• Title, Summary, Keyword: tumor necrosis factor-${\alpha}$

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Anti-Tumor Necrosis Factor Therapy in Intestinal Behçet's Disease

  • Park, Jihye;Cheon, Jae Hee
    • Gut and Liver
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    • v.12 no.6
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    • pp.623-632
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    • 2018
  • Intestinal Behçet's disease is a rare, immune-mediated chronic intestinal inflammatory disease; therefore, clinical trials to optimize the management and treatment of patients are scarce. Moreover, intestinal Behçet's disease is difficult to treat and often requires surgery because of the failure of conventional medical treatment. Administration of anti-tumor necrosis factor-${\alpha}$, a potential therapeutic strategy, is currently under active clinical investigation, and evidence of its effectiveness for both intestinal Behçet's disease and inflammatory bowel diseases has been accumulating. Here, we review updated data on current experiences and outcomes after the administration of anti-tumor necrosis factor-${\alpha}$ for the treatment of intestinal Behçet's disease. In addition to infliximab and adalimumab, which are the most commonly used agents, we describe agents such as golimumab, etanercept, and certolizumab pegol, which have recently been shown to be effective in refractory intestinal Behçet's disease. This review also discusses safety issues associated with anti-tumor necrosis factor-${\alpha}$, including vulnerability to infections and malignancy.

The Lack of a Direct Effect of Tumor Necrosis Factor-Alpha on Sperm Motility (Tumor Necrosis Factor-Alpha가 정자운동성에 미치는 직접 영향의 부족)

  • Song, Eun-Seop;Lim, Young-Ku;Song, Yun-Seob
    • Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.97-101
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    • 1999
  • Male genital tract inflammatory conditions may be associated with unexplained infertility. The presence of cytokine such as tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-${\alpha}$) was reported in the semen of infertile men. However, the effect of these cytokines on human sperm function is still unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the in-vitro effects of TNF-alpha on human sperm motility with computer assisted sperm analysis. Washed sperm from 16 normal men were incubated without and with TNF-${\alpha}$ (0.1, 10, 1000 ng/ml). The changes of parameters of sperm motility were recorded at different time intervals (0, 5, 24 hour). There was no significant change of parameters of sperm motility in the incubation with TNF-${\alpha}$. It is suggested that TNF-${\alpha}$ alone does not interfere with the sperm motility and more studies are needed.

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Development of human tumor necrosis factor-α muteins with improved therapeutic potential

  • Jang, Seung-Hwan;Kim, Hyo-Jin;Cho, Kwang-Hwi;Shin, Hang-Cheol
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.42 no.5
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    • pp.260-264
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    • 2009
  • Tumor necrosis factor-$\alpha$ (TNF-$\alpha$) exhibits cytotoxicity towards various tumor cells in vitro and induces apoptotic necrosis in transplanted tumors in vivo. It also shows severe toxicity when used systemically for the treatment of cancer patients, hampering the development of TNF-$\alpha$ as a potential anticancer drug. In order to understand the structure-function relation of TNF-$\alpha$ with respect to receptor binding, we selected four regions on the bottom of the TNF-$\alpha$ trimer that are in close contact with the receptor and carried out mutagenesis studies and computational modeling. From the study, various TNF-$\alpha$ muteins with a high therapeutic index were identified. These results will provide a structural basis for the design of highly potent TNF-$\alpha$ for therapeutic purposes. By conjugating TNF-$\alpha$ muteins with a high therapeutic index to a fusion partner, which targets a marker of angiogenesis, it could be possible to develop TNF-$\alpha$ based anticancer drugs.

Expression of Tumor Necrosis Factor (TNF)-z${\alpha}$ from Cells Undergoing Death by FADD

  • Kim, Koanhoi
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.57-60
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    • 2002
  • Apoptosis of vascular smooth muscle cell is observed in the vascular diseases such as atherosclerosis and restenosis. The death of vascular smooth muscle cells can be induced by cytokines and activation of Fas-pathways. It is widely accepted that apoptosis occurs without inflammation. There are, however, reports that apoptosis is not silent. Vascular smooth muscle cells dying by Fas-pathway secreted inflammatory cytokines including monocyte chemoattractant protein-1. This study have investigated whether apoptosis is associated with potent inflammatory cytokine tumor tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-${\alpha}$. The cells which undergo apoptosis by expressing FADD in the absence of tetracycline expressed and secreted TNF-${\alpha}$. When the level of TNF-${\alpha}$ transcript was investigated, dying smooth muscle cells exhibited transcriptional activation of TNF-${\alpha}$. The data indicate that dying vascular smooth muscle cells contribute to inflammation by expressing inflammatory cytokines. The present study suggests that apoptosis could not be silent in certain pathological situations.

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Effects of Tumor Necrosis Factor Alpha on Growth and Tube Formation of Bovine Vascular Endothelial Cells in vitro

  • Yoon, Duc-;Hwa-Joong
    • Toxicological Research
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.169-173
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    • 1995
  • The effects of tumor necrosis factor alpha $(TNF-{\alpha})$ on growth and tubular formation of bovine aortic endothelial cells were examined using an in vitro angiogenesis model system. The growth of endothelial cells was enhanced in a dose-dependent manner when the cells were cultured with $TNF-{\alpha}$ for 3 days, but $TNF-{\alpha}$, at the concentration of 1 nM or higher, produced a growth inhibition of endothelial cells when the cells were cultured for 8 days. The endothelial cells incubated with $TNF-{\alpha}$ for 48-h exhibited a typical morphologic change. Then, they showed a fibroblastoid organization of overlapping, elongated, and spindle-shaped cells. $TNF-{\alpha}$, at the concentration of O. 1 nM or higher, inhibited the tubular formation of vascular endothelial cells in an in vitro anglogenesis model using a 3-dimensional culture system.

