• Title/Summary/Keyword: tyrosinase activity

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The effects of some natural products on mouse melanoma cells in vitro

  • Cha, Eun-Jung;Kim, An-Keun
    • Proceedings of the PSK Conference
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    • pp.321.1-321
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    • 2002
  • To indentify inhibitors of melanogenesis. we compared the effect of some natural products on mushroom tyrosinase. human melanocytic tyrosinase activity and melanin content. The cytotoxicity of the component were also tested on cultured mouse melanoma cells, Each extract significantly inhibited tyrosinase activity and melanin synthesis in vitro and B 16 melanoma cell lines. In B 16 cell lines, watermelon's inner shell extract inhibited tyrosinase activity as strong as kojic acid at 150${\um}g$/${\mu}\ell$ concentration. And morning glory'seed extract inhibited melanin synthesis more than kojic acid at 150${\um}g$/${\mu}\ell$ concentration. Each extract were strong inhibitors of tyrosinase activity and total melanin synthesis in B 16 mouse melanoma cell lines at less than 100${\um}g$/${\mu}\ell$ concetration. These result show that extract of watermelon's inner shell. lettuce. morning glory's seed and licorice root could be developed as skin whitening component of cosmetics.

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Effect of Light Emitting Diode Irradiation on Tyrosinase Activity during Storage (저장 중 발광다이오드 광 조사가 타이로시네이스 활성에 미치는 영향)

  • Jung, Hyo Yeon;Kim, Jung Sun;Noh, Bong Soo
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.47 no.6
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    • pp.785-788
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    • 2015
  • In this study, the effect of light irradiation on tyrosinase activity during storage in a low temperature incubator was investigated, with the goal of identifying the appropriate wavelength and intensity of light for inhibiting tyrosinase activity. Fluorescent light and blue light emitting diode (LED) irradiation were found to inhibit tyrosinase activity. In particular, tyrosinase activity was significantly inhibited under high intensity blue LED irradiation, suggesting that the activity of tyrosinase present in vegetables or fruits might be inhibited by LED irradiation. Therefore, blue LED irradiation during food storage and the distribution stage would be useful for ensuring good quality of food, owing to the inhibition of the enzymatic browning reaction.

Effects of Protein Kinase Inhibitors on Melanin Production in B16 Melanoma Cells Stimulated via Cyclic AMP-dependent Pathway (B16 Melanoma 세포에서 Protein Kinase 억제제들이 Cyclic AMP 경로를 통한 멜라닌 생성에 미치는 영향)

  • 차상복;조남영;윤미연;임혜원;김경원;박영미;이지윤;이진희;김창종
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.47 no.1
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    • pp.31-36
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    • 2003
  • To investigate the effect of protein kinase on melanin production via cAMP-dependent pathway, we measured the melanin amount and tyrosinase activity in B16 melanoma cells stimulated by alpha-melanocyte stimulating hormone (MSH), forskolin and 8-Br-cAMP. MSH, forskolin and 8-Br-cAMP significantly increased both melanin production and tyrosinase activity in B16 cells. Melanin production and tyrosinase activity by MSH are significantly inhibited by cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase inhibitor (KT5720) and protein kinase C down-regulation treated with PMA. Bisindolmaleimide (1$\mu$M), protein kinase C inhibitor, significantly inhibited melanin production and tyrosinase activity stimulated by MSH, forskolin and 8-Br-cAMP with the following order of potency: MSH>forskolin>8-Br-cAMP. Tyrosine kinase inhibitor, genistein and DHC, significantly inhibited both, but the inhibitory effect was more potent in 8-Br-cAMP-stimulated B16 cells than MSH-stimulated cells. NFkB inhibitor (parthenolide) significantly inhibited melanin production and tyrosinase activity. Neither melanin production nor tyrosinase activity induced by MSH, forskolin and 8-Br-cAMP were affected by KN-62 (calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II inhibitor), PD098059 (mitogen-activated protein kinase inhibitor, MAPKK) and worthmannin (phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase inhibitor). These results suggest that both protein kinase C and tyrosine kinase are involved in melanin production by cyclic AMP-dependent pathway and NFkB pathway may play an important role in cyclic AMP-dependent melanin production in B16 melanoma cells.

