• 제목, 요약, 키워드: tumor initiation

검색결과 117건 처리시간 0.036초

Isolation of a Quinone-rich Fraction from Ardisia crispa Roots and its Attenuating Effects on Murine Skin Tumorigenesis

  • Yeong, Looi Ting;Hamid, Roslida Abdul;Yazan, Latifah Saiful;Khaza'ai, Huzwah
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.2301-2305
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    • 2013
  • Ardisia crispa (Family: Myrsinaceae) is an evergreen, fruiting shrub that has been traditionally used as folklore medicine. Despite a scarcity of research publications, we have succeeded in showing suppressive effects on murine skin papillomagenesis. In extension, the present research was aimed at determining the effect of a quinone-rich fraction (QRF) isolated from the same root hexane extract on both initiation and promotion stages of carcinogenesis, at the selected dose of 30 mg/kg. Mice (groups I-IV) were initiated with a single dose of 7,12-dimethylbenz(${\alpha}$)anthracene (DMBA, $100{\mu}g/100{\mu}l$) followed by repeated promotion of croton oil (1%) twice weekly for 20 weeks. In addition, group I (anti-initiation) received QRF 7 days before and after DMBA; group II (anti-promotion) received QRF 30 minutes before each croton oil application; group III (anti-initiation/promotion) was treated with QRF as a combination of group I and II. A further two groups served as vehicle control (group V) and treated control (group VI). As carcinogen control, group IV showed the highest tumor volume ($8.79{\pm}5.44$) and tumor burden ($3.60{\pm}1.17$). Comparatively, group III revealed only 20% of tumor incidence, tumor burden ($3.00{\pm}1.00$) and tumor volume ($2.40{\pm}1.12$), which were significantly different from group IV. Group II also showed significant reduction of tumor volume (3.11), tumor burden (3.00) and tumor incidence (11.11%), along with prominent increase of latency period of tumor formation (week 12). Group I, nonetheless, demonstrated marked increment of tumor incidence by 40% with prompted latency period of tumor formation (week 7). No tumor formation was observed in groups V and VI. This study provided clear evidence of inhibitory effects of QRF during promotion period which was in agreement with our previous findings. The mechanism(s) underlying such effects have yet to be elucidated.

Insights into the Diverse Roles of miR-205 in Human Cancers

  • Orang, Ayla Valinezhad;Safaralizadeh, Reza;Feizi, Mohammad Ali Hosseinpour
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.577-583
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    • 2014
  • The recent discovery of tiny microRNAs (miRNAs) has brought about awareness of a new class of regulators of diverse pathways in many physiological and pathological processes, such as tumorigenesis. They modulate gene expression by targeting plethora of mRNAs, mostly reducing the protein yield of a targeted mRNA. With accumulation of information on characteristics of miR-205, complex and in some cases converse roles of miR-205 in tumor initiation, progression and metastasis are emerging. miR-205 acts either as an oncogene via facilitating tumor initiation and proliferation, or in some cases as a tumor suppressor through inhibiting proliferation and invasion. The aim of this review is to discuss miR-205 roles in different types of cancers. Given the critical effects of deregulated miR-205 on processes involved in tumorigenesis, they hold potential as novel therapeutic targets and biomarkers.

Chemopreventive Potential of Annona Muricata L Leaves on Chemically-Induced Skin Papillomagenesis in Mice

  • Hamizah, Sulaiman;Roslida, A.H.;Fezah, O.;Tan, K.L.;Tor, Y.S.;Tan, C.I.
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.13 no.6
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    • pp.2533-2539
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    • 2012
  • Annona muricata L (Annonaceae), commonly known as soursop has a long, rich history in herbal medicine with a lengthy recorded indigenous use. It had also been found to be a promising new anti-tumor agent in numerous in vitro studies. The present investigation concerns chemopreventive effects in a two-stage model of skin papillomagenesis. Chemopreventive effects of an ethanolic extract of A. muricata leaves (AMLE) was evaluated in 6-7 week old ICR mice given a single topical application of 7,12-dimethylbenza(${\alpha}$)anthracene (DMBA 100ug/100ul acetone) and promotion by repeated application of croton oil (1% in acetone/twice a week) for 10 weeks. Morphological tumor incidence, burden and volume were measured, with histological evaluation of skin tissue. Topical application of AMLE at 30, 100 and 300mg/kg significantly reduced DMBA/croton oil induced mice skin papillomagenesis in (i) peri-initiation protocol (AMLE from 7 days prior to 7 days after DMBA), (ii) promotion protocol (AMLE 30 minutes after croton oil), or (iii) both peri-initiation and promotion protocol (AMLE 7 days prior to 7 day after DMBA and AMLE 30 minutes after croton oil throughout the experimental period), in a dose dependent manner (p<0.05) as compared to carcinogen-treated control. Furthermore, the average latent period was significantly increased in theAMLE-treated group. Interestingly, At 100 and 300 mg/kg, AMLE completely inhibited the tumor development in all stages. Histopathological study revealed that tumor growth from the AMLE-treated groups showed only slight hyperplasia and absence of keratin pearls and rete ridges. The results, thus suggest that the A.muricata leaves extract was able to suppress tumor initiation as well as tumor promotion even at lower dosage.