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Eudesmin Inhibits Tumor Necrosis Factor-$\alpha$ Production and T cell Proliferation

  • Cho, Jae-Youl;Yoo, Eun-Sook;Baik, Kyoung-Up;Park, Myung-Hwan
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.348-353
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    • 1999
  • Possible antiinflammatory effect of eudesmin were examined by assessing the effects on tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-$\alpha$ production and lymphocyte proliferation as well as cytotoxicity against murine and human macrophages. the compound significantly inhibited TNF-$\alpha$, production by lipopolysaccaride (LPS)-stimulated murine macrophage RAW264.7 without displaying cytotoxicity suggesting that eudesmin may inhibit TNF-$\alpha$ production without any interference of normal cell function. It also significantly attenuated T cell proliferation stimulated by concanavalin A (Con A) in a dose-dependent manner.

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Carcinogenic Role of Tumor Necrosis Factor-α Inducing Protein of Helicobacter pylori in Human Stomach

  • Suganuma, Masami;Kuzuhara, Takashi;Yamaguchi, Kensei;Fujiki, Hirota
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.39 no.1
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 2006
  • Helicobacter pylori is the definitive carcinogen for stomach cancer and is known to induce proinflammatory cytokines, such as tumor necrosis factor-$\alpha$ (TNF-$\alpha$) and interleukin-1(IL-1) in the stomach. Based on our findings that TNF-$\alpha$ is an endogenous tumor promoter, we identified the TNF-$\alpha$ inducing protein (Tip$\alpha$) gene family, and confirmed Tip$\alpha$ and HP-MP1 as new carcinogenic proteins of H. pylori. Tip$\alpha$ protein is unique to H. pylori, and this paper shows the strong tumor promoting activity of Tip$\alpha$ gene family, in cooperation with Ras protein and its mechanisms of action in relation to NF-${\kappa}B$ activation, and discusses the carcinogenic role of Tip$\alpha$ in stomach cancer. Our recent finding showing that penicillin-binding proteins of other bacteria are weak homologues of Tip$\alpha$ is also discussed.

Tumor Necrosis factor-α Promotes Osteogenesis of Human Bone Marrow-derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells through JNK-dependent Pathway (Tumor necrosis factor-α에 의한 골수 유래 중간엽 줄기세포의 골세포로의 분화 촉진에서 JNK의 역할)

  • Kim, Mi-Ra;Song, Hae-Young;Kim, Jae-Ho
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.16 no.7
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    • pp.1207-1213
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    • 2006
  • Tumor necrosis $factor-{\alpha}\;(TNF-{\alpha})$ has been implicated in skeletal diseases by promoting bone loss in inflammatory bone diseases. In the present study, we examined the effects of $TNF-{\alpha}$ on osteoblastic differentiation of human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSCs). $TNF-{\alpha}$ dose-dependently promoted matrix mineralization of hBMSCs with a maximal stimulation at 2ng/ml. $TNF-{\alpha}$ increased expression of alkaline phosphatase, which plays a crucial role for the matrix deposition. The $TNF-{\alpha}-stimulated$ osteoblastic differentiation was not affected by $NF_kB$ inhibitors, BAY and SN50. However, a JNK-specific inhibitor, SP600125 completely abolished the $TNF-{\alpha}-stimulated$ matrix mineralization and expression of alkaline phosphatase. These results suggest that $TNF-{\alpha}$ enhances osteoblastic differentiation of hBMSCs through JNK-dependent pathway.

Expression of a Functional Human Tumor Necrosis Factor-${\alpha}$ (hTNF-$\alpha$) in Yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae

  • Park, Seung-Moon;Mo, Ae-Young;Jang, Yong-Suk;Lee, Jae-Hwa;Yang, Moon-Sik;Kim, Dae-Hyuk
    • Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering:BBE
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.292-296
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    • 2004
  • The recombinant soluble human tumor necrosis factor-alpha (hTNF-$\alpha$) was expressed in a yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae and its cytotoxicity was evaluated. A cDNA encoding hTNF-$\alpha$ was placed under the control of two different promoters: a glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GPD) promoter and a yeast hybrid ADH2-GPD promoter, consisting of alcohol dehydrogenase II (ADH2) and the GPD promoter. A Northern blot analysis revealed that, although variation in the expression level of hTNF-$\alpha$ existed among transformants, the higher expression was obtained with the GPD promoter. Expressed hTNF-$\alpha$ protein (rhTNF-$\alpha$) was successfully secreted into the culture medium, producing 2.5 mg per liter of culture filtrate, with no changes in cell growth. The bioassay for observing the cytotoxicity to the murine L929 fibroblast cell line, with serial dilution of rhTNF-$\alpha$, indicated that the secreted rhTNF-$\alpha$ was bioactive and its dose-response was improved eight to ten times over that of the E. coli-derived rhTNF-$\alpha$.