• Title, Summary, Keyword: urea and biotin

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Production of Glutamic Acid by Pseudomonas sp. L-10 (Pseudomonas sp. L-10에 의한 글루탐산의 생산)

  • 이종수;안용근
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.275-279
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    • 1995
  • A bacterium L-10 which produce mush of glutamic acid was Isolated from soil and identified as the genus Pserdomonas. The maximal glutamic acid production was obtained when the strain was cultured at 3$0^{\circ}C$ for 30 hrs in the optimal medium containing 5% glucose, 0.5% each of urea and yeast extract, 0.1% K2HP04, 0.02% MgSO4.7H20, 0.3% (NH, )rHP04, 0.5ug/l biotin and Initial pH 7.0, and then final glutamic acid production under the above conditions was 1.2mg/ml of cell cultures.

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Studies on L-Glutamic Acid-Producing Bacteria(II) (L-Glutamic acid 생성균에 관한 연구 2)

  • 홍순우;하영칠;차승희
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.115-130
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    • 1974
  • Searches for the nutrition requirements of three strains of Brevibacterium ammoniagenes reported in the previous paper were carried out with an aim of achieving the striking accumulation of L-glutamic acid and the large multipication of cells. It was recognized that all three strains required both biotin and thiamine, together with amino acids such as histidine or cysteine, for their good growth and extracellular L-glutamic acid accumulation. The quantity of biotin required for remarkable growth of these microorganisms was quite different from that for the maximum production of L-glutamic acid. This result, however, did not apply in the case of thiamine. It was also confirmed that, of 18 amino acids, histidine and cysteine were the msot effective organic nitrogen sources, while the most available inorganic ammonium salt resulting in a large amount of L-glutamic acid-production and considerable cell gorwth was found to be only urea. Maximum accumulation of extracellular L-glutamic acid, more than 50%(w/w) of the initial sugar content, could be obtained from fermentation in the medium containing wheat-bran extract(Brev. ammoniagenes T-1 and Brev.ammoniagenes Y-2) or rice-bran extract(Brev. ammoniagenes YR-2), which confirmed us a possibility that these bacteria might be employed for industrial fermentation of L-glutamic acid.

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Studies on the Production of Lysine by Fermentation Process (2) -Lysine Production by Auxotrophs- (발효에 의한 라이신(L-Lysine) 생산에 관한 연구 (2) -영양요구성 변이주에 의한 Lysine 생산-)

  • Min, Tae-Ick;Kim, Hang-Mook;Kwon, Tai-Wan
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.123-133
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    • 1972
  • Over 90 of lysine producing auxotrophs were obtained from Corynebacterium sp. S-27-12, Brevibacterium flavum ATCC 15168 and Micrococcus glutamicus ATCC 13032 by UV light, $Co^{60}$ irradiation and N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine treatment. One of the mutant, Brev. flavum U46-N59, was identified as a leucine auxotroph and accumulated lysine during flask (500 ml) cultivation (180 strokes/min.) up to 21.6 mg per ml of broth at pH 7.5 and $28^{\circ}C$ after 4 days. The medium consisted of glucose, 100; urea, 10; corn steep liquor, 40; $KH_2PO_4,\;2;\;K_2HPO_4,\;0.5;\; MgSO_4.\;7H_2O,\;0.4;\;antifoam\;S-57,\;1g;\;Fe_2(SO_4)_3.XH-2O,\;10;\; MnCl_2,\;4H_2O,\;10mg;\;biotin,\;30;\;thiamine-HCl,\;100{\mu}g$in 1l of distilled water, and 40 U/ml of penicillin was added after 36 hrs fermentation.

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Studies on the Production of L-Glutamic Acid by Brevibacterium ammoniagenes (Brevibacterium ammoniagenes에 의한 글루탐산 제조에 관한 연구)

  • Yoo, Young-Jin;Kim, Taik-Yung
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.1-9
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    • 1977
  • A bacterium strain (K-173-10) which was isolated from waste soil of Korea brewing factory, could be grown on acetate as the sole carbon source and accumulated a considerable amount of L-glutamic acid in the medium. This strain was identified as the new species Brevibacterium ammoniagenes. This study was concerned not only with the culture condition for the production of L-glutamic acid and the cell growth, but also with the effects on concentration of various kind of organic substances, growth factors and penicillin. The results obtained were summarized as follow; 1. It was found that the concentrations of acetate and ammonium ions affected the growth of the bacterium as well as its L-glutamate accumulation. The optimum conditions of the composition of grown media for the growth of the bacterium and its glutamic acid production was found to be 40 g/l of total acetate, $100\;{\mu}g/l$ thiamine, $0.5\;{\mu}g/l$ biotin and $1{\sim}2g/l$ corn steep liquor as the growth factors. 2. Organic acid such as succinic acid, malic acid and ${\alpha}-ketoglutaric$ acid inhibited the cell growth as well as its L-glutamic acid production. 3. The penicillin (20 units/ml) stimulated the production of glutamic acid at appropriate incubation period. 4. It was found that this strain could grow in the presence of urea and ammonium acetate but not in other nitrogen sources.

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