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Flora of aquatic and wetland habitats on Jeju Island (제주도의 수생 및 습생 식물상)

  • Kang, Dae-Hyun;Yim, Eun-Young;Moon, Myung-Ok
    • Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy
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    • v.45 no.1
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    • pp.96-107
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    • 2015
  • This study presents a comprehensive account of the flora of hydrophytes and hygrophytes on Jeju Island. This approach aims to contribute to fundamental information about the conservation of plant diversity in wetlands. Field surveys were carried out from May of 2010 to September of 2014 in various types of wetlands on Jeju Island. A total of 189 taxa, including 52 families, 98 genera, 181 species, 6 varieties, 2 forma and 189 taxa, were found. Among them, 99 taxa (38 families, 60 genera, 96 species and 3 varieties) were hydrophytes and 90 taxa (23 families, 45 genera, 85 species, 3 varieties and 2 forma) were hygrophytes. In addition, Eleocharis${\times}$yezoensis H. Hara (Cyperaceae) was newly added to the flora of Korea. The protected wild plants designated by the Ministry of the Environment were 5 taxa, including Brasenia schreberi J. F. Gmel. and Dysophylla yatabeana Makino. The endangered species found included one Critically Endangered Species (i.e., Mankyua chejuense B.-Y. Sun, M. H. Kim & C. H. Kim), 5 Endangered Species (e.g., Lysimachia leucantha Miq.) and 7 Vulnerable Species (e.g., Tillaea aquatica L.). The floristic regional indicator plants found in this area were 44 taxa comprising 10 taxa of grade V, 7 taxa grade IV, 15 taxa of grade III, 5 taxa of grade II, and 7 taxa of grade I. The identified naturalized plants were 10 taxa; 8 families, 8 genera, 9 species and 1 variety. In the wetlands on Jeju Island, high plant species diversity was shown, and a number of rare plants and phytogeographically important plants were found. For these reasons, we consider that the wetlands on Jeju Island are very important areas from a botanical point of view. It is necessary to establish specific protection and maintenance policies in an effort to conserve these wetlands and species.

Phylogenetic study of the fern genus Hypodematium (Hypodematiaceae), focusing on Korean native taxa (한국산 금털고사리속의 계통분류학적 연구)

  • LEE, Chang Shook;LEE, Kanghyup;YEAU, Sung Hee;CHUNG, Kyong-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy
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    • v.48 no.3
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    • pp.163-171
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    • 2018
  • In Korea, Hypodematium glanduloso-pilosum was formerly known as the only Korean native species in the genus. Recently, however, we reported one unrecorded taxon, H. squamuloso-pilosum Ching, which was found on rocks at a limestone mountain in Yeongwol, along with one new taxon, H. angustifolium in Okcheon. Traditionally, Hypodematium taxa are often distinguished from each other by vegetative characters such as pinnatifid lamina, glandular hairs, and narrower or linear lanceolate scales on stipe bases. H. glanduloso-pilosum, distributed widely throughout the country except on Jejudo Island in Korea, exhibiting variations in leaf segregation, indusia positions, hair distributions and size. The high variation in the morphological characters in the widely distributed taxon has caused problems delimitating three native species from each other. To evaluate the phylogenetic relationships among H. glanduloso-pilosum and taxa related to Hypodematium (all Korean native taxa), we carried out morphological and molecular analyses (cpDNA rbcL and psbA-trnH) of populations of the genus Hypodematium in Korea. Although H. glanduloso-pilosum exhibits high variations in some morphological characters, the species is characterized by stipes and indusia with densely multicellular hairs and rod-shaped glandular hairs or hairs and lanceolate or oblong lanceolate scales in rhizomes and stipe bases distinguished from those of other Korean native taxa (H. squamuloso-pilosum and H. angustifolium). In the analyses of cpDNA data, three Korean native taxa are placed in the same clade, i.e., in the glanduloso-pilosum group. Moreover, our analyses propose that H. squamuloso-pilosum (China and Korea), H. angustifolium (Korea), and H. fordii (China and Japan) share the same glanduloso-pilosum clade with H. glandulosopilosum (China, Korea, and Japan).

Two newly naturalized plants in Korea: Nuttallanthus canadensis (L.) D. A. Sutton and Lamium purpureum var. hybridum (Vill.) Vill. (한국 미기록 귀화식물: 솔잎해란초와 유럽광대나물)

  • Ji, Seong-Jin;Yang, Jong-Cheol;Jung, Su-Young;Chang, Chin;Park, Soo-Hyun;Kang, Young-Sik;Oh, Seung-Hwan;Lee, You-Mi
    • Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy
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    • v.42 no.1
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    • pp.91-97
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    • 2012
  • Two naturalized plants belonging to Plantaginaceae and Labiatae are newly recorded for Korean flora. Nuttallanthus canadensis (L.) D. A. Sutton, a taxon of the unrecorded genus Nuttallanthus (Plantaginaceae), was founded in Seogwipo-si, Jeju-do. This species can be distinguished from the Linaria species by its corolla with a pale blue to a pale purple color, a lower lip longer than the upper lip and seed with 4-7 angles when cross-sectioned. Lamium purpureum var. hybridum (Vill.) Vill. was found in Gwangju Metropolitan city, Jeongeup-si, Jeollabuk-do and Gochang-gun, Jeollanam-do. It can be distinguished from L. purpureum L. by its irregularly dentate bracts and upper lips 3-4 mm in length. New Korean names were given, as Sol-lip-hae-rancho to Nuttallanthus canadensis (L.) D. A. Sutton and Eu-reop-gwang-dae-na-mul to Lamium purpureum var. hybridum (Vill.) Vill. In addition, their descriptions, photos, illustrations and keys to related genera and species are provided here.

