• Title, Summary, Keyword: value articulation

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Value Articulation Strategy of Media and Content Company: Mainly Focused on Iconix's Animation 'Pororo' Case (미디어 콘텐츠 기업의 무형자산 중심 지식재산 가치 연결 전략: 아이코닉스 애니메이션 뽀로로에 대한 탐색적 사례연구)

  • Ko, Young-Hee;Lee, Seo-Hyun
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.181-206
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    • 2016
  • Under the influence of growing popularity of "hallyu" (Korean wave), corporates that have copyrights such as music, movie, drama as their core competitiveness are showing continuing growth. In Addition, they built on contents are rapidly growing, interests in protection and management of intellectual property rights linked to contents are growing. Global contents development corporates are making great efforts to create profits out of copyrights. They could utilize original contents to strengthen brand value use it to produce additional contents in current market. Also they take advantage of existing storyline of the contents and strong brand to explore new markets. This paper looks into Value articulation model by Professor James Conley and analyzed the firms that utilized intellectual property rights to extend the period of protection, strengthen their competitiveness and succeeded in breaking into new market by using the rights they possess. Also, this paper examines the usage of intellectual property rights and business expansion strategy of of Iconix, the Korean entertainment company, which gained tremendous popularity in last ten years using this model. In Value articulation model, Conley classifies the process of exploiting the portfolio of the single product's(or service's) intellectual property right for a period of time into three stages ; value transference, value translation, value transportation. Pororo's strategy of utilizing intellectual property right is suggestive to domestic entertainment companies. Under the influence of hallyu" (Korean wave), domestic contents such as movies, dramas and music are enjoying the high level of popularity recently not to mention animations. In reality, Korean entertainment companies who have no background or experience of Intellectual property rights are not creating enough added values compared to fast growing market. It is believed Iconix's intellectual property rights management strategy will suggest positive aspects to domestic companies. Moreover, I hope various intellectual property rights management strategies including Conley's value articulation are studied and they can make contributions to managing domestic entertainment companies.

Phonological Process of Children with Cleft Palate (구개파열 아동의 음음변동에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Jae-Nam;Sung, Soo-Jin;Nam, Do-Hyun;Choi, Hong-Shik
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Laryngology, Phoniatrics and Logopedics
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.49-52
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    • 2005
  • Background and Objectives : Children with cleft palate children may be imparied in articulation and resonance. This study examined the phonological process usage of 3-, 4- and 5- year old children with cleft palate. Materials and Method : Twenty seven children with cleft palat participated 3-, 4- and 5-year old children with cleft palate. The authors performed speech evaluation using picture consonants test for children with cleft palate. Percentage of consonants correct(PCC), mean value of each phoneme depends on articulation site and manner were evaluated. Results : In place of articulation, ommission of velar consonants were the most frequent. In manner of articulation, ommission of nasal consonants were the most frequent. Backing, glottal stop, was the most prominent phonological process children with cleft palate. Conclusion : These results may indicate that articulation disorder with cleft palate. and other articulation disorders differences should be considered in the interpretation of speech evaluations.

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Comparative Analysis of Open- Spike between Excellent and Non-excellent Players in Volleyball (배구 우수선수와 비우수선수간의 오픈 스파이크 동작의 비교 분석)

  • Kim, Chang-Bum;Kim, Young-Suk;Shin, Jun-Yong
    • Korean Journal of Sport Biomechanics
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.253-264
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    • 2003
  • This study aims at finding the structure of spike technique by analysing comparatively the spike action by excellent and by non-excellent players throughout the section from a flying jump to the time of landing for the correct analysis of spike action and tries to help athletes and coaches to execute a scientific training. For the objected person of this study, six of H College athletes three of excellent athletes and three of non-excellent athletes, presently registered as athlete with the Korea Volleyball federation) were chosen, and the factors of analysis were analysed upon performance time of action by section, human body centered displacement, change of articulation angle, speed change of articulation of the upper limbs, uniformity of the articulation of the upper limbs upon impact, etc. The conclusion of this study is as follow: 1. In the time required for taking action, it shows to take $1.067{\pm}0.057$ seconds for the group of excellent athletes and $1.034{\pm}0.033$ seconds for the group of non-excellent athletes. Although there was not big difference between two groups in the performance time of action, it showed that the group of excellent athletes takes longer compared to the group of non-excellent athletes. And it was found by the result of this study that the group of excellent athletes stays longer in the duration of flight. 2. In the displacements of horizontal movement and vertical movement, it was found that the group of excellent athletes have moved more than the group of non-excellent athletes in the horizontal movement of the center of human body 3. In the angles of wrist and knee, it was found that the excellent athletes have shown little than the non-excellent athletes in the entire sections, but that in the angle of elbow, the non-excellent athletes have shown bigger than the excellent athletes.. 4. In the speed of the articulation of the upper limbs upon impact, it was found that the group of excellent athletes have shown bigger than the group of non-excellent athletes, and that in the maximum value of the articulation of the upper limbs, the maximum value for the hand was indicated upon impact and that forearm and upper arm have shown the maximum value just before the impact. 5. In the uniformity of articulation of the upper limbs at the time of impact, the group of excellent athletes showed bigger than the group of non-excellent athletes in all the articulations.

