• 제목, 요약, 키워드: unnecessary readmission

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불필요한 재입원 비용 추정에 관한 연구 (Estimation of cost by unnecessary readmission of the tertiary hospitals)

  • 신민선;이원재
    • 한국융합학회논문지
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    • v.8 no.12
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    • pp.149-157
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    • 2017
  • 입원기간동안 적절하지 않거나 불필요한 처치로 발생될 수 있는 재입원관련 질지표는 질스크리닝 뿐만 아니라 입원환자의 적절하지 못한 지출을 파악할 수 있어서 중요하다. 이 연구는 예방할 수 있는 재입원으로 인해 발생되는 진료비 규모를 파악하고자 한다. 건강보험심사평가원의 2014년도 청구 데이터를 활용하여 종합병원이상 의료기관에 입원한 18세 이상 성인을 대상으로 분석하였다. 입원 유형을 1회 입원군과 재입원군으로 분류하였고, 재입원군은 다시 계획된 재입원과 계획되지 않은 재입원으로 분류하였다. 재입원 간격은 28일 이내로 설정하였다. 암질환, 동반질환, 전문재활 환자의 경우 1회 입원군보다 재입원군의 분포가 더 많았다. 계획되지 않은 재입원 유형 중 동일 기관, 동일 진료과목, 동일 질병군 입원의 경우 재입원에 지출된 총 진료비가 전체 재입원 진료비의 50%가량을 차지하였다. 불필요한 재입원으로 인해 발생되는 진료비는 2014년 1년간 9,990억원 정도였다. 재입원이 잦은 지역, 진료과목, 질병군 등의 패턴을 활용하여 재입원을 줄이려는 노력이 필요하다.

고액진료비 환자의 특성 비교분석 - 의료보험과 의료보호환자를 중심으로 - (Comparative Analysis on the Characteristics of High Cost Medical Users between the Health Insurance and Medical Assistance Program)

  • 강선희;문옥륜
    • 한국의료질향상학회지
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.112-129
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    • 1996
  • Background : A small number of high cost patients usually spend a larger proportion of scarce health resources. Aged, long-term care and readmitted patients usually belong to these high cost patient group. Among others, long length of stay and readmission can be reduced by checking its cause, and these are the areas needed most of quality improvement activity. Characteristics of high cost medical users between health insurance program and medical assistance program were reviewed. Methods : The inpatient claims of health insurance and medical assistance program were analyzed. Patients were divided by 6 groups; long-term, mid-term, short-term, readmitted, cancer and aged. We defined high cost patients as those who had spent one and half million won and over per 6 months. Characteristics of high cost patients for each group were reviewed. Results : medical assistance patients used much more resources than the insured members in the average hospital cost per case but less in daily hospital cost. The former had a longer length of stay and had much heavier diseases. Major diseases of both group were cancer, diseases of circulatory system and chronic degenerative diseases. Gallstone and schizophrenia were more in the insured program. However, pulmonary tuberculosis, asthma were more common among the medical assistance patients. Early readmission before 2 weeks were 28-30% of the total readmission. Readmission rate in the malignat neoplasm and renal failure were 80% and more. Q.A program should be installed to prevent unnecessary readmissions. Conclusion : Almost 30% of early readmissions and admissions due to complications and long length of stay should be reviewed carefully to keep cost down and to enhance the quality of hospital care.

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퇴원환자를 위한 간호사 주도 전환 프로그램의 내용과 효과에 관한 체계적 문헌고찰 (A Systematic Review on Nurse-Led Transitional Care Programs for Discharged Patients from Hospital to Home)

