• Title, Summary, Keyword: validity

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Reliability and Validity of the Korean Version of the Cancer Stigma Scale

  • So, Hyang Sook;Chae, Myeong Jeong;Kim, Hye Young
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.47 no.1
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    • pp.121-132
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: In this study the reliability and validity of the Korean version of the Cancer Stigma Scale (KCSS) was evaluated. Methods: The KCSS was formed through translation and modification of Cataldo Lung Cancer Stigma Scale. The KCSS, Psychological Symptom Inventory (PSI), and European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire - Core 30 (EORTC QLQ-C30) were administered to 247 men and women diagnosed with one of the five major cancers. Construct validity, item convergent and discriminant validity, concurrent validity, known-group validity, and internal consistency reliability of the KCSS were evaluated. Results: Exploratory factor analysis supported the construct validity with a six-factor solution; that explained 65.7% of the total variance. The six-factor model was validated by confirmatory factor analysis (Q (${\chi}^2/df$)= 2.28, GFI=.84, AGFI=.81, NFI=.80, TLI=.86, RMR=.03, and RMSEA=.07). Concurrent validity was demonstrated with the QLQ-C30 (global: r=-.44; functional: r=-.19; symptom: r=.42). The KCSS had known-group validity. Cronbach's alpha coefficient for the 24 items was .89. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that the 24-item KCSS has relatively acceptable reliability and validity and can be used in clinical research to assess cancer stigma and its impacts on health-related quality of life in Korean cancer patients.

Development of a Knowledge Scale of Fall Risk Factors for Community-dwelling Older Adults (재가노인의 낙상위험요인 지식 측정도구 개발)

  • Hong, Chong-Min
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.244-252
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The purpose of the study was to develop a knowledge scale of risk factors for fall among community-dwelling older adults. Further, the validity and reliability of the scale was developed. Methods: A preliminary scale was developed through content validity by five experts and targeted subjects using the CVI (Content Validity Index). Following the establishment of content validity, the scale was used with 359 community-dwelling older adults to further establish both validity and reliability of the scale. Specifically, construct validity using known-group comparison technique, and reliability using Cronbach's ${\alpha}$ were established. Results: After content validity testing, 44 preliminary items were selected. Construct validity was established by known group-comparison, in which scores between the fall and no fall groups were compared. The Cronbach's ${\alpha}$ of the final scale was .83. Conclusion: Reliability and validity of the scale were confirmed. This tool may be used for measuring knowledge of fall risk factor for the community-dwelling older adults.

Validity of Instrument Development Research in Korean Nursing Research (한국의 도구개발 간호연구에서의 타당도에 대한 고찰)

  • Lee, Kyunghee;Shin, Sujin
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.43 no.6
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    • pp.697-703
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: This integrative review study was done to analyze methods used for validation studies in Korean nursing research. Methods: In this study, the literature on instrument development in nursing research from Research Information Sharing Service (RISS) and major nursing journal databases in Korea were examined. The MeSH search terms included 'nursing', 'instrument', 'instrument development', 'validation' and 189 articles were included in the review. Results: The most frequently reported validity type was content validity, followed by construct validity, and criterion validity. One third reported a single type of validity, and 15% of the studies demonstrated three kinds of validity at the same time. In about 40% of the studies, both content and construct validity were examined. Conclusion: The results of the study indicate that it is necessary to provide a wider variety of evidence to establish whether instruments are valid enough to use in nursing research.

Development and Validity of Workplace Bullying in Nursing-Type Inventory (WPBN-TI) (간호사가 지각하는 직장 내 괴롭힘 측정도구 개발)