INHIBITORY EFFECTS OF RAMULUS MORI EXTRACTS ON MELANOGENESIS

  • Kim, Jeong-Ha;Lee, Kang-Tae
    • Journal of the Society of Cosmetic Scientists of Korea
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.45-50
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    • 1998
  • 13 develop an active agent for skin whitening, we examined the inhibitory effects of 285 plant extracts on tyrosinase activity and found some plant extracts have an ability to inhibit tyrosinase activity. Of these plant extracts, ramulus mori extracts showed the highest inhibiting activity on enzyme activity. From these results, we selected ramulus mori as a new active agent for skin whitening. $IC_{50}$/ of this extracts on tyrosinase activity is 12.48$\mu\textrm{g}$/m1. Also, ramulus mori extracts showed inhibitory activity on melanin synthesis in B-16 melanoma cells. We isolated active compound from ramulus mori extracts using various column chromatography and recrystalization and identified its chemical structure using Mass spectroscopy, IR and NMR analysis. So, it is identified as Mulberrin, a maior compound of ramutus mori and turned out that it has potent ability on tyrosinase inhibition. $IC_{50}$/ of this compound for tyrosinase activity is 0.5$\mu\textrm{g}$/ml. Also, this compound showed potent inhibitory activity on melanin synthesis in B-16 melanoma cells. This extracts was turned out to be safe in many safety tests.

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Effects of Sipgeondaebo-tang Pharmacopuncture Extracts on the Collagenase Activity and Procollagen Synthesis in HS68 Human Fibroblasts and Tyrosinase Activity Original Articles (십전대보탕약침액(十全大補湯藥鍼液)의 사람 피부아세포의 콜라게나제 활성 및 프로콜라겐 합성과 티로시나제 활성에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Se-Na;Kim, Myung-Gyou;Kim, Myoung-Hee;Kim, Hyung-Jun;Jo, Hak-Jun;Leem, Kang-Hyun
    • Journal of Pharmacopuncture
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.51-59
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    • 2011
  • Objectives : This study was designed to investigate the collagen metabolism and tyrosinase activity of Sipgeondaebo-tang Pharmacopuncture extracts (SP). Methods : The effect of SP on type I procollagen production and collagenase activity in human normal fibroblasts HS68 after UVB (312 nm) irradiation was measured by ELISA method. The tyrosinase activity after treatment of SP was measured as well. Results : Type I procollagen production was recovered by SP in UVB damaged HS68 cells. The increased collagenase activity after UVB damage was significantly recovered by SP. The tyrosinase activity was significantly reduced as well. However, the L-DOPA oxidation was not changed. Conclusion : SP showed the anti-wrinkle effects and whitening effects in vitro. These results suggest that SP may be a potential pharmacopuncture as an anti-aging pharmacopuncture treatments.

The Branch Extracts of Vaccinium oldhamii Stimulate Melanin Synthesis Through Activation of Tyrosinase Activity in B16F10 Melanoma Cells

  • Park, Su Bin;Kim, Ha Na;Kim, Jeong Dong;Park, Gwang Hun;Son, Ho-Jun;Eo, Hyun Ji;Song, Jeong Ho;Jeong, Hyung Jin;Jeong, Jin Boo
    • Proceedings of the Plant Resources Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.95-95
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    • 2018
  • In this study, we investigated the effect of branch extracts from Vaccinium oldhamii (VOB) on melanin synthesis in B16F10 cells. VOB promoted melanin production in absence or presence of ${\alpha}$-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (${\alpha}-MSH$) in B16F10 cells. However, VOB did not affect the expression of tyrosinase and TRP-1 associated with melanin synthesis at the mRNA and protein level in B16F10. But, VOB decreased TRP-2 protein level and induced tyrosinase activation in B16F10 cells. Inhibition of tyrosinase activity and tyrosinase knockdown attenuated VOB-mediated melanin synthesis. In conclusion, it is thought that VOB may stimulate melanin synthesis through activating tyrosinase activity.

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Icariin promotes melanin synthesis (Icariin의 멜라닌합성 촉진 작용)

  • Cha, Su Bin;Park, Seol A;Kang, Lea Minju;Woo, Won Hong;Mun, Yeun Ja
    • Herbal Formula Science
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.81-90
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    • 2020
  • Objectives : This study was conducted to investigate the effects of major constituents of Epimedium koreanum Nakai (Icariin, epimedium A, epimedium B, and epimedium C) on melanin synthesis. Methods : We measured melanin contents, tyrosinase activity, and expression of Rab27a in B16F10 cells cultured with Epimedium koreanum Nakai ethanol extract (EKN) and their major constituents. After treatment with H89 and dibutyryl cAMP, which inhibit or promote the activation of PKA, we observed changes in melanin synthesis and tyrosinase activity stimulated by EKN. Results : Among them, EKN and icariin enhanced tyrosinase activity and melanin contents. We confirmed that EKN augmented melanin synthesis via cAMP/PKA pathway. Icariin-induced tyrosinase activity and melanin content were attenuated by PKA inhibitor H89, while melanogenic effect of icariin was further augmented by cAMP analog, dbc AMP. However, icariin did not affect the expression of small GTPase Rab27a involved in melanosome transport. Conclusions : These results suggest that icariin promotes melanogenesis through cAMP/PKA pathway but does not affect small GTPase Rab27a.

