• Title, Summary, Keyword: uterine cervix cancer

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Descriptive Epidemiology of Common Female Cancers in the North East India - a Hospital Based Study

  • Krishnatreya, Manigreeva;Kataki, Aamal Chandra;Sharma, Jagannath Dev;Nandy, Pintu;Talukdar, Abhijit;Gogoi, Gayatri;Hoque, Nazmul
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.24
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    • pp.10735-10738
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    • 2015
  • Background: Cancers of the breast, uterine cervix and ovary are common cancers amongst females of North East India. Not much is known about the descriptive epidemiology of these cancers in our population. The present retrospective analysis was therefore performed. Materials and Methods: The data set available at the hospital based cancer registry of a regional cancer center of North-East India, containing information on patients registered during the period of January 2010 to December 2012, was applied. A total of 2,925 cases of breast, uterine cervix and ovarian cancer were identified. Results: Of the total, 1,295 (44.3%) were breast cancers, 1,214 (41.5%) were uterine cervix and 416 (14.2%) ovarian cancer, median age (range) for breast, uterine cervix and ovary were 45 (17-85), 48 (20-91) and 45 years (7-80), respectively. Some 43.5% of cases with uterine cervix patients were illiterate, 5.4% and 5.7% stage I in breast and cervix respectively and 96.4% of ovarian cancers in advanced stage. Conclusions: Improvement of female education can contribute to increase the proportion of early stage diagnosis of breast and uterine cervix in our population. Any population-based intervention for the detection of cancers of breast, uterine cervix and ovarian cancer should be started early in our population.

Estimation of Joint Risks for Developing Uterine Cervix Cancer in Korea (한국인 자궁경부암의 복합위험도 추정)

  • Yoon, Ha-Chung;Shin, Ae-Sun;Park, Sue-Kyung;Jang, Myung-Jin;Yoo, Keun-Young
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.263-268
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    • 2002
  • Objective : This study was aiming at estimating the joint effects of various risk factors associated with uterine cervix cancer in Korea. Methods : Data obtained from a case-control study were analyzed with a multiplicative model. Results : After adjustment for age and husband's educational attainments, the family history of cervical cancer (OR=2.1, 95% CI=1.2-3.9), unstable marital status due to separation, by death or divorce, etc. (OR=2.8, 95% CI=1.7-4.6), and a large number of deliveries ($\geq$3 vs. nulliparous OR=6.5, 55% CI=1.4-29.0) increased the risk of uterine cervix cancer, Conversely, first sexual intercourse at an older age ($\geq$25 years vs. <19 years OR=0.4, 95% CI=0.2-0.6) and husband's circumcision (OR=0.7, 95% CI=0.5-1.0) decreased the risk. In the multiplicative model, the highest joint risk (OR=39.2, 95% CI 5.9-258.9) was observed in women with a family history of uterine cervical cancer, an unstable marital status, where the ex-husband was not circumcised, with 3 or more delivery experiences, and having her first sexual intercourse when younger than 19 years of age. However, women without a family history of uterine cervix cancer, married to a circumcised husband, having had her first sexual intercourse at 25 years or older, and nulliparous, showed the lowest joint effect (OR=0.3, 95% CI=0.1-0.5). Conclusion : As carcinogenesis is a complex action involving various factors, we consider a joint effects approach to be appropriate in an epidemiological study on risk factors for uterine cervix neoplasms cervix neoplasm.

Comparison on the Deep Learning Performance of a Field of View Variable Color Images of Uterine Cervix (컬러 자궁경부 영상에서 딥러닝 기법에서의 영상영역 처리 방법에 따른 성능 비교 연구)

  • Seol, Yu Jin;Kim, Young Jae;Nam, Kye Hyun;Kim, Kwang Gi
    • Journal of Korea Multimedia Society
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    • v.23 no.7
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    • pp.812-818
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    • 2020
  • Cervical cancer is the second most common female cancer in the world. In Korea, cervical cancer accounts for 13 percent of female cancers and 4,200 cases occur annually[1]. The purpose of this study is to use a deep learning model to identify the possibility of lesions in the cervix and to evaluate the efficient image preprocessing in order to diagnose diverse types of cervix in form. The study used 4,107 normal photographs of uterine cervix and 6,285 abnormal photographs of uterine cervix. Two types of image preprocessing were resized to square. The methods are cropping based on height and filling the space up and down with black images. In addition, all images were resampled to 256×256. The average accuracy of cropped cases is 94.15%. The average accuracy of the filled cases is 93.41%. According to the study, the model performance of cropped data was slightly better. But there were several images that were not accurately classified. Therefore, the additional experiment with pre-treatment process based on cropping is needed to cover images of the cervix in more detail.

