• Title, Summary, Keyword: tumor promotion

Search Result 128, Processing Time 0.041 seconds

Study of Anti-inflammatory Effect of CopA3 Peptide Derived from Copris tripartitus (애기뿔소똥구리 유래 CopA3합성 펩타이드의 항염증 효능에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Hyeon-Jeong;Kim, Dong-Hee;Lee, Jin-Young;Hwang, Jae-Sam;Lee, Joon-Ha;Lee, Seul-Gi;Jeong, Hyeon-Guk;An, Bong-Jeun
    • Journal of Life Science
    • /
    • v.23 no.1
    • /
    • pp.38-43
    • /
    • 2013
  • The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of the synthetic CopA3 peptide of Copris tripartitus on skin inflammation. Regulatory mechanisms of cytokines and nitric oxide (NO) are involved in the immunological activity of RAW 264.7 cells. Tested cells were treated with different concentrations of CopA3 and further cultured for an appropriate time after lipopolyssacharide (LPS) addition. During the entire experimental period, 5, 25, 50, and 100 ${\mu}g/ml$ of CopA3 had no cytotoxicity. At these concentrations, CopA3 inhibited tumor necrosis factor-${\alpha}$ (TNF-${\alpha}$), interleukin-$1{\beta}$ (IL-$1{\beta}$), and interleukin-6 (IL-6). CopA3 also inhibited the expression of inducible NO synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2). CopA3 inhibited the activity of iNOS and COX-2 by 41% and 59%, respectively, at 100 ${\mu}g/ml$. In addition, CopA3 reduced the release of inflammatory cytokines including TNF-${\alpha}$, IL-$1{\beta}$, and IL-6. These results suggest that CopA3 may have significant effects on inflammatory factors and that it may be a potential anti-inflammatory therapeutic agent.

A Study of Microsatellite Instability in Primary Small Cell Lung Cancers by Microsatellite Analysis (원발성 소세포폐암에서 Microsatellite 분석을 이용한 Microsatellite 불안정화에 대한 연구)

  • Cho, Eun-Song;Chang, Joon;Park, Jae-Min;Shin, Dong-Hwan;Kim, Se-Hoon;Kim, Young-Sam;Chang, Yoon-Soo;Cho, Chul-Ho;Kwak, Seung-Min;Lee, Jun-Gu;Chung, Kyung-Young;Kim, Sung-Kyu;Lee, Won-Young;Kim, Se-Kyu
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
    • /
    • v.48 no.2
    • /
    • pp.180-190
    • /
    • 2000
  • Background: Genomic instability, which is manifested by the replication error(RER) phenotype, has been proposed for the promotion of genetic alterations necessary for carcinogenesis. Merlo et al. reported frequent microsatellite instability in primary small cell lung cancers. However, Kim et al. found that instability occurred in only 1% of the loci tested and did not resemble the replication error-positive phenotype. The significance of microsatellite instability in the tumorigenesis of small cell lung cancer as well as the relationship between microsatellite instability and its clinical prognosis was investigated in our study. Methods: Fifteen primary small cell lung cancers were chosen for this study. The DNAs extracted from paraffin-embedded tissue blocks with primary tumor and corresponding control tissue were investigated. Forty microsatellite markers on chromosome 1p, 2p, 3p, 5q, 6p, 6q, 9p, 9q, 13q, and 17p were used in the microsatellite analysis. Results: Thirteen(86.7%) of 15 tumors exhibited LOH in at least one of the tested microsatellite markers. Three of 13 tumors exhibiting LOH lost a larger area in chromosome 9p. LOH was shown in 72.7% on chromosome 2p, 40% on 3p, 50% on 5q, 46.7% on 9p, 69.2% on 13q, and 66.7% on 17p(Table 1). Nine(60%) of 15 tumors exhibited shifted bands in at least one of the tested microsatellite markers. Nine cases exhibiting shifted bands showed altered loci ranging 2.5~52.5%(mean $9.4%\pm16.19$)(Table 2). Shifted bands occurred in 5.7% (34 of 600) of the loci tested(Table 2). Nine cases with shifted bands exhibited LOH ranging between 0~83.3%, and the median survival duration of those cases was 35 weeks. Six cases without shifted bands exhibited LOH ranging between 0~83.3%, and the median survival duration of those cases was 73 weeks. There was no significant difference between median survival durations of the two groups(p=0.4712). Conclusion: Microsatellite instability as well as the inactivation of several tumor suppressor genes may play important roles in the development and progression process of tumors. However, the relationship between microsatellite instability and its clinical prognosis in primary small cell lung cancer could not be established.

