• Title, Summary, Keyword: tunnel excavation

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Experimental study on the tunnel behavior induced by the excavation and the structure construction above existing tunnel (기존터널 상부지반 굴착 후 구조물 설치에 따른 터널거동에 관한 실험적 연구)

  • Cha, Seok-Kyu;Lee, Sangduk
    • Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.640-655
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    • 2018
  • Recently, the construction of the urban area has been rapidly increasing, and the excavation work of the ground has been frequently performed at the upper part of the existing underground structures. Especially, when the structure is constructed after the excavation of the ground, the loading and unloading process in the ground under the excavation basement can affect the existing underground structures. Therefore, in order to maintain the stability of the existing underground structure due to the excavation of the ground, it is necessary to accurately grasp the influence of the excavation and the structure load in the adjoining part. In this study, the effect of the excavation of the ground and the new structure load on the existing tunnel was experimentally implemented and the influence of the adjacent construction on the existing tunnel was investigated. For this purpose a large testing model with 1/5 scale of the actual size was manufactured. The influence of ground excavation, width of the load due to new structure, and distance between centers of tunnel and of excavation on the existing tunnel was investigated. In this study, it was confirmed that the influence on the existing tunnel gets larger, as the excavation depth get deeper. At the same distance, it was confirmed that the tunnel displacement increased up to three times according to the increase of the building load width. That is, the load width influences the existing tunnel larger than the excavation depth. As the impact of the distance between centers of tunnel and of excavation, it was confirmed that tunnel crown displacement decreased by 48%. The result showed that a tunnel is located in the range of 1D (D: tunnel diameter) from the center of excavation, the effect of excavation is the largest.

특정 사례터널 해석 결과 및 평가

  • Lee, Seung-Rae;O, Se-Bung;Baek, Gyu-Ho
    • Proceedings of the Korean Geotechical Society Conference
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    • pp.123-132
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    • 1991
  • The GEOKST program was used to solve the tunnel example problem. The package can solve such geotechnical problem as excavation, embankment, foundations, etc., in which the soil can be modeled by various elastoplastic geomaterial models. The main objective was to consider the effects of excavation depth to the face of the tunnel on the stability of the ground and support system. Depended on the strength of the ground materials, the limit excavation depth without any support system could be established by analyzing three-dimensional excavation problem. In this given example problem, the strengths of the ground materials were enough for the stability of the tunnel without any support system up to fairly deep excavation and the maximum tunnel section displacement was stabilized as the excavation proceed. The asymptotic value was approximately the same as that of the plane strain analysis. Thus, assuming the plain strain condition and simulation the actual excavation procedure, the maximum tunnel section displacement was caculated after final step. The maximum calculated displacement occured at the top section of the tunnel geometry and was about 8mm.

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A Study on the Stability of Existing Subway Tunnel due to Construction of New Underpass (지하차도 건설에 따른 기존 지하철터널 안정성에 대한 연구)

  • Chung, Jee-Seung;Choi, Jae-Young;Lee, Jin-Hyuk
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.57-63
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    • 2016
  • Recently, subways in the city are formed a vast underground network which is interfered with construction when large-scale infrastructure will be planned to nearby existing subway tunnels. Researches have been restricted to estimate stability of existing subway tunnel due to adjacent excavation causued by small construction such as buildings. In this paper, OO underpass is planned on the top of existing subway tunnel, which will be need large-scale excavation, is selected as a subject of study. And the purpose of this study is to analyze the effects on existing subway tunnel due to excavation by stages on construction of underpass. The 3D-numerical analysis was performed by using the MIDAS/GTS program. The stability on existing subway tunnel caused by sequential excavation is analysed using numerical results. Based on the analysis, the excavation orders and reinforcement methods was suggested for stability of exiting subway tunnel.

Estimation of Disturbed Zone Around Rock Masses with Tunnel Excavation Using PS Logging (PS검층에 의한 터널굴착에 따른 주변암반의 이완영역 평가)

  • Park, Sam Gyu;Kim, Hee Joon
    • Economic and Environmental Geology
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    • v.31 no.6
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    • pp.527-534
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    • 1998
  • Excavation of underground openings changes stress distribution around the opening. The survey of this disturbed zone in excavation is very important to design and construct underground facilities, such as tunnel, gas and oil storage, power plant and disposal site of high- and low-level radioactive wastes. This paper presents a zoning of rock masses with tunnel excavation using PS logging. Compressional and shear wave velocities are measured in boreholes drilled in the tunnel wall, which was constructed with blasting and/or machine excavation. The disturbed zone in excavation can be estimated by comparing PS logging data with a tomographic image of compressional wave velocity and compressional and shear wave velocities of core samples. In the side wall of tunnel, the disturbed zone reaches 1.5 m and 1.0 m in thickness for blocks of blasting and machine excavations, respectively. In the roof of tunnel, however, the disturbed zone is 1.0 m and 0.75 m thick for the two blocks. These results show that the width of the disturbed zone is larger in the side wall of tunnel than in the roof, and 1.3 to 1.5 times larger for the blasting excavation than for the machine excavation.

