• Title, Summary, Keyword: vehicle fire

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Latest passenger vehicle fire trend and case study based on field investigation data (차량화재 사고경향 및 사례분석)

  • Shin, Junho;Won, Eugene;Hong, Ilmin
    • Journal of Auto-vehicle Safety Association
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.67-71
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    • 2014
  • Based on the analysis of the actual passenger vehicle fire cases for recent four years (2010~2013), the passenger vehicle fire is increasing annually. Main root cause was analyzed as an electric problem as a 39%. Vehicle fire case by electric problem was mainly caused by use of Non-genuine part. Vehicle fire case by mechanical problem was mainly caused by various oil system maintenance. Vehicle fire case by smoking material was mainly caused by cigarette and disposal lighter. And external fire transition issue and towing mistake fire cases was also confirmed.

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Analysis on the Fire Accident of Vehicle Due to Damage of the Vehicle's Electrical Components (차량 전장부품 손상으로 인한 차량화재 사고사례 분석)

  • Park, Nam-Kyu;Kim, Jin-Pyo;Nam, Jung-Woo;Sa, Seung-Hun;Song, Jae-Yong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.32-38
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    • 2015
  • In this paper, we analyzed the vehicle fire accidents due to damage of vehicle's electrical components, which is applied to a vehicle. In recent development of electrical components technology, approximately 40% of vehicle manufacturing parts have applied electronic circuit technology. Phenomenon such deterioration of insulating performance or electric breakdown on the vehicle's electrical components and printed circuit boards(PCBs) resulted from moisture, contamination and aging due to repetitive operations, lead to the vehicle fire. Therefore, the application of electrical components with adequate electric capacity for vehicle and usage of molding techniques using a non-combustible materials to shut off the oxygen should be applied in order to prevent vehicle fire due to damage of the electrical components and PCBs.

Public Safety & Security Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Heat resistance Environmental Test used in case of Building Fire (건축물 화재발생시 사용되는 재난치안용 무인기의 내열성 환경시험)

  • Kim, Da-Kyung;Bang, Hong-Soon;Kim, Ok-Kyue
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Building Construction Conference
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    • pp.119-120
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    • 2020
  • Recently, a building fire has occurred due to various influences. Accordingly, we are developing an public safety & security unmanned aerial vehicle for fire prevention and initial response to fire. The public safety & security unmanned aerial vehicle is used to grasp the traffic route to enter the fire engine in the event of a fire in a dense structure and to determine the scale of the fire and the area of danger of collapse around the fire site. In this study, an environmental test of the public safety & security unmanned aerial vehicle's heat resistance was performed in an environment simulating a fire scene.

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Implementation of Automatic Extinguishing System for fire suppression of vehicle (차량 화재 진압을 위한 자동 소화 시스템 구현)

  • Ryu, Hye-Yeon;Kim, Man-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Industry Convergence
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.227-233
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    • 2019
  • In recent years, vehicle fires account for the second highest rate after residential fires. It accounts for more than 10.7% of the total fire occurrence rate. Vehicle fires are very difficult to evolve at an early stage. Most of the vehicles are burned down in the event of a fire, resulting in a lot of physical and personal damage. In the EU and other countries, efforts are being made to install automatic fire extinguishing systems in preparation for vehicle fires. In addition, since the automatic fire extinguishing system applied to a vehicle must operate in a moving state of a car, a method for detecting a fire is needed. Therefore, this paper proposes a structure of an automatic fire extinguishing system that can evolve a fire when a fire occurs in a commercial vehicle among various vehicles. Especially, it confirms the feasibility of the automatic fire extinguishing system simulated in the laboratory environment and confirms its applicability.

Analysis of an Arson fire of Motor Vehicle (자동차 방화사례의 분석)

  • Lee, Eui-Pyeong
    • Fire Science and Engineering
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    • v.25 no.6
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    • pp.112-119
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    • 2011
  • In this study, a fire cause of setting fire to one's own car to collect the insurance is analyzed. Through a close examination of causes of this car fire, it is suggested to improve current practices and institutions: (1) A collection system of fallen vehicle parts or fire debris in the fire site should be established; (2) A system of providing fire site information in detail should be established when a police station requests National Institute of Scientific Investigation (NISI) to examine causes of vehicle fires; (3) When a burned car is suspected of arson, a fire station and a police station should maintain a mutual cooperation system; (4) Procedures of examining the causes of vehicle arson in National Institute of Scientific Investigation (NISI) should be improved; and (5) Recognition of the examination of fire causes and correlation with analysis equipment should be changed.

