• Title, Summary, Keyword: tumor development

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Tumor-associated autoantibodies as diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers

  • Heo, Chang-Kyu;Bahk, Young Yil;Cho, Eun-Wie
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.45 no.12
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    • pp.677-685
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    • 2012
  • In the process of tumorigenesis, normal cells are remodeled to cancer cells and protein expression patterns are changed to those of tumor cells. A newly formed tumor microenvironment elicits the immune system and, as a result, a humoral immune response takes place. Although the tumor antigens are undetectable in sera at the early stage of tumorigenesis, the nature of an antibody amplification response to antigens makes tumor-associated autoantibodies as promising early biomarkers in cancer diagnosis. Moreover, the recent development of proteomic techniques that make neo-epitopes of tumor-associated autoantigens discovered concomitantly has opened a new area of 'immuno-proteomics', which presents tumor-associated autoantibody signatures and confers information to redefine the process of tumorigenesis. In this article, the strategies recently used to identify and validate serum autoantibodies are outlined and tumor-associated antigens suggested until now as diagnostic/prognostic biomarkers in various tumor types are reviewed. Also, the meaning of autoantibody signatures and their clinical utility in personalized medicine are discussed.

Studies of Plant Tumor Induction (Pat 2) On the Study of Peroxidase Activities of Tumor Tissues Developed on Tomato Stem in Outdor Conditions. (식물의 암종유발에 관한 연구 2 (제 2 ) 에서 도마도 줄기에 유발된 의 Peroxidase Activitiy 에 대하여)

  • 이민재;홍순우;최영길
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.5-10
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    • 1966
  • The relationships between tumor score and peroxidase activities of tomato stems infected with Agrobacterium tumefaciens strain A6Kl, B6, T372 11BNV6, 11BV7 and wounded stem as a control were examined in relation to crown gall tumor development on purpose to study the lignification of tumor tissue which is affected to the development of crown gall tumor. As the previous paper has been mentioned the fact that the induction of tumor tissues were inhibited or limited in the lignified stem of host plant. It was presumed that the activities of peroxidase related to the development of lignification were decreased during the period of tumor development. But the experimental result in this experiment shows that the peroxidase activities of crown gall tumor-tissues infected with the A. tumefaciens strains which are already known as virulent are increasing during four weeks, however, in the strain 11BNV6 and wound the peroxidase activities are decreasing on the second week after the inoculation of the bacteria strains. These results could be explained on the basis of that possible regulatory agents of lignification which were accumulated in tumor tissues, IAA, ascorbic acid, glutathion(GSH) and caffeic acid esters, were postulated to act as antioxidants which has been suggested by Stafford. Total nitrogen contents in relation to crown gall tumor development were determined for the detection of protein synthesis related to the enzyme activities which are increasing in the time of plant growth. Generally six groups are contained the largest amount of nitrogen on the second week after the inoculation of the bacterium. Comparing to the tumor score, it is presumed that the all of enzyme activities including peroxidase in tumor tissues are increasing from the second week through the third week after the inoculation of bacterium and the protein synthesis is stimulated under the most appropriated temperature during the above periods.

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Development of Brain Tumor Detection using Improved Clustering Method on MRI-compatible Robotic Assisted Surgery (MRI 영상 유도 수술 로봇을 위한 개선된 군집 분석 방법을 이용한 뇌종양 영역 검출 개발)

  • Kim, DaeGwan;Cha, KyoungRae;Seung, SungMin;Jeong, Semi;Choi, JongKyun;Roh, JiHyoung;Park, ChungHwan;Song, Tae-Ha
    • Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research
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    • v.40 no.3
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    • pp.105-115
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    • 2019
  • Brain tumor surgery may be difficult, but it is also incredibly important. The technological improvements for traditional brain tumor surgeries have always been a focus to improve the precision of surgery and release the potential of the technology in this important area of the body. The need for precision during brain tumor surgery has led to an increase in Robotic-assisted surgeries (RAS). One of the challenges to the widespread acceptance of RAS in the neurosurgery is to recognize invisible tumor accurately. Therefore, it is important to detect brain tumor size and location because surgeon tries to remove as much tumor as possible. In this paper, we proposed brain tumor detection procedures for MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) system. A method of automatic brain tumor detection is needed to accurately target the location of the lesion during brain tumor surgery and to report the location and size of the lesion. In the qualitative assessment, the proposed method showed better results than those obtained with other brain tumor detection methods. Comparisons among all assessment criteria indicated that the proposed method was significantly superior to the threshold method with respect to all assessment criteria. The proposed method was effective for detecting brain tumor.