  • 이현주;김유경;오의금
    • 임상간호연구
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.376-387
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: This study was to systematically review the contents and effects of nurse-led transitional care programs for discharged patients from hospital to home. Methods: Randomized controlled trials published between 2005 and 2015 were searched in Pubmed, Embase, Cochrane(Central Register of Controlled Trials) and CINAHL. Data were analyzed using Cochrane Review Manager(Revman) software 5.3. Results: Nine studies were selected and analyzed. Patient assessment, education and discharge planning were included in pre-discharge phase. Referring, communication and care planning were performed by nurses in transition phase. Home and phone visits, monitoring and multidisciplinary advices were included in post-discharge phase. Various outcome measures such as hospital utilization(30 days readmission and emergency department visit), quality of life, and cost were used to identify effectiveness of nurse-led transitional care programs. 30 days readmission(OR=.73, 95% CI 0.54, 0.98; p=.03) and emergency department visit(OR=.67, 95% CI 0.50, 0.88; p=.005) were statistically significant in meta-analysis. However, participant blinding was not done in seven studies which put at the risk of performance bias. Conclusion: The results indicated that nurse-led transitional care program is effective in reducing unnecessary hospital utilization. Nevertheless, small sample size and risk at performance bias are the limitation of this study. Thus, we suggest that well-designed randomized controlled trials need to be conducted.

재입원 예측 모형 개발에 관한 연구 (A Study on the Development of Readmission Predictive Model)

  • 조윤정;김유미;함승우;최준영;백설경;강성홍
    • 한국산학기술학회논문지
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.435-447
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    • 2019
  • 불필요한 재입원을 예방하기 위해서는 재입원 확률이 높은 집단을 집중적으로 관리할 필요가 있다. 이를 위해서는 재입원 예측모형의 개발이 필요하다. 재원예측 모형을 개발하기 위해 1개 대학병원의 2016년에서 2017년의 2년간의 퇴원요약환자 데이터를 수집하였다. 이때 재입원 환자는 연구 기간 내에 2번 이상 퇴원한 환자라 정의 하였다. 재입원환자의 특성을 파악하기 위해 기술통계와 교착분석을 실시하였다. 재입원 예측 모형개발은 데이터마이닝 기법인 로지스틱회귀모형, 신경망, 의사결정모형을 이용하였다. 모형평가는 AUC(Area Under Curve)를 이용하였다. 로지스틱회귀모형이 AUC가 0.81로 가장 우수하게 나옴에 따라 본 연구에서는 로지스틱 회귀모형을 최종 재입원 예측 모형으로 선정을 하였다. 로지스틱회귀모형에서 선정된 재입원에 영향을 끼치는 주요한 변수는 성별, 연령, 지역, 주진단군, Charlson 동반질환지수, 퇴원과, 응급실 경유 여부, 수술여부, 재원일수, 총비용, 보험종류 등이었다. 본 연구에서 개발한 모형은 1개병원의 2년치 자료이므로 일반화하기에는 제한점이 있다. 추후에 여러 병원 장기간의 데이터를 수집하여 일반화 할 수 있는 모형을 개발하는 것이 필요하다. 더 나아가 계획에 없던 재입원 까지 예측을 할 수 있는 모형을 개발하는 것이 필요하다.

일 상급종합병원 노인 환자의 가정간호 서비스 이용 현황 분석 (Analysis of the Current State of Home Health Nursing for Elderly Patients in Advanced General Hospital)

  • 박성혜;장연수;김수진
    • 임상간호연구
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.275-284
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze the current state of home health nursing (HHN) for elders and to provide basic data on policy alternatives for establishing home medical care in the advanced general hospital. Methods: This study was conducted as a secondary data analysis, using electronic medical record (EMR) data of older patients who received HHN more than once from the S advanced general hospital between January 2016 and December 2018. Results: A total of 1,790 patients received HHN visits, with 22,477 visits being made. The mean age was 76.8±7.3 years old, 96.0% of elders had health insurance and 24.6% had orthopedics problems. Of the 1,168 people who visited emergency rooms, the most frequent symptom was pain (23.4%) and all patients visited the hospital at least once and at most 163 times outpatient care during HHN. Causative diseases were degenerative knee joint osteoarthritis (0.6%), surgery for right knee replacement (4.0%), and for dressings (9.7%) in the HHN service content analysis. Conclusion: The progress towards an aging society and the introduction of community care are expected to further enhance the need for HHN which should be able to provide comprehensive and continuous visiting health care services to the older patients. The results of this study are expected to help doctors solve problems not solved by HHN, reduce unnecessary emergency room or outpatient visits, and readmission, while at the same time contributing to the improvement of patient quality of life through efficient patient health care.