Control and Mechanism of Tumor Promotion in UV-Carcinogenesis

  • Ueda, Masato;Budiyanto, Arief;Ashida, Masashi;Bito, Toshinori;Ichihashi, Masamitsu
    • Journal of Photoscience
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.221-224
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    • 2002
  • Carcinogenesis can be theoretically divided to intiation step and promotion step. Intiation associates with genetic alterations including p53 tumor suppressor gene and ras oncogene. Promotion involves in clonal expansion of of an initiated cell by epigenetic mechanism, mainly through signal transduction and gene expression. Ultraviolet light (UV) acts as both initiator and promoter. Initiation is closely related with DNA damage induced by UV, including cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers, (6-4) photoproducts and 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine. Cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers and (6-4) photoproducts are directly induced by UV, while 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine is induced indirectly by the reactive oxygen species. Because initiation is an irreversal genetic event, while promotion is a reversal and epigenetic event, to know the molecular mechanisms of tumor promotion in UV-carcinogenesis is crucial to develop preventive medicine and suppress UV-carcinogenesis. Because ROS is also involved in signal transduction of the cell, anti-oxidant could be the good candidate of anti-promoting agent. Here, we describe the suppressive effect of UV-carcinogenesis by various anti-oxidant including olive oil. In addition, we discuss about the mechanism of UVB-induced expression of cyclooxygenase-2, which might be a representative molecule involved in promotion of UV-carcinogenesis.

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Diagnosis and Treatment of Latent Tuberculosis Infection due to Initiation of Anti-TNF Therapy

  • Shim, Tae Sun
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
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    • v.76 no.6
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    • pp.261-268
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    • 2014
  • Patients with immune-mediated inflammatory diseases (IMIDs) are increasingly being treated with anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) agents and are at increased risk of developing tuberculosis (TB). Therefore, diagnosis and treatment of latent TB infection (LTBI) is recommended in these patients due to the initiation of anti-TNF therapy. Traditionally, LTBI has been diagnosed on the basis of clinical factors and a tuberculin skin test. Recently, interferon-gamma releasing assays (IGRAs) that can detect TB infection have become available. Considering the high-risk of developing TB in patients on anti-TNF therapy, the use of both a tuberculin skin test and an IGRA should be considered to detect and treat LTBI in patients with IMIDs. The traditional LTBI treatment regimen consisted of isoniazid monotherapy for 9 months. However, shorter regimens such as 4 months of rifampicin or 3 months of isoniazid/rifampicin are increasingly being used to improve treatment completion rates. In this review, the screening methods for diagnosing latent and active TB before anti-TNF therapy in patients with IMIDs will be briefly described, as well as the current LTBI treatment regimens, the recommendations for managing TB that develops during anti-TNF therapy, the necessity of regular monitoring to detect new TB infection, and the re-initiation of anti-TNF therapy in patients who develop TB.

Lack of the Initiation of Benzo[a]pyrene-induced Mouse Forestomach Neoplasia by Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate(DEHP)

  • Lee, Sang-Ho;Le, Young-Chun;Kim, Jeong-Ok;Ha, Yeong-Lae
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.96-100
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    • 1997
  • Carcinogenicity of di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate(DEHP) to the mose forestomach and its inhibitor activity for the initiation of Benzo[a]pyrene(BP)-induced mouse forestomach neoplasia were studied on the mouse forestomach carcinogenesis regimen. One hundred female ICR mice(6~7 weeks of age) were hosed in a poly-carbonate cage (4 mice/cage) in a humidity- and temperature-controlled room subjected to a semipurified diet for a week. Mice were divided into 4 treatment groups (25 mice/treatment): Basal diet, DEHP, BP, and BP+DEHP. On Monday and wednesday, 0.1ML DEHP mixed with 0.1ml olive oil (for DEHP and DEHP+BP treatment groups) or 0.1ml saline+0.1ml olive oil (for basal diet group) was intubated, p.o., and on Friday, 2mg BP dissolved in 0.2ml olive oil (for BP and BP+DEHP treatment groups) was intubated, p.o. This cycle was repeated for 4 weeks. Beginning with the first intubation of BP an continuing thereafter, body weight and food intake were recorded once and twice weekly, respectively. All surviving mice were sacrificed 22 weeks after the first dose of BP intubation and countered forestomach tumor. No tumor was formed by DEHP treatment. 5.75 tumors per mouse was formed by BP treatment, whereas its number was reduced to 4.53 by BP+DEHP treatment. Similar results were seen in the tumor incidence. Body weight gain was not affected by DEHP treatment, when compared to that b basal diet treatment. The body weight was significantly reduced by BP treatment, but its reduction was recovered to the level of the basal diet group by BP+DEHP treatment. No significant difference was seen in food intake among all treatment groups. These results indicate that DEHP lacks carcinogenic activity to the mose forestomach and rather inhibits the initiation of BP-induced mose forestomach neoplasia.

