• Title, Summary, Keyword: vascular endothelial cell growth factor (VEGF)

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Culture of Endothelial Cells by Transfection with Plasmid Harboring Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor

  • Chang, Sungjaae;Sohn, Insook;Park, Inchul;Sohn, Youngsook;Hong, Seokil;Choe, Teaboo
    • Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering:BBE
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.106-109
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    • 2000
  • Vascular endothelial cells (EGs) are usually difficult to culture to culture in a large scale because of their complicated requirements for cell growth. As the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a key growth factor in the EC culture, we transfected human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) using a plasmid containing VEGF gene and let them grow in a culture medium eliminated an important supplement, endothelail cell growth supplement(ECGS). The expression of VEGF by HUVEC tansfected with Vegf GENE was not enough to stimulate the growth of HUVEC, only 40% of maximum cell density obtainable in the presence of ECGS. However, when the culture medium was supplied with 2.5 ng/ml of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), a synergistic effect effect of VEGE and bFGF was observed. In this case, the final cell density was recovered was recovered up to about 78% of maxium value.

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ANTI-TUMOR EFFECTS OF VASCULAR ENDOTHELIAL GROWTH FACTOR INHIBITOR ON ORAL SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA CELL LINES (혈관내피세포성장인자 억제제에 의한 구강편평상피세포암종 세포주의 성장 억제 효과)

  • Han, Se-Jin;Lee, Jae-Hoon
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.66-73
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    • 2009
  • Tumor angiogenesis is a process leading to formation of blood vessels within tumors and is crucial for maintaining a supply of oxygen and nutrients to support tumor growth and metastasis. Vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF) plays a key role in tumor angiogenesis including induction of endothelial cell proliferation, migration, survival and capillary tube formation. VEGF binds to two distinct receptors on endothelial cells. VEGFR-2 is considered to be the dominant signaling receptor for endothelial cell permeability, proliferation, and differentiation. Bevacizumab(Avastin, Genetech, USA) is a monoclonal antibody against vascular endothelial growth factor. It is used in the treatment of cancer, where it inhibits tumor growth by blocking the formation of new blood vessels. The goal of this study is to identify the anti-tumor effect of Bevacizumab(Avastin) for oral squamous cell carcinoma cell lines. Human squamous cell carcinoma cell line(HN4) was used in this study. We examined the sensitivity of HN4 cell line to Bevacizumab(Avastin) by using in vitro proliferation assays. The results were as follows. 1. In the result of MTT assay according to concentration of Bevacizumab(Avastin), antiproliferative effect for oral squamous cell carcinoma cell lines was observed. 2. The growth curve of cell line showed the gradual growth inhibition of oral squamous cell carcinoma cell lines after exposure of Bevacizumab(Avastin). 3. In the apoptotic index, groups inoculated Bevacizumab(Avastin) were higher than control groups. 4. In condition of serum starvation, VEGFR-2 did not show any detectable autophosphorylation, whereas the addition of VEGF activated the receptor. Suppression of phosphorylated VEGFR-2 and phosphorylated MAPK was observed following treatment with Bevacizumab(Avastin) in a dose-dependent manner. 5. In TEM view, dispersed nuclear membrane, scattered many cytoplasmic vacuoles and localized chromosomal margination after Bevacizumab(Avastin) treatment were observed. These findings suggest that Bevacizumab(Avastin) has the potential to inhibit MAPK pathway in proliferation of oral squamous cell carcinoma cell lines via inhibition of VEGF-dependent tumor growth.

Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Inhibits irradiation-induced Apoptosis in Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells (혈관내피세포에서 Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor가 방사선에 의해 유도된 apoptosis에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee Song Jae;Kim Dong-Yun
    • The Journal of Korean Society for Radiation Therapy
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.165-174
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    • 2002
  • Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) has been identified as a peptide growth factor specific for vascular endothelial cells. In this study, we examined the effect of VEGF on radiation induced apoptosis and receptor/second messenger signal transduction pathway for VEGF effect in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). VEGF was found to protect HUVECs against the lethal effects of ionizing radiation by inhibiting the apoptosis induced in these cells by radiation exposure. VEGF (1-30 ng/ml) dose dependently inhibited apoptosis by irradiation. Pre-treatment with Flt-1 and Flk-l/KDR receptor blocked the VEGF-in duced antiapoptotic effect. Phosphatidylinositol 3'-kinase (PI3-kinase) specific inhibitor, Wortman in and LY294002, blocked the VEGF-induced antiapoptotic effect. These data suggest that VEGF may play an important role in survival of HUVECs due to the prevention of apoptotic cell death caused by some stresses such as ionizing radiation.

