. For girls, bully and bully/victim types used more passive coping than the victim types, who used more evasive coping. Bully types used more social support-seeking in their coping than victims and bully/victim types.

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THERAPEUTIC APPROACH FOR CHILD AND ADOLESCENT AFTER DISASTER (재해를 당한 소아청소년에 대한 치료적 접근)

  • Lee, Young-Sik
    • Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.24-29
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    • 2002
  • The social attention about disaster psychiatry was increased after 911 terror in New York. The role of child psychiatrist and specific consideration for the treatment of child victim in disaster were reviewed. The following were main points. 1) The most single determining factor of prognosis is supporting system and parental attitude to their child victim. So family therapy and parental eucation are needed. 2) Cognitive Behavior Therapy is known to the most effective treatment in many literature. 3) Brief group therapy with fellow victim is cost effective preventive methods and screening tool for more serious victim, 4) Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing(EMDR) could be a very amazing method in reducing repetative horrible traumatic image. 5) Many kinds of drug using in adult are considered with caution.

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A Study on Educational CD-Title develop to Basic Life Support (기본인명구조술 교육용 CD-Title 개발 연구)

  • Lee, Jung-Eun;Koh, Bong-Yeun;Ahn, Kisoo
    • The Korean Journal of Emergency Medical Services
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.33-45
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    • 2004
  • The study is designed to develop an educational CD-Title for Basic Life Support. The study is conducted from July to December, 2002, Based on the course of program development suggested by Dick and Cray. the study followed the planning, development, education and evaluation of a program. The developed CD-Title consists of 8 parts. 1. Intro include Introduction, Adult CPR, Child CPR, Infant CPR, Adult Foreign-Body Airway Obstruction, Infant Foreign-Body Airway Obstruction, and Exercise in Menu at Right of screen. 2. Introduction consist of death process at cardiac arresst, chain of survival, introduction of CPR, respiratory & ciculatory anatomy and physiology. 3. Adult CPR consist of assessment responsiveness, activating EMS system, position victim, opening a airway, checking for breathing, rescue breathing, checking for sign of circulation, chest compression, 1 person & 2 persion adult CPR video. 4. Child & Infant CPR consist of, causes, assessment responsiveness, position victim, opening the airway, checking for breathing, rescue breathing, checking for sign of circulation, chest compression, activating EMS system, child & infant CPR video. 5. Adult Foreign-Body Airway Obstruction include assessment responsiveness, activating EMS system, position victim, opening a airway, checking for breathing, 2 rescue breathing, reopening the airway, 2 rescue breathing, finger sweep, 5 abdominal thrusts, unresponsiveness adult Foreign-Body Airway Obstruction video. 6. Infant Foreign-Body Airway Obstruction consist of, causes, assessment responsiveness, position victim, opening the airway, checking for breathing, 2 rescue breathing, reopening the airway, 2 rescue breathing, checking foreign-body object in oral cavity of victim, 5 back blow, 5 chest thsusts, activating EMS system, video. 7. 32 exercise consist of 8 Adult CPR, 12 Child & Infant CPR, 5 Adult Foreign-Body Airway Obstruction, 7 Infant Foreign-Body Airway Obstruction. Every part consist of animations to trigger students interests. This CD-Title will be useful education for first responders and lay rescuers.

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A Cross-Sectional and Short-Term Longitudinal Study on Bullying/Victimization and Interpersonal Behavior Characteristics: The Participant Roles Approach (또래 괴롭힘과 대인간 행동특성에 관한 횡단 및 단기종단연구 : 참여자 역할을 중심으로)

  • Sim, Hee-og
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.26 no.5
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    • pp.263-279
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    • 2005
  • This study explored the participant roles and the cross-sectional and longitudinal relationships between interpersonal behavior characteristics and bullying/victimization. The subjects were 4th and 5th grade children and instruments were the Participant Roles Scale, Self-Report Coping Scale, Teenage Inventory of Social Skills, and Social Anxiety/Avoidance. They were contacted again one year later. In the distribution of participant roles at Time 1, defender of the victim was highest, then outsider; at Time 2 outsider was the highest and then defender. There was a tendency of gender difference in distribution of participant roles only at Time 1. Males were more in the group of reinforcer; females were more in the group of defender and victim. There were high positive correlations among bully/reinforcer/assistant scores. In the concurrent view, children who used approach coping strategies and showed higher social skills were more likely to be defender. Children who had lower social skills and higher social anxiety and social avoidance were more likely to be victim. In the longitudinal view, children who had developed higher social skills were more likely to be defender. Children who had employed less approach coping strategies and had showed lower social skills and higher social avoidance were more likely to be victim.