  • PDF

Studies on the Antioxioative Character in the Etnyl Acetate Extractions of Rumex crispus (Rumex crispus의 에칠아세테이트 추출물의 항산화 성분에 관한 연구)

  • 신춘혜
    • KSBB Journal
    • /
    • v.16 no.6
    • /
    • pp.592-602
    • /
    • 2001
  • This study was undertaken to investigate the antioxidative substance and activity of ethyl acetate extracted from Rumex crispus. Sample extracted follow in proper course of a solvent. Material refinement was carried out using silicagel column and Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography. Material sorting was carried by Gas Chromatography(GC/MS). 1,1-Diphenyl-2-Picrylhydrazyl(DPPH) free radical scavenging and enzyme activity were measured for antioxidative activity. as result of testing by DPPH free radical scavenging activity, Antioxidative activity was shown as the highest in the root, then leaf and stem in order. Ethyl acetate extraction of root part were 50% inhibitory concentration (IC50) Rumex activty(6.1 ug/mL). Rumex nipponicus(9.8 ug/ml) and Rumex acetoceae(31.5 ug/mL) in leaf part. The highest antioxidative activity of sample refined through silicagel column chromatography of Rumex crispus was appealed Fraction 5(IC50;3.57 ug/mL) in root and Fraction 6(IC50;85.9 ug/mL) in leaf. Fraction 5 in roof & Fraction 6 in leaf were refined using Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography. The highest antioxidative activity were appeared Fraction 4 (IC50;3.57 ug/mL) and Fraction 4 (IC50;18.41 ug/mL)in leaf. As for main phenol compounds 2,6-Dichloro-4-nitropnenol and 2-Isopropyl-5-methyl Phenol were identified in root and leaf, While 4-Vinyl-2- methoxy-phenol and 2,3-Dihydro- benzofuran were identifica ted only in leaf. Enzyme activity was shown low both in peroxidase(PDD) Non-activate(IU/mg protein)and in Superoxide dismutase(SOD) non-activate(IU/mg protein). 2,6-Dichloro-4-nitrophenol, 2-Isopropyl-5-methyl phenol, 4-Vinyl-2-methoxy-phenol were obtained in this experiment and these compounds are phenolic compounds which have OH group in the structure. With the result of this study these phenolic compounds which are extracted from Rumex crispus have high antioxidative effect. This antioxidative effect of Rumex crispus can be applied for chromo-preventive and antioxidative supplements which can be used for anti-allegy, aging, anti-tumor, aging and other oxidative disease for health promotion.

  • PDF

Comparison of Inhibitory Effect of Rice Bran-extracts of the Colored Rice Cultivars on Carcinogenesis (유색미 겨 추출물의 품종간 발암과정 억제효과의 비교)

  • Kang, Mi-Young;Nam, Seok-Hyun
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
    • /
    • v.41 no.1
    • /
    • pp.78-83
    • /
    • 1998
  • Anticarcinogenicity of 12 kinds of colored rice cultivars was investigated in vitro with Ilpumbyeo as a control. Pigment and hexane fractions were prepared from the rice brans through extraction with 80% ethanol containing 0.5% TFA or n-hexane to use subsequent evaluation of their anticarcinogenic effect by determining inhibitory activity against DNA strand scission and tumor promotion, as well as antimutagenic activity using SOS chromotest system. Antimutagenic activity of the pigment fractions was revealed to decrease in order of LK1B4-12-1-1 > Sanghaehanghyulla > HP833-1-3-1-1 > Chokoto14 > Jagwangdo > Jajin > Kilmheugmi > Tiwan-Tsi-C > Heugjinmi > Linsia-Shoea-Dau > Suweon425 > Suweon415. The activity of the hexane fractions decreased in order of LK1B4-12-1-1 > Sanghaehyanghyulla>Ilpunibyeo > HP833-1-3-1-1 > Chokoto14 > Jagwangdo > Jajin > Linsia-Shoea-Dau >Tiwan-Tsi-C > Heugjinmi > Suweon425, Kilimheugmi > Suweon415. Results showed that inhibitory activity against DNA strand scission in the pigment fractions decreased in order of HP833-1-3-1-1 > Tiwan-Tsi-C > Jajin > Chokoto14 > Suweon425 > Heugjinmi > LK1B4-12-1-1 > Suweon415 > Jagwangdo > Kilimheugmi > Linsia-Shoea-Dau > Sanghaehyanghyulla. On the other hand, the activity of the hexane fractions decreased in order of LK1B4-12-1-1 > Suweon 415 > Kilimheugmi > Chokoto14 > Heugjinmi > Jajin > Suweon425 > Tiwan-Tsi-C > Sanghaehyanghyulla a Linsia-Shoea-Dau > Jagwangdo > HP833-1-3-1-1 > Ilpumbyeo. Experiment using the short-term assay for promotor substance showed that inhibitory activity contained in the pigment fractions against rumor promotor TPA decreased in order of Linsia-Shoea-Dau > Kilimheugmi > HP833-1-3-1-1, Suweon425 > Heugjinmi > Jajin > Chokoto14 > Sanghaehyanghylla > Suweon 415 > LK1B4-12-1-1 > Tiwan-Tsi-C > Jagwangdo.

