• Title, Summary, Keyword: vagina

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Effects of Mantidis Vagina Ovorum on the Cimetidine-Induced Erectile Dysfunction in Rats (상표소(桑螵蛸)가 Cimetidine으로 발기부전을 유도한 흰쥐의 성기능 개선에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Min-Su;Jeong, Ji-Cheon;Shin, Hyeon-Cheol
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.234-241
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    • 2011
  • Mantidis Vagina Ovorum was formulated to contain various natural products known to cure erectile dysfunction. This study was aimed to investigate the effects of Mantidis Vagina Ovorum on the nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity, nitrite level, antioxidation and erectile responses in rat's corpus cavernosum penis. The crushed Mantidis Vagina Ovorum was extracted 3 times, each time with 3 volumes of methyl alcohol at $60^{\circ}C$ for 24 h. The extract was filtered and evaporated under a reduced pressure using a rotary evaporator to yield 16.6 g. Mantidis Vagina Ovorum extract oral-administered 75 mg per 1 kg of body weight for 30 days. First, samples were treated with Mantidis Vagina Ovorum, and then cimetidine-treated rats and L-N-Nitroarginine methyl ester (L-NAME) treated rats were put with the samples. The level of urethral lipid peroxide in the cimetidine-Mantidis Vagina Ovorum double administered rats was decreased as low as in the normal group, while the one in the cimetidine-treated group was increased. The urethral NOS activity, the level of urethral nitrite, the level of testosterone and the electile response to cavernous nerve stimulation in the cimetidine-Mantidis Vagina Ovorum double administered rats were increased as high as in the normal group while the one in the cimetidine-treated group was decreased. The electile response to cavernous nerve stimulation and the level of nitrite in L-NAME ($10^{-4}$)-treated rats was restored by the administration of Mantidis Vagina Ovorum as high as in the normal group. Mantidis Vagina Ovorum was effective in restoring the cimetidine-induced or L-NAME-induced erectile dysfunction in rats.

Surgical Treatment of the Prolapse of Bladder with Viginal Prolapse in Large Breed Dogs (대형견에서 방광탈과 함께 발생한 질탈의 외과처치)

  • 김남수;강지훈;박영재;이종일;이철호;최인혁
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.319-322
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    • 2004
  • Two bitches were presented to the Teaching Animal Hospital, Chonbuk National University with vagina prolapse along with prolapse of the bladder. Case 1 was a 2 years old, 38.5 kg, female Tosa dog which had slight shock and depression. She had a labor pain vagina prolapse since last 3 days. Case 2 was a 2 years old, 25 kg, female Rottweiler dog which was presented with the similar clinical signs with case 1. In both the dogs we performed plain radiography, CBC, blood chemistry and urine analysis. In case 1, we performed cesarean section along with the repositioning the vagina and the bladder. We found 13 fetuses among which 7 were alive. In case 2, we also performed cesarean section and recovered the fetuses. There were 7 fetuses but only one was alive. Among the 6 dead fetuses 3 were congenitally deformed. Then we reduced prolapsed vagina and bladder, and repositioned them. After that we performed ovariohysterectomy. Both the bitches become recovered from the prolapse of the vagina and bladder and there was no recurrence of the condition.

Cytologic Features of Primary Amelanotic Melanoma of the Vagina - A Case Report - (질의 원발성 무색소성 악성흑색종의 세포학적 소견 - 1례 보고 -)

  • Hong, Sung-Ran;Kim, Hy-Sook;Park, Chong-Tack
    • The Korean Journal of Cytopathology
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.41-44
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    • 1993
  • A case of primary amelanotic melanoma of the vagina diagnosed in scraping smear is described. A 64-year-old woman complained of vaginal bleeding with a $2.5\times2cm$ sized, fungating mass on the right lateral vaginal wall near the introitus for 2 months. Scraping smears from the mass showed scattered individual tumor cells with single, bi- or multi-nucleated eccentric nuclei having prominent macrouucleoli and occasional intranuclear inclusions. The cytoplasm was plump and cyanophilic with a indistinct rim. No melanin pigment was identified. Characteristic cytologic features of this case were very helpful to exclude more common squamous cell carcinoma in the vagina, which was strongly suggested in biopsy specimen.