The Reverse Proteomics for Identification of Tumor Antigens

  • Lee, Sang-Yull;Jeoung, Doo-Il
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.17 no.6
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    • pp.879-890
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    • 2007
  • The identification of tumor antigens is essential for the development of anticancer therapeutic vaccines and clinical diagnosis of cancer. SEREX (serological analysis of recombinant cDNA expression libraries) has been used to identify such tumor antigens by screening sera of patients with cDNA expression libraries. SEREX-defined antigens provide markers for the diagnosis of cancers. Potential diagnostic values of these SEREX-defined antigens have been evaluated. SEREX is also a powerful method for the development of anticancer therapeutics. The development of anticancer vaccines requires that tumor antigens can elicit antigen-specific antibodies or T lymphocytes. More than 2,000 antigens have been discovered by SEFEX. Peptides derived from some of these antigens have been evaluated in clinical trials. This review provides information on the application of SEREX for identification of tumor-associated antigens (TAA) for the development of cancer diagnostics and anticancer therapeutics.

Tumor microenvironment-responsive nanoparticles for cancer theragnostic applications

  • Uthaman, Saji;Huh, Kang Moo;Park, In-Kyu
    • Biomaterials Research
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.172-182
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    • 2018
  • Background: Cancer is one of the deadliest threats to human health. Abnormal physiochemical conditions and dysregulated biosynthetic intermediates in the tumor microenvironment (TME) play a significant role in modulating cancer cells to evade or defend conventional anti-cancer therapy such as surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy. One of the most important challenges in the development of anti-tumor therapy is the successful delivery of therapeutic and imaging agents specifically to solid tumors. Main body: The recent progresses in development of TME responsive nanoparticles offers promising strategies for combating cancer by making use of the common attributes of tumor such as acidic and hypoxic microenvironments. In this review, we discussed the prominent strategies utilized in the development of tumor microenvironment-responsive nanoparticles and mode of release of therapeutic cargo. Conclusion: Tumor microenvironment-responsive nanoparticles offers a universal approach for anti-cancer therapy.

SEREX; discovery of tumor antigens (종양 항원의 발견: SEREX)

  • Lee, Sang-Yull
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.17 no.6
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    • pp.841-846
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    • 2007
  • The identification of tumor antigens is essential for the development of anticancer therapeutic vaccines and clinical diagnosis of cancer. SEREX (serological analysis of recombinant cDNA expression library)has been used to identify such tumor antigens by screening sera of cancer patients with cDNA ex-pression libraries. SEREX-defined antigens provide markers for the diagnosis of cancers. SEREX is also a powerful method for the development of anticancer therapeutics. The development of anticancer vaccines requires that tumor antigens can elicit antigen-specific antibodies or T lymphocytes. This re-view provides information on the application of SEREX for discovery of tumor antigens.

Correlations Between Serum IL33 and Tumor Development: a Meta-analysis

  • Chen, Xiang-Jun;Huang, Ying-De;Li, Nian;Chen, Min;Liu, Fang;Pu, Dan;Zhou, Tao-You
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.8
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    • pp.3503-3505
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    • 2014
  • Background: Interleukin-33 (IL-33) has recently been implicated in tumor development. Methods: Data was obtained from PubMed, EMBASE, Clinical trial, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, CNKI and Wanfang databases. After quality assessment and data extraction, a meta-analysis was performed using Review Manager 5.2 software. Results: There were eight documents included in this meta-analysis. The results showed IL33 levels to be higher in tumor patients than that in health people, but no correlations tumor stage, metastasis and survival time of tumor patients were evident. Conclusion: IL33 may be useful as an alarm factor in tumor detection and prognosis.