  • PDF

A Study on the Efficiency of Hand-Knee Position in GB Stone Ultrasonography (담낭결석 초음파검사에서 Hand-Knee position의 효율성에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Soung-Ock;Do, Yun-Su
    • Journal of radiological science and technology
    • /
    • v.29 no.4
    • /
    • pp.267-274
    • /
    • 2006
  • The evaluation of GB stones with ultrasound has proved to be useful procedure in patient with symptoms of cholelithiasis. GB is evaluated for size, wall thickness, presence of internal reflections within the lumen and posterior acoustic shadowing or enhancement in Ultrsonography. The patient position should be shifted during procedure to demonstrate further the presence of stone within the GB. Patient scanned at the Rt. subcostal region in supine, right lateral, Lt. down decubitus, and upright sitting position. So GB stone should shift to dependent area of GB. Often, GB is not markedly distended in the presence of cholethiasis, and so the diagnosis becomes more difficult. One of the more difficult areas for detection of a GB stones are embeded in the cystic duct region. And since the GB is adjacent to the duodenum and hepatic flexure, its may be difficult to visualizing a GB stone. When patient study position changes frome supine to other position, stones displaced the site. But if its are polyps, not changes the site whatever patient positions. It is very important to what make different GB stones or polyps. We have studied about mobility of GB stones according to the patients position(supine, Lt. down decubitus, $30^{\circ} LAO. sitting and hand-knee). So we have a result, stones wherever localized within the GB, changed 100% its position in the hand-knee position and the others appeared at least 90%. In this study, when a large stones are located through fundus-body and body-neck, does not changing the stones position in spite of varied patient's positions. But hand-knee positions can identified GB stones, because its make changed the position of stons from posterior wall to anterior wall within the GB. We recommend the hand-knee position for differentiation GB stones from polyps.

  • PDF

Iron chelating agent, deferoxamine, induced apoptosis in Saos-2 osteosarcoma cancer cells (Saos-2 골육종 세포에서 iron chelating agent, deferoxamine에 의한 apoptosis 유도)

  • Park, Eun Hye;Lee, Hyo Jung;Lee, Soo Yeon;Kim, Sun Young;Yi, Ho Keun;Lee, Dae Yeol;Hwang, Pyoung Han
    • Clinical and Experimental Pediatrics
    • /
    • v.52 no.2
    • /
    • pp.213-219
    • /
    • 2009
  • Purpose:Iron is a critical nutritional element that is essential for a variety of important biological processes, including cell growth and differentiation, electron transfer reactions, and oxygen transport, activation, and detoxification. Iron is also required for neoplastic cell growth due to its catalytic effects on the formation of hydroxyl radicals, suppression of host defense cell activities, and promotion of cancer cell multiplication. Chronic transfusion-dependent patients receiving chemotherapy may have iron overload, which requires iron-chelating therapy. We performed this study to demonstrate whether the iron chelating agent deferoxamine induces apoptosis in Saos-2 osteosarcoma cells, and to investigate the underlying apoptotic mechanism. Methods:To analyze the apoptotic effects of an iron chelator, cultured Saos-2 cells were treated with deferoxamine. We analyzed cell survival by trypan blue and crystal violet analysis, apoptosis by nuclear condensation, DNA fragmentation, and cell cycle analysis, and the expression of apoptotic related proteins by Western immunoblot analysis. Results:Deferoxamine inhibited the growth of Saos-2 cell in a time- and dose-dependent manner. The major mechanism for growth inhibition with the deferoxamine treatment was by the induction of apoptosis, which was supported by nuclear staining, DNA fragmentation analysis, and flow cytometric analysis. Furthermore, bcl-2 expression decreased, while bax, caspase-3, caspase-9, and PARP expression increased in Saos-2 cells treated with deferoxamine. Conclusion:These results demonstrated that the iron chelating agent deferoxamine induced growth inhibition and mitochondrial-dependent apoptosis in osteosarcoma Saos-2 cells, suggesting that iron chelating agents used in controlling neoplastic cell fate can be potentially developed as an adjuvant agent enhancing the anti-tumor effect for the treatment of osteosarcoma.