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Adolescent Children's Domestic Violence Exposure & Psycho-social Maladjustment - Focusing on Middle School Student Children's Wife Abuse Witnessing and Child Abuse Victim - (청소년기 자녀의 가정폭력 노출과 심리사회적 부적응 -중학생 자녀의 아내학대 목격과 자녀학대 피해를 중심으로-)

  • 김정란
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.171-180
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study is to examine how adolescent children's exposure experience of domestic violence influences their psycho-social maladjustment. The SPSS 10.0 for Windows was used to analyze data obtained through 589 adolescents who attend middle school in Gwangju area. Major findings are as follows: 1. Domestic violence exposure in adolescent children was considerably serious; 84.4% child abuse by parents, 66.0% witness of father-to-mother abuse. 2. Child abuse and wife abuse had close relation in occurrence and severity. 3. Internalizing problems, externalizing problems, and social competence of adolescents were different by the victim of child abuse, the witness of wife abuse, and the style of domestic violence exposure. 4. Domestic violence exposure had a positive impact on the adolescent children's psycho-social maladjustment.

Marital Conflict, Maternal Parenting Behavior, and a Child's Friendship Quality as a Function of Bully/Victim Groups (또래괴롭힘 집단의 유형에 따른 부부갈등, 어머니의 양육행동 및 아동의 친구관계의 질)

  • Hwang, Eun-Young;Doh, Hyun-Sim;Shin, Jung-Hee
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.26 no.5
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    • pp.419-432
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to examine that marital conflict, maternal parenting behavior, and a child's friendship quality varied as a function of bully/victim groups. A sample of 227 elementary school children and their mothers participated in the study. Children answered questionnaires regarding maternal parenting behavior, friendship quality, and bullying/victimization and mothers rated their marital conflict. The data were analyzed by frequencies, factor analysis, one-way ANOVAs, and Duncan's post-hoc analyses. The bully/victim distribution was 8.4% bullies, 7.9% victims, 4.4% bully-victims, and 79.3% normative contrasts when reported by children themselves and 9.3% bullies, 4.8% victims, 5.3% bully-victims, and 80.6% normative contrasts when reported by peers. Bullies and bully-victims experienced higher marital conflict than normative contrasts. Bully-victims perceived higher maternal warmth than bullies and both bullies and victims perceived higher maternal rejection/punishment than normative contrasts. Victims perceived their mothers to be more permissive/neglected than normative contrasts, and bully-victims perceived them to be more overprotective than both bullies and normative contrasts. Both bullies and bully-victims showed higher negative function of friendship quality than victims.

Children Coping with Peer Conflict : Cross-Sectional and Longitudinal Correlates of Bullying, Victim, and Prosocial Behavior (또래와의 갈등 대처양식과 또래 괴롭힘의 가해·피해·친사회적 행동과의 횡·종단적인 관계)

  • Sim, Hee Og
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.49-61
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    • 2001
  • This study explored concurrent and prospective relationships of the coping strategies of 4th and 6th grade children in peer conflict focusing on bullying, victim, and prosocial behavior. Instruments were the Self-Report Coping Scale and the Peer Relations Questionnaire. Concurrent results of Study I showed children using more avoidance and fewer approach strategies were more likely to bullies or victims; and children using fewer avoidance and more approach coping strategies were more likely to be prosocial children. Externalizing best explained bullies and victims; seeking social support best explained prosocial children. Prospective results of Study II showed children using more externalizing and fewer problem solving were more likely to be bullies; and children employing internalizing and externalizing were more likely to be victims; and children using more seeking social support were more likely to be prosocial children. It was also found that externalizing at Time I best predicted bullies, internalizing best predicted victims, and seeking social support best predicted prosocial children.