A case of canine bilateral ovary granulosa cell tumor and mammary complex carcinoma

  • Chung, Yung-Ho;Hong, Sunhwa;Han, Sang-Jun;Kim, Okjin
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.36 no.2
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    • pp.127-132
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    • 2013
  • An 11-year-old poodle bitch was presented for investigation of multicentric mammary masses. Abdominal sonography and radiography demonstrated abnormal enlargement of uterus and ovaries. Blood analysis revealed high progesterone concentration. The ovariohysterectomy and mastectomy were performed. Histopathologically, the mammary masses revealed complex carcinoma-tubulopapillary carcinoma with papillary pattern and tubule pattern. In the uterus, cystic endometrial hyperplasia was observed. Scattered inflammatory cells were observed in the endometrial stroma and mucinous material was protruded from endometrial surface. Also, in the ovaries, bilateral ovary granulosa cell tumor was detected. The bitch made a complete recovery following the ovariohysterectomy and mastectomy. This case was a very rare multiple tumor occurrence with bilateral ovary granulosa cell tumor and mammary complex carcinoma. High progesterone concentration was characterized clinically in the bitch.

An occurrence of mammary spindle cell carcinoma in a dog

  • Hong, Sunhwa;Lee, Hyun-A;Kim, Dong-Woo;Kim, Tae-Wan;Kim, Okjin
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.37 no.4
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    • pp.313-317
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    • 2014
  • A bitch was presented for investigation of the mass in left 5th mammary gland. The partial mastectomy was performed and submitted for the histopathological diagnosis. The mammary mass was firm and white colored. The cut surface was separated with several lobules and developed vessels. The central area of the mass formed the cavity filled with inflammatory exudates. The dominant component of the tumor was the bundles of spindle-shaped cells. Some tumor cells possessed atypical nuclei and were arranged in a solid nest. Cysts were microscopically composed of hemorrhage, necrosis, and exudates, partially surrounded by tumor cells and granulation tissues. Histopathologically, the mammary mass revealed spindle cell carcinoma. The bitch made a complete recovery following the mastectomy. This case was a rare mammary spindle cell carcinoma in a dog.

Histopathological Studies on the Influence of Mast Cell in the Growth of Rat Mammary Carcinoma 2. Effect of Mast Cell Mediator on the Development of Rat Mammary Carcinoma (Rat mammary carcinoma의 발육(發育)에 있어서 비만세포(肥滿細胞)의 영향(影響)에 관한 병리조직학적(病理組織學的) 연구(硏究) 2. 종양발육(腫瘍發育)에 있어서 mast cell mediator의 영향)

  • Kim, Tae-hwan;Lee, Cha-soo
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.77-87
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    • 1991
  • In order to know the influence of mast cells on the mammary tumor development, the growth of the mammary carcinoma, the numerical changes and the morphological findings of mast cells appeared in the tumor were microscopically observed in the rat treated with DMBA and each chemical of histamine, heparin, pyrilamine or cimetidine. The results observed were summarized as follows: The tumor induction time that represented the number of days elapsing between the 3rd DMBA administration until a first tumor became $10{\times}10mm$ in diameter was $42.5{\pm}4.7$ days, and the mean number of tumor mass per rat was $3.4{\pm}1.2$ in the DMBA-treated group. No significant difference was apparent in the tumor induction time of the histamine-treated group, heparin-treated group or pyrilamine-treated group compared with the control group, but in the cimetidine-treated group the tumor induction time was $61.8{\pm}10.6$ days (p<0.005). The mean number of tumors per rat was $2.1{\pm}0.9$ in the cimetidine-treated group in contrast to $3.4{\pm}1.3$ in the control group (p<0.005). Numerical changes of mast cells were observed according to the development of DMBA induced mammary tumors that were separated into three major classes of tumors. The numbers of mast cells in all the experimental group were inclined to increase significantly according to the mammary tumor development (p<0.005), and the histamine-treated group, heparin-treated group, or pyrilamine-treated group were nearly similar to the control group. But the mast cells in the each stage of tumor development were more numerous in the cimetidine-treated group than in the control group (p<0.005). There were not significant in the numerical changes of mast cells among the experimental groups on each stage of carcinomas separated by early stage, middle stage and late stage. In the morphological characteristics of mast cells, the degranulation was not detectable from the hyperplasia stages to the early stage of carcinoma, but its degranulation was observed at the middle stage of carcinoma. Most mast cells were nearly degranulated at the late stage of carcinoma. The histamine treated group, pyrilamine-treated group and cimetidine treated group did not differ from the control group in morphological changes of mast cells, but the degranulation was shown mild in the heparin-treated group. And the degranulation gave rise to the depletion of intercellular matrix via exocytosis all the experimental group. From above results, it is supposed that mast cells inhibit the tumor development and that the inhibition is not caused by a single-factor, but by a complex activities of mast cell mediators.

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