Association of Educational Levels with Survival in Indian Patients with Cancer of the Uterine Cervix

  • Krishnatreya, Manigreeva;Kataki, Amal Chandra;Sharma, Jagannath Dev;Nandy, Pintu;Gogoi, Gayatri
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.8
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    • pp.3121-3123
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    • 2015
  • The main objective of this paper was to assess the influence of educational level on the survival of uterine cervix cancer patients in our population. A total of 224 patients were registered in our registry, of which 178 had information on stage and different educational levels. The overall median survival (MS) was 23 months, with values of 18.5, 20.7 and 41.3 months for the illiterate, literate and qualified groups, respectively. In the illiterate patients, stage I was seen in 2.6% and stage IV in 11.8%, while in other 2 groups stage I was seen in 10% to 17% of patients at the time of diagnosis. The survival probability at around 50 months was around 42%, 30% and 26% (approximately) for qualified, literates and illiterates respectively [Log Rank (Mantel-Cox) showed p=0.023]. Emphasis on imparting education to females can be a part of comprehensive cancer control programme for improving the overall survival in patients with carcinoma of the uterine cervix in our population.

The Cytologic Analysis of Microinvasive Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Uterine Cervix on Cervical Smear (자궁경부 세포도말 검사에시 미세침윤성 편평세포암종의 세포학적 분석)

  • Choi, Hyun-Joo;Park, In-Ae
    • The Korean Journal of Cytopathology
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.31-37
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    • 2001
  • Whlie cytologic characteristics of squamous dysplasia, carcinoma in situ, and invasive squamous cell carcinoma of the uterine cervix are well documented, relatively few studios have dealt with the cellular features of microinvasive carcinoma. In order to describe the cellular characteristics of microinvasive squamous cell carcinoma, we retrospectively reviewed 45 cervovaginal smears(15 carcinoma in situ, 15 microinvasive cancer, 15 invasive cancer) which were confirmed by histologic examination of specimens obtained by hysterectomy at the Seoul National University Hospital during S years from 1995 to 1999. The cytologic features about tumor diathesis, inflammatory background, ceil arrangement, anisonucleosis, nuclear membrane irregularity, nuclear chromatin pattern, and nucleoli were observed. The cytologlc characteristics of microinvasive squamous cell carcinoma of the uterine cervix are syncytial pattern, mild tumor diathesis, the irregularity of nuclear membrane, irregularly distributed nuclear chromatin, and occurrence of micronucleoli. But, correlation between the depth of Invasion and the cytologic feature had limited value.

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Inhibition of Cervical Cancer Cell Growth by Gene Silencing of HPV16 E6 Induced by Short-interfering RNA

  • Park, Sang-Muk;Lee, Sun-Kyung;Kim, Yoon-Sik
    • Korean Journal of Clinical Laboratory Science
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    • v.43 no.3
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    • pp.89-97
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    • 2011
  • The Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) infection has been strongly associated with pathogenesis of uterine cervix carcinoma. HPV type 16, a causative agent of uterine cervix carcinoma, encodes the E6 and E7 oncogenes, expression of which is pivotal for malignant transformation and maintenance of malignant phenotypes. To develop a gene therapy for HPV-related carcinoma, We investigated the effect of E6 short-interfering RNA (E6 siRNA) on the expression of this oncogene and on the growth of HPV 16-related uterine cervix carcinoma cells. SiHa cells, a uterine cervix carcinoma cell line, which contain a single copy of HPV 16 integrated in the chromosome and express the E6 and E7 oncogenes. Before 24 hr of transfection, cells were seeded and transfected with control plasmid or E6 siRNA-expressing plasmid. The mRNA was analysed by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The cell growth rate was investigated by MTT method. The E6 mRNA level in SiHa cells was decreased in HPV 16 E6 siRNA-expression vector transfected cells and a decrease in the growth of these cells was also observed. From these results. it is evident that E6 siRNA played a role in suppression of growth of SiHa cells and has a fair chance as a candidate for gene specific therapy for HPV related uterine cervix carcinoma.