New Record for Alien Plant of Diplachne fusca subsp. uninervia and a Taxonomic Identification of D. fusca subsp. fascicularis in Korea (한반도 미기록 외래식물 좀갯드렁새와 갯드렁새의 분류학적 실체)

  • Kim, Jung-Hyun;Kim, Jin-Seok;Sim, Sunhee;Lee, Wunggi;Park, Sung-Ae
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.130-137
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    • 2020
  • We found Diplachne fusca subsp. uninervia (J. Presl) P.M. Peterson & N. Snow, an unrecorded alien plant, in Gimpo-si, Gyeonggi-do and Ganghwa-gun, Incheon Metropolitan City. Diplachne fusca subsp. uninervia is native to North America (the USA and Mexico), Central America (Belize, Costa Rica, Honduras, and Nicaragua), the Caribbean (the Bahamas, Cuba, Jamaica, and Puerto Rico), and South America (Venezuela, Brazil, Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru, Argentina, Chile, Paraguay, and Uruguay). It is reported as an invasive species worldwide. Diplachne fusca subsp. uninervia is closely related to D. fusca subsp. fascicularis (Lam.) P.M. Peterson & N. Snow (Gaet-deu-reong-sae in Korean), an invasive species in Korea, and both are infraspecific taxa of the species D. fusca. Diplachne fusca subsp. uninervia is distinguished from D. fusca subsp. fascicularis by the small size of its spikelets, glumes, and lemmas, with apex awnless. Its common name is "Jom-gaet-deu-reong-sae" based on the short spikelets. We found that D. fusca (≡Leptochloa fusca), previously known as "Gaet-deu-reong-sae", was misapplied. It is morphologically different from D. fusca subsp. fascicularis. Therefore, we changed the scientific name of Gaet-deu-reong-sae from D. fusca (≡L. fusca) to D. fusca subsp. fascicularis based on the type specimens, original descriptions, and recent studies.

Discover New Natural Habitat of Unrecorded Species (Stachyurus praecox) in Korea (국내 미기록종 통조화(Stachyurus praecox) 자생지 최초 발견)

  • Cho, Ji-Woong;Oh, Chan-Jin;Jang, Kyoung-Soo;Son, Seong-Won;Oh, Deuk-Sil;Kim, Jong-Gi
    • Proceedings of the Plant Resources Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.39-39
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    • 2018
  • 지금까지 통조화(Stachyurus praecox)는 일본특산식물로 알려져 있으며, 일부 수목원 식물원에서만 식재된 국내 미기록종이다. 본 조사에서는 전남 완도군 생일면 일대 무인섬에서 통조화 자생지를 최초 발견하였다. 이 일대 해발고 50m 이하의 지점에서 불규칙적으로 최대 H8.0m, R24cm 등 150여 개체 이상 분포하는 것으로 확인되었다. 조사지 식생의 교목층은 생달나무(Cinnamomum japonicum), 아교목층은 통조화(Stachyurus praecox), 관목층은 참식나무(Neolitsea sericea), 초본층은 두루미천남성(Arisaema heterophyllum)이 우점하고 있었다. 국내에서는 통조화(Stachyurus praecox)에 대한 기초자료가 부족하여 그간 암수딴그루, 낙엽활엽관목으로 여겨왔다. 그러나 이번 자생지 발견을 통해 암꽃만 있는 단성화 개체뿐만 아니라 암술과 수술이 함께 있는 양성화 개체가 더 많이 자생하고 있는 것으로 조사되었다. 또한, 단성화(암꽃)에서만 전년도에 결실한 종자가 달려있다는 점과, 양성화에서는 화기의 탈락이 빈번하고 수정된 개체를 발견할 수 없었던 점으로 보아 이 지역에서 자생하는 통조화는 암꽃양성화딴그루로 사료된다. 향후, 이 지역 통조화의 정확한 동정을 위해 동일한 속의 유사분류군과의 유연관계를 비교하고, 관찰 및 조사가 필요하다.