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The literatual study on the external medical treatment of Menorrhalgia and Leucorrhea for gynecologic condition (월경통(月經痛) 및 냉대하(冷帶下)에 활용(活用)된 외치법(外治法)에 대(對)한 문헌적(文獻的) 고찰(考察))

  • Cho, Sun-Hwa;Jeong, Jin-Hong
    • Journal of Haehwa Medicine
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.319-335
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    • 2000
  • According to the literatual study on the external medical trearment of Menorrhalgia and Leucorrhea for gynecologic condition, the results were as follows. 1. Using external medical treatment for Menorrhalgia is to insert vagina theraphy, fumigation theraphy, to wash vagina theraphy, to insert anus theraphy, to apply hot pack theraphy and use with suppository such as BANSUKHWAN(礬石丸), SASANGZASAN(蛇床子散), KUMBONGHYUNGJU(金鳳衡珠) 2. Using external medical treatment for Leucorrhea is washing and fumigation on vagina, to wash vagina, to insert vagina, cleansing theraphy and use with Suppository such as YONGYEOMGO(龍鹽膏), KAMISASANGJASAN(加味蛇床子散), SASANGSACHUNGSEJE(蛇床子洗劑). 3. ANGELICAE GIGANTIS RADIX (當歸) is in mostly general use for external medical treatment of Menorrhalgia and Leucorrhea, in that order ANSU SEMEN(杏仁), EVODIAE FRUCTUS(吳茱萸), TORILIS FRUCTUS (蛇床子), CORYDALIS TUBER(玄胡索), CINIAMOMI CORTEX(肉桂), CARYOPHYLLI FLOS(丁香), ALUMEN(枯白礬), AQUILARIAE LIGNUM (沈香). 4. The efficacy of medicines to use external medical treatment is as follow to help circulation of blood, to warm spleen and stomach, to warm blood, to warm uterus and remove cold, to remove heat and dry moisture, to down heat-product, to contract bloodvessel, to counteract poison and destory virus, to make energy and blood. 5. KUMBONGHYUNGJU, made same size as cherry and shape vagina medicine, use for Menorrhalgia, menstural irregularity, Leucorrhea, it has the efficacy as follow to remove cold and dry moisture, to warm uterus, to help circulation and romove pain, to down moisture-heat.

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Vitamin D Proliferates Vaginal Epithelium through RhoA Expression in Postmenopausal Atrophic Vagina tissue

  • Lee, Arum;Lee, Man Ryul;Lee, Hae-Hyeog;Kim, Yeon-Suk;Kim, Jun-Mo;Enkhbold, Temuulee;Kim, Tae-Hee
    • Molecules and Cells
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    • v.40 no.9
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    • pp.677-684
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    • 2017
  • Postmenopausal atrophic vagina (PAV) is the thinning of the walls of the vagina and decreased lugae of the vagina. PAV is caused by decreased estrogen levels in postmenopausal women. However, the harmful effects of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) have resulted in considerable caution in its use. Various estrogen agonist treatment options are available. Vitamin D is influences the regulation of differentiation and proliferation of various cells, especially tissues lining stratified squamous epithelium, such as the vaginal epithelium. In this study, we hypothesized that vitamin D could provide an alternative and a safe treatment option for PAV by promoting the proliferation and differentiation of the vaginal epithelium. Thirty six patients were enrolled in this case-control study. Vitamin D associated proteins in a vitamin D and sex hormone treated vaginal epithelial cell line as well as normal and PAV tissues were measured. To confirm of cell-to-cell junction protein expression, cell line and tissue studies included RT-PCR, immunohistochemistry staining, and immunoblot analyses. The expression of cell-to-cell junction proteins was higher in women with symptoms of atrophic vagina tissue compared to women without the symptoms. Vitamin D stimulated the proliferation of the vaginal epithelium by activating p-RhoA and Erzin through the vitamin D receptor (VDR). The results suggest that vitamin D positively regulates cell-to-cell junction by increasing the VDR/p-RhoA/p-Ezrin pathway. This is the first study to verify the relationship of the expression of RhoA and Ezrin proteins in vaginal tissue of PAV.

Analysis of Lactobacillus Species Isolated from the Vagina of Korean Women (한국여성의 질내 Lactobacillus 균종분포)

  • Kim, Kack-Kyun;Kook, Yoon-Hoh;Chang, Woo-Hyun
    • The Journal of the Korean Society for Microbiology
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.35-38
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    • 1981
  • Lactobacillus species isolated from posterior fornix of the vagina of 410 Korean women, who visited several local clinics and the Family Health Clinic of the Institute of Reproductive Medicine and Population, Seoul National University in Seoul were identified by their physiological and biochemical characteristics. And the results were as follows. 1) Of the 410 women 297(72.4%) gave the positive culture for Lactobacillus. 2) Isolated 200 strains were differentiated into following species. L. salivarius(43 strains, 18.7%) and L. leichmannii(42, 18.3%) were the most common species followed by L. plantarum(34, 14.8%) L.brevis(22, 9.6%), L. fermenti(19, 8.3%), L. cellobiosus(15, 6.5%), L. acidophilus(14, 6.1%), L. delbrueckii(10, 4.3%) and L. casei(1, 0.4%) and there were 30 strains(13%) which could not have been identified by the methods employed in this study. 3) Age seems to have no influence on the distribution of Lactobacillus species in vagina and it seems like that the overall distribution of Lactobacillus species in vagina does not change during the active reproductive period of women.