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2D numerical investigation of twin tunnels-Influence of excavation phase shift

  • Djelloul, Chafia;Karech, Toufik;Demagh, Rafik;Limam, Oualid;Martinez, Juan
    • Geomechanics and Engineering
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.295-308
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    • 2018
  • The excavation of twin tunnels is a process that destabilizes the ground. The stability of the tunnel lining, the control of ground displacements around the tunnel resulting from each excavation and the interaction between them must be controlled. This paper provides a new approach for replacing the costly 3D analyses with the equivalent 2D analyses that closely reflects the in-situ measurements when excavating twin tunnels. The modeling was performed in two dimensions using the FLAC2D finite difference code. The three-dimensional effect of excavation is taken into account through the deconfinement rate ${\lambda}$ of the soil surrounding the excavation by applying the convergence-confinement method. A comparison between settlements derived by the proposed 2D analysis and the settlements measured in a real project in Algeria shows an acceptable agreement. Also, this paper reports the investigation into the changes in deformations on tunnel linings and surface settlements which may be expected if the twin tunnels of T4 El-Harouche Skikda were constructed with a tunneling machine. Special attention was paid to the influence of the excavation phase shift distance between the two mechanized tunnel faces. It is revealed that the ground movements and the lining deformations during tunnel excavation depend on the distance between the tunnels' axis and the excavation phase shift.

Stability analysis of a 2 arch tunnel considering excavation sequence (굴착단계를 고려한 2 아치 터널의 안정성 해석)

  • You, Kwang-Ho;Park, Yeon-Jun
    • Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.167-174
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    • 2002
  • In this study, a numerical stability analysis was performed for a large tunnel considering excavation sequence. In most cases, stability of a tunnel is analyzed based on the stability of the final excavation stage only. In this study, stability analysis of a tunnel was performed at each excavation stage. In summary, it can be inferred that there is no problem in stability of the tunnel. However, thorough and careful measurements are recommended. Also, it is found that the stability of the tunnel at the 5th excavation stage when the right half of the main tunnel is excavated is rather lower than that of the tunnel at the final excavation stage.

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Case Study of Environmental Impact Assessment about Groundwater Outflow during Railroad Tunnel Construction (철도건설사업시 터널지하수 유출에 관한 환경영향평가 사례 연구)

  • Lee Jeongho;Yoo Heonseok;Lee Young Soo;Park Chang Sug
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.303-308
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    • 2004
  • It is recently reported that the importance of environmental impact assessment(EIA) about groundwater outflow problems is beingy raised in the case of tunnel excavation during railroad construction. The EIA about groundwater outflow into railroad tunnel is generally performed using the results of numerical analysis embodied through groundwater flow modeling program like MODFLOW. The basic data for this modeling include (1) the geological and hydrogeological investigation data along the planned block of tunnel excavation, (2) total amount of outflowed groundwater during tunnel excavation, and (3) the status of groundwater level fluctuation in the water-supply wells distributed in the planned block of tunnel excavation. In this study, the authors analyzed the cases of the computational modeling about groundwater outflow in three planned blocks of railroad tunnel, and suggest the environmental impact factors and mitigation plan during EIA of tunnel excavation in railroad construction.

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A Study on the Environmental Effect due to Tunnel Excavation (터널굴착이 환경에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Yong-Soo;Kwon, Yong-Wan;Bae, Gyu-Jin
    • Journal of the Korean GEO-environmental Society
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.81-91
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    • 2004
  • In present study, the effect of tunnel excavation on groundwater was investigated by a case study and numerical analysis. The case study revealed that groundwater can be one of environmental impacts resulting from tunnel excavation. To examine variations in groundwater level due to tunnel excavation, numerical analysis was performed. The analysis result indicated that tunnel excavation could affect the groundwater behavior as the groundwater adjacent to tunnel flows in it. Also, it was found that, for the case where groundwater flowing though fractured zone passes tunnel exacvation area, a special care with the excavation would be needed to avoid any tunnel instability due to a large qunatity of goundwater flowing in it.

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Stability evaluation for the excavation face of shield tunnel across the Yangtze River by multi-factor analysis

  • Xue, Yiguo;Li, Xin;Qiu, Daohong;Ma, Xinmin;Kong, Fanmeng;Qu, Chuanqi;Zhao, Ying
    • Geomechanics and Engineering
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.283-293
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    • 2019
  • Evaluating the stability of the excavation face of the cross-river shield tunnel with good accuracy is considered as a nonlinear and multivariable complex issue. Understanding the stability evaluation method of the shield tunnel excavation face is vital to operate and control the shield machine during shield tunneling. Considering the instability mechanism of the excavation face of the cross-river shield and the characteristics of this engineering, seven evaluation indexes of the stability of the excavation face were selected, i.e., the over-span ratio, buried depth of the tunnel, groundwater condition, soil permeability, internal friction angle, soil cohesion and advancing speed. The weight of each evaluation index was obtained by using the analytic hierarchy process and the entropy weight method. The evaluation model of the cross-river shield construction excavation face stability is established based on the idea point method. The feasibility of the evaluation model was verified by the engineering application in a cross-river shield tunnel project in China. Results obtained via the evaluation model are in good agreement with the actual construction situation. The proposed evaluation method is demonstrated as a promising and innovative method for the stability evaluation and safety construction of the cross-river shield tunnel engineerings.