Combining Ginsenoside F1 with (-)-Epigallocatechin Gallate Synergistically Protects Human HaCaT Keratinocytes from Ultraviolet B-Induced Apoptosis (Ginsenosdie F1과 EGCG의 상승작용에 의한 자외선조사에 의한 세포 사멸 방지)

  • Tae Ryong, Lee;Si Young, Cho;Eun Hee, Lee;Myeong Hoon, Yeom;Ih-Seop, Chang
    • Journal of the Society of Cosmetic Scientists of Korea
    • /
    • v.30 no.2
    • /
    • pp.253-261
    • /
    • 2004
  • Ginsenosides and green tea extracts show a variety of biomedical efficacies such as anti-aging, anti-oxidation and anti-tumor-promotion effects. (-)-Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) has been reported to inhibit the UVB-induced apoptosis by increasing the Bcl-2-to-Bax ratio. We have previously shown that ginsenoside Fl protects human HaCaT cells from ultraviolet-B (UVB)-induced apoptosis by maintaining constant levels of Bcl-2 and Brn-3a. Here, we investigate the combined effect of ginsenoside Fl and EGCG on the protection of human HaCaT keratinocyte against UVB-induced apoptosis. When treated individually, although 5 ${\mu}$M ginsenoside Fl and 50${\mu}$M EGCG protected cells from UVB-induced apoptosis, 2${\mu}$M ginsenoside Fl or 10${\mu}$M EGCG treatment showed very little protection effect. However, cotreatement of 2${\mu}$M ginsenoside Fl and 10${\mu}$M EGCG successfully protected HaCaT cells from UVB-induced cell death. As expected, combining ginsenoside Fl and EGCG efficiently prevented UVB-induced decrease of Bcl-2 and Brn-3a expression. In addition, cotreatment with ginsenoside F1 and EGCG prevented the dephosphorylation of Rb, whereas individual treatment with ginsenoside Fl or EGCG failed to prevent the dephosphorylation of Rb even at high concentrations.

Anti-inflammatory Effect of Myricetin from Rhododendron mucronulatum Turcz. Flowers in Lipopolysaccharide-stimulated Raw 264.7 Cells (Lipopolysaccharide로 유도된 Raw264.7 cell에서 Rhododendron mucronulatum Turcz. Flower으로부터 분리한 myricetin에 의한 염증 억제효과)

  • Choi, Moo-Young;Hong, Shin-Hyup;Cho, Jun-Hyo;Park, Hye-Jin;Jo, Jae-Bum;Lee, Jae-Eun;Kim, Dong-Hee;Kim, Byung-Oh;Cho, Young-Je
    • Journal of Life Science
    • /
    • v.26 no.11
    • /
    • pp.1245-1252
    • /
    • 2016
  • As a research of inflammation inhibitory activity using natural resource, the inflammation inhibitory activity by purified active compound from Rhododendron mucronulatum flower was experimented. Rhododendron mucronulatum flower components were purified and separated with Sephadex LH-20 and MCI gel CHP-20 column chromatography, Purified compound was confirmed as myricetin by $^1H-NMR$, $^{13}C-NMR$ and Fast atom bombardment (FAB)-Mass spectrum to have inhibition activity on inflammatory factors secreted by Raw 264.7 cells in response to lipopolysaccharide stimulation. Myricetin inhibited nitric oxide (NO) expression in a concentration dependent manner, approximately 40% inhibition was observed at a concentration of $50{\mu}M$. The inhibition effect of myricetin on inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 protein expression was 20% and 80%, respectively, at a concentration of $25{\mu}M$. Myricetin also inhibited expression of the inflammatory cytokines, tumor necrosis factor $(TNF)-{\alpha}$, interleukin $(IL)-1{\beta}$, IL-6 and prostaglandin $E_2(PGE_2)$ in a concentration dependent manner; a concentration of $50{\mu}M$, 70%, 80%, 80% and 95% inhibition was observed, respectively. Therefore myricetin isolated from Rhododendron mucronulatum flowers is expected to have an anti-inflammatory effect in Raw 264.7 cell induced by lipopolysaccharides. The results can be expected myricetin from Rhododendron mucronulatum flower to use as functional resource for anti-inflammatory activity.