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Spontaneous Tumor Lysis Syndrome Presenting Acute Kidney Injury with Extreme Hyperuricemia and Urinary Stone: A Rare Case of Spontaneous Tumor Lysis Syndrome

  • Kim, Seong Heon;Yang, Eu Jeen;Lim, Young Tak;Kim, Su Young
    • Childhood Kidney Diseases
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.31-34
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    • 2017
  • Tumor lysis syndrome is a serious complication of malignancy, resulting from the massive and rapid release of cellular components into the blood. Generally, it occurs after initiation of chemotherapy. The onset of spontaneous tumor lysis syndrome (STLS) before anti-cancer treatment is rare and occurs mostly in Burkitt lymphoma and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. There are only a few case reports in children. Here, we report a case of STLS secondary to T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), which presented with urinary stone and subsequent acute kidney injury with severe hyperuricemia. Occult malignancy should be considered in case of unexplained acute kidney injury with extreme hyperuricemia.

식물의 암종유발에 관한 연구 1 (제 1 ) Agrobacterium tumefaciens 의 에 관하여 (Studies of Plant Tumor Induction (Pat 1) Experiments on the Inoculation of Agrobacterium tumefaciens in out Field)

  • 이민재;홍순우;최영길
    • 한국미생물학회지
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.1-4
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    • 1966
  • As a part of studies of plant tumor induction, this experiment was prepared for the purpose of studying the ability of tumor induction and the tendency of tumor initiation in some Korean plants using the various Agrobacterium tumefaciens strains. Results obtained from this experiment are as follows. The virulences of five strains used in this experiment were gradually decreased in order of strain A6Kl, B6, 11BV7, T37 and 11 BNV6. Especially strain T37 which is known to the host limited strain showed virulent effect to the most of plants given for the materials as well as strain A6Kl, B 6 and 11BV7. Concerning the grade of tumor development, in plants which has tough stem, for example, Glycine max Meer, tumor induction was not well developed after the inoculation of all strains. Particullary in Ricinus communes Linne all strains showed virulent effect but tumor tissues were declined in relation to the development of lignification. It was also confirmed that the induction of tumor tissues on plants is to delay according to the increase of the age of host plants.

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microRNA-29b: an Emerging Player in Human Cancer

  • Liu, Hao;Wang, Bin;Lin, Jie;Zhao, Liang
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.21
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    • pp.9059-9064
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    • 2014
  • MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are ubiquitously expressed small, non-coding RNAs that negatively regulate gene expression at a post transcriptional/translational level. They have emerging as playing crucial roles in cancer at all stages ranging from initiation to metastasis. As a tumor suppressor miRNA, aberrant expression of microRNA-29b (miR-29b) has been detected in various types of cancer, and its disturbance is related with tumor development and progression. In this review, we summarize the latest findings with regard to the tumor suppressor signatureof miR-29b and its regulatory mechanisms. Our review highlights the diverse relationships between miR-29b and its target genes in malignant tumors.

The Role of Tripartite Motif Family Proteins in TGF-β Signaling Pathway and Cancer

  • Lee, Ho-Jae
    • Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.162-169
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    • 2018
  • $TGF-{\beta}$ signaling plays a tumor suppressive role in normal and premalignant cells but promotes tumor progression during the late stages of tumor development. The $TGF-{\beta}$ signaling pathway is tightly regulated at various levels, including transcriptional and post-translational mechanisms. Ubiquitination of signaling components, such as receptors and Smad proteins is one of the key regulatory mechanisms of $TGF-{\beta}$ signaling. Tripartite motif (TRIM) family of proteins is a highly conserved group of E3 ubiquitin ligase proteins that have been implicated in a variety of cellular functions, including cell growth, differentiation, immune response, and carcinogenesis. Recent emerging studies have shown that some TRIM family proteins function as important regulators in tumor initiation and progression. This review summarizes current knowledge of TRIM family proteins regulating the $TGF-{\beta}$ signaling pathway with relevance to cancer.