• Title, Summary, Keyword: tumor marker

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EFFICIENCY OF SERUM TUMOR MARKERS ORAL SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA PATIENTS (구강 편평세포암종 환자의 혈청 종양표지자의 유용성)

  • Bhang, Dae-Yeon;Kim, Chul-Hwan
    • Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.18-26
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: Recently, the role of serum tumor marker has been studied for an important issue on diagnosing and treating tumors in the head and neck region because tests using tumor markers need relatively simple procedures and are acceptable to patients, compared with other test methods. Tumor marker tests were performed on patients with squamous cell carcinoma, which were known to have the highest prevalence among tumors in the head and neck region. Association between each tumor marker, and diagnosis and prognosis of tumors was assessed. Materials and methods: Tumor marker tests were carried out on 31 patients who visited Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department in Dankook University Dental Hospital between January 2003 and August 2008 and who were diagnosed as primary oral squamous cell carcinoma through out histopathologic diagnosis. Blood sample from these patients was performed to measure tumor markers using nuclear medicine diagnostic equipment. Measured entries were as follows: PSA(prostate-specific antibody), SCCAg( Squamous Cell Carcinoma Related Antigen), CA 19-9(Cancer Antigen 19-9), Ferritin, $\alpha$- FP(Alpha-Fetoprotein), Cyfra 21-1, CA125 (Cancer Antigen 125) and p53. Results: Analyses on each tumor marker indicated that squamous cell carcinoma in the head and neck region had statistically significant correlation with p53, SCC-Ag(TA-4), Cyfra 21-1 and Ferritin. p53 demonstrated the highest sensitivity. Especially, 4 cases among 18 cases which Ferritin was measured exhibited metastasis. In all those 4 cases, Ferritin values were higher than the standards (15 - 332ng/ml). Therefore, Ferritin is considered to have a close relation with metastasis of squamous cell carcinoma. Conclusion: This study shows that tumor marker tests are more useful in evaluating progression and prognosis of tumors rather than in diagnosing them. Particularly, serum Ferritin is considered to be beneficial in assessing metastasis of squamous cell carcinoma in the head and neck region and in developing treatment plans based on the assessment.

Relationship between erb-B2 mRNA Expression in Blood and Tissue of Invasive Ductal Carcinoma Breast Cancer Patients and Clinicopathological Characteristics of the Tumors

  • Moazzezy, Neda;Ebrahimi, Fatemeh;Sisakht, Mahsa Mollapour;Yahyazadeh, Hossein;Bouzari, Saeid;Oloomi, Mana
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.249-254
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    • 2016
  • Molecular detection methods such as RT-PCR for detecting breast cancer-associated gene expression in the peripheral blood have the potential to modify breast cancer (BC) staging and therapy. In this regard, we evaluated the potential of erb-B2 molecular marker in BC detection and analyzed the expression of erb-B2 mRNA in the peripheral blood and fresh tissue samples of 50 pretreated female BC patients and 50 healthy females by reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR) method. We also assessed the correlation of erb-B2 mRNA marker positivity in peripheral blood and tumor tissue samples with clinical and pathological factors in BC patients in order to evaluate its prognostic value. It was shown that there is a significant difference between healthy females and BC patients with expression of the erb-B2 molecular marker (p<0.01). A significant difference between the expression of erb-B2 in the peripheral blood and tissue samples of BC patients (p<0.01) and the frequency of circulating erb-B2 mRNA expression in peripheral blood and in tissue was detected by RT-PCR. No correlation was found between erb-B2 mRNA expression in blood or tumor tissue samples and lymph node, tumor grade, tumor stage, tumor size, patient's age, ki67, estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PGR), P53, and HER-2 status. However, in a small subset of 31 BC patients we found that expression of erb-B2 in peripheral blood or in both peripheral blood and tumor tissue was directly correlated with lympho-vascular invasion and perineural invasion as poor prognostic features. The highest rates of erb-B2 expression in peripheral blood or tumor tissue were in the ER and PR negative and HER-2 positive group. This study suggests that the application of the RT-PCR and immunohistochemical methods for erb-B2 molecular marker detection would provide a higher detection rate, especially in early stage BC.