Analysis of Actual State of Motor Vehicle Fires in Korea (자동차화재 실태 분석)

  • Lee, Eui-Pyeong
    • Fire Science and Engineering
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.47-59
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    • 2011
  • The actual state of motor vehicle fires was analyzed based on Annual Report on Fire Statistics and National Fire Data System and as a result, the followings were obtained. Motor vehicle fires occur over 16 cases every day with over 0.5 casualties and direct property loss of 50 million won. Most motor vehicle fires are caused by mechanical reasons, followed by electrical factors and arson. Arson accounts for 7.39% of all fires but 13.79% of all motor vehicle fires. Yearly fatalities and casualties per 100 motor vehicle fires were 0.9 and 2.4 on the average, respectively. Although fires which occur in the expressway account for 12.55% of all motor vehicle fires, fatalities, casualties, and property loss caused by motor vehicle fires in the expressway were 16.12%, 21.05%, and 20.65%, respectively.

A Case Study on the Investigation of Vehicle Fire According to Drive Train (구동방식에 따른 승용차 엔진룸 화재조사 기법에 관한 사례 연구)

  • Son, J.B.;Kwon, H.H.;Lee, J.I.;Choi, D.M.
    • Journal of Korean Institute of Fire Investigation
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.83-88
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    • 2008
  • The fire outbreaking origin of vehicle fire would be classified into two positions such as engine room and passenger room of vehicle. As a firewall is installed between engine room and passenger room, in case of engine fire, it could be assumed that it takes about 10 to 15 minutes for the fire to spread into passenger room There are two different vehicle engine layouts such as transversal and lateral layout, and the fire spreading process and resulting damage patterns on left and right side dash-panel are different depending on the engine layouts. In accordance, the first thing to do for correct and speedy finding of the fire origin place is considered to be an investigation into the dash-panel damage in case of engine room fire investigation.

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A study on the fire safety evaluation of the urban rail vehicle (Fire characteristic evaluation of interiors) (도시철도차량 화재안전도 평가에 대한연구(I) (내장재 화재특성 평가 중심으로))

  • Jung, Woo-Sung;Lee, Duck-Hee;Lee, Cheul-Kyu;Lee, Ju-Bong
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.202-206
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    • 2006
  • Although the urban rail vehicle is exposed to the fire disaster, most country, except only a few advanced country, is insufficient to take a measure against the fire accident. Safety regulation modification, fire safety standard of the materials. and each material's fire resistance of the rail vehicle have been upgraded until the Daegu fire disaster in Korea. For that reason, In this study, current techniques of fire safety evaluation are analyzed and fire safety degrees of rail vehicles are compared with the change of interiors which is met to the fire safety standard of urban rail vehicle.

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A Study on Case Analysis of Motor Vehicle Fires Which Occurred in Operation but Were Found after Parking (주행 중 발생한 자동차화재를 엔진정지 주차 후 발견한 화재 사례 분석 연구)

  • Lee, Eui-Pyeong
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
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    • v.20 no.6
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    • pp.9-16
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    • 2012
  • It is often thought that when a fire is found in parked motor vehicles, the fire may occur after an engine stops. Also, it is easy to judge that when motor vehicle fires occur during engine stopping, it may be caused by arson or electrical causes irrespective of a fuel system. This study analyzed motor vehicle fires which occurred in operation but were found after parking and revealed that these fires were caused by the defect of a fuel system and the same motor vehicle types had fires by the same causes. Moreover, this study provided judgement process of major fire causes and periods for fire investigators to apply when investigating fires of parked motor vehicles. And this fire is related to automotive products liability.

Analysis of Vehicle Fire Accident Caused by Defect of Optionally Established Equipment (부가적으로 설치된 장치 결함으로 인한 차량화재 사고사례 분석)

  • Park, Nam-Kyu;Kim, Jin-Pyo;Nam, Jung-Woo;Song, Jae-Yong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.29 no.5
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    • pp.40-46
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    • 2014
  • This paper deal with due to the additional equipment established on the vehicle fire accident cases. Recently, vehicle was recognized as other living spaces and it was increasing installation of additional devices such as a black box, multivision, additional battery and so on. However, these additional devices were established on the vehicle by non-specialists such as the general public user or manufacturing and distributors of additional devices since the vehicle factory. Resulting from the additional equipments due to installation errors in these additional equipments connected to the electrical wiring insulation damage or electrical breakdown occurs, and finally leading to a fire caused by the additional equipments. Therefore, additional equipment established on the vehicle due to a fire in order to prevent accidents during the manufacturing process of these devices are installed. If not installed unless the manufacturing process, the installation of additional equipments established by professional who knows the vehicle structure that will be able to prevent the fire.