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Isolation and characterization of acid-resistanct and halophilic bacteria using cultivation technique in Jeju island (배양기법을 활용한 제주도내 내산 및 호염성 미생물의 분리 및 특성 분석)

  • Han, Bit;Kim, Minji;Ryu, Dajung;Lee, Ki-Eun;Lee, Byoung-Hee;Lee, Eun-Young;Park, Soo-Je
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.55 no.3
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    • pp.248-257
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    • 2019
  • In this study, we isolated about 70 bacterial strains from terrestrial and marine environments in Jeju island, and finally, total 21 strains were obtained based on the 16S ribosomal RNA gene sequence analysis. These isolated strains were classified into 16 genera of 5 classes and were identified as an unrecorded species in the Republic of Korea. As a result of the substrate utilization and capability for polymer degradation, the physiological phenotypes for acid resistance and halophilic bacteria were observed to be distinct from each other, except for some acid resistance strains. This study might provide basic information on utilization for indigenous microorganisms.

Higher Fungi in Korea (1) (한국산(韓國産) 고등균류(高等菌類)(1))

  • Seok, Soon-Ja;Kim, Yang-Sup;Ryu, Young-Jin;Park, Dong-Suk
    • The Korean Journal of Mycology
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.144-152
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    • 1995
  • Through a floral study and resource investigation of Korean mushrooms during the year 1993, five species of Agaricales, Pseudoclitocybe cyathiformis (Bull.: Fr.) Sing.; Pholiota brunnescens A.H. Smith & K. Hesler; Coprinus angulatus Peck; Rhodophyllus bisporus Hongo; Suillus viscidipes Hongo and one form of Gasteromycetes, Lysurus mokusin (L.: Pers.) Fr.f. sinensis (Lloyd) Kobayashi, were found and described new to Korean flora. Pseudoclitocybe is described as an unrecorded genus to Korea. The color names cited are from Kornerup & Wanscher's Methuen Handbook of Colour (1984). All the specimens are deposited in the RDAGB's and ASIK's herbarium.

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First record of Achillea alpina L. subsp. pulchra (Koidz.) Kitam. (Asteraceae) in Korea (한국 미기록 식물: 갯톱풀(국화과))

  • Sun, Eun-Mi;Im, Hyoung-Tak;Kim, Hyuk-Jin;Son, Dong Chan;Lee, Kang Hyup;Choi, Kyung
    • Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy
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    • v.47 no.2
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    • pp.112-118
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    • 2017
  • Achillea alpina L. subsp. pulchra (Koidz.) Kitam., an unrecorded subspecies belonging to the genus Achillea of Asteraceae, was discovered and is illustrated here. It is known as an endemic species of Hokkaido, Japan, but we discovered it along the seashore at Uljin in Gyeongsangbuk-do, Korea. Having a relatively equally serrate or dentate leaf margin and sparsely villous involucres, this subspecies is easily distinguished from its related taxa. Based on its habitat, it was termed Gaet-top-pul in Korean. We provide a description, illustrations, photographs and a key of related taxa in Korea.

Phylogenesis of Halophila ovalis (R. Br.) Hook. fil. (Hydrocharitaceae) from An Island, Korea (전남 여수시 안도섬에서 발견된 해오말의 유전학적 관계 연구)

  • Kim, Jeong-Bae;Cho, Eun-Seob
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.759-763
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    • 2008
  • Halophila ovalis (R. Br.) Hook. fil. was first collected from the Ando, Yeosu, Korea in 2007. H. ovalis is Widely distributed from sub-tropical to even tropical areas and produces the seeds using bisexual reproduction. Its leaf shape was oblong to ovate. Its leaf blades were rigid in texture, with a strong support to the leaf. Erect shoots arose at irregular intervals along the rhizome. The distance between the intramarginal vein and leaves margin was small. Nucleotides in ITS 1 and ITS 2 regions between the Korean and Japanese H. ovalis were found to be 100% similar, whereas Korean H. ovalis was found to have four nucleotides in the positions of 202 bp to 206 bp for 5.8S. In the analysis of the phylogenetic relationship using NJ method, Korean H. ovalis had a monophyletic genetic tree with Japanese H. ovalis, but no phylogenetic relationship with types from the Philippines, Australia, Malaysia, and Vietnam. The first occurrence of H. ovalisin Korea was associated with a strong migration of gene flow from Japan and high water temperature caused by the variations in climate.

A new record for Korean flora: Drosera spathulata Labill. (Droseraceae) (한국 미기록 식물: 좀끈끈이주걱(끈끈이귀개과))

  • Son, Sung-Won;Lee, Byung-Chun;Chung, Jae-Min;Yang, Hyung-Ho;Lee, Seong-Won
    • Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy
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    • v.42 no.1
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    • pp.64-67
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    • 2012
  • Drosera spathulata Labill., belonging to the family Droseraceae, was recently recorded for the first time in a forest wetland in Busan-si, Gijang-gun, Cheolma-myeon. This plant is distributed from eastern Australia throughout South East Asian, Japan, China, Taiwan, and now, Korea. This species, related by taxa to D. rotundifolia, is distinguished by possessing a smaller leaf size (10-20 mm long, 2.5-4.5 mm wide), racemes that are glandular-hairy, and pinkish petals. The newly given Korean name, 'Jom-kkeun-kkeun-yi-ju-geok' reflects the small size as compared to related taxa. A description of the key characteristics, an illustration, and photographs of the habitats of this plant are provided in this report.