Role of $^{18}F$-fluorodeoxyglucose PET/CT in Recurrent Ovary Cancer (재발 난소암의 진단에서의 $^{18}F$-fluorodeoxyglucose PET/CT의 유용성: Enhanced CT와 Tumor Marker CA 125와의 비교)

  • O, Joo-Hyun;Yoo, Ie-Ryung;Choi, Woo-Hee;Lee, Won-Hyoung;Kim, Sung-Hoon;Chung, Soo-Kyo
    • Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
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    • v.42 no.3
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    • pp.209-217
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: To date, anatomical imaging modalities of the pelvis and tumor markers have been the mainstay of surveillance for recurrent ovary cancer. This study aimed to assess the role of $^{18}F$-FDG PET/CT in evaluation of ovary cancer recurrences, especially in comparison with enhanced a and tumor marker CA 125. Materials and methods: 73 patients who had PET/CT scan for restaging of confirmed ovary cancer, and additional imaging with enhanced a of the pelvis within one month were included. CA 125 level was available in all patients. From the PET/CT images, maximum standard uptake values (SUVmax) of suspected recurrence sites were recorded. Confirmation was available through re-operation or biopsy in 26 cases, and clinical assessment with series of follow-up images in 47. Results: PET/CT had 93% sensitivity and 88% specificity for detecting recurrent ovary cancer. Enhanced a of pelvis had sensitivity and specificity of 83% and 88%, and CA 125 50% and 95%. Conclusion: PET/CT has higher sensitivity for detecting recurrent ovary cancer compared to enhanced a though the differences were not significant. PET/CT has significantly higher sensitivity than CA 125. However, the three tests all agreed in only 43% of the recurrence cases, and recurrence should be suspected when any of the tests, especially PET/CT, show positive findings.

Studies on the Generation and Application of Monoclonal Antibodies against Tumor Marker Antigen 1. Production and Characterization of Monoclonal Antibodies against Placental Alkaline Phosphatase (Tumor Marker 항원에 대한 단일 클론항체의 생성과 활용에 대한 연구. I. 태반형 Alkaline Phosphatase에 대한 모노클론항체의 생산과 분석)

  • 김한도;강호성
    • The Korean Journal of Zoology
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    • v.31 no.4
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    • pp.300-308
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    • 1988
  • Human placental alkaline phosphatase (PLAP), one of the oncofetal antigen was purified from placentas through the procedures including butanol extraction, concanavalin A-Sephar-ose, DEAE-cellulose and Sephadex G-200 gel chromatography. Monoclonal antibodies (fibs) against human PMP were produced by hybridizing SP 210-Ag 14 mouse myeloma cells with spleen ceils of Balblc mice immunized with PLAP. Six stable monoclones uvere obtained by cloning tuvice in serial dilutions, and the monoclonal speclfidty of these MAbs was confirmed by biochemical and immunonogical criteria. Tumor marker의 하나인 태반형 alkaline phosphatase(PLAP)에 대한 단일 클론항체의 생산과 분석을 위하여, 태반조직을 재료로 butanol 추출법 및 concanavaline A-Sepharose, DEAE-cellulose, Sephadex G-200 gel 크로마토그라피법에 의하여 PLAP를 순수 분리하였다. 이를 항원으로 하여 하이브리도마 방법에 의해 항-PLAP 단일 클론항체를 생산 분비하는 안정된 6클론세포를 얻었으며 생화학적 및 면역학적 분석방법으로 이들의 단일 클론성을 확인하였다.

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Clinical Applicability of Multi-Tumor Marker Protein Chips for Diagnosing Ovarian Cancer

  • Bian, Jing;Li, Bo;Kou, Xian-Juan;Wang, Xu-Na;Sun, Xiao-Xu;Ming, Liang
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.19
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    • pp.8409-8411
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: To assess the value of multi-tumor marker protein chips in the diagnosis and treatment of ovarian cancer. Materials and Methods: Twelve tumor markers (CA19-9, NSE, CEA, CA242, CK19, ${\beta}$-HCG, AFP, SCC, c-PSA, CA125, CA724 and CA15-3) were detected by protein biochip in 220 patients with ovarian carcinomas, 205 with benign ovarian tumors and 200 healthy subjects. Results: The positivity rate was obviously higher in ovarian cancer (77.7%), than that in the benign cases (26.3%, p<0.01) and healthy subjects (4.5%, p<0.01). Serum levels of tumor markers were furthermore significantly higher in cases with lymph node metastasis (86.8%) than those without metastasis (44.7%), p<0.01. Conclusions: Multi-tumor marker protein chips provide important assistance in the diagnosis and treatment evaluation in ovarian cancers.