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Cytologic Features of Papanicolaou Smears of Malignant Melanoma Arising in Vagina - A Case Report - (질에서 발생한 악성 흑색종의 Papanicolaou 도말의 세포학적 소견 - 1례 보고 -)

  • Kang, Myung-Suk;Kim, Bohng-Hee;Park, Jae-Hoon;Kim, Youn-Wha;Park, Yong-Koo;Lee, Ju-Hie;Yang, Moon-Ho
    • The Korean Journal of Cytopathology
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.209-213
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    • 1995
  • Primary malignant melanoma of vagina is a rare tumor which is easily misinterpretated in routine cytologic examination. We lately experienced a case of primary malignant melanoma of the vagina with direct cervical extension diagnosed by Pap smear. The cervicovaginal smear showed variable sized clusters of epithelial cells or singly scattered abnormal epithelial cells. Most of the tumor cells had round hyperchromatic nuclei with prominent nucleoli and brownish pigments in cytoplasm. The cytologic findings are compared with histologic features of resected specimen.

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Live female Enterobius vermicularis in the posterior fornix of vagina of a Korean woman (한국 성인 여성의 질에서 발견된 요충 성충)

  • 정동일;공현희
    • The Korean Journal of Parasitology
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.67-72
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    • 1997
  • A 33-year-old Korean woman, para 2, visited an obstetrics and gynecology clinic, Kumi-shi, Kyongsangbuk-do, due to postcoital spotting and flank pain. She had a tubal ligation 7 years before and demonstrated back pain during menstruation. She revealed a foul smelling discharge without complaint of itching. Enterobiw vermicularis eggs were demonstrated during microscopic examination of a smear taken from the posterior fornix of the vagina. On endoscopic examination of her vagina, a live worm was found in the posterior fornix. The worm was removed and identified as a female E. uemiculcris based on morphology. This is the first case report of vaginal enterobiasis in Korea.

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Primary Malignant Melanoma of the Vagina: A Case Report (질의 원발성 악성 흑색종: 증례보고)

  • Jang Ji-Young;Kim Do-Kang;Lee Eun-Hee;Kim Jun-Sang
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.245-249
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    • 2003
  • A primary malignant melanoma of the vagina is a very rare gynecological malignant tumor. Its clinical behavior is more aggressive than that of cutaneous and vulvar melanomas. We present a case of a large sized primary melanoma of the lower third of the vagina, with a cervical lesion, in a 58-year-old postmenopausal woman. The patient was treated with conventional external radiation therapy and intracavitary radiotherapy (ICR), without surgical treatment. Although the primary lesion showed a partial response, the patient died of extensive metastases, which were found 4.5 months after the initial diagnosis. We suggest that shortening the treatment period, such as hypofractionated radiation therapy and surgical removal, and various systemic therapies for preventing early distant metastasis, are appropriate treatments for a primary malignant melanoma of the vagina, with a large tumor size.

A report on the clinical efficacy of Daejo-hwan(DJH) about the dryness of vagina and sexual satisfaction in climacteric women (갱년기 여성의 질 건조증과 성만족도에 미치는 대조환(大造丸)의 임상효과 보고)

  • Kim, Eui-Il;Sin, Yong-Wan;Yoo, Dong-Youl;Lee, Jung-Eun
    • The Journal of Korean Obstetrics and Gynecology
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.203-214
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    • 2005
  • Purpose : To assess the clinical efficacy of DJH on the dryness of vagina and difficulty in sexual intercourse in climacteric women. Methods : 7 climacteric women who are suffering from the dryness of vagina and sexual problems received DJH: 2 pills(4g) a time, three times a day for a total 8 weeks as maintenance therapy. We evaluated ultrasonography, BMD, blood test, urine analysis, female hormone test and questionnaire, Kupperman's index plus two questions about urogenital and sexual problems in before as well as after 8 weeks of treatment. Results : The results are as follows; 1. DJH reduced climacteric symptoms.(Kupperman's index from 61.4 to 30.2 points) 2. DJH was very effective to dryness of vagina and difficulty in sexual life caused by deficiency of estrogen. 3. The affirmative efficacy of DJH improved sexual satisfaction in consequence. Conclusion : The DJH showed positive effects on improving, not only the climacteric symptoms, but also the sexual satisfaction. It shows that DJH may represent a satisfactory therapeutic choice for those climacteric women with the urogenital tract disturbances and sexual problems.

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