  • Lee, Younju;Lee, Mihyoung
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.44 no.2
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    • pp.209-218
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to develop an instrument to assess bullying of nurses, and test the validity and reliability of the instrument. Methods: The initial thirty items of WPBN-TI were identified through a review of the literature on types bullying related to nursing and in-depth interviews with 14 nurses who experienced bullying at work. Sixteen items were developed through 2 content validity tests by 9 experts and 10 nurses. The final WPBN-TI instrument was evaluated by 458 nurses from five general hospitals in the Incheon metropolitan area. SPSS 18.0 program was used to assess the instrument based on internal consistency reliability, construct validity, and criterion validity. Results: WPBN-TI consisted of 16 items with three distinct factors (verbal and nonverbal bullying, work-related bullying, and external threats), which explained 60.3% of the total variance. The convergent validity and determinant validity for WPBN-TI were 100.0%, 89.7%, respectively. Known-groups validity of WPBN-TI was proven through the mean difference between subjective perception of bullying. The satisfied criterion validity for WPBN-TI was more than .70. The reliability of WPBN-TI was Cronbach's ${\alpha}$ of .91. Conclusions: WPBN-TI with high validity and reliability is suitable to determine types of bullying in nursing workplace.

Reliability and Validity of the Korean version of the Pain in Older Adults Knowledge Survey (K-POAKS) among Nurses Who Have Worked in Long-term Care Hospitals

  • Ryu, Young Seun;Park, Jeong Sook
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.130-142
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    • 2020
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to verify the validity and reliability of the Korean version of the Pain in Older Adults Knowledge Survey (K-POAKS) to assess knowledge of pain in older adults including people with dementia for use in long-term care hospital nurses. Methods: Survey data were collected from a convenience sample of 179 nurses who have worked in long-term care hospitals in B, D and U cities. The Kuder-Richardson Formula 20 for internal consistency for test reliability was conducted. The content, criterion-related and construct validity were evaluated using SPSS/WIN 22.0. Results: The KR 20 was .75 and Content Validity Ratio (CVR) was a range of 0.84~1.00. The criterion-related validity was positively correlated with attitudes (r=.28, p<.001) and performance (r=.21, p=.004). The construct validity of K-POAKS was analyzed by conducting the principal component method using the exploratory factor analysis varimax rotation, and seven factors were derived above the eigenvalue of 1.0. The seven factors explained 58.5% of the total variation. Conclusion: The Korean version of the POAKS showed satisfactory internal reliability, content validity, criterion-related validity and construct validity. These results suggest that the K-POAKS could be used as a suitable tool to measure the knowledge of the aged people's pain, including that of dementia patients for long-term care hospital nurses.

The Child Psychological Well-being Scale : Development and Validity (아동의 심리적 복지척도 개발과 타당화 연구)

  • Choi, Jin Won;Lee, So Hee
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.227-248
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study aimed at establishing the validity and reliability regarding the instrument of assessing child psychological well-being. The child psychological well-being rating scale contained 3 dimensions (sense of competency, sense of relation, sense of improvement) 8 variables (sense of control, sense of achievement, sense of confidence, sense of acceptance, sense of intimacy, sense of balance, sense of morale, sense of hope) and 4 rating scale of 80 items. After the scale development, the estimates of reliability for the scale were high. Cornbach ${\alpha}$ was .962 and generalizability was .875. And concurrent validity, criteria related validity, and discriminant validity appeared to be evident sufficiently to the validity of child psychological well-being instrument. The significance of the present study was intended to apply scale validity procedure by using generalizability.

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Construct Validity of the Life Transition Scale for Parents of Children with Autism (자폐성장애 아동 부모의 삶의 전환과정 측정도구에 대한 구성타당도 평가)

  • Lee, Ae Ran;Hong, Sun Woo;Ju, Se Jin
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.44 no.5
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    • pp.563-572
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: The study was done to identify the construct validity and reliability of the life transition scale (LTS) for parents who have children with autism. Methods: Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmative factor analysis (CFA) were conducted to identify the most adequate measurement model for structural validity. Convergent validity and discriminant validity were also conducted for structural validity. Data were collected from 208 parents through self-reported questionnaires and analyzed with SPSS/WIN 15.0 and AMOS 20.0 version. Results: A four factor-structure was validated (${\chi}^2$=541.23, p<.001, GFI=.82, RMSEA=.07, IFI=.89, CFI=.89, PNFI=.73, Q (${\chi}^2/df$)=2.20) at the 3rd order of EFA and CFA, and factors were named as denying, wandering, despairing, and accepting. Both convergent and determinant validity for LTS were 100%. Cronbach's alphas for the reliability of each structure were .77-.90 and .83 for total structure. Conclusion: The four structures, 24-item instrument showed satisfactory reliability and validity. LTS has the potential to be appropriate for assessing the transition process of life for parents who have children with autism and provides basic directions for differentiated support and care at each stage.