The effect of articulation therapy using visual phonics to improve the speech intelligibility and vowel space of children with impaired hearing (비주얼파닉스를 활용한 조음중재가 청각장애아동의 말 명료도와 모음공간에 미치는 영향)

  • Shim, Hee-Jeong;Lee, Hyo-Joo;Seo, Chang-Won
    • Phonetics and Speech Sciences
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.85-96
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of articulatory intervention using visual phonics to improve the speech intelligibility of children with impaired hearing. The subjects of the study were five hearing impaired children. As per the results of the UTAP articulation tests, five phonemes with the most frequent errors were selected for each child and a total of 10 sessions were provided. The methodology involved analyzing vowel space and related measures (vowel space area, vowel articulatory index, formant centralization ratio, and F2i/F2u ratio) before and after the visual phonics intervention. After the articulation intervention, every child's speech intelligibility improved, their vowel space area was widened, the FCR value decreased, and the F2ratio value increased. These results show that the use of visual phonics through symbolic images and hand clues has a positive effect in terms of improving the speech intelligibility of children with impaired hearing.

A Study on Articulation of the Analysis part in Elementary, Middle and High School Mathematics Textbooks (초.중.고 수학교과서 해석영역의 연계성에 관한 연구)

  • 송순희;김윤영
    • The Mathematical Education
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    • v.37 no.1
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    • pp.87-99
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    • 1998
  • Mathematics education is very important in future because mathematics is the basis of every study, for example, natural and social science, etc. Our nation wide curriculum has been revised six times since 1948. In 1992, the sixth revision was enforced and we are using the revised textbook now. This study aims at helping of continuous investigation for educational curriculum and textbook, and aims at efficient teaching by preventing unnecessary repetition and excessive gap in real field by analyzing the articulation of Analytics part in school textbook from elementary to high school. This thesis consists of the followings. 1.Investigation of the principles and natures of articulation along with curriculum course and notice the articulation based on the analysing tools. 2.Importance of learning functions. 3.To get the propriety, formation of 8 judging group and classification of content materials in function chapters by the judges based on the analyzing tools. 4.Analysis of presentation method and terminologies in the first concepts, suggestion teaching method to reduce gap and help of understanding on first concepts in the study of function. As a result 'development' consists of 55.8% of the total and it is higher than 'duplication' and 'gap'. To be specific in periods, between elementary school and middle school 'development' takes 64.5% and this shows an acceptable articulation in the period. While 39.4% of 'gap' in articulation between middle school and high school looks high compared with 'gap' between the previous periods. The item suggested with the 'gap' is the 'definition of function', 'value of function', 'parallel translation', 'exponential and logarithmic function'. It is observed that these materials is suddenly appeared in high school.

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Sensibilities according to The Design Factors of Woven Textiles (텍스타일 디자인 요소에 따른 감성 분석)

  • 나영주;한경미
    • Science of Emotion and Sensibility
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.29-34
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    • 2002
  • This study aimed to investigate the effect of design factors of woven textiles on the consumer's sensibility and emotion. 60 textile design pictures and 18 adjectives were prepared to get responses from 512 adult subjects. Textiles designs were analyzed into 9 design factors, such as, motif source, motif-background ratio, motif interpretation, motif arrangement, motif variation, motif articulation, hue contrast, value contrast, and chroma contrast. The results are followings: 1) The design factors of textiles were connected to other design factors, for example, the type of motif interpretation determined the type of chroma contrast, motif source, the ratio, and chroma contrast significantly. 2) The correlational coefficients of the ratio, motif variation, chroma contrast, hue contrast, articulation, and value contrast were positively signed significantly. 3) Consumer's sensibility was changed in urban, natural, graceful, mannish, young, dynamic, new, modem and etc, as the textile designs were changed in motif source, arrangement, hue contrast and etc.

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A Study on the Acoutical Characteristics of Last Consonants in Korean (국어 종성 자음의 음성학적 특징에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Seon-Il;Hong, Ki-Won;Lee, Haing-Sei
    • The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.65-72
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    • 1995
  • An auditory experiments for the phonetic value of the last consonants when its signal is transmitted through the amplifier from the last to the first, shortly speaking, time reversed waveform, were done for the 14 Korean consonants. Then the last consonant becomes to the first consonant in the time reversed waveform. The listeners who heard the 14 reversed consonants have recorded the phonetic value being heard. We analyzed these results by the method of articulation and the position of articulation. By the results, the phonetic value of the last consonants /n/, /l/ and /m/ is the same as the first consonants. Last consonant /d/ is heard like first consonant /n/. Last consonant /ng/ is heard like first consonant /m/. Last consonants /k/ and /b/ don't have any particular phonetic values. These results were tested by the experiments and were analyzed by the principle of articulation.