CA19-9 or CEA Decline after the First Cycle of Treatment Predicts Survival in Advanced Biliary Tract Cancer Patients Treated with S-1 and Cisplatin Chemotherapy

  • Lee, Dae-Won;Im, Seock-Ah;Kim, Yu Jung;Yang, Yaewon;Rhee, Jiyoung;Na, Im Il;Lee, Kyung-Hun;Kim, Tae-Yong;Han, Sae-Won;Choi, In Sil;Oh, Do-Youn;Kim, Jee Hyun;Kim, Tae-You;Bang, Yung-Jue
    • Cancer Research and Treatment
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    • v.49 no.3
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    • pp.807-815
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    • 2017
  • Purpose While tumor markers (carbohydrate antigen 19-9 [CA 19-9] and carcinoembryonic antigen [CEA]) can aid in the diagnosis of biliary tract cancer, their prognostic role has not been clearly elucidated. Therefore, this study was conducted to evaluate the prognostic role of tumor markers and tumor marker change in patients with advanced biliary tract cancer. Materials and Methods Patients with pathologically proven metastatic or relapsed biliary tract cancer who were treated in a phase II trial of first-line S-1 and cisplatin chemotherapy were enrolled. Serum tumor markers were measured at baseline and after the first cycle of chemotherapy. Results Among a total of 104 patients, 80 (77%) had elevated baseline tumor markers (69 with CA 19-9 elevation and 40 with CEA). A decline ${\geq}30%$ of the elevated tumor marker level after the first cycle of chemotherapy conferred an improved time to progression (TTP), overall survival (OS), and better chemotherapy response. Multivariate analysis revealed tumor marker decline as an independent positive prognostic factor of TTP (adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 0.44; p=0.003) and OS (adjusted HR, 0.37; p < 0.001). Subgroup analysis revealed similar results in each group of patients with CA 19-9 elevation and CEA elevation. In addition, elevated baseline CEA was associated with poor survival in both univariate and multivariate analysis. Conclusion Tumor marker decline was associated with improved survival in biliary tract cancer. Measuring tumor marker after the first cycle of chemotherapy can be used as an early assessment of treatment outcome.

Study of plasma transforming growth factor-β1 level as a useful tumor marker in various cancers (종양 표지 인자로서 혈장 Transforming Growth Factor-β1에 대한 연구)

  • Shin, Hoon;Lim, Chang Ki;Choi, In Young;Lee, Doo Yun;Noh, Dong Yong;Ryu, Min Hee;Lee, Hyo Suk;Bang, Yung Jue;Park, Jong Sup;Jin, Seung Won
    • IMMUNE NETWORK
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.143-150
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    • 2001
  • Background : Many investigators have found transforming growth factor-${\beta}1$ (TGF-${\beta}1$) to be elevated in tumors. Changes in responsiveness to TGF-${\beta}1$ have been linked to malignant transformation, tumor progression and tumor regression. Many malignant cell lines of epithelial or hematopoietic origin are refractory to the antiproliferative effects of TGF-${\beta}1$. However, a little is known about the association of TGF-${\beta}1$ with progression of malignant tumor. Methods : In this study, we measured the plasma level of TGF-${\beta}1$ in various cancer patients and evaluated the utility of plasma TGF-${\beta}1$ as a possible tumor marker. Plasma TGF-${\beta}1$ levels were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in cancer patients and normal controls. Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) as tumor marker were compared with TGF-${\beta}1$ in the aspects of sensitivity and specificity. Results : The mean of plasma TGF-${\beta}1$ levels was $1.219{\pm}0.834ng/ml$ in normal controls, $5.491{\pm}3.598ng/ml$ in breast cancer, $12.670{\pm}10.386ng/ml$ in lung cancer, $5.747{\pm}3.228ng/ml$ in hepatocellular carcinoma and $10.854{\pm}7.996ng/ml$ in cervical cancer. In comparison with CEA and AFP, TGF-${\beta}1$ is more sensitive. Conclusion : We conclude that the high levels of TGF-${\beta}1$ are common in the plasma of cancer patients. These results suggest that the plasma TGF-${\beta}1$ level can be a potent tumor marker in various cancer patients.