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Discriminant Analysis of Bullying Participant Roles among Children (아동의 또래괴롭힘 참여유형의 판별변인 분석)

  • Kim, Youn-Hwa;Han, Sae-Young
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.19-41
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    • 2011
  • This paper was an examination of gender-specific behaviors in children and the types of bullying behavior among 1,181 fifth and sixth grade elementary schools student identified were then classified. Differences were identified in individual variables, family variables, and school variables. The data thus collected were subjected to descriptive and comparative statistical analysis using the SPSS software program. Our results showed that multiple discriminant analysis yielded a function of individual, family and school variables that proved effective in classifying bully, reinforcer, assistant, victim, outsider and defender types in boys. In girls, multiple discriminant analysis yielded a function of individual variables that was effective in classifying bully, reinforcer, assistant, victim, outsider and defender types.

Aftermath of Child Sexual Abuse in Children in Korea: Data from the Nation-Funded Sexual Violence Victim Protection Center for Children

  • Lee, Soo Young;Kim, Tae-Kyoung;Cheon, Keun-Ah;Song, Dong-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.32-39
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    • 2018
  • Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the 3-year mean periods aftermath of child sexual abuse and to compare the sexual violence victims regard to the treatment. Methods: 682 sexual violence victims were recruited by Seoul Sunflower Children Center, a nation-funded sexual violence victim protection center for children age 13, from 2004 to 2008. Data from 49 victims among 116 consented a follow-up, were analyzed. The victims were assessed by psychological test. Data was analyzed by SPSS ver. 15.0 (SPSS Inc.). Results: The average time elapsed from the last presumed sexual abuse was 39.7 months [standard deviation (SD) 26.02]. Overall, Children's Depression Inventory (CDI) was significantly decreased from 15.8 (SD 9.33) to 10.4 (SD 9.98), and several subscales (depression, anxiety, anger, posttraumatic stress, and dissociation) of Trauma Symptom Checklist for Children (TSCC) were also significantly decreased. CDI and TSCC scores showed no statistical difference between treatment-given and not-given groups, but Revised Children's Manifest Anxiety Scale (RCMAS) was decreased in treatment-given group, whereas it was increased in treatment-not-given group. The difference of RCMAS scores between the two groups was statistically significant [F(1,28)=4.54, p<0.05]. Conclusion: Sexually abused children showed overall symptom decreases over time, but anxiety was not decreased in treatment not-given group.

FACTORS INFLUENCING PERCEPTIONS OF CHILD SEXUAL ABUSE: VIGNETTE STUDY FINDINGS (아동성폭력 상황인식에 영향하는 요인들에 관한 분석 : Vignettes를 이용한 연구결과를 중심으로 한 고찰)

  • Ko, Chung-Mee
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.549-563
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    • 1999
  • This paper is a review of findings from studies that have used vignettes to identify salient characteristics that have been found to influence individuals' perceptions of child sexual abuse. Vignette studies finding avoid to unreliable and biased self-reports. A review of the literature revealed that factors influencing the perception process are divided into two groups. One group of factors relates to the details of the abuse situation including characteristics of sexual act (intrusiveness of the sexual act and the frequency of acts), characteristics of victim (age of victim, the gender of victim and victim resistance), and characteristics of perpetrator (age of perpetrator, gender of perpetrator and the relationship of the perpetrator to the child). The other group of factors focused on in research reflects individuals background variables that affect personal interpretations of the abuse situation. These factors include professional affiliation of the respondent and various other. demographics (e.g., gender of respondents, age, education, marital status, parental status, number of children, the length of experience, etc.), along with respondents own child sexual victimization experiences. Based on theses findings vignette studies have allowed researchers to learn how individuals vary their perceptions of various situational aspects of child sexual abuse situations, and how background characteristics of the respondents as observers may influence these perceptions.

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