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Effect of Frenulotomy in Tongue-Tie : Focused on Alveolar Sounds (설소대 단축증 아동의 설소대 절개술 전 후 치조음 발음 양상의 변화)

  • 안서지;양해동;김병철;신지철;고중화
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Laryngology, Phoniatrics and Logopedics
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.5-11
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    • 2000
  • Background and Objectives : Tongue-tie, or partial ankyloglossia, is manifested by an abnormally short and thick lingual frenulum. Degree of tongue-tie varies from the mild to the rare, severe and its treatment of choice is frenulotomy. Theoretically tongue-tie can affect expression of alveolar sounds. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the degree of articulation problem and to evaluate the efficacy of frenulotomy itself on alveolar sounds in tongue-tie patients. Materials and Methods : Prospectively, the authors performed preoperative and postoperative speech evaluation using picture consonants test for tongue-tie patients. Percentage of consonants correct(PCC), mean value of each alveolar phoneme depends on articulation site were evaluated. for exclusion of other articulatory improving factors except of frenulotomy itself, postoperative picture consonants test was performed 1 month after surgery. Results : Preoperative speech evaluation was performed to 37(male 21, female 16) patients and postoperative speech evaluation was performed to 17(male 9, female 8) patients, the other 20 patients were follow-up loss. Low PCC was observed in tongue-tie patients and PCC of female was higher an at of male in 2-4 years old patients. Overall PCC was improved after frenulotomy. Preoperative mean value of liquids and fricatives was lower than the other alveolar phonemes(p<0.05) and it was improved postoperatively(p<0.05). Conclusion : Frenulotomy itself can improve the articulation of liquids and fricatives on short follow-up. Speech therapy would be needful for improvement of the other alveolar phonemes.

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Phonological Characteristics of Russian Nasal Consonants (러시아어 비음의 음운적 특성)

  • Kim, Shin-Hyo
    • Cross-Cultural Studies
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    • v.39
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    • pp.381-406
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    • 2015
  • Russian nasal consonants / m /, / n / have a feature value not only [+consonant] in common with obstruents, but also [+sonorant] in common with vowels. Nasal / m /(bi-labial) and / n /(dental) have the same place of articulation but different manner of articulation. The feature value of / m / is [+cons, +son, +nas, +ant, -cor, -high, -low, -back, -cont, -del, rel, -strid, +voic], and that of / n / is [+cons, +son, +nas, +ant, +cor, -high, -low, -back, -cont, -del, rel, -strid, + voic]. There is a difference in feature [cor] value of / m / and / n /. In this study it is confirmed that it is a fact that the Russian nasal consonants behave differently from the other consonants in each phonological phenomenon due to their phonological characteristics. The preceding voiced obstruent is changed to an unvoiced one in a process where the last voiceless obstruent in the consonant cluster ' voiced obstruent + nasal /m/ + voiceless obstruent' skips the nasal consonant and spreads its feature value to the preceding voiced obstruent transparently because of the feature [+sonorant] of the nasal consonant. The coronal nasal /n/ participates in a palatalization with the following palatal actively and palatalize preceding plain consonants passively because of markedness hierarchy such as 'Velar > Labial > Coronal'. But the labial nasal /m/ is palatalized with the following velar palatal actively and participates in a palatalization with the following coronal palatal passively. This result helps us confirm the phonological difference of /m/ and /n/ in a palatalization. When the a final consonant is nasal, the unvoicing phenomenon of a final consonant doesn't occur. In such a case as cluster 'obstruent + nasal' the feature value [voiced] of the preceding obstruent doesn't change, but the following nasal can assimilate into the preceding obstruent. When continuing the same nasals / -nn- / in a consonant cluster, the feature value [+cont] of a weak position leads the preceding nasal / n / to be changed into [-cont] / l /. Through the analysis of the frequency of occurrences of consonants in syllabic onsets and codas that should observe the 'Sonority Sequence Principle', the sonority hierarchy of nasal consonants has been confirmed. In a diachronic perspective following nasal / m /, / n / there is a loss of the preceding labial stop and dental stop. But in clusters with the velar stop+nasal, the two-component cluster has been kept phonetically intact.

Investigation of postoperative hypernasality after superiorly based posterior pharyngeal flap

  • Shin, Yu-Jeong;Kim, Yongsoo
    • Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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    • v.40
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    • pp.23.1-23.6
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    • 2018
  • Background: Velopharyngeal insufficiency that accompanies speech resonance and articulation disorders can be managed through several intervention methods such as speech-language therapy, prosthetic aids, and surgery. However, for patients with severe hypernasality, surgical interventions are highly recommended. Among available surgical techniques, the posterior pharyngeal flap is most common. Case presentation: Two adult males with high nasalance scores underwent superiorly based posterior pharyngeal flap surgery, followed by speech testing by an expert speech-language therapist. Nasalance scores and articulation accuracy were assessed up until 1 year after the surgery. Nasalance scores were measured five times using a nasometer, after which the average value was calculated. Conclusions: Consistent declines in hypernasality over time are not easy to explain since the pedicled pharyngeal flap narrowed over time, secondary to cicatrization. However, scar tethering of the soft palate in a posterior direction could reduce the velopharyngeal port size over time. Therefore, long-term follow-up with intensive speech therapy is suggested for patients with severe hypernasality.