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Telomerase Activity in Non-small Cell Lung Cancer (비소세포폐암에 있어서의 Telomerase 활성도)

  • 김진국;김관민
    • The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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    • v.30 no.7
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    • pp.701-707
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    • 1997
  • Although many reseraches have been persued to detect the molecular tumor marker to define the cancer, ideal tumor marker which speak for the characteristics of malignancy and has high sensitivity and specificity is not known. One of the characteristics of the malignant cells is indefinite proliferative potential, in other word, immortality. The expression of telomerase and stabilization of te10meres are con omitant with the attaiunent of immortality in tumor cells; thus the measurement of telomerase activity in clinically obtained tumor samples may provide important information which would be useful as a diagnostic marker to detect immortal cancer cells. Telomerase activity was analyzed in 12 non-small cell . lung cancer cell lines and 41 primary non-small cell lung cancers with the use of a PCR-based assay. All the cell lines and the majority of tumors displayed telomerase activity, but telomerase was not detectable in most of the corresponding pathologically-normal tissues. Telomere length was not correlated with telomerase activity. The present study indicate that measurement of telomerase activity may be useful as a molecular tumor marker in non-small cell lung cancer.

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The Role Of Tumor Marker CA 15-3 in Detection of Breast Cancer Relapse After Curative Mastectomy (유방암 환자에서 근치적 유방 절제술 후 재발 발견에 대한 CA 15-3의 역할)

  • Hyun, In-Young;Kim, In-Ho;Lee, Moon-Hee;Kim, Chul-Soo
    • The Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine
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    • v.38 no.4
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    • pp.311-317
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    • 2004
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the utility of tumor marker CA 15-3 in the following: the diagnosis of breast cancer relapse after curative mastectomy, and the differentiation or the value of tumor marker by site of metastases. Materials and Methods: Two hundred two patients (median age 48 years) with breast cancer included in the follow-up after curative mastectomy. The tumor marker CA 15-3 was determined by IRMA (CIS BIO INTERNATIONAL, France). Test values > 30 U/ml were considered elevated (positive). Results: Among 202 patients, recurrent diseases were found in 16 patients. CA 15-3 was elevated in 5 of 16 patients with recurrences. There was no false-positive patient who had elevated CA 15-3. Sensitivity and specificity of CA 15-3 for detection of breast cancer recurrence were 31%, and 100%. CA 15-3 was elevated in all of the 4 patients with liver metastases. CA 15-3 was elevated in none of the patients who relapsed with metastasis to bone-only or contralateral breast-only. Conclusion: The tumor marker CA 15-3 in the detection of breast cancer relapse after curative mastectomy is specific, but not sensitive. However, it is useful to rule out liver metastases of breast cancer, which indicates bad prognosis.

Sox12 Is a Cancer Stem-Like Cell Marker in Hepatocellular Carcinoma

  • Zou, Song;Wang, Chen;Liu, Jiansheng;Wang, Qun;Zhang, Dongdong;Zhu, Shengnan;Xu, Shengyuan;Kang, Mafei;He, Shaozhong
    • Molecules and Cells
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    • v.40 no.11
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    • pp.847-854
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    • 2017
  • Recent studies on molecular carcinogenesis suggest that the chemo-resistance of some cancers is largely due to presence of cancer stem cells (CSCs), which affect the chemotherapy outcome for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, currently no consensus on a CSC phenotype in HCC has been obtained. Here, we examined Sox12 as a novel CSC marker in HCC. Sox12+ versus Sox12- cells were purified from HCC cell lines. The Sox12+ cells were compared with Sox12- HCC cells for tumor sphere formation, chemo-resistance, tumor formation after serial adoptive transplantations in nude mice, and the frequency of developing distal metastasis. We found that compared to Sox12- HCC cells, Sox12+ HCC cells generated significantly more tumor spheres in culture, were more chemo-resistant to cisplatin, were detected in circulation more frequently, and formed distal tumor more frequently. Moreover, Sox12 appeared to functionally contribute to the stemness of HCC cells. Thus, we conclude that Sox12 may be a novel marker for enriching CSCs in HCC.