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Expression of vascular endothelial growth factor in oral squamous cell carcinoma

  • Kim, Seok-Kon;Park, Seung-Goo;Kim, Kyung-Wook
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
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    • v.41 no.1
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    • pp.11-18
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    • 2015
  • Objectives: The goal of this study was to determine the correlation of clinicopathological factors and the up-regulation of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression in oral squamous cell carcinoma. Materials and Methods: Immunohistochemical staining of VEGF and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) of VEGF mRNA were performed in 20 specimens from 20 patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma and another 20 specimens from 20 patients with carcinoma in situ as a controlled group. Results: The results were as follows: 1) In immunohistochemical study of poorly differentiated and invasive oral squamous cell carcinoma, high-level staining of VEGF was observed. Significant correlation was observed between immunohistochemical VEGF expression and histologic differentiation, tumor size of specimens (Pearson correlation analysis, significance r>0.6, P<0.05). 2) In VEGF quantitative RT-PCR analysis, progressive cancer showed more VEGF expression than carcinoma in situ. Paired-samples analysis determined the difference of VEGF mRNA expression level between cancer tissue and carcinoma in situ tissue, between T1 and T2-4 (Student's t-test, P<0.05). Conclusion: These findings suggest that up-regulation of VEGF may play a role in the angiogenesis and progression of oral squamous cell carcinoma.

Expression of vascular endothelial growth factor and angiogenesis in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (두경부 편평세포암종에서 VEGF(vascular endothelial growth factor)의 발현 및 신생혈관생성)

  • Jeong, Yeon-Gi;Lee, Hyung-Seok;Park, Chul-Won;Kang, Mee-Jeong;Park, Yong-Uk;Park, Chan-Kum;Jang, Se-Jin;Tae, Kyung
    • Korean Journal of Bronchoesophagology
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.35-41
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    • 2002
  • Background and Objectives : Angiogenesis within malignant tumors has been considered to be essential for the growth and expansion of cancer cells, especially for solid tumors, and has been implicated in the overall growth and metastases of tumors. Such angiogenesis within tumors depends upon the secretion of vascular growth factor to allow the growth of newly formed vessels from peripheral tissue into the malignant tumor. %n, an exploration of the relations between cancer cells and vascular growth factors is absolutely critical to understanding the growth of malignant tumors. According to recent reports, vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF) has been found to play a role in lymphatic metastases, tumor recurrence and survival in various human tumors. To evaluate the role of VEGF in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma(HNSCC) we performed this study. Materials and Methods : We examined the expression of VEGF and microvessel density in 39 HNSCC by immunohistochemistry and correlated them with various clinical data such as stage, cervical lymphatic metastasis, recurrence, and overall survival. Results : The expression of VEGF was not correlated with overall stage, T stage and N stage. There was no statistical correlation between the expression of VEGF and recurrence in the Primary site, cervical lymph node, and the distant metastases. There was no statistical correlation between the expression of VEGF and microvessel density. Conclusion : Based on these results, it is suggested that the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor is not a major prognostic factor for head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. Further studies are needed to evaluate significance of VEGF expression in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma.

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Conjugated Linoleic Acid Reduction of Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Expression in Murine Mammary Tumor Cells through Alteration of Prostaglandin E2

  • Kim, Jung-Hyun;Hubbard, Neil E.;Lim, Debora;Erickson, Kent L.
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.1-5
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    • 2006
  • Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) is a group of positional and geometric isomers of linoleic acid that have been used to reduce the incidence, growth and metastasis of breast, colon, prostate and gastric cancer in animals. CLA could reduce tumor growth by altering angiogenesis; a process requiring associated angiogenic factors such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). In this study, we determined whether CLA could modulate the expression of VEGF in murine mammary tumor cells and adipocytes. The c9, t11-CLA isomer reduced VEGF transcripts and protein when mammary tumor cells were stimulated with PMA. That isomer also reduced VEGF expression in un stimulated mouse 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Since VEGF can be regulated by cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), we determined whether CLA could alter COX-2 enzyme expression and $PGE_2$ production. The c9, t11-CLA isomer reduced not only COX-2 enzyme expression but also $PGE_2$ production. Thus, c9, t11-CLA could modulate neovascularization by alteration of VEGF expression from mammary tumor cells and adipocytes by reducing COX-2 metabolites.

Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Effect on Notch 1 Expression and Proliferation of Fibroblast (혈관내피성장인자의 섬유아세포 증식과 Notch 1 발현에 대한 영향)

  • Koh, Sung-Hoon
    • Archives of Plastic Surgery
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    • v.37 no.1
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    • pp.7-11
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is known as a growth factor of endothelium and fibroblast. The purpose is to know the VEGF effects on fibroblast proliferation and fibroblast's notch receptor expression. Methods: CCD-986sk fibroblast was purchased from the Korean Cell Bank and was used in XTT assay for proliferation and wound healing assay for migration. Immunofluorescent (IF) staining and western blotting were used in testing notch expression of fibroblast. Semiquantitative RT-PCR was used in checking notch 1 mRNA production by fibroblast. Student-t test was used for analyzing results. Results: Cell proliferation assay using XTT showed significant higher proliferation in VEGF treated fibroblast, $2.324{\pm}0.0026$ vs. $2.463{\pm}0.017$ (p=0.002). Wound healing assay showed longer migration in VEGF treated fibroblast (p=0.062). The fluorescence was brighter in VEGF treated cells of notch 1 IF staining. Notch 1 expressions and mRNA productions increased more in VEGF treated cells. Conclusion: VEGF stimulates fibroblast to proliferate, migrate and to express Notch 1 simultaneously. Notch receptor could be related to VEGF mediated wound healing.

Angiogenic Induction by Trichinella spiralis Infection through Thymosin β4 (티모신베타4에의한 선모충(Trichinella spiralis) 감염의 혈관신생 유도 기작)

  • Ock, Mee Sun;Cha, Hee-Jae
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.23 no.9
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    • pp.1177-1182
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    • 2013
  • Trichinella spiralis (T. spiralis) has been reported to induce angiogenesis and a supply of nutrients and to act as a reliable waste disposal system by induction of the expression of the angiogenic molecule vascular endothelial cell growth factor (VEGF) during nurse cell formation. However, the mechanism underlying the induction of VEGF in nurse cells by T. spiralis has not yet been defined. Some research has pointed to the possibility of hypoxia in nurse cells, but whether hypoxia occurs in infected muscle or nurse cells has not been studied. It is also a matter of debate whether hypoxia induces the expression of VEGF and subsequent angiogenesis in infected muscle. Recent studies showed that thymosin ${\beta}4$, a potent VEGF-inducing protein, was expressed at a very early stage of muscle infection by T. spiralis, suggesting that VEGF is induced at an early stage in nurse cells. Furthermore, hypoxia was not detected in any nurse cell stage but was detected in inflammatory cells. The findings suggest that induction of angiogenesis by VEGF in T. spiralis-infected nurse cells is mediated by thymosin ${\beta}4$ and unrelated to hypoxia.

Sphingosine 1-phosphate induces vesicular endothelial growth factor expression in endothelial cells

  • Heo, Kyun;Park, Kyung-A;Kim, Yun-Hee;Kim, Sun-Hee;Oh, Yong-Seok;Kim, In-Hoo;Ryu, Sung-Ho;Suh, Pann-Ghill
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.42 no.10
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    • pp.685-690
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    • 2009
  • Angiogenesis is essential for tumor growth and vascular endothelial cell growth factor (VEGF) plays a key role in this process. Conversely, sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) is a biologically active sphingolipid known to play a key role in cancer progression by regulating endothelial cell proliferation and migration. In this study, the authors found that S1P increases the level of VEGF mRNA in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and immortalized HUVECs (iHUVECs). Additionally, S1P was found to increase VEGF promoter activity in MS-1 mouse pancreatic islet endothelial cells. Furthermore, a pharmacological inhibitory study revealed that $G_{\alpha i/o}$-mediated phospholipase C, Akt, Erk, and p38 MAPK signaling are involved in this S1P-induced expression of VEGF. A component of AP1 transcription factor is important for S1P-induced VEGF expression. Taken together, these findings suggest that S1P enhances endothelial cell proliferation and migrat ion by upregulating the expression of VEGF mRNA.