Generalized Analysis on Validity of Sasang Type Diagnosis (사상체질 진단검사 타당성 분석지표의 일반화 연구)

  • Hwang, Sang-Moon;Park, So-Jung;Gang, Ki-Rim;Kwon, Young-Kyu;Chae, Han
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.23 no.5
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    • pp.950-957
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study was to develop generalized validity evaluation indexes for the Sasang type diagnostic test. As a generalized evaluation index for Sasang type diagnostic test, Generalized Squared Correlation (GC2), Mutual Information (I) and Mutual Information Coefficient (IC) as overall validity index, and Correlation Coefficient (C) and Mutual Information Contribution (ID) as type-specific validity index were suggested and the practicability of these indexes was assessed along with Percentage Correctly Predicted (PCP), adjusted PCP, type-specific sensitivity and type-specific specificity which was proposed previously. The usefulness of the nine validity indexes was examined using previously reported data and three mock Sasang type diagnosis results. We demonstrated here that the PCP is not adequate for the analysis of validity. We also showed that our validity index is recommendable for the comparison and improvement of Sasang type diagnosis. The generalized validity analysis of Sasang type diagnosis can provide a guideline for the development of new Sasang type diagnosis or pattern identification. The working sheet for calculating validity indexes can be acquired at http://www.sasangtypology.org/validity.

Development and Psychometric Evaluation of the Transcultural Self-efficacy Scale for Nurses (간호사의 범문화효능감 측정도구 개발 및 타당화)

  • Oh, Won-Oak;Park, Eun Sook;Suk, Min Hyun;Im, Yeo Jin
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.46 no.2
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    • pp.293-304
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: This methodological study was conducted to develop and psychometrically test the Transcultural Self-efficacy scale (TCSE-scale) for nurses. Methods: Initial 41 items for the TCSE-scale were generated based on extensive literature reviews and in-depth interviews with 18 nurses who had experience in caring for foreign patients. Cultural Competence and Confidence model was used as a conceptual framework. Content validity was evaluated by an expert panel. Psychometric testing was performed with a convenience sample of 242 nurses recruited from four general hospitals in the Seoul metropolitan area and Gyeonggi-do province of South Korea. To evaluate the reliability of TCSE-scale, a test-retest reliability and an internal consistency reliability were analyzed. Construct validity, concurrent validity, criterion validity, convergent validity and discriminative validity were used to evaluate the validity. Results: The 25-item TCSE-scale was found to have three subscales-Cognitive, Practical, and Affective domain-explaining 91.5% of the total variance. TCSE-scale also demonstrated a concurrent validity with the Cultural Competence Scale. Criterion-related validity was supported by known-group comparison. Reliability analysis showed an acceptable-to-high Cronbach's alpha-.88 in total, and subscales ranged from .76 to .87. The ICC was .90, indicating that the TCSE-scale has internal consistency and stability of reliability. Conclusion: This preliminary evaluation of the psychometric scale properties demonstrated an acceptable validity and reliability. The TCSE-scale is able to contribute to building up empirical and evidence based on data collection regarding the transcultural self-efficacy of clinical nurses. We suggest further testing of the applicability of TCSE-scale in different settings and community contexts.

A Study of Development of the korean-Marital Satisfaction Scale ("한국형 결혼만족도척도" 개발 연구)

  • 정현숙
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.39 no.12
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    • pp.205-224
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    • 2001
  • This article presents the development of a self-report measure of Korean Marital Satisfaction Scale. Based on 'Family Process Model'and interviews with 183 married couple, 3 domain structures with 74 items were identified, which included interactional process, emotional process, and intellectual process. It was administerd to 289 couples to test reliability and validity. Overall reliability coefficients were high for each of the individual domains($\alpha$=.62 to $\alpha$=.93). Face validity, content validity, content validity and concurrent validity respectively were demonstrated good. Additionally, divergent validity with scales of self-esteem and depression was observed. These results support the reliability and psychometric validity of the Korean Marital Satisfaction Scale in the assessment of key dimensions of marital process of Korean couples.

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