Effects of Angelica Gigantis Radix Extracts on the Collagenase Activity and Procollagen Synthesis in HS68 Human Fibroblasts and Tyrosinase Activity (당귀(當歸)의 사람 피부아세포의 콜라게나제 활성과 프로콜라겐합성과 티로시나제 활성에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Jung-Hun;Lee, Se-Na;Kim, Myung-Gyou;Kim, Myoung-Hee;Kim, Hyung-Jun;Jo, Hak-Jun;Leem, Kang-Hyun
    • The Korea Journal of Herbology
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.29-33
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    • 2011
  • Objectives : This study was designed to investigate the collagen metabolism and tyrosinase activity of Angelicae Gigantis Radix extracts (AGR). Methods : The effect of AGR on type I procollagen production and collagenase activity in human normal fibroblasts HS68 after UVB (312 nm) irradiation was measured by ELISA method. The tyrosinase activity after treatment of AGR was measured. Results : Type I procollagen production was recovered by AGR in UVB damaged HS68 cells. The increased collagenase activity after UVB damage was significantly recovered by AGR and the tyrosinase activity was significantly reduced. However, the L-DOPA oxidation was not changed. Conclusion : AGR showed the anti-wrinkle effects and whitening effects in vitro. These results suggest that AGR may have potential as an anti-aging ingredient in cosmetic herbs.

Effect of Arctigenin on Tyrosinase Activity and Melanin Production in B16 Melanoma Cells (B16 Melanoma 세포에서 Arctigenin이 Tyrosinase 활성과 Melanin 생성에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Dong Ja;Sim, Sang Soo
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.56 no.6
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    • pp.395-400
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    • 2012
  • To investigate the possibility of development as a whitening agent using arctigenin, we measured DPPH assay, NBT/XO assay, intracellular ROS scavenging assay, tyrosinase assay and MSH-induced melanin production in B16 melanoma cells. Arctigenin dose-dependently had anti-oxidant activity in DPPH, NBT/XO and intracellular ROS assay. Although arctigenin did not inhibit purified tyrosinase activity, it dose-dependently inhibited tyrosinase activity and melanin production in B16 melanoma cells stimulated by $1{\mu}M$ ${\alpha}$-MSH. In particular, arctigenin at a concentration $100{\mu}M$ inhibited ${\alpha}$-MSH-stimulated tyrosinase activity and melanin production by $50.9{\pm}2.9%$ and $69.0{\pm}6.5%$ respectively. And typical tyrosinase inhibitor, arbutin, inhibited $57.7{\pm}2.9%$ and $65.1{\pm}5.0%$ respectively. Such an similar inhibitory effect of arctigenin and arbutin in B16 melanoma cells may be due to the inhibition of MSH signal pathway rather than the direct inhibition of tyrosinase. Therefore, these results suggest that arctigenin may be useful for the development as whitening agents.

Aloesin and Arbutin Inhibit Typrosinase Activity in a Synergistic Manner via a Different Action Mechanism

  • Jin, Ying-Hua;Lee, Suk-Jin;Chung, Myung-Hee;Park, Jeong-Hill;Park, Young-In;Cho, Tae-Hyeong;Lee, Seung-Ki
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.232-236
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    • 1999
  • In this study, we present evidence that cotreatment of aloesin and arbutin inhibits tyrosinase activity in a synergistic manner by acting through a different action mechanism. Aloesin or arbutin similarly inhibited enzyme activity of human- and mushroom-tyrosinases with an IC50 value of 0.1 or 0.04 mM, respectively. Lineweaver-Burk plots of the enzyme kinetics data showed that aloesin inhibited tyrosinase activity noncompetitively with a Ki value of 5.3 mM, whereas arbutin did it competitively (Maeda, 1996). We then examined whether cotreatment of these agents inhibits the tyrosinase activity in a synergistic manner. The results showed that 0.01 mM aloesin in the presence of 0.03 mM arbutin inhibited activity of mushroom by 80% of the control value and the reverse was also true. The inhibitory effects were calculated to be synergistic according to the B rgi method. Taken together, we suggest that aloesin along with arbutin inhibits in synergy melanin production by combined mechanisms of noncompetitive and competitive inhibitions of tyrosinase activity.

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