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Iliopelvic Lymphoscintigraphic Findings in Carcinoma of Uterine Cervix (자궁경부암 환자에서의 Lymphoscintigraphy 소견)

  • Lim, Sang-Moo;Hong, Sung-Woon;Park, Sang-Yun;Lee, Je-Ho;Lee, Eui-Don;Lee, Kyung-Hee;Park, Kee-Bok;Choi, Chang-Woon
    • The Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.286-292
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    • 1990
  • Iliopelvic lymphoscintigraphy was performed to visualize the changes of the lymphatic system using Technetium-99m antimony sulfide colloid in carcinoma of uterine cervix. There were no differences between various indices and clinical stages, but comparison with computed tomographic and postoperative findings, there was meaningful difference in index of decrease and increase, respectively. And lymphoscintigraphy showed by pass way of lymphatic channel in 42 cases (16%) and this suggested the presence of normal shunts of lymphatic channels. Iliopelvic lymphoscintigraphy may be useful for evaluation of lymphatic system in carcinoma of uterine cervix, expecially for screening method.

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Nationwide Incidence Estimation of Uterine Cervix Cancer among Korean Women (한국 여성에서의 자궁경부암 발생률)

  • Park, Byung-Joo;Lee, Moo-Song;Ahn, Yoon-Ok;Choi, Young-Min;Ju, Yeong-Su;Yoo, Keun-Young;Kim, Hun;Yew, Ha-Seung;Park, Tae-Soo
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.843-851
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    • 1996
  • To estimate the incidence of uterine cervix cancer among Korean women, we have conducted a study using the claim data on the beneficiaries of Korea Medical Insurance Corporation (KMIC). All medical records of the potential cases with diagnosis of ICD-9 180, 181, 182, 199, 219, 233 in the claims sent by medical care institutions in the whole country to the KMIC from January 1988 to December 1989, were abstracted and Gynecology specialist reviewed the records to identify the new cases of uterine cervix cancer among the potential cases during the corresponding period. Using these data, the incidence of uterine cervix cancer among Korean women was estimated as of July 1, 1988 to June 30, 1989. The crude rate was estimated to be 17.34(95% CI: $16.76\sim17.92$) per 100,000 and the cumulative rates for the ages $0\sim64\;and\;0\sim74$ were 1.7% and 2.2%, respectively. The age-adjusted rate for the world population was 19.93 per 100,000 which was higher than those of other Asian countries including China and Japan in $1983\sim1987$. The truncated rate for ages $35\sim64$ was 52.05 per 100,000 which was one of the highest in the world. With increasing age, the incidence rate increased to 78.11 per 100,000 in women aged $55\sim59$ years, then it decreased in the older groups. This finding suggests that detecting rate of uterine cervix cancer may decrease in women aged 60 years or older due to inadequate medical care seeking behavior. In the geographical area, the SIR of Jeju province was significantly low but it might be due to statistical unstability by small case numbers.

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Cytology of the Uterine Cervico-vaginal Smear of Clear Cell Adenocarcinoma in Uterine Cervix - Report of a Case - (자궁경부 투명세포 샘암종의 자궁경부질 세포학적 소견 - 1예 보고 -)

  • Maeng, Lee-So;Kim, Kyouug-Mee;Kang, Chang-Suk;Lee, An-Hi
    • The Korean Journal of Cytopathology
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.116-119
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    • 2004
  • Primary clear cell adenocarcinoma of uterine cervix is rare and cytomorphology in the vaginal smear have not been previously described in Korean literatures. The cytologic characteristics of clear cell adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix include : malignant cells with abundant, finely vacuolated cytoplasm ; hobnail appearance, and distinctive basement membrane-like hyaline materials within cellular aggregates. A 36-year-old woman presented with vaginal bleeding. Cytologic examination of vaginal smear and histopathologic examination of a radical hysterectomy specimen allowed the diagnosis of hemorrhagic tumor in the uterine cervix as a clear cell adenocarcinoma. Cytologic findings were very characteristic. The tumor cells had abundant, pale, finely vacuolated cytoplasm with indistinct cytoplasmic membrane. The nuclei were round to oval with finely dispersed chromatin. Extracellular basement membrane-like hyaline substance, which stained a light green color in Papanicolaou's preparation, was frequently observed within the cancer cell clusters.

A Study on Specificity of Cancer Incidence in Daegu-Kyungbuk Area (일부 지역의 암발생 특성에 관한 조사연구)

  • 김진모;민경진
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.60-65
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    • 1989
  • A statistical analysis was made on 15,971 surgically operated patients at D-Medical Center in the year of 1978 and 1988. 1,416 cancer patients among them were classified by sex, age, and malignant tumor site. The obtained results indicated that trend of male cancer was generally similar to the results of nation wide study. But, specific phenomenon was found in the case of female cancer in Daegu-Kyungbuk area. Among females the frequency rank was uterine cervix (35.77%), breast (17.97%), stomach (11.65%) in 1988. The frequency of uterine cervix was higher than other area. Breast cancer was highly ranked tumor compare with other area, and its age distribution